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Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill. Summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to the project's strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
July 31, 2020 National HR 7617 Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (217 - 197)
July 29, 2020 National HR 7327 Child Care for Economic Recovery Act Bill Passed - House (250 - 161)
July 29, 2020 National HR 7027 Child Care Is Essential Act Bill Passed - House (249 - 163)
July 27, 2020 National S 2163 Commission on the Social Status of Black Men and Boys Act Bill Passed - House (368 - 1)
July 24, 2020 National HR 7608 Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (224 - 189)
July 23, 2020 National S 4049 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (86 - 14)
July 22, 2020 National HR 1957 Great American Outdoors Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (310 - 107)
July 22, 2020 National HR 7573 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (305 - 113)
July 21, 2020 National HR 6395 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 Bill Passed - House (295 - 125)
July 1, 2020 National HR 2 Moving Forward Act Bill Passed - House (233 - 188)
June 29, 2020 National HR 1425 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Enhancement Act Bill Passed - House (234 - 179)
June 29, 2020 National HR 7301 Emergency Housing Protections and Relief Act of 2020 Bill Passed - House (232 - 180)
June 26, 2020 National H J Res 76 Providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Department of Education relating to "Borrower Defense Institutional Accountability" Veto Override Failed - House (238 - 173)
June 26, 2020 National HR 51 Washington, D.C. Admission Act Bill Passed - House (232 - 180)
June 25, 2020 National HR 7120 George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020 Bill Passed - House (236 - 181)
June 17, 2020 National HR 1957 Great American Outdoors Act Bill Passed - Senate (73 - 25)
May 27, 2020 National S 3744 Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2020 Bill Passed - House (413 - 1)
May 21, 2020 National PN 1615 Nomination of John Ratcliffe as Director of National Intelligence Nomination Confirmed - Senate (49 - 44)
May 15, 2020 National HR 6800 Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions (HEROES) Act Bill Passed - House (208 - 199)
May 15, 2020 National H Res 965 Authorizing remote voting by proxy in the House of Representatives and providing for official remote committee proceedings during a public health emergency due to a novel coronavirus, and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (217 - 189)
May 14, 2020 National HR 6172 USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act of 2020 Bill Passed - Senate (80 - 16)
May 7, 2020 National S J Res 68 A joint resolution to direct the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities against the Islamic Republic of Iran that have not been authorized by Congress Veto Override Failed - Senate (49 - 44)
April 23, 2020 National HR 266 Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (388 - 5)
April 23, 2020 National H Res 938 Establishing a Select Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Crisis as a select investigative subcommittee of the Committee on Oversight and Reform Bill Passed - House (212 - 182)
March 27, 2020 National HR 748 Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House
Date No. Title Outcome
7/31 HR 7617 Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (217 - 197)
7/29 HR 7327 Child Care for Economic Recovery Act Bill Passed - House (250 - 161)
7/29 HR 7027 Child Care Is Essential Act Bill Passed - House (249 - 163)
7/27 S 2163 Commission on the Social Status of Black Men and Boys Act Bill Passed - House (368 - 1)
7/24 HR 7608 Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (224 - 189)
7/23 S 4049 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (86 - 14)
7/22 HR 1957 Great American Outdoors Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (310 - 107)
7/22 HR 7573 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (305 - 113)
7/21 HR 6395 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 Bill Passed - House (295 - 125)
7/01 HR 2 Moving Forward Act Bill Passed - House (233 - 188)
6/29 HR 1425 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Enhancement Act Bill Passed - House (234 - 179)
6/29 HR 7301 Emergency Housing Protections and Relief Act of 2020 Bill Passed - House (232 - 180)
6/26 H J Res 76 Providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Department of Education relating to "Borrower Defense Institutional Accountability" Veto Override Failed - House (238 - 173)
6/26 HR 51 Washington, D.C. Admission Act Bill Passed - House (232 - 180)
6/25 HR 7120 George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020 Bill Passed - House (236 - 181)
6/17 HR 1957 Great American Outdoors Act Bill Passed - Senate (73 - 25)
5/27 S 3744 Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2020 Bill Passed - House (413 - 1)
5/21 PN 1615 Nomination of John Ratcliffe as Director of National Intelligence Nomination Confirmed - Senate (49 - 44)
5/15 HR 6800 Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions (HEROES) Act Bill Passed - House (208 - 199)
5/15 H Res 965 Authorizing remote voting by proxy in the House of Representatives and providing for official remote committee proceedings during a public health emergency due to a novel coronavirus, and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (217 - 189)
5/14 HR 6172 USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act of 2020 Bill Passed - Senate (80 - 16)
5/07 S J Res 68 A joint resolution to direct the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities against the Islamic Republic of Iran that have not been authorized by Congress Veto Override Failed - Senate (49 - 44)
4/23 HR 266 Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (388 - 5)
4/23 H Res 938 Establishing a Select Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Crisis as a select investigative subcommittee of the Committee on Oversight and Reform Bill Passed - House (212 - 182)
3/27 HR 748 Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House

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