Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Nov. 18, 2021 OH SB 258 Establishes Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (55 - 37)
Nov. 17, 2021 National H Res 789 Censuring Representative Paul Gosar Resolution Passed - House (223 - 207)
Nov. 16, 2021 OH SB 258 Establishes Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 7)
Nov. 4, 2021 NC SB 740 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (65 - 49)
Nov. 2, 2021 NC SB 740 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 22)
Oct. 28, 2021 IL HB 1291 Amends State Congressional Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (71 - 43)
Oct. 28, 2021 IL HB 1291 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 18)
Oct. 28, 2021 IA SF 621 Establishes Congressional and Legislative Districts Bill Passed - Senate (48 - 1)
Oct. 21, 2021 National H Res 730 Recommending that the House of Representatives find Stephen K. Bannon in contempt of Congress for refusal to comply with a subpoena duly issued by the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Resolution Passed - House (229 - 202)
Oct. 1, 2021 IN HB 1581 Amends Redistricting Maps Concurrence Vote Passed - House (64 - 25)
Oct. 1, 2021 IN HB 1581 Amends Redistricting Maps Bill Passed - Senate (36 - 12)
Sept. 23, 2021 MA H 4121 Establishes House Working Group on COVID-19 Bill Passed - House (131 - 28)
Sept. 15, 2021 NC SB 360 Prohibits Any State Agency from Settling Certain Lawsuits Without the Approval of the General Assembly Bill Passed - House (58 - 47)
Aug. 24, 2021 National H Res 601 Providing for consideration of (H.R. 4) John R. Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act; providing for consideration of the Senate amendment to (H.R. 3684) Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act; and providing for the adoption of the concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 14); and for other purposes Resolution Passed - House (220 - 212)
Aug. 11, 2021 National S Con Res 14 A concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2022 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2023 through 2031 Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (50 - 49)
July 29, 2021 National HR 4502 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (219 - 208)
July 28, 2021 National HR 4346 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
June 30, 2021 National H Res 503 Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Bill Passed - House (222 - 190)
June 29, 2021 National HR 2662 IG Independence and Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 182)
June 25, 2021 PA SB 255 Appropriates Funds for Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Departments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (43 - 7)
June 25, 2021 PA SB 255 Appropriates Funds for Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Departments Bill Passed - House (140 - 61)
June 24, 2021 National S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - House (219 - 210)
June 23, 2021 WI AB 369 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
June 16, 2021 OH HR 69 Alleges Larry Householder Should be Expelled from the Legislature Resolution Passed - House (75 - 21)
June 16, 2021 WI AB 369 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (59 - 38)
June 14, 2021 NC SB 722 Amends the Date of Local Elections Due to Delay of Release of Redistricting Data Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (33 - 14)
June 10, 2021 MA H 3863 Amends the Redistricting Process to Redraw Congressional Boundaries Bill Passed - House (131 - 29)
June 9, 2021 NY S 7150 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (103 - 45)
June 9, 2021 NY S 7150 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
May 27, 2021 OK SB 959 Establishes Procedures for Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies Conference Report Adopted - House (68 - 24)
May 25, 2021 OK SB 959 Establishes Procedures for Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies Conference Report Adopted - Senate (35 - 10)
May 25, 2021 PA SB 426 Increases Legislative Oversight of the Regulatory Review Process Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 20)
May 24, 2021 PA HB 1010 Transfers the Authority Over Writing and Advertising Constitutional Amendments Bill Passed - House (113 - 88)
May 20, 2021 National HR 3237 Emergency Security Supplemental to Respond to January 6th Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (213 - 212)
May 19, 2021 National S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (50 - 48)
May 4, 2021 PA HB 950 Extends Greater Authority to the General Assembly Over Regulatory Repeals Bill Passed - House (109 - 92)
April 27, 2021 NC SB 360 Prohibits Any State Agency from Settling Certain Lawsuits Without the Approval of the General Assembly Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 21)
April 22, 2021 IL HB 642 Establishes Term Limits on Leadership Positions in the General Assembly Bill Passed - House (115 - 0)
April 21, 2021 National PN 79-4 Nomination of Vanita Gupta to be Associate Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 49)
April 20, 2021 ND SB 2271 Establishes a Statement of Legislative Intent Regarding Presidential Elections Conference Report Adopted - House (80 - 12)
April 20, 2021 ND SB 2271 Establishes a Statement of Legislative Intent Regarding Presidential Elections Conference Report Adopted - Senate (39 - 8)
April 15, 2021 IN HB 1123 Authorizes Lawmakers to Call a Special Session During a Public Emergency Veto Override Passed - House (59 - 26)
April 6, 2021 NV SB 47 Authorizes Borrowing Money for Programs Approved by the State Legislature Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 7)
April 1, 2021 AL SB 97 Reduces the Power of the Public Health Officer During a Public Health Emergency Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 8)
March 31, 2021 NC HB 264 Requires Legislative Approval of All Governor Statewide Emergency Declarations Beyond 30 Days Bill Passed - House (69 - 50)
March 22, 2021 ND HB 1378 Authorizes the State Assembly to Vote in December Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 6)
March 18, 2021 ID S 1022 Transfers $4 Million from the General Fund to the Legislative Legal Defense Fund Bill Passed - House (57 - 11)
March 16, 2021 NV AB 110 Requires Lobbyists to Register with the Legislature Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 6)
March 16, 2021 WI SJR 20 Establishes February 2021 as Black History Month and Honors Black Legislators Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (11 - 20)
March 15, 2021 MN SF 4 Requires the Governor to Seek Approval Before Extending an Emergency Declaration Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 29)
March 11, 2021 KY SB 3 Amends Laws Related to Declaring an Emergency Related to the Agricultural Industry Veto Override Passed - House (72 - 21)
March 11, 2021 KY SB 3 Amends Laws Related to Declaring an Emergency Related to the Agricultural Industry Veto Override Passed - Senate (24 - 5)
March 11, 2021 MI SR 26 Authorizes the Senate Majority Leader to Sue the Governor Resolution Passed - Senate (20 - 14)
March 10, 2021 OH SB 22 Authorizes the General Assembly to Repeal the Governor's Emergency Declarations Bill Passed - House (57 - 38)
March 4, 2021 AZ HCR 2037 Authorizes a Simple Majority to Call a Special Session to Review Executive Powers Joint Resolution Passed - House (31 - 28)
Feb. 24, 2021 AZ HB 2747 Establishes the Broadband and Fiber Optic Services Study Committee Bill Passed - House (38 - 20)
Feb. 24, 2021 NM HJR 9 Authorizes Public Assistance in the Development of Infrastructure to be Distributed by the Legislature by a Majority Vote Joint Resolution Passed - House (44 - 24)
Feb. 23, 2021 ND HB 1378 Authorizes the State Assembly to Vote in December Bill Passed - House (57 - 36)
Feb. 17, 2021 OH SB 22 Authorizes the General Assembly to Repeal the Governor's Emergency Declarations Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 8)
Feb. 13, 2021 National H Res 24 Impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors Resolution Failed - Senate (57 - 43)
Feb. 5, 2021 National S Con Res 5 A concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2021 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2022 through 2030 Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (51 - 50)
Feb. 4, 2021 National H Res 72 Removing a certain Member from certain standing committees of the House of Representatives Resolution Passed - House (230 - 199)
Feb. 3, 2021 National H Con Res 11 Establishing the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2021 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2022 through 2030 Joint Resolution Passed - House (218 - 212)
Feb. 2, 2021 KY SB 2 Increases Legislative Oversight Over Executive Orders Related to Emergencies Veto Override Passed - House (69 - 20)
Feb. 2, 2021 KY SB 2 Increases Legislative Oversight Over Executive Orders Related to Emergencies Veto Override Passed - Senate (31 - 6)
Feb. 2, 2021 KY HB 1 Authorizes Businesses, Organizations, and Schools to Remain Open if they are Following CDC Guidelines Regardless of Governor Mandate Veto Override Passed - House (72 - 22)
Jan. 28, 2021 ID S 1022 Transfers $4 Million from the General Fund to the Legislative Legal Defense Fund Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 7)
Jan. 27, 2021 PA HB 55 Limits Governor Emergency Declaration Powers Bill Passed - House (116 - 86)
Jan. 21, 2021 ID HJR 1 Amends the State Constitution to Authorize the Legislature to Reconvene Their Session Bill Passed - House (51 - 18)
Jan. 14, 2021 CO HB 21-003 Establishes Legislative Procedures for Disaster Emergencies Bill Passed - House (41 - 23)
Jan. 13, 2021 National H Res 24 Impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors Resolution Passed - House (232 - 197)
Jan. 11, 2021 NJ SR 106 Establishes Disapproval of Events of January 6 Resolution Passed - Senate (24 - 5)
Jan. 11, 2021 OR HCR 21 Establishes Deadlines for Completing Legislative Measures Bill Passed - House (35 - 25)
Jan. 9, 2021 KY HB 1 Authorizes Businesses, Organizations, and Schools to Remain Open if they are Following CDC Guidelines Regardless of Governor Mandate Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 7)
Date No. Title Outcome
11/18 SB 258 Establishes Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - House (55 - 37)
11/17 H Res 789 Censuring Representative Paul Gosar Resolution Passed - House (223 - 207)
11/16 SB 258 Establishes Congressional District Boundaries Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 7)
11/04 SB 740 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (65 - 49)
11/02 SB 740 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 22)
10/28 HB 1291 Amends State Congressional Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (71 - 43)
10/28 HB 1291 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 18)
10/28 SF 621 Establishes Congressional and Legislative Districts Bill Passed - Senate (48 - 1)
10/21 H Res 730 Recommending that the House of Representatives find Stephen K. Bannon in contempt of Congress for refusal to comply with a subpoena duly issued by the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Resolution Passed - House (229 - 202)
10/01 HB 1581 Amends Redistricting Maps Concurrence Vote Passed - House (64 - 25)
10/01 HB 1581 Amends Redistricting Maps Bill Passed - Senate (36 - 12)
9/23 H 4121 Establishes House Working Group on COVID-19 Bill Passed - House (131 - 28)
9/15 SB 360 Prohibits Any State Agency from Settling Certain Lawsuits Without the Approval of the General Assembly Bill Passed - House (58 - 47)
8/24 H Res 601 Providing for consideration of (H.R. 4) John R. Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act; providing for consideration of the Senate amendment to (H.R. 3684) Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act; and providing for the adoption of the concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 14); and for other purposes Resolution Passed - House (220 - 212)
8/11 S Con Res 14 A concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2022 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2023 through 2031 Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (50 - 49)
7/29 HR 4502 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (219 - 208)
7/28 HR 4346 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
6/30 H Res 503 Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Bill Passed - House (222 - 190)
6/29 HR 2662 IG Independence and Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 182)
6/25 SB 255 Appropriates Funds for Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Departments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (43 - 7)
6/25 SB 255 Appropriates Funds for Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Departments Bill Passed - House (140 - 61)
6/24 S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - House (219 - 210)
6/23 AB 369 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
6/16 HR 69 Alleges Larry Householder Should be Expelled from the Legislature Resolution Passed - House (75 - 21)
6/16 AB 369 Amends Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (59 - 38)
6/14 SB 722 Amends the Date of Local Elections Due to Delay of Release of Redistricting Data Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (33 - 14)
6/10 H 3863 Amends the Redistricting Process to Redraw Congressional Boundaries Bill Passed - House (131 - 29)
6/09 S 7150 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - House (103 - 45)
6/09 S 7150 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
5/27 SB 959 Establishes Procedures for Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies Conference Report Adopted - House (68 - 24)
5/25 SB 959 Establishes Procedures for Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies Conference Report Adopted - Senate (35 - 10)
5/25 SB 426 Increases Legislative Oversight of the Regulatory Review Process Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 20)
5/24 HB 1010 Transfers the Authority Over Writing and Advertising Constitutional Amendments Bill Passed - House (113 - 88)
5/20 HR 3237 Emergency Security Supplemental to Respond to January 6th Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (213 - 212)
5/19 S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (50 - 48)
5/04 HB 950 Extends Greater Authority to the General Assembly Over Regulatory Repeals Bill Passed - House (109 - 92)
4/27 SB 360 Prohibits Any State Agency from Settling Certain Lawsuits Without the Approval of the General Assembly Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 21)
4/22 HB 642 Establishes Term Limits on Leadership Positions in the General Assembly Bill Passed - House (115 - 0)
4/21 PN 79-4 Nomination of Vanita Gupta to be Associate Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 49)
4/20 SB 2271 Establishes a Statement of Legislative Intent Regarding Presidential Elections Conference Report Adopted - House (80 - 12)
4/20 SB 2271 Establishes a Statement of Legislative Intent Regarding Presidential Elections Conference Report Adopted - Senate (39 - 8)
4/15 HB 1123 Authorizes Lawmakers to Call a Special Session During a Public Emergency Veto Override Passed - House (59 - 26)
4/06 SB 47 Authorizes Borrowing Money for Programs Approved by the State Legislature Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 7)
4/01 SB 97 Reduces the Power of the Public Health Officer During a Public Health Emergency Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 8)
3/31 HB 264 Requires Legislative Approval of All Governor Statewide Emergency Declarations Beyond 30 Days Bill Passed - House (69 - 50)
3/22 HB 1378 Authorizes the State Assembly to Vote in December Bill Passed - Senate (41 - 6)
3/18 S 1022 Transfers $4 Million from the General Fund to the Legislative Legal Defense Fund Bill Passed - House (57 - 11)
3/16 AB 110 Requires Lobbyists to Register with the Legislature Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 6)
3/16 SJR 20 Establishes February 2021 as Black History Month and Honors Black Legislators Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (11 - 20)
3/15 SF 4 Requires the Governor to Seek Approval Before Extending an Emergency Declaration Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 29)
3/11 SB 3 Amends Laws Related to Declaring an Emergency Related to the Agricultural Industry Veto Override Passed - House (72 - 21)
3/11 SB 3 Amends Laws Related to Declaring an Emergency Related to the Agricultural Industry Veto Override Passed - Senate (24 - 5)
3/11 SR 26 Authorizes the Senate Majority Leader to Sue the Governor Resolution Passed - Senate (20 - 14)
3/10 SB 22 Authorizes the General Assembly to Repeal the Governor's Emergency Declarations Bill Passed - House (57 - 38)
3/04 HCR 2037 Authorizes a Simple Majority to Call a Special Session to Review Executive Powers Joint Resolution Passed - House (31 - 28)
2/24 HB 2747 Establishes the Broadband and Fiber Optic Services Study Committee Bill Passed - House (38 - 20)
2/24 HJR 9 Authorizes Public Assistance in the Development of Infrastructure to be Distributed by the Legislature by a Majority Vote Joint Resolution Passed - House (44 - 24)
2/23 HB 1378 Authorizes the State Assembly to Vote in December Bill Passed - House (57 - 36)
2/17 SB 22 Authorizes the General Assembly to Repeal the Governor's Emergency Declarations Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 8)
2/13 H Res 24 Impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors Resolution Failed - Senate (57 - 43)
2/05 S Con Res 5 A concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2021 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2022 through 2030 Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (51 - 50)
2/04 H Res 72 Removing a certain Member from certain standing committees of the House of Representatives Resolution Passed - House (230 - 199)
2/03 H Con Res 11 Establishing the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2021 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2022 through 2030 Joint Resolution Passed - House (218 - 212)
2/02 SB 2 Increases Legislative Oversight Over Executive Orders Related to Emergencies Veto Override Passed - House (69 - 20)
2/02 SB 2 Increases Legislative Oversight Over Executive Orders Related to Emergencies Veto Override Passed - Senate (31 - 6)
2/02 HB 1 Authorizes Businesses, Organizations, and Schools to Remain Open if they are Following CDC Guidelines Regardless of Governor Mandate Veto Override Passed - House (72 - 22)
1/28 S 1022 Transfers $4 Million from the General Fund to the Legislative Legal Defense Fund Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 7)
1/27 HB 55 Limits Governor Emergency Declaration Powers Bill Passed - House (116 - 86)
1/21 HJR 1 Amends the State Constitution to Authorize the Legislature to Reconvene Their Session Bill Passed - House (51 - 18)
1/14 HB 21-003 Establishes Legislative Procedures for Disaster Emergencies Bill Passed - House (41 - 23)
1/13 H Res 24 Impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors Resolution Passed - House (232 - 197)
1/11 SR 106 Establishes Disapproval of Events of January 6 Resolution Passed - Senate (24 - 5)
1/11 HCR 21 Establishes Deadlines for Completing Legislative Measures Bill Passed - House (35 - 25)
1/09 HB 1 Authorizes Businesses, Organizations, and Schools to Remain Open if they are Following CDC Guidelines Regardless of Governor Mandate Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 7)

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