Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Dec. 19, 2007 National HR 3996 Temporary Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (352 - 64)
Dec. 19, 2007 National HR 2764 Inclusion of Iraq and Afghanistan Military Operations Funding with the Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - House (272 - 142)
Dec. 18, 2007 National S Amdt 3875 Iraq Withdrawal Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (24 - 71)
Dec. 18, 2007 National HR 6 Energy Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (314 - 100)
Dec. 18, 2007 National HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (70 - 25)
Dec. 18, 2007 National HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (76 - 17)
Dec. 17, 2007 National HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - House (253 - 154)
Dec. 17, 2007 National HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - House (206 - 201)
Dec. 14, 2007 National HR 2419 Farm, Nutrition, and Bioenergy Act of 2007 (Farm Bill) Bill Passed - Senate (79 - 14)
Dec. 13, 2007 National S Amdt 3810 Income Limit for Subsidies to Farmers Amendment Rejected - Senate (48 - 47)
Dec. 13, 2007 National S Amdt 3695 Limit on Farm Subsidies Amendment Rejected - Senate (56 - 43)
Dec. 13, 2007 National HR 2082 Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 Conference Report Adopted - House (222 - 199)
Dec. 13, 2007 National HR 6 Energy Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (86 - 8)
Dec. 12, 2007 National HR 1585 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 Conference Report Adopted - House (370 - 49)
Dec. 12, 2007 National HR 4351 Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act Bill Passed - House (226 - 193)
Dec. 12, 2007 National HR 4299 Terrorism Risk Insurance Extension and Modification Bill Passed - House (303 - 116)
Dec. 11, 2007 National S Amdt 3711 Government Sponsored Farm Insurance Policies Amendment Rejected - Senate (37 - 58)
Dec. 11, 2007 National H Res 847 Recognition of the Importance of Christmas and Christianity Resolution Passed - House (372 - 9)
Dec. 6, 2007 National HR 3996 Temporary Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act of 2007 Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (46 - 48)
Dec. 6, 2007 National HR 6 Energy Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (235 - 181)
Dec. 6, 2007 National HR 3996 Temporary Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act of 2007 Bill Passed - Senate (88 - 5)
Dec. 4, 2007 National HR 3688 United States-Peru Trade Agreement Bill Passed - Senate (77 - 18)
Nov. 16, 2007 National S 2340 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for the Department of Defense Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (45 - 53)
Nov. 16, 2007 National HR 4156 Supplemental Appropriations for the Department of Defense and Timeline for Withdrawal from Iraq Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (53 - 45)
Nov. 15, 2007 National HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Veto Override Failed - House (277 - 141)
Nov. 15, 2007 National HR 3915 Mortgage Reform and Anti-Subprime Lending Act Bill Passed - House (291 - 127)
Nov. 15, 2007 National HR 3773 Electronic Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Review Act Bill Passed - House (227 - 189)
Nov. 14, 2007 National HR 3074 Appropriations for the Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development Conference Report Adopted - House (270 - 147)
Nov. 14, 2007 National HR 1429 Head Start Act of 2007 Conference Report Adopted - House (381 - 36)
Nov. 14, 2007 National HR 4156 Supplemental Appropriations for the Department of Defense and Timeline for Withdrawal from Iraq Bill Passed - House (218 - 203)
Nov. 9, 2007 National HR 3996 Temporary Tax Adjustments Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (216 - 193)
Nov. 8, 2007 National HR 1495 Water Resources Development Act of 2007 Veto Override Passed - Senate (79 - 14)
Nov. 8, 2007 National PN 958 Michael B. Mukasey, Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (53 - 40)
Nov. 8, 2007 National HR 3222 Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008 Conference Report Adopted - House (400 - 15)
Nov. 8, 2007 National HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Concurrence Vote Passed - House (274 - 141)
Nov. 8, 2007 National HR 3688 United States-Peru Trade Agreement Bill Passed - House (285 - 132)
Nov. 8, 2007 National HR 3355 Homeowners' Catastrophic Insurance Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (258 - 155)
Nov. 7, 2007 National HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Bill Passed - Senate (56 - 37)
Nov. 7, 2007 National HR 3685 Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA) Bill Passed - House (235 - 184)
Nov. 6, 2007 National HR 1495 Water Resources Development Act of 2007 Veto Override Passed - House (361 - 54)
Nov. 1, 2007 National HR 2262 Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act Bill Passed - House (244 - 166)
Nov. 1, 2007 National HR 3963 Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2007 (CHIP) Bill Passed - Senate (64 - 30)
Oct. 31, 2007 National HR 3920 Trade and Globalization Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (264 - 157)
Oct. 30, 2007 National S 294 Amtrak Reauthorization Bill Passed - Senate (70 - 22)
Oct. 25, 2007 National S Amdt 3453 Amtrak Federal Subsidy Limits Amendment Rejected - Senate (28 - 66)
Oct. 25, 2007 National HR 3963 Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2007 (CHIP) Bill Passed - House (265 - 142)
Oct. 24, 2007 National S 2205 DREAM Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (52 - 44)
Oct. 24, 2007 National HR 505 Native Hawaiian Reorganization Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (261 - 153)
Oct. 23, 2007 National HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Bill Passed - Senate (75 - 19)
Oct. 18, 2007 National HR 976 State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Reauthorization Veto Override Failed - House (273 - 156)
Date No. Title Outcome
12/19 HR 3996 Temporary Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (352 - 64)
12/19 HR 2764 Inclusion of Iraq and Afghanistan Military Operations Funding with the Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - House (272 - 142)
12/18 S Amdt 3875 Iraq Withdrawal Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate (24 - 71)
12/18 HR 6 Energy Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (314 - 100)
12/18 HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (70 - 25)
12/18 HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (76 - 17)
12/17 HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - House (253 - 154)
12/17 HR 2764 Inclusion of Consolidated Appropriations Concurrence Vote Passed - House (206 - 201)
12/14 HR 2419 Farm, Nutrition, and Bioenergy Act of 2007 (Farm Bill) Bill Passed - Senate (79 - 14)
12/13 S Amdt 3810 Income Limit for Subsidies to Farmers Amendment Rejected - Senate (48 - 47)
12/13 S Amdt 3695 Limit on Farm Subsidies Amendment Rejected - Senate (56 - 43)
12/13 HR 2082 Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 Conference Report Adopted - House (222 - 199)
12/13 HR 6 Energy Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (86 - 8)
12/12 HR 1585 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 Conference Report Adopted - House (370 - 49)
12/12 HR 4351 Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act Bill Passed - House (226 - 193)
12/12 HR 4299 Terrorism Risk Insurance Extension and Modification Bill Passed - House (303 - 116)
12/11 S Amdt 3711 Government Sponsored Farm Insurance Policies Amendment Rejected - Senate (37 - 58)
12/11 H Res 847 Recognition of the Importance of Christmas and Christianity Resolution Passed - House (372 - 9)
12/06 HR 3996 Temporary Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act of 2007 Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (46 - 48)
12/06 HR 6 Energy Act of 2007 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (235 - 181)
12/06 HR 3996 Temporary Alternative Minimum Tax Adjustment Act of 2007 Bill Passed - Senate (88 - 5)
12/04 HR 3688 United States-Peru Trade Agreement Bill Passed - Senate (77 - 18)
11/16 S 2340 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for the Department of Defense Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (45 - 53)
11/16 HR 4156 Supplemental Appropriations for the Department of Defense and Timeline for Withdrawal from Iraq Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (53 - 45)
11/15 HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Veto Override Failed - House (277 - 141)
11/15 HR 3915 Mortgage Reform and Anti-Subprime Lending Act Bill Passed - House (291 - 127)
11/15 HR 3773 Electronic Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Review Act Bill Passed - House (227 - 189)
11/14 HR 3074 Appropriations for the Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development Conference Report Adopted - House (270 - 147)
11/14 HR 1429 Head Start Act of 2007 Conference Report Adopted - House (381 - 36)
11/14 HR 4156 Supplemental Appropriations for the Department of Defense and Timeline for Withdrawal from Iraq Bill Passed - House (218 - 203)
11/09 HR 3996 Temporary Tax Adjustments Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (216 - 193)
11/08 HR 1495 Water Resources Development Act of 2007 Veto Override Passed - Senate (79 - 14)
11/08 PN 958 Michael B. Mukasey, Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (53 - 40)
11/08 HR 3222 Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008 Conference Report Adopted - House (400 - 15)
11/08 HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Concurrence Vote Passed - House (274 - 141)
11/08 HR 3688 United States-Peru Trade Agreement Bill Passed - House (285 - 132)
11/08 HR 3355 Homeowners' Catastrophic Insurance Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (258 - 155)
11/07 HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Bill Passed - Senate (56 - 37)
11/07 HR 3685 Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA) Bill Passed - House (235 - 184)
11/06 HR 1495 Water Resources Development Act of 2007 Veto Override Passed - House (361 - 54)
11/01 HR 2262 Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act Bill Passed - House (244 - 166)
11/01 HR 3963 Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2007 (CHIP) Bill Passed - Senate (64 - 30)
10/31 HR 3920 Trade and Globalization Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (264 - 157)
10/30 S 294 Amtrak Reauthorization Bill Passed - Senate (70 - 22)
10/25 S Amdt 3453 Amtrak Federal Subsidy Limits Amendment Rejected - Senate (28 - 66)
10/25 HR 3963 Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2007 (CHIP) Bill Passed - House (265 - 142)
10/24 S 2205 DREAM Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (52 - 44)
10/24 HR 505 Native Hawaiian Reorganization Act of 2007 Bill Passed - House (261 - 153)
10/23 HR 3043 Appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Bill Passed - Senate (75 - 19)
10/18 HR 976 State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Reauthorization Veto Override Failed - House (273 - 156)

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