Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Oct. 25, 2000 National HR 4811 Foreign Operations FY 2001 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (307 - 101)
Oct. 25, 2000 National HR 4811 Foreign Operations FY 2001 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (65 - 27)
Oct. 3, 2000 National S 2045 American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act, 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (96 - 1)
Sept. 26, 2000 National HR 5175 Small Business Superfund Exemption Bill Failed - House (253 - 161)
Sept. 19, 2000 National HR 4444 U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (83 - 15)
Sept. 13, 2000 National HR 4810 Marriage Tax Relief Bill Veto Override Failed - House (270 - 158)
Sept. 13, 2000 National S Amdt 4132 China Nonproliferation Act Amendment Tabled - Senate (65 - 32)
Sept. 7, 2000 National HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 Veto Override Failed - House (274 - 157)
July 27, 2000 National H Amdt 1041 Social Security Benefits Tax Relief Amendment Rejected - House (169 - 256)
July 27, 2000 National HR 4865 Social Security Benefits Tax Relief bill Bill Passed - House (265 - 159)
July 21, 2000 National HR 4810 Marriage Tax Relief Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (60 - 34)
July 20, 2000 National H Amdt 1023 Cuban Economic Embargo Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (174 - 241)
July 20, 2000 National H Amdt 1029 Cuban Travel Embargo Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (232 - 186)
July 20, 2000 National H Amdt 1017 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (184 - 230)
July 20, 2000 National HR 4810 Marriage Tax Relief Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (271 - 156)
July 20, 2000 National HR 4871 Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act, 2001 Bill Passed - House (216 - 202)
July 14, 2000 National HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (59 - 39)
July 13, 2000 National H Amdt 997 Family Planning Assistance Funding amendment Amendment Rejected - House (206 - 221)
July 13, 2000 National H Amdt 983 HIV/AIDS Funding amendment Amendment Adopted - House (267 - 156)
July 13, 2000 National H Amdt 982 Debt Relief Funding amendment Amendment Adopted - House (216 - 211)
July 13, 2000 National S Amdt 3821 Estate Tax Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (46 - 53)
July 13, 2000 National HR 4811 Foreign Operations FY 2001 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
June 29, 2000 National S Amdt 3689 Social Security and Medicare Surplus Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (54 - 43)
June 29, 2000 National S Amdt 3690 Off-budget Lockbox Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (60 - 37)
June 29, 2000 National S Amdt 3694 Health Care Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 47)
June 29, 2000 National HR 4762 '527' Political Groups Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 6)
June 28, 2000 National S Amdt 3655 Funding for Special Education Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (51 - 47)
June 28, 2000 National HR 4762 '527' Political Groups Bill Passed - House (385 - 39)
June 28, 2000 National HR 4680 Medicare Rx bill Bill Passed - House (217 - 214)
June 22, 2000 National S Amdt 3598 Outpatient Prescription Drugs Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (44 - 53)
June 22, 2000 National H Amdt 882 Prison Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (156 - 254)
June 21, 2000 National H Amdt 858 EPA Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (208 - 216)
June 21, 2000 National H J Res 90 WTO Withdrawal resolution Joint Resolution Failed - House (56 - 363)
June 20, 2000 National S Amdt 3252 Military Abortions Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (50 - 49)
June 20, 2000 National S Amdt 3473 Hate Crimes Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (57 - 42)
June 13, 2000 National H Amdt 788 Higher Education Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (156 - 267)
June 9, 2000 National H Amdt 763 Estate Tax Substitute Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (196 - 222)
June 9, 2000 National HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 Bill Passed - House (279 - 136)
June 8, 2000 National H Amdt 760 OSHA Ergonomic Protection Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (203 - 220)
June 7, 2000 National H Amdt 748 San Rafael Legacy District Motor Vehicle Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (210 - 214)
June 7, 2000 National H Amdt 745 San Rafael Swell Area Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (212 - 211)
May 24, 2000 National HR 4444 U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 Bill Passed - House (237 - 197)
May 18, 2000 National H Amdt 723 School of the Americas Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (204 - 214)
May 18, 2000 National H Amdt 722 Oversea Military Abortions Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (195 - 221)
May 18, 2000 National S Amdt 3154 Troop Withdrawal from Kosovo Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (53 - 47)
May 17, 2000 National H Amdt 714 Continued Deployment of Forces in Kosovo Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (264 - 153)
May 11, 2000 National H Amdt 694 Local Government Participation Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (187 - 238)
May 11, 2000 National HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (77 - 19)
May 11, 2000 National HR 701 Conservation and Reinvestment Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (315 - 102)
May 10, 2000 National H Amdt 685 Land Conservation-Land Acquisition Funding Amendment Rejected - House (109 - 315)
Date No. Title Outcome
10/25 HR 4811 Foreign Operations FY 2001 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (307 - 101)
10/25 HR 4811 Foreign Operations FY 2001 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (65 - 27)
10/03 S 2045 American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act, 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (96 - 1)
9/26 HR 5175 Small Business Superfund Exemption Bill Failed - House (253 - 161)
9/19 HR 4444 U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (83 - 15)
9/13 HR 4810 Marriage Tax Relief Bill Veto Override Failed - House (270 - 158)
9/13 S Amdt 4132 China Nonproliferation Act Amendment Tabled - Senate (65 - 32)
9/07 HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 Veto Override Failed - House (274 - 157)
7/27 H Amdt 1041 Social Security Benefits Tax Relief Amendment Rejected - House (169 - 256)
7/27 HR 4865 Social Security Benefits Tax Relief bill Bill Passed - House (265 - 159)
7/21 HR 4810 Marriage Tax Relief Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (60 - 34)
7/20 H Amdt 1023 Cuban Economic Embargo Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (174 - 241)
7/20 H Amdt 1029 Cuban Travel Embargo Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (232 - 186)
7/20 H Amdt 1017 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (184 - 230)
7/20 HR 4810 Marriage Tax Relief Bill Conference Report Adopted - House (271 - 156)
7/20 HR 4871 Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act, 2001 Bill Passed - House (216 - 202)
7/14 HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 Bill Passed - Senate (59 - 39)
7/13 H Amdt 997 Family Planning Assistance Funding amendment Amendment Rejected - House (206 - 221)
7/13 H Amdt 983 HIV/AIDS Funding amendment Amendment Adopted - House (267 - 156)
7/13 H Amdt 982 Debt Relief Funding amendment Amendment Adopted - House (216 - 211)
7/13 S Amdt 3821 Estate Tax Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (46 - 53)
7/13 HR 4811 Foreign Operations FY 2001 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
6/29 S Amdt 3689 Social Security and Medicare Surplus Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (54 - 43)
6/29 S Amdt 3690 Off-budget Lockbox Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (60 - 37)
6/29 S Amdt 3694 Health Care Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 47)
6/29 HR 4762 '527' Political Groups Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 6)
6/28 S Amdt 3655 Funding for Special Education Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (51 - 47)
6/28 HR 4762 '527' Political Groups Bill Passed - House (385 - 39)
6/28 HR 4680 Medicare Rx bill Bill Passed - House (217 - 214)
6/22 S Amdt 3598 Outpatient Prescription Drugs Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (44 - 53)
6/22 H Amdt 882 Prison Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (156 - 254)
6/21 H Amdt 858 EPA Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (208 - 216)
6/21 H J Res 90 WTO Withdrawal resolution Joint Resolution Failed - House (56 - 363)
6/20 S Amdt 3252 Military Abortions Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (50 - 49)
6/20 S Amdt 3473 Hate Crimes Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (57 - 42)
6/13 H Amdt 788 Higher Education Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (156 - 267)
6/09 H Amdt 763 Estate Tax Substitute Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (196 - 222)
6/09 HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 Bill Passed - House (279 - 136)
6/08 H Amdt 760 OSHA Ergonomic Protection Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (203 - 220)
6/07 H Amdt 748 San Rafael Legacy District Motor Vehicle Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (210 - 214)
6/07 H Amdt 745 San Rafael Swell Area Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (212 - 211)
5/24 HR 4444 U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 Bill Passed - House (237 - 197)
5/18 H Amdt 723 School of the Americas Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (204 - 214)
5/18 H Amdt 722 Oversea Military Abortions Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (195 - 221)
5/18 S Amdt 3154 Troop Withdrawal from Kosovo Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (53 - 47)
5/17 H Amdt 714 Continued Deployment of Forces in Kosovo Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (264 - 153)
5/11 H Amdt 694 Local Government Participation Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (187 - 238)
5/11 HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (77 - 19)
5/11 HR 701 Conservation and Reinvestment Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (315 - 102)
5/10 H Amdt 685 Land Conservation-Land Acquisition Funding Amendment Rejected - House (109 - 315)

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