Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
July 29, 2021 National HR 4502 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (219 - 208)
July 28, 2021 National HR 4346 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
July 28, 2021 National HR 4373 Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (217 - 212)
July 22, 2021 National HR 3985 Averting Loss of Life and Injury by Expediting SIVs Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (407 - 16)
July 21, 2021 National HR 2467 PFAS Action Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (241 - 183)
July 20, 2021 National PN 126 Nomination of Jennifer Abruzzo as General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
July 20, 2021 National HR 2668 Consumer Protection and Recovery Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 205)
July 1, 2021 National HR 3684 INVEST in America Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 201)
June 30, 2021 National H Res 503 Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Bill Passed - House (222 - 190)
June 29, 2021 National HR 3005 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes. Bill Passed - House (285 - 120)
June 29, 2021 National HR 2662 IG Independence and Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 182)
June 28, 2021 National HR 391 Global Health Security Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (307 - 112)
June 25, 2021 National S J Res 14 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources Review" Joint Resolution Passed - House (229 - 191)
June 24, 2021 National S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - House (219 - 210)
June 24, 2021 National HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Passed - House (252 - 176)
June 24, 2021 National S J Res 15 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Office of the Comptroller of Currency relating to "National Banks and Federal Savings Associations as Lenders". Joint Resolution Passed - House (218 - 208)
June 24, 2021 National HR 239 Equal Access to Contraception for Veterans Act Bill Passed - House (245 - 181)
June 24, 2021 National S 1251 Growing Climate Solutions Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 8)
June 23, 2021 National HR 2062 Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (247 - 178)
June 22, 2021 National PN 220 Nomination of Kiran Ahuja to be Director of the Office of Personnel Management Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
June 22, 2021 National S 2093 For the People Act of 2021 Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (50 - 50)
June 17, 2021 National HR 256 To Repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 Bill Passed - House (268 - 161)
June 16, 2021 National S 475 Juneteenth National Independence Day Act Bill Passed - House (415 - 14)
June 16, 2021 National HR 1187 ESG Disclosure Simplification Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (215 - 214)
June 15, 2021 National HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Failed - House (248 - 177)
Date No. Title Outcome
7/29 HR 4502 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (219 - 208)
7/28 HR 4346 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
7/28 HR 4373 Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (217 - 212)
7/22 HR 3985 Averting Loss of Life and Injury by Expediting SIVs Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (407 - 16)
7/21 HR 2467 PFAS Action Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (241 - 183)
7/20 PN 126 Nomination of Jennifer Abruzzo as General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
7/20 HR 2668 Consumer Protection and Recovery Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 205)
7/01 HR 3684 INVEST in America Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 201)
6/30 H Res 503 Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Bill Passed - House (222 - 190)
6/29 HR 3005 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes. Bill Passed - House (285 - 120)
6/29 HR 2662 IG Independence and Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 182)
6/28 HR 391 Global Health Security Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (307 - 112)
6/25 S J Res 14 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources Review" Joint Resolution Passed - House (229 - 191)
6/24 S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - House (219 - 210)
6/24 HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Passed - House (252 - 176)
6/24 S J Res 15 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Office of the Comptroller of Currency relating to "National Banks and Federal Savings Associations as Lenders". Joint Resolution Passed - House (218 - 208)
6/24 HR 239 Equal Access to Contraception for Veterans Act Bill Passed - House (245 - 181)
6/24 S 1251 Growing Climate Solutions Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 8)
6/23 HR 2062 Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (247 - 178)
6/22 PN 220 Nomination of Kiran Ahuja to be Director of the Office of Personnel Management Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
6/22 S 2093 For the People Act of 2021 Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (50 - 50)
6/17 HR 256 To Repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 Bill Passed - House (268 - 161)
6/16 S 475 Juneteenth National Independence Day Act Bill Passed - House (415 - 14)
6/16 HR 1187 ESG Disclosure Simplification Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (215 - 214)
6/15 HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Failed - House (248 - 177)

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