Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Nov. 3, 1999 National HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Bill Passed - Senate (76 - 19)
Oct. 20, 1999 National HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Conference Report Adopted - House (215 - 213)
Oct. 28, 1999 National HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 211)
Nov. 2, 1999 National HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (49 - 48)
Sept. 16, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (52 - 39)
Sept. 9, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (208 - 206)
Nov. 18, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (296 - 135)
Nov. 19, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 24)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House (358 - 67)
May 20, 1999 National HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - Senate (64 - 36)
May 18, 1999 National HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - House (269 - 158)
Sept. 27, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (327 - 87)
Sept. 28, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (96 - 3)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (50 - 49)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (221 - 206)
Oct. 1, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (240 - 175)
Oct. 13, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 26)
March 11, 1999 National H Amdt 22 High Needs District Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (195 - 223)
Feb. 12, 1999 National H Res 611 Impeachment Resolution: Article Two Resolution Failed - Senate (45 - 55)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 200)
July 29, 1999 National HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (412 - 8)
Oct. 4, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 3)
Oct. 1, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (304 - 91)
Oct. 15, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
Oct. 14, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (406 - 18)
Oct. 7, 1999 National HR 2723 Patient Protection bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 151)
Oct. 6, 1999 National HR 2990 Patients' Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - House (227 - 205)
Oct. 14, 1999 National HR 3064 District of Columbia Appropriations Act, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (211 - 205)
Nov. 3, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (216 - 210)
Nov. 5, 1999 National HR 3196 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 100)
Sept. 16, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 38)
Sept. 15, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - House (292 - 126)
July 27, 1999 National H J Res 57 China Trade resolution Joint Resolution Failed - House (170 - 260)
Oct. 13, 1999 National Treaty Doc. 105-28 Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Treaty Ratification Passed - Senate (48 - 51)
Oct. 5, 1999 National PN 49 Ronnie L. White, United States District Judge in Missouri Nomination Rejected - Senate (45 - 54)
Sept. 22, 1999 National S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
May 27, 1999 National S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 3)
Sept. 14, 1999 National HR 417 Campaign Finance Reform bill Bill Passed - House (252 - 177)
Aug. 3, 1999 National H J Res 58 Economic Assistance to Vietnam Joint Resolution Failed - House (130 - 297)
June 29, 1999 National H Con Res 94 National Day of Prayer Resolution Resolution Failed - House (275 - 140)
June 9, 1999 National H Amdt 156 Overseas Military Abortion Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (203 - 225)
June 8, 1999 National H Amdt 142 Prohibition of Chemically Induced Abortion Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (217 - 214)
April 28, 1999 National H Con Res 82 Withdrawal of U.S. Troops from the Balkans resolution Resolution Failed - House (139 - 290)
March 25, 1999 National S Amdt 178 Agricultural Appropriations Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 45)
Feb. 12, 1999 National H Res 611 Impeachment Resolution: Article Two Resolution Failed - Senate (50 - 50)
Aug. 5, 1999 National PN 100 Richard Holbrooke, Representative to the United Nations Nomination Confirmed - Senate (81 - 16)
May 5, 1999 National HR 833 Bankruptcy Reform bill Bill Passed - House (313 - 108)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2300 Academic Achievement for All Act Bill Passed - House (213 - 208)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
July 15, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Bill Passed - House (210 - 209)
June 30, 1999 National HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act Bill Passed - House (270 - 159)
Sept. 9, 1999 National H Con Res 180 Puerto Rican Nationals resolution Resolution Passed - House (311 - 41)
March 11, 1999 National H Con Res 42 Kosovo Peacekeeping Operations Resolution Resolution Passed - House (219 - 191)
April 14, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (220 - 208)
April 15, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
March 25, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - Senate (55 - 44)
March 25, 1999 National H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - House (221 - 208)
June 24, 1999 National H J Res 33 Flag Desecration Resolution Joint Resolution Passed - House (305 - 124)
July 1, 1999 National HR 10 Financial Modernization bill Bill Passed - House (343 - 86)
June 15, 1999 National HR 1000 FAA Reauthorization bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 110)
March 24, 1999 National HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Bill Passed - House (220 - 211)
March 24, 1999 National H Amdt 35 Rescissions Removal Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 228)
May 26, 1999 National HR 1259 Social Security Lock Box bill Bill Passed - House (416 - 12)
June 17, 1999 National HR 1501 Juvenile Justice bill Bill Passed - House (287 - 139)
June 17, 1999 National H Amdt 200 Ten Commandments Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (248 - 180)
April 28, 1999 National HR 1569 Military Operations in Yugoslavia Limitation Act Bill Passed - House (249 - 180)
May 19, 1999 National HR 1654 NASA Authorization bill Bill Passed - House (259 - 168)
May 6, 1999 National HR 1664 Kosovo Emergency Supplemental Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (311 - 105)
July 15, 1999 National HR 1691 Religious Liberty Protection Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (306 - 118)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (367 - 49)
June 16, 1999 National HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (95 - 4)
June 10, 1999 National HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - House (214 - 197)
June 8, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (246 - 183)
June 8, 1999 National H Amdt 140 Lethal Predator Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 230)
July 20, 1999 National HR 1995 Teacher Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
June 23, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (429 - 3)
Sept. 21, 1999 National HR 2116 Veterans' Millennium Health Care Act Bill Passed - House (369 - 46)
June 18, 1999 National HR 2122 Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act Bill Failed - House (147 - 280)
June 18, 1999 National H Amdt 216 72 Hour Background Check Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 235)
June 18, 1999 National H Amdt 215 24 Hour Background Check Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (218 - 211)
Oct. 27, 1999 National HR 2260 Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (271 - 156)
Sept. 30, 1999 National HR 2436 Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (254 - 172)
Sept. 30, 1999 National H Amdt 509 Substitute Amendment to Unborn Victims of Violence Act Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 224)
July 13, 1999 National HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (418 - 4)
Sept. 23, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
July 15, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (377 - 47)
Aug. 5, 1999 National S Amdt 1569 NEA Funding Amendment Tabled - Senate (80 - 16)
July 22, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (223 - 208)
July 22, 1999 National HR 2561 Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000 Bill Passed - House (379 - 45)
July 29, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (333 - 92)
July 29, 1999 National H Amdt 356 Adoption Restriction Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (213 - 215)
July 27, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (420 - 8)
Oct. 6, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 49)
Aug. 3, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (385 - 35)
July 29, 1999 National H Amdt 360 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (221 - 208)
Sept. 9, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (235 - 187)
Sept. 8, 1999 National H Amdt 423 International Space Station Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (121 - 298)
Oct. 7, 1999 National H Amdt 514 Patient Protection Substitute Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 238)
March 18, 1999 National HR 4 National Missile Defense bill Bill Passed - House (317 - 105)
March 3, 1999 National HR 669 Peace Corps Authorization Bill Bill Passed - House (326 - 90)
Date No. Title Outcome
11/03 HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Bill Passed - Senate (76 - 19)
10/20 HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Conference Report Adopted - House (215 - 213)
10/28 HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 211)
11/02 HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (49 - 48)
9/16 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (52 - 39)
9/09 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (208 - 206)
11/18 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (296 - 135)
11/19 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 24)
10/21 HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House (358 - 67)
5/20 HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - Senate (64 - 36)
5/18 HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Conference Report Adopted - House (269 - 158)
9/27 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (327 - 87)
9/28 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (96 - 3)
8/05 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (50 - 49)
8/05 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (221 - 206)
10/01 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (240 - 175)
10/13 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 26)
3/11 H Amdt 22 High Needs District Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (195 - 223)
2/12 H Res 611 Impeachment Resolution: Article Two Resolution Failed - Senate (45 - 55)
10/21 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 200)
7/29 HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (412 - 8)
10/04 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 3)
10/01 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (304 - 91)
10/15 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
10/14 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (406 - 18)
10/07 HR 2723 Patient Protection bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 151)
10/06 HR 2990 Patients' Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - House (227 - 205)
10/14 HR 3064 District of Columbia Appropriations Act, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (211 - 205)
11/03 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (216 - 210)
11/05 HR 3196 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 100)
9/16 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 38)
9/15 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - House (292 - 126)
7/27 H J Res 57 China Trade resolution Joint Resolution Failed - House (170 - 260)
10/13 Treaty Doc. 105-28 Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Treaty Ratification Passed - Senate (48 - 51)
10/05 PN 49 Ronnie L. White, United States District Judge in Missouri Nomination Rejected - Senate (45 - 54)
9/22 S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
5/27 S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 3)
9/14 HR 417 Campaign Finance Reform bill Bill Passed - House (252 - 177)
8/03 H J Res 58 Economic Assistance to Vietnam Joint Resolution Failed - House (130 - 297)
6/29 H Con Res 94 National Day of Prayer Resolution Resolution Failed - House (275 - 140)
6/09 H Amdt 156 Overseas Military Abortion Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (203 - 225)
6/08 H Amdt 142 Prohibition of Chemically Induced Abortion Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (217 - 214)
4/28 H Con Res 82 Withdrawal of U.S. Troops from the Balkans resolution Resolution Failed - House (139 - 290)
3/25 S Amdt 178 Agricultural Appropriations Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (53 - 45)
2/12 H Res 611 Impeachment Resolution: Article Two Resolution Failed - Senate (50 - 50)
8/05 PN 100 Richard Holbrooke, Representative to the United Nations Nomination Confirmed - Senate (81 - 16)
5/05 HR 833 Bankruptcy Reform bill Bill Passed - House (313 - 108)
10/21 HR 2300 Academic Achievement for All Act Bill Passed - House (213 - 208)
8/05 HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
7/15 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Bill Passed - House (210 - 209)
6/30 HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act Bill Passed - House (270 - 159)
9/09 H Con Res 180 Puerto Rican Nationals resolution Resolution Passed - House (311 - 41)
3/11 H Con Res 42 Kosovo Peacekeeping Operations Resolution Resolution Passed - House (219 - 191)
4/14 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (220 - 208)
4/15 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
3/25 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - Senate (55 - 44)
3/25 H Con Res 68 Congressional Budget Resolution, FY 2000 Resolution Passed - House (221 - 208)
6/24 H J Res 33 Flag Desecration Resolution Joint Resolution Passed - House (305 - 124)
7/01 HR 10 Financial Modernization bill Bill Passed - House (343 - 86)
6/15 HR 1000 FAA Reauthorization bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 110)
3/24 HR 1141 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations-Conference Report Bill Passed - House (220 - 211)
3/24 H Amdt 35 Rescissions Removal Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 228)
5/26 HR 1259 Social Security Lock Box bill Bill Passed - House (416 - 12)
6/17 HR 1501 Juvenile Justice bill Bill Passed - House (287 - 139)
6/17 H Amdt 200 Ten Commandments Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (248 - 180)
4/28 HR 1569 Military Operations in Yugoslavia Limitation Act Bill Passed - House (249 - 180)
5/19 HR 1654 NASA Authorization bill Bill Passed - House (259 - 168)
5/06 HR 1664 Kosovo Emergency Supplemental Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (311 - 105)
7/15 HR 1691 Religious Liberty Protection Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (306 - 118)
8/05 HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (367 - 49)
6/16 HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (95 - 4)
6/10 HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Bill Passed - House (214 - 197)
6/08 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (246 - 183)
6/08 H Amdt 140 Lethal Predator Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 230)
7/20 HR 1995 Teacher Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
6/23 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (429 - 3)
9/21 HR 2116 Veterans' Millennium Health Care Act Bill Passed - House (369 - 46)
6/18 HR 2122 Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act Bill Failed - House (147 - 280)
6/18 H Amdt 216 72 Hour Background Check Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 235)
6/18 H Amdt 215 24 Hour Background Check Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (218 - 211)
10/27 HR 2260 Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (271 - 156)
9/30 HR 2436 Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (254 - 172)
9/30 H Amdt 509 Substitute Amendment to Unborn Victims of Violence Act Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 224)
7/13 HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (418 - 4)
9/23 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
7/15 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (377 - 47)
8/05 S Amdt 1569 NEA Funding Amendment Tabled - Senate (80 - 16)
7/22 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (223 - 208)
7/22 HR 2561 Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000 Bill Passed - House (379 - 45)
7/29 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (333 - 92)
7/29 H Amdt 356 Adoption Restriction Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (213 - 215)
7/27 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (420 - 8)
10/06 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 49)
8/03 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (385 - 35)
7/29 H Amdt 360 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (221 - 208)
9/09 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (235 - 187)
9/08 H Amdt 423 International Space Station Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (121 - 298)
10/07 H Amdt 514 Patient Protection Substitute Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 238)
3/18 HR 4 National Missile Defense bill Bill Passed - House (317 - 105)
3/03 HR 669 Peace Corps Authorization Bill Bill Passed - House (326 - 90)

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