Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Nov. 23, 1993 National S 714 Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act Conference Report Adopted - House (235 - 191)
Nov. 23, 1993 National HR 1025 Brady Handgun Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (238 - 187)
Nov. 22, 1993 National H Amdt 415 Sabo Amendment to the Government Reform and Savings Act of 1993 Amendment Adopted - House (277 - 153)
Nov. 22, 1993 National H Amdt 416 Penny Amendment to the Government Reform and Savings Act of 1993 Amendment Rejected - House (213 - 219)
Nov. 22, 1993 National HR 3 Congressional Campaign Spending Limit and Election Reform Act of 1993 Bill Passed - House (255 - 175)
Nov. 21, 1993 National HR 51 D.C. Statehood Bill Bill Failed - House (153 - 277)
Nov. 20, 1993 National S 714 Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 45)
Nov. 20, 1993 National HR 1025 Brady Handgun Bill Bill Passed - Senate (63 - 36)
Nov. 20, 1993 National HR 3450 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation Act Bill Passed - Senate (61 - 38)
Nov. 19, 1993 National HR 3351 Youth Offenders Alternative Punishment Bill Passed - House (336 - 82)
Nov. 18, 1993 National HR 796 Abortion Clinic Access Bill Motion Rejected - House (182 - 246)
Nov. 17, 1993 National S Amdt 1152 Prohibiting the Possession of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons Amendment Adopted - Senate (56 - 43)
Nov. 17, 1993 National S Amdt 1204 Replacing the Death Penalty with Life Imprisonment Amendment Rejected - Senate (25 - 74)
Nov. 17, 1993 National HR 2401 Defense FY94 Authorization Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (77 - 22)
Nov. 17, 1993 National HR 3450 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation Act Bill Passed - House (234 - 200)
Nov. 15, 1993 National HR 2401 Defense FY94 Authorization Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (273 - 135)
Nov. 10, 1993 National H Amdt 390 Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (238 - 192)
Nov. 10, 1993 National HR 3116 Defense Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 9)
Nov. 10, 1993 National HR 1025 Brady Handgun Bill Bill Passed - House (238 - 189)
Nov. 9, 1993 National S Amdt 1151 Improving Fingerprint Systems Amendment Amendment Not Tabled - Senate (49 - 51)
Nov. 9, 1993 National HR 2520 Interior Department Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (91 - 9)
Nov. 9, 1993 National HR 1036 Prevailing Wage Pre-emptions Bill Passed - House (276 - 150)
Nov. 8, 1993 National S Amdt 1132 Prohibiting the Death Penalty for Minors Amendment Tabled - Senate (52 - 41)
Nov. 5, 1993 National S Amdt 1117 Charging Teens as Adults for Crimes Involving a Firearm Amendment Adopted - Senate (64 - 23)
Oct. 27, 1993 National HR 2445 Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994, Energy and Water Development Conference Report Adopted - Senate (89 - 11)
Oct. 27, 1993 National HR 2492 District of Columbia Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 201)
Oct. 26, 1993 National HR 2445 Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994, Energy and Water Development Conference Report Adopted - House (332 - 81)
Oct. 21, 1993 National S Amdt 1072 Restriction of Funding for Haiti Operations Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (19 - 81)
Oct. 21, 1993 National HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (90 - 10)
Oct. 19, 1993 National HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (303 - 100)
Oct. 19, 1993 National HR 2491 Veterans Administration and Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Conference Report Adopted - House (341 - 89)
Oct. 19, 1993 National HR 2446 Military Construction Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (94 - 5)
Oct. 18, 1993 National HR 2518 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (80 - 15)
Oct. 15, 1993 National S Amdt 1043 Ending Military Operations in Somalia Amendment Tabled - Senate (61 - 38)
Oct. 13, 1993 National HR 1804 Goals 2000: Educate America Act Bill Passed - House (307 - 118)
Oct. 7, 1993 National HR 2518 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (311 - 115)
Oct. 6, 1993 National HR 2750 Transportation Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (90 - 9)
Sept. 30, 1993 National HR 2295 Foreign Operations FY94 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 11)
Sept. 30, 1993 National HR 2445 Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994, Energy and Water Development Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
Sept. 30, 1993 National HR 3116 Defense Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (325 - 102)
Sept. 29, 1993 National H Amdt 318 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (295 - 133)
Sept. 29, 1993 National HR 2295 Foreign Operations FY94 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (321 - 108)
Sept. 29, 1993 National HR 2403 Treasury, Postal Service Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Conference Report Adopted - House (207 - 206)
Sept. 29, 1993 National HR 2518 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (82 - 17)
Sept. 29, 1993 National HR 2401 Fiscal Year 1994 Defense Authorization Bill Bill Passed - House (268 - 162)
Sept. 23, 1993 National HR 2295 Foreign Operations FY94 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (88 - 10)
Sept. 23, 1993 National HR 2750 Transportation Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (312 - 89)
Sept. 22, 1993 National S Amdt 910 Advanced Solid Rocket Motor Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 47)
Sept. 22, 1993 National HR 2491 Veterans Administration and Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Bill Passed - Senate (91 - 9)
Sept. 10, 1993 National S Amdt 816 Postponement of Base Closures Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (18 - 79)
Sept. 9, 1993 National S Amdt 785 Ballistic Missile Defense Funding Reducation Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (50 - 48)
Sept. 9, 1993 National S Amdt 790 U.S. Policy Towards Somalia Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (90 - 7)
Sept. 9, 1993 National S Amdt 783 Homosexuals in the Military Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (33 - 63)
Sept. 9, 1993 National H Amdt 291 Burden Sharing Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (210 - 216)
Sept. 8, 1993 National HR 2010 National Service Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (57 - 40)
Sept. 7, 1993 National PN 452 M. Joycelyn Elders, United States Surgeon General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (65 - 34)
Aug. 6, 1993 National HR 2010 National Service Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (275 - 152)
Aug. 6, 1993 National HR 2264 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 50)
Aug. 5, 1993 National HR 2264 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 216)
Aug. 3, 1993 National PN 422 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice Nomination Confirmed - Senate (96 - 3)
Aug. 3, 1993 National HR 2403 Treasury, Postal Service Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Bill Passed - Senate (73 - 27)
Aug. 3, 1993 National HR 2010 National Service Bill Bill Passed - Senate (58 - 41)
July 29, 1993 National HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (87 - 13)
July 28, 1993 National HR 2010 National Service Bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 152)
July 27, 1993 National HR 2492 District of Columbia Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (70 - 29)
July 27, 1993 National HR 2667 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, 1993 Bill Passed - House (400 - 27)
July 23, 1993 National HR 2348 Legislative Branch FY94 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (85 - 7)
July 22, 1993 National S Amdt 608 National Service Educational Awards Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (55 - 44)
July 21, 1993 National H J Res 208 China's Most Favored Nation Status Joint Resolution Failed - House (105 - 318)
July 20, 1993 National HR 20 Hatch Act Reform Bill Bill Passed - Senate (68 - 31)
July 20, 1993 National HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (327 - 98)
July 15, 1993 National HR 2520 Interior Department Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (278 - 138)
July 1, 1993 National HR 2118 Supplemental Appropriations Act of 1993 Conference Report Adopted - House (280 - 138)
June 30, 1993 National H Amdt 185 Hyde Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (256 - 171)
June 30, 1993 National H Amdt 188 DC's Domestic Partners Ordinance Amendment Adopted - House (253 - 167)
Date No. Title Outcome
11/23 S 714 Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act Conference Report Adopted - House (235 - 191)
11/23 HR 1025 Brady Handgun Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (238 - 187)
11/22 H Amdt 415 Sabo Amendment to the Government Reform and Savings Act of 1993 Amendment Adopted - House (277 - 153)
11/22 H Amdt 416 Penny Amendment to the Government Reform and Savings Act of 1993 Amendment Rejected - House (213 - 219)
11/22 HR 3 Congressional Campaign Spending Limit and Election Reform Act of 1993 Bill Passed - House (255 - 175)
11/21 HR 51 D.C. Statehood Bill Bill Failed - House (153 - 277)
11/20 S 714 Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 45)
11/20 HR 1025 Brady Handgun Bill Bill Passed - Senate (63 - 36)
11/20 HR 3450 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation Act Bill Passed - Senate (61 - 38)
11/19 HR 3351 Youth Offenders Alternative Punishment Bill Passed - House (336 - 82)
11/18 HR 796 Abortion Clinic Access Bill Motion Rejected - House (182 - 246)
11/17 S Amdt 1152 Prohibiting the Possession of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons Amendment Adopted - Senate (56 - 43)
11/17 S Amdt 1204 Replacing the Death Penalty with Life Imprisonment Amendment Rejected - Senate (25 - 74)
11/17 HR 2401 Defense FY94 Authorization Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (77 - 22)
11/17 HR 3450 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation Act Bill Passed - House (234 - 200)
11/15 HR 2401 Defense FY94 Authorization Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (273 - 135)
11/10 H Amdt 390 Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (238 - 192)
11/10 HR 3116 Defense Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 9)
11/10 HR 1025 Brady Handgun Bill Bill Passed - House (238 - 189)
11/09 S Amdt 1151 Improving Fingerprint Systems Amendment Amendment Not Tabled - Senate (49 - 51)
11/09 HR 2520 Interior Department Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (91 - 9)
11/09 HR 1036 Prevailing Wage Pre-emptions Bill Passed - House (276 - 150)
11/08 S Amdt 1132 Prohibiting the Death Penalty for Minors Amendment Tabled - Senate (52 - 41)
11/05 S Amdt 1117 Charging Teens as Adults for Crimes Involving a Firearm Amendment Adopted - Senate (64 - 23)
10/27 HR 2445 Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994, Energy and Water Development Conference Report Adopted - Senate (89 - 11)
10/27 HR 2492 District of Columbia Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 201)
10/26 HR 2445 Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994, Energy and Water Development Conference Report Adopted - House (332 - 81)
10/21 S Amdt 1072 Restriction of Funding for Haiti Operations Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (19 - 81)
10/21 HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (90 - 10)
10/19 HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (303 - 100)
10/19 HR 2491 Veterans Administration and Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Conference Report Adopted - House (341 - 89)
10/19 HR 2446 Military Construction Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (94 - 5)
10/18 HR 2518 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (80 - 15)
10/15 S Amdt 1043 Ending Military Operations in Somalia Amendment Tabled - Senate (61 - 38)
10/13 HR 1804 Goals 2000: Educate America Act Bill Passed - House (307 - 118)
10/07 HR 2518 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (311 - 115)
10/06 HR 2750 Transportation Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (90 - 9)
9/30 HR 2295 Foreign Operations FY94 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 11)
9/30 HR 2445 Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994, Energy and Water Development Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
9/30 HR 3116 Defense Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (325 - 102)
9/29 H Amdt 318 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (295 - 133)
9/29 HR 2295 Foreign Operations FY94 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (321 - 108)
9/29 HR 2403 Treasury, Postal Service Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Conference Report Adopted - House (207 - 206)
9/29 HR 2518 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (82 - 17)
9/29 HR 2401 Fiscal Year 1994 Defense Authorization Bill Bill Passed - House (268 - 162)
9/23 HR 2295 Foreign Operations FY94 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (88 - 10)
9/23 HR 2750 Transportation Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (312 - 89)
9/22 S Amdt 910 Advanced Solid Rocket Motor Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 47)
9/22 HR 2491 Veterans Administration and Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Bill Passed - Senate (91 - 9)
9/10 S Amdt 816 Postponement of Base Closures Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (18 - 79)
9/09 S Amdt 785 Ballistic Missile Defense Funding Reducation Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (50 - 48)
9/09 S Amdt 790 U.S. Policy Towards Somalia Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (90 - 7)
9/09 S Amdt 783 Homosexuals in the Military Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (33 - 63)
9/09 H Amdt 291 Burden Sharing Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (210 - 216)
9/08 HR 2010 National Service Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (57 - 40)
9/07 PN 452 M. Joycelyn Elders, United States Surgeon General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (65 - 34)
8/06 HR 2010 National Service Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (275 - 152)
8/06 HR 2264 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 50)
8/05 HR 2264 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 216)
8/03 PN 422 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice Nomination Confirmed - Senate (96 - 3)
8/03 HR 2403 Treasury, Postal Service Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Bill Passed - Senate (73 - 27)
8/03 HR 2010 National Service Bill Bill Passed - Senate (58 - 41)
7/29 HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (87 - 13)
7/28 HR 2010 National Service Bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 152)
7/27 HR 2492 District of Columbia Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (70 - 29)
7/27 HR 2667 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, 1993 Bill Passed - House (400 - 27)
7/23 HR 2348 Legislative Branch FY94 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate (85 - 7)
7/22 S Amdt 608 National Service Educational Awards Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (55 - 44)
7/21 H J Res 208 China's Most Favored Nation Status Joint Resolution Failed - House (105 - 318)
7/20 HR 20 Hatch Act Reform Bill Bill Passed - Senate (68 - 31)
7/20 HR 2519 Commerce, Justice and State Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (327 - 98)
7/15 HR 2520 Interior Department Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - House (278 - 138)
7/01 HR 2118 Supplemental Appropriations Act of 1993 Conference Report Adopted - House (280 - 138)
6/30 H Amdt 185 Hyde Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (256 - 171)
6/30 H Amdt 188 DC's Domestic Partners Ordinance Amendment Adopted - House (253 - 167)

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