HR 2 - Secure the Border Act of 2023 - National Key Vote


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Title: Secure the Border Act of 2023

Vote Smart's Synopsis:

Vote to pass a bill that addresses various issues regarding the federal immigration system and border security and imposes limits on asylum eligibility.


  • Requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to resume activities to construct a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border (Div A, Title I, Sec. 102).

  • Establishes statutory authorization for Operation Stonegarden, which provides grants to law enforcement agencies for certain border security operation (Div A, Title I, Sec. 110).

  • Prohibits DHS from processing the entry of non-U.S. nationals arriving between ports of entry (Div A, Title I, Sec. 111).

  • Limits asylum eligibility to non-U.S. nationals who arrive in the United States at a port of entry (Div. A, Title I, Sec 107).

  • Authorizes the removal of a non-U.S. national to a country other than that individual’s country of nationality or last lawful habitual residence, instead of a country that has an agreement with the U.S. for such removal (Div. B, Title II, Sec. 101).

  • Expands the types of crimes that may make an individual ineligible for asylum, such as conviction for driving while intoxicated causing another individual’s serious bodily injury or death (Div. B, Title II, Sec. 104).

  • Authorizes DHS to suspend the introduction of certain non-U.S. nationals at an international border if DHS determines that the suspension is necessary to achieve operational control of that border (Div A, Title II, Sec. 103).

  • Prohibits states from imposing licensing requirements on immigration detention facilities used to detain minors (Div D, Title IV, Sec. 401).

  • Authorizes immigration officers to permit an unaccompanied child to withdraw their application for admission into the United States even if the child is unable to make an independent decision to withdraw the application (Div. B, Title I, Sec. 107).

  • Specifies additional penalties for overstaying a visa (Div. F, Title VI, Sec. 601).

  • Requirs DHS create an electronic eligibility confirmation system modeled after the E-Verify system and requires all employers to use the system (Div. H, Sec. Title VIII, Sec. 801).