Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Aug. 5, 1999 National PN 100 Richard Holbrooke, Representative to the United Nations Nomination Confirmed - Senate (81 - 16)
May 26, 1999 National S Amdt 397 Overseas Military Abortions Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (51 - 49)
June 22, 1999 National S Amdt 702 Patients' Bill of Rights Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 47)
March 25, 1999 National S Amdt 178 Agricultural Appropriations Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 45)
Nov. 9, 1999 National S Amdt 2751 Two Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (50 - 48)
June 30, 1999 National S Amdt 1157 Cuba Travel Ban Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (55 - 43)
Aug. 5, 1999 National S Amdt 1569 NEA Funding Amendment Tabled - Senate (80 - 16)
June 18, 1999 National H Amdt 215 24 Hour Background Check Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (218 - 211)
June 17, 1999 National H Amdt 200 Ten Commandments Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (248 - 180)
June 8, 1999 National H Amdt 142 Prohibition of Chemically Induced Abortion Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (217 - 214)
Oct. 21, 1999 National S Amdt 2321 Expressing Support for Roe v. Wade Decision Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 47)
Nov. 9, 1999 National S Amdt 2547 Three Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
May 20, 1999 National S Amdt 362 Gun Show Sale Regulation Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 50)
May 18, 1999 National S Amdt 351 Religious Memorials at Schools Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (85 - 13)
Aug. 4, 1999 National S Amdt 1499 Agricultural Aid Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (89 - 8)
July 29, 1999 National H Amdt 360 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (221 - 208)
July 15, 1999 National S Amdt 1250 Patient Lawsuit Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (53 - 47)
July 14, 1999 National S Amdt 1241 Women's Health and Cancer Rights Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (55 - 45)
Nov. 19, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 24)
April 14, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (220 - 208)
April 15, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
April 21, 1999 National HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (368 - 57)
April 21, 1999 National HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (98 - 1)
May 18, 1999 National HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - House (269 - 158)
May 20, 1999 National HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - Senate (64 - 36)
July 29, 1999 National HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (412 - 8)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (50 - 49)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (367 - 49)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (221 - 206)
Sept. 9, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (208 - 206)
Sept. 15, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - House (292 - 126)
Sept. 16, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (52 - 39)
Sept. 16, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 38)
Sept. 22, 1999 National S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
Sept. 27, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (327 - 87)
Sept. 28, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (96 - 3)
Oct. 1, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (304 - 91)
Oct. 1, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (240 - 175)
Oct. 4, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 3)
Oct. 5, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (214 - 211)
Oct. 6, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 49)
Oct. 13, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 26)
Oct. 14, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (406 - 18)
Oct. 15, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
Oct. 20, 1999 National HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Conference Report Adopted - House (215 - 213)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 200)
Oct. 28, 1999 National HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 211)
Nov. 2, 1999 National HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (49 - 48)
Nov. 18, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (296 - 135)
Sept. 23, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
July 15, 1999 National S 1344 Patient Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - Senate (53 - 47)
Nov. 3, 1999 National HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Bill Passed - Senate (76 - 19)
March 11, 1999 National HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Bill Passed - Senate (98 - 1)
March 25, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - Senate (55 - 44)
June 16, 1999 National HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (95 - 4)
July 1, 1999 National HR 10 Financial Modernization bill Bill Passed - House (343 - 86)
July 13, 1999 National HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (418 - 4)
March 18, 1999 National HR 4 National Missile Defense bill Bill Passed - House (317 - 105)
July 15, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Bill Passed - House (210 - 209)
July 15, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (377 - 47)
July 15, 1999 National HR 1691 Religious Liberty Protection Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (306 - 118)
March 17, 1999 National HR 975 Steel Import Limitation bill Bill Passed - House (289 - 141)
July 20, 1999 National HR 1995 Teacher Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
July 22, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (223 - 208)
July 22, 1999 National HR 2561 Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000 Bill Passed - House (379 - 45)
July 27, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (420 - 8)
July 29, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (333 - 92)
March 11, 1999 National HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (330 - 90)
July 30, 1999 National S 1429 Taxpayer Refund Act of 1999 Bill Passed - Senate (57 - 43)
March 24, 1999 National HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Bill Passed - House (220 - 211)
June 23, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (429 - 3)
June 24, 1999 National H J Res 33 Flag Desecration Resolution Joint Resolution Passed - House (305 - 124)
March 23, 1999 National S Con Res 21 Kosovo Resolution Resolution Passed - Senate (58 - 41)
June 30, 1999 National S 1234 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (97 - 2)
June 30, 1999 National HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act Bill Passed - House (270 - 159)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House (358 - 67)
March 3, 1999 National HR 669 Peace Corps Authorization Bill Bill Passed - House (326 - 90)
Oct. 21, 1999 National S 1692 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Bill Passed - Senate (63 - 34)
Oct. 27, 1999 National HR 2260 Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (271 - 156)
May 5, 1999 National HR 833 Bankruptcy Reform bill Bill Passed - House (313 - 108)
May 6, 1999 National HR 1664 Kosovo Emergency Supplemental Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (311 - 105)
May 6, 1999 National S 900 Financial Services Modernization Bill Bill Passed - Senate (54 - 44)
April 28, 1999 National HR 1569 Military Operations in Yugoslavia Limitation Act Bill Passed - House (249 - 180)
May 19, 1999 National HR 1654 NASA Authorization bill Bill Passed - House (259 - 168)
May 20, 1999 National S 254 Juvenile Crime bill Bill Passed - Senate (73 - 25)
Oct. 6, 1999 National HR 2990 Patients' Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - House (227 - 205)
May 26, 1999 National HR 1259 Social Security Lock Box bill Bill Passed - House (416 - 12)
May 27, 1999 National S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 3)
June 8, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (246 - 183)
March 25, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - House (221 - 208)
June 10, 1999 National HR 1401 FY2000-2001 Defense Authorization bill Bill Passed - House (365 - 58)
June 10, 1999 National HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - House (214 - 197)
June 15, 1999 National HR 1000 FAA Reauthorization bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 110)
June 16, 1999 National S 1205 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (97 - 2)
June 17, 1999 National HR 1501 Juvenile Justice bill Bill Passed - House (287 - 139)
Aug. 3, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (385 - 35)
Oct. 7, 1999 National HR 2723 Patient Protection bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 151)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
March 11, 1999 National H Con Res 42 Kosovo Peacekeeping Operations Resolution Resolution Passed - House (219 - 191)
Oct. 13, 1999 National Treaty Doc. 105-28 Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Treaty Ratification Passed - Senate (48 - 51)
Date No. Title Outcome
8/05 PN 100 Richard Holbrooke, Representative to the United Nations Nomination Confirmed - Senate (81 - 16)
5/26 S Amdt 397 Overseas Military Abortions Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (51 - 49)
6/22 S Amdt 702 Patients' Bill of Rights Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 47)
3/25 S Amdt 178 Agricultural Appropriations Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 45)
11/09 S Amdt 2751 Two Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (50 - 48)
6/30 S Amdt 1157 Cuba Travel Ban Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (55 - 43)
8/05 S Amdt 1569 NEA Funding Amendment Tabled - Senate (80 - 16)
6/18 H Amdt 215 24 Hour Background Check Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (218 - 211)
6/17 H Amdt 200 Ten Commandments Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (248 - 180)
6/08 H Amdt 142 Prohibition of Chemically Induced Abortion Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (217 - 214)
10/21 S Amdt 2321 Expressing Support for Roe v. Wade Decision Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 47)
11/09 S Amdt 2547 Three Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
5/20 S Amdt 362 Gun Show Sale Regulation Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 50)
5/18 S Amdt 351 Religious Memorials at Schools Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (85 - 13)
8/04 S Amdt 1499 Agricultural Aid Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (89 - 8)
7/29 H Amdt 360 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (221 - 208)
7/15 S Amdt 1250 Patient Lawsuit Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (53 - 47)
7/14 S Amdt 1241 Women's Health and Cancer Rights Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (55 - 45)
11/19 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 24)
4/14 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (220 - 208)
4/15 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
4/21 HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (368 - 57)
4/21 HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (98 - 1)
5/18 HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - House (269 - 158)
5/20 HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - Senate (64 - 36)
7/29 HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (412 - 8)
8/05 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (50 - 49)
8/05 HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (367 - 49)
8/05 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (221 - 206)
9/09 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (208 - 206)
9/15 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - House (292 - 126)
9/16 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (52 - 39)
9/16 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 38)
9/22 S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
9/27 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (327 - 87)
9/28 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (96 - 3)
10/01 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (304 - 91)
10/01 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (240 - 175)
10/04 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 3)
10/05 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (214 - 211)
10/06 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 49)
10/13 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 26)
10/14 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (406 - 18)
10/15 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
10/20 HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Conference Report Adopted - House (215 - 213)
10/21 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 200)
10/28 HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 211)
11/02 HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (49 - 48)
11/18 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (296 - 135)
9/23 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
7/15 S 1344 Patient Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - Senate (53 - 47)
11/03 HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Bill Passed - Senate (76 - 19)
3/11 HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Bill Passed - Senate (98 - 1)
3/25 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - Senate (55 - 44)
6/16 HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (95 - 4)
7/01 HR 10 Financial Modernization bill Bill Passed - House (343 - 86)
7/13 HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (418 - 4)
3/18 HR 4 National Missile Defense bill Bill Passed - House (317 - 105)
7/15 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Bill Passed - House (210 - 209)
7/15 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (377 - 47)
7/15 HR 1691 Religious Liberty Protection Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (306 - 118)
3/17 HR 975 Steel Import Limitation bill Bill Passed - House (289 - 141)
7/20 HR 1995 Teacher Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
7/22 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (223 - 208)
7/22 HR 2561 Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000 Bill Passed - House (379 - 45)
7/27 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (420 - 8)
7/29 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (333 - 92)
3/11 HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (330 - 90)
7/30 S 1429 Taxpayer Refund Act of 1999 Bill Passed - Senate (57 - 43)
3/24 HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Bill Passed - House (220 - 211)
6/23 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (429 - 3)
6/24 H J Res 33 Flag Desecration Resolution Joint Resolution Passed - House (305 - 124)
3/23 S Con Res 21 Kosovo Resolution Resolution Passed - Senate (58 - 41)
6/30 S 1234 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (97 - 2)
6/30 HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act Bill Passed - House (270 - 159)
10/21 HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House (358 - 67)
3/03 HR 669 Peace Corps Authorization Bill Bill Passed - House (326 - 90)
10/21 S 1692 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Bill Passed - Senate (63 - 34)
10/27 HR 2260 Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (271 - 156)
5/05 HR 833 Bankruptcy Reform bill Bill Passed - House (313 - 108)
5/06 HR 1664 Kosovo Emergency Supplemental Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (311 - 105)
5/06 S 900 Financial Services Modernization Bill Bill Passed - Senate (54 - 44)
4/28 HR 1569 Military Operations in Yugoslavia Limitation Act Bill Passed - House (249 - 180)
5/19 HR 1654 NASA Authorization bill Bill Passed - House (259 - 168)
5/20 S 254 Juvenile Crime bill Bill Passed - Senate (73 - 25)
10/06 HR 2990 Patients' Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - House (227 - 205)
5/26 HR 1259 Social Security Lock Box bill Bill Passed - House (416 - 12)
5/27 S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 3)
6/08 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (246 - 183)
3/25 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - House (221 - 208)
6/10 HR 1401 FY2000-2001 Defense Authorization bill Bill Passed - House (365 - 58)
6/10 HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - House (214 - 197)
6/15 HR 1000 FAA Reauthorization bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 110)
6/16 S 1205 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (97 - 2)
6/17 HR 1501 Juvenile Justice bill Bill Passed - House (287 - 139)
8/03 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (385 - 35)
10/07 HR 2723 Patient Protection bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 151)
8/05 HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
3/11 H Con Res 42 Kosovo Peacekeeping Operations Resolution Resolution Passed - House (219 - 191)
10/13 Treaty Doc. 105-28 Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Treaty Ratification Passed - Senate (48 - 51)

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