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Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill. Summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to the project's strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Dec. 11, 2013 MI HB 4369 Expands the Education Achievement Authority Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 18)
Dec. 3, 2013 IL SB 1 Amends State Employee Pension Plans Conference Report Adopted - House (62 - 53)
Dec. 3, 2013 IL SB 1 Amends State Employee Pension Plans Conference Report Adopted - Senate (30 - 24)
Nov. 5, 2013 WI AB 297 Amends Laws Concerning the Use of Race-Based Nicknames, Logos, Mascots, and Team Names Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 16)
Oct. 15, 2013 WI AB 297 Amends Laws Concerning the Use of Race-Based Nicknames, Logos, Mascots, and Team Names Bill Passed - House (52 - 41)
Oct. 8, 2013 National H J Res 84 Head Start Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2014 Joint Resolution Passed - House (248 - 168)
Sept. 12, 2013 CA AB 375 Amends Teacher Dismissal Requirements Concurrence Vote Passed - House (52 - 22)
Sept. 12, 2013 CA AB 375 Amends Teacher Dismissal Requirements Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 13)
Sept. 11, 2013 CA AB 484 Amends State School Testing Programs Concurrence Vote Passed - House (54 - 22)
Sept. 10, 2013 CA AB 484 Amends State School Testing Programs Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 7)
July 24, 2013 National HR 1911 Bipartisan Student Loan Certainty Act of 2013 Bill Passed - Senate (81 - 18)
July 24, 2013 National S Amdt 1778 Limits Interest Rates for Certain Federal Student Loans Amendment Rejected - Senate (46 - 53)
July 23, 2013 NC SB 337 Establishes the North Carolina Charter School Advisory Board Conference Report Adopted - Senate (37 - 11)
July 23, 2013 NC HB 937 Amends Firearm Laws Conference Report Adopted - Senate (32 - 14)
July 23, 2013 NC SB 337 Establishes the North Carolina Charter School Advisory Board Conference Report Adopted - House (88 - 22)
July 23, 2013 NC HB 937 Amends Firearm Laws Conference Report Adopted - House (73 - 41)
July 16, 2013 NC HB 250 Amends Charter School Laws Conference Report Adopted - Senate (40 - 9)
July 16, 2013 NC HB 250 Amends Charter School Laws Conference Report Adopted - House (68 - 47)
July 3, 2013 CA AB 1266 Amends Sex-Segregated School Programs and Activities Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 9)
July 2, 2013 NC SB 132 Requires Certain Reproductive Health and Safety Education for Schools Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (32 - 12)
July 2, 2013 OR HB 2456 Appropriates Increased Tax Funds to Schools and Health Services Bill Failed - Senate (15 - 15)
July 2, 2013 OR HB 2456 Appropriates Increased Tax Funds to Schools and Health Services Bill Failed - Senate (15 - 15)
July 1, 2013 OR SB 215 Authorizes Schools to Use Native American Mascots Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (25 - 5)
June 28, 2013 OR SB 215 Authorizes Schools to Use Native American Mascots by Agreement Bill Passed - House (41 - 19)
June 27, 2013 NC SB 132 Requires Certain Reproductive Health and Safety Education for Schools Bill Passed - House (69 - 42)
June 18, 2013 ME LD 1540 Amends Public School Assessment System Bill Passed - House (80 - 55)
June 18, 2013 ME LD 1540 Amends Public School Assessment System "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - Senate (21 - 14)
June 10, 2013 AZ HB 2399 Authorizes School Boards to Increase Property Taxes to Pay for Bonds Bill Passed - House (31 - 26)
June 6, 2013 National S 953 Student Loan Affordability Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (51 - 46)
June 6, 2013 National S 1003 Comprehensive Student Loan Protection Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (40 - 57)
May 29, 2013 MI HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (25 - 12)
May 29, 2013 MI HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (25 - 12)
May 29, 2013 CA AB 375 Amends Teacher Dismissal Requirements Bill Passed - House (64 - 11)
May 28, 2013 ME LD 468 Prohibits Smoking on College Campuses Veto Override Failed - House (85 - 54)
May 28, 2013 MI HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (65 - 43)
May 28, 2013 MI HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (65 - 43)
May 23, 2013 National HR 1911 Smarter Solutions for Students Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 198)
May 22, 2013 IL HB 2675 Expands Sex Education Curriculum Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 21)
May 22, 2013 TX HB 1009 Establishes "School Marshal" as a New Category of Law Enforcement for Schools Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 4)
May 19, 2013 MN HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (41 - 26)
May 18, 2013 MN HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (78 - 56)
May 17, 2013 MN SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Conference Report Adopted - House (76 - 56)
May 17, 2013 MN SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Conference Report Adopted - Senate (44 - 22)
May 16, 2013 CA SB 552 Authorizes a Violence Awareness Component of School Curriculum Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 7)
May 14, 2013 MO SB 125 Amends State Intervention Process For Unaccredited Schools Bill Passed - House (107 - 49)
May 9, 2013 AL HB 658 Amends The School "Accountability Act" Concurrence Vote Passed - House (61 - 41)
May 9, 2013 AL HB 658 Amends The School "Accountability Act" Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
May 9, 2013 TX SB 376 Establishes a Free Breakfast Program for Students Bill Passed - House (73 - 58)
May 9, 2013 CA AB 1266 Amends Sex-Segregated School Programs and Activities Bill Passed - House (46 - 25)
May 7, 2013 NC HB 937 Amends Firearm Laws Bill Passed - House (78 - 42)
May 7, 2013 NC SB 337 Establishes an Independent Charter School Board Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 17)
May 6, 2013 MO HB 34 Expands Prevailing Wage Requirements for Public Works Projects Concurrence Vote Passed - House (93 - 64)
May 6, 2013 TX HB 1009 Establishes "School Marshal" as a New Category of Law Enforcement for Schools Bill Passed - House (123 - 22)
May 6, 2013 TX HB 972 Authorizes Concealed Handguns on Higher Education Campuses Bill Passed - House (102 - 41)
May 6, 2013 MN HF 826 Requires Schools to Establish Bullying Policies Bill Passed - House (72 - 57)
May 2, 2013 ND HB 1319 Amends School Funding Laws Conference Report Adopted - House (49 - 42)
May 2, 2013 FL HB 7009 Amends Teacher Evaluations and Charter School Provisions Concurrence Vote Passed - House (76 - 42)
May 1, 2013 FL HB 7009 Amends Teacher Evaluations and Charter School Provisions Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 7)
May 1, 2013 IL SB 1739 Expands State Casino Development Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 20)
May 1, 2013 IL SB 2202 Prohibits Smoking on State-Funded University and Community College Campuses Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 22)
May 1, 2013 MI HB 4388 Establishes School Attendence Requirements for Family Independence Assistance Bill Passed - House (78 - 32)
May 1, 2013 MN SF 723 Authorizes In-State Tuition and Financial Aid for Undocumented College Students Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 23)
April 30, 2013 HI SB 1084 Authorizes the Use of Public Funds for Private Preschools Conference Report Adopted - House (37 - 14)
April 30, 2013 FL HB 867 Authorizes Parent Involvement in School Turnaround Decisions Bill Failed - Senate (20 - 20)
April 30, 2013 TX SB 1907 Authorizes Firearms in Vehicles on College Campuses Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 4)
April 29, 2013 MO HB 34 Expands Prevailing Wage Requirements for Public Works Projects Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 10)
April 27, 2013 IN HB 1001 2013-2015 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (39 - 11)
April 27, 2013 IN HB 1001 2013-2015 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (70 - 30)
April 26, 2013 IN HB 1427 Amends Public School Evaluation System Conference Report Adopted - House (53 - 45)
April 26, 2013 IN HB 1427 Amends Public School Evaluation System Conference Report Adopted - Senate (34 - 15)
April 25, 2013 MN SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Bill Passed - House (86 - 44)
April 25, 2013 MN HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 28)
April 25, 2013 NC SB 243 Requires New Instructions in Public School Curriculum Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 7)
April 24, 2013 MT SB 81 Establishes Tax Deductions for Donations to Educational Charities Bill Passed - House (54 - 45)
April 23, 2013 ND HCR 3047 Establishes a Commission of Higher Education Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 34)
April 23, 2013 OK HB 1658 Amends Public School Grading System Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 13)
April 23, 2013 OK HB 1358 Amends Public School Grading System Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 13)
April 23, 2013 MN HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Bill Passed - House (83 - 50)
April 23, 2013 NV AB 230 Amends State Sex Education Curriculum Bill Passed - House (26 - 15)
April 22, 2013 IN SB 207 Authorizes Certain Undocumented Students to Receive In-State Tuition Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (34 - 15)
April 22, 2013 IN HB 1357 Amends Licensing Requirements for Superintendents Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 40)
April 22, 2013 ND HCR 3047 Establishes a Commission of Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 21)
April 22, 2013 OR HB 3014 Requires Allotted Time for the Pledge of Allegiance in Public Schools Bill Passed - House (42 - 16)
April 18, 2013 TN HB 702 Increases the Appeal Time Period for Establishing Charter Schools Bill Passed - House (62 - 30)
April 18, 2013 IA HF 604 2013-2014 Higher Education Budget Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 22)
April 18, 2013 CT HB 6648 Authorizes University Board of Regents to Appoint President of the Board Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 8)
April 17, 2013 MT SB 175 Increases Public Education Funding Bill Passed - House (58 - 41)
April 17, 2013 IL HB 2675 Expands Sex Education Curriculum Bill Passed - House (66 - 52)
April 17, 2013 MN SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (46 - 18)
April 15, 2013 WA SB 5329 Requires Superintendent to Take Action in Certain Schools Bill Passed - House (68 - 29)
April 15, 2013 IN SB 207 Authorizes Certain Undocumented Students to Receive In-State Tuition Bill Passed - House (70 - 23)
April 10, 2013 IN HB 1357 Amends Licensing Requirements for Superintendents Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 25)
April 10, 2013 IN HB 1003 Expands School Scholarship Program Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 23)
April 10, 2013 OR SB 215 Authorizes Schools to Use Native American Mascots Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 4)
April 9, 2013 IN HB 1001 2013-2015 Biennium Budget Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 12)
April 8, 2013 MD SB 422 Requires Public School Teachers to Pay Labor Union Fees Bill Passed - House (99 - 41)
April 6, 2013 MD HB 1107 Amends Prince George's County School System Laws Concurrence Vote Passed - House (79 - 47)
April 5, 2013 KS SB 199 Establishes the Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center Conference Report Adopted - Senate (31 - 8)
April 5, 2013 KS SB 199 Establishes the Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center Conference Report Adopted - House (90 - 30)
April 4, 2013 FL HB 867 Authorizes Parent Involvement in School Turnaround Decisions Bill Passed - House (68 - 51)
Date No. Title Outcome
12/11 HB 4369 Expands the Education Achievement Authority Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 18)
12/03 SB 1 Amends State Employee Pension Plans Conference Report Adopted - House (62 - 53)
12/03 SB 1 Amends State Employee Pension Plans Conference Report Adopted - Senate (30 - 24)
11/05 AB 297 Amends Laws Concerning the Use of Race-Based Nicknames, Logos, Mascots, and Team Names Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 16)
10/15 AB 297 Amends Laws Concerning the Use of Race-Based Nicknames, Logos, Mascots, and Team Names Bill Passed - House (52 - 41)
10/08 H J Res 84 Head Start Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2014 Joint Resolution Passed - House (248 - 168)
9/12 AB 375 Amends Teacher Dismissal Requirements Concurrence Vote Passed - House (52 - 22)
9/12 AB 375 Amends Teacher Dismissal Requirements Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 13)
9/11 AB 484 Amends State School Testing Programs Concurrence Vote Passed - House (54 - 22)
9/10 AB 484 Amends State School Testing Programs Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 7)
7/24 HR 1911 Bipartisan Student Loan Certainty Act of 2013 Bill Passed - Senate (81 - 18)
7/24 S Amdt 1778 Limits Interest Rates for Certain Federal Student Loans Amendment Rejected - Senate (46 - 53)
7/23 SB 337 Establishes the North Carolina Charter School Advisory Board Conference Report Adopted - Senate (37 - 11)
7/23 HB 937 Amends Firearm Laws Conference Report Adopted - Senate (32 - 14)
7/23 SB 337 Establishes the North Carolina Charter School Advisory Board Conference Report Adopted - House (88 - 22)
7/23 HB 937 Amends Firearm Laws Conference Report Adopted - House (73 - 41)
7/16 HB 250 Amends Charter School Laws Conference Report Adopted - Senate (40 - 9)
7/16 HB 250 Amends Charter School Laws Conference Report Adopted - House (68 - 47)
7/03 AB 1266 Amends Sex-Segregated School Programs and Activities Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 9)
7/02 SB 132 Requires Certain Reproductive Health and Safety Education for Schools Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (32 - 12)
7/02 HB 2456 Appropriates Increased Tax Funds to Schools and Health Services Bill Failed - Senate (15 - 15)
7/02 HB 2456 Appropriates Increased Tax Funds to Schools and Health Services Bill Failed - Senate (15 - 15)
7/01 SB 215 Authorizes Schools to Use Native American Mascots Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (25 - 5)
6/28 SB 215 Authorizes Schools to Use Native American Mascots by Agreement Bill Passed - House (41 - 19)
6/27 SB 132 Requires Certain Reproductive Health and Safety Education for Schools Bill Passed - House (69 - 42)
6/18 LD 1540 Amends Public School Assessment System Bill Passed - House (80 - 55)
6/18 LD 1540 Amends Public School Assessment System "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - Senate (21 - 14)
6/10 HB 2399 Authorizes School Boards to Increase Property Taxes to Pay for Bonds Bill Passed - House (31 - 26)
6/06 S 953 Student Loan Affordability Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (51 - 46)
6/06 S 1003 Comprehensive Student Loan Protection Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (40 - 57)
5/29 HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (25 - 12)
5/29 HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (25 - 12)
5/29 AB 375 Amends Teacher Dismissal Requirements Bill Passed - House (64 - 11)
5/28 LD 468 Prohibits Smoking on College Campuses Veto Override Failed - House (85 - 54)
5/28 HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (65 - 43)
5/28 HB 4228 2013-2014 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (65 - 43)
5/23 HR 1911 Smarter Solutions for Students Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 198)
5/22 HB 2675 Expands Sex Education Curriculum Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 21)
5/22 HB 1009 Establishes "School Marshal" as a New Category of Law Enforcement for Schools Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 4)
5/19 HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (41 - 26)
5/18 HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (78 - 56)
5/17 SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Conference Report Adopted - House (76 - 56)
5/17 SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Conference Report Adopted - Senate (44 - 22)
5/16 SB 552 Authorizes a Violence Awareness Component of School Curriculum Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 7)
5/14 SB 125 Amends State Intervention Process For Unaccredited Schools Bill Passed - House (107 - 49)
5/09 HB 658 Amends The School "Accountability Act" Concurrence Vote Passed - House (61 - 41)
5/09 HB 658 Amends The School "Accountability Act" Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
5/09 SB 376 Establishes a Free Breakfast Program for Students Bill Passed - House (73 - 58)
5/09 AB 1266 Amends Sex-Segregated School Programs and Activities Bill Passed - House (46 - 25)
5/07 HB 937 Amends Firearm Laws Bill Passed - House (78 - 42)
5/07 SB 337 Establishes an Independent Charter School Board Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 17)
5/06 HB 34 Expands Prevailing Wage Requirements for Public Works Projects Concurrence Vote Passed - House (93 - 64)
5/06 HB 1009 Establishes "School Marshal" as a New Category of Law Enforcement for Schools Bill Passed - House (123 - 22)
5/06 HB 972 Authorizes Concealed Handguns on Higher Education Campuses Bill Passed - House (102 - 41)
5/06 HF 826 Requires Schools to Establish Bullying Policies Bill Passed - House (72 - 57)
5/02 HB 1319 Amends School Funding Laws Conference Report Adopted - House (49 - 42)
5/02 HB 7009 Amends Teacher Evaluations and Charter School Provisions Concurrence Vote Passed - House (76 - 42)
5/01 HB 7009 Amends Teacher Evaluations and Charter School Provisions Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 7)
5/01 SB 1739 Expands State Casino Development Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 20)
5/01 SB 2202 Prohibits Smoking on State-Funded University and Community College Campuses Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 22)
5/01 HB 4388 Establishes School Attendence Requirements for Family Independence Assistance Bill Passed - House (78 - 32)
5/01 SF 723 Authorizes In-State Tuition and Financial Aid for Undocumented College Students Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 23)
4/30 SB 1084 Authorizes the Use of Public Funds for Private Preschools Conference Report Adopted - House (37 - 14)
4/30 HB 867 Authorizes Parent Involvement in School Turnaround Decisions Bill Failed - Senate (20 - 20)
4/30 SB 1907 Authorizes Firearms in Vehicles on College Campuses Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 4)
4/29 HB 34 Expands Prevailing Wage Requirements for Public Works Projects Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 10)
4/27 HB 1001 2013-2015 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (39 - 11)
4/27 HB 1001 2013-2015 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (70 - 30)
4/26 HB 1427 Amends Public School Evaluation System Conference Report Adopted - House (53 - 45)
4/26 HB 1427 Amends Public School Evaluation System Conference Report Adopted - Senate (34 - 15)
4/25 SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Bill Passed - House (86 - 44)
4/25 HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 28)
4/25 SB 243 Requires New Instructions in Public School Curriculum Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 7)
4/24 SB 81 Establishes Tax Deductions for Donations to Educational Charities Bill Passed - House (54 - 45)
4/23 HCR 3047 Establishes a Commission of Higher Education Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 34)
4/23 HB 1658 Amends Public School Grading System Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 13)
4/23 HB 1358 Amends Public School Grading System Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 13)
4/23 HF 630 2013-2015 Biennium K-12 Education Budget Bill Passed - House (83 - 50)
4/23 AB 230 Amends State Sex Education Curriculum Bill Passed - House (26 - 15)
4/22 SB 207 Authorizes Certain Undocumented Students to Receive In-State Tuition Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (34 - 15)
4/22 HB 1357 Amends Licensing Requirements for Superintendents Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 40)
4/22 HCR 3047 Establishes a Commission of Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 21)
4/22 HB 3014 Requires Allotted Time for the Pledge of Allegiance in Public Schools Bill Passed - House (42 - 16)
4/18 HB 702 Increases the Appeal Time Period for Establishing Charter Schools Bill Passed - House (62 - 30)
4/18 HF 604 2013-2014 Higher Education Budget Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 22)
4/18 HB 6648 Authorizes University Board of Regents to Appoint President of the Board Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 8)
4/17 SB 175 Increases Public Education Funding Bill Passed - House (58 - 41)
4/17 HB 2675 Expands Sex Education Curriculum Bill Passed - House (66 - 52)
4/17 SF 1236 Increases Funds for Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (46 - 18)
4/15 SB 5329 Requires Superintendent to Take Action in Certain Schools Bill Passed - House (68 - 29)
4/15 SB 207 Authorizes Certain Undocumented Students to Receive In-State Tuition Bill Passed - House (70 - 23)
4/10 HB 1357 Amends Licensing Requirements for Superintendents Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 25)
4/10 HB 1003 Expands School Scholarship Program Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 23)
4/10 SB 215 Authorizes Schools to Use Native American Mascots Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 4)
4/09 HB 1001 2013-2015 Biennium Budget Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 12)
4/08 SB 422 Requires Public School Teachers to Pay Labor Union Fees Bill Passed - House (99 - 41)
4/06 HB 1107 Amends Prince George's County School System Laws Concurrence Vote Passed - House (79 - 47)
4/05 SB 199 Establishes the Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center Conference Report Adopted - Senate (31 - 8)
4/05 SB 199 Establishes the Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center Conference Report Adopted - House (90 - 30)
4/04 HB 867 Authorizes Parent Involvement in School Turnaround Decisions Bill Passed - House (68 - 51)

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