Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
July 29, 2021 National HR 4502 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (219 - 208)
July 28, 2021 National HR 4346 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
July 28, 2021 National HR 4373 Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (217 - 212)
July 22, 2021 National HR 3985 Averting Loss of Life and Injury by Expediting SIVs Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (407 - 16)
July 21, 2021 National HR 2467 PFAS Action Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (241 - 183)
July 20, 2021 National PN 126 Nomination of Jennifer Abruzzo as General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
July 20, 2021 National HR 2668 Consumer Protection and Recovery Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 205)
July 1, 2021 National HR 3684 INVEST in America Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 201)
June 30, 2021 National H Res 503 Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Bill Passed - House (222 - 190)
June 29, 2021 National HR 3005 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes. Bill Passed - House (285 - 120)
June 29, 2021 National HR 2662 IG Independence and Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 182)
June 28, 2021 National HR 391 Global Health Security Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (307 - 112)
June 25, 2021 National S J Res 14 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources Review" Joint Resolution Passed - House (229 - 191)
June 24, 2021 National S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - House (219 - 210)
June 24, 2021 National HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Passed - House (252 - 176)
June 24, 2021 National S J Res 15 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Office of the Comptroller of Currency relating to "National Banks and Federal Savings Associations as Lenders". Joint Resolution Passed - House (218 - 208)
June 24, 2021 National HR 239 Equal Access to Contraception for Veterans Act Bill Passed - House (245 - 181)
June 24, 2021 National S 1251 Growing Climate Solutions Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 8)
June 23, 2021 National HR 2062 Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (247 - 178)
June 22, 2021 National PN 220 Nomination of Kiran Ahuja to be Director of the Office of Personnel Management Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
June 22, 2021 National S 2093 For the People Act of 2021 Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (50 - 50)
June 17, 2021 National HR 256 To Repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 Bill Passed - House (268 - 161)
June 16, 2021 National S 475 Juneteenth National Independence Day Act Bill Passed - House (415 - 14)
June 16, 2021 National HR 1187 ESG Disclosure Simplification Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (215 - 214)
June 15, 2021 National HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Failed - House (248 - 177)
June 14, 2021 National H Res 473 Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 256) to repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002; providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 1187) to provide for disclosure of additional material information about public companies and establish a Sustainable Finance Advisory Committee, and for other purposes; and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (216 - 206)
June 8, 2021 National HR 7 Paycheck Fairness Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (49 - 50)
June 8, 2021 National S 1260 United States Innovation and Competition Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (68 - 32)
May 28, 2021 National HR 3233 National Commission to Investigate the January 6 Attack on the United States Capitol Complex Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (54 - 35)
May 25, 2021 National PN 124 Nomation of Chiquita Brooks-LaSure as the Adminstor of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Nomination Confirmed - Senate (55 - 44)
May 20, 2021 National HR 3237 Emergency Security Supplemental to Respond to January 6th Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (213 - 212)
May 19, 2021 National S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (50 - 48)
May 19, 2021 National HR 3233 National Commission to Investigate the January 6 Attack on the United States Capitol Complex Act Bill Passed - House (252 - 175)
May 18, 2021 National S 937 COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act Bill Passed - House (364 - 62)
May 13, 2021 National PN 244 Nomination of Amber McReynolds as Governor of the United States Postal Service Nomination Confirmed - Senate (59 - 38)
May 13, 2021 National HR 2547 Comprehensive Debt Collection Improvement Act Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
May 12, 2021 National PN 245 Nomination of Ronald Stroman as Governor of the United States Postal Service Nomination Confirmed - Senate (66 - 32)
May 11, 2021 National S J Res 15 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Office of the Comptroller of Currency relating to "National Banks and Federal Savings Associations as Lenders". Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (52 - 47)
April 28, 2021 National S J Res 14 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources Review" Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (52 - 42)
April 22, 2021 National S 937 COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act Bill Passed - Senate (94 - 1)
April 22, 2021 National HR 51 Washington, D.C. Admission Act Bill Passed - House (216 - 208)
April 21, 2021 National PN 79-4 Nomination of Vanita Gupta to be Associate Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 49)
April 21, 2021 National HR 1573 Access to Counsel Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (217 - 207)
April 21, 2021 National HR 1333 NO BAN Act Bill Passed - House (218 - 208)
April 19, 2021 National HR 1996 SAFE Banking Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (321 - 101)
April 16, 2021 National HR 1195 Workplace Violence Prevention for Health Care and Social Service Workers Act Bill Passed - House (254 - 166)
April 15, 2021 National HR 7 Paycheck Fairness Act Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
March 24, 2021 National PN 121 Nomination of Rachel Levine as Assistant Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services Nomination Confirmed - Senate (52 - 48)
March 23, 2021 National PN 79-13 Nomination of Shalanda Young as Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget Nomination Confirmed - Senate (63 - 37)
March 23, 2021 National PN 79-11 Nomination of Vivek Murphy as Medical Director in the Regular Corps and Surgeon General of the General Public Health Service Nomination Confirmed - Senate (57 - 43)
March 22, 2021 National PN 78-23 Nomination of Martin Walsh as Secretary of Labor Nomination Confirmed - Senate (68 - 29)
March 19, 2021 National HR 1868 To prevent across-the-board direct spending cuts, and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (246 - 175)
March 18, 2021 National PN 78-2 Nomination of Xavier Becerra as Secretary of Health and Human Services Nomination Confirmed - Senate (50 - 49)
March 18, 2021 National HR 1603 Farm Workforce Modernization Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (247 - 174)
March 18, 2021 National HR 6 American Dream and Promise Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (228 - 197)
March 17, 2021 National HR 1620 Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (244 - 172)
March 17, 2021 National H J Res 17 Removing the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment Joint Resolution Passed - House (222 - 204)
March 15, 2021 National PN 78-11 Nomination of Debra Haaland as Secretary of the Interior Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 40)
March 11, 2021 National HR 1446 Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (219 - 210)
March 11, 2021 National HR 8 Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (227 - 203)
March 10, 2021 National HR 1319 American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (220 - 211)
March 10, 2021 National PN 78-7 Nomination of Merrick Garland as Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (70 - 30)
March 10, 2021 National PN 78-16 Nomination of Michael Regan as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Nomination Confirmed - Senate (66 - 34)
March 10, 2021 National PN 78-6 Nomination of Marcia Fudge as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Nomination Confirmed - Senate (66 - 34)
March 9, 2021 National HR 842 Protecting the Right to Organize Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (225 - 206)
March 6, 2021 National HR 1319 American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (50 - 49)
March 6, 2021 National S Amdt 1386 Prohibits funds made available under title II to States, local educational agencies, and institutions of higher education that permit any student whose biological sex is male to participate in an athletic program or activity designated for women or girls. Amendment Rejected - Senate (49 - 50)
March 5, 2021 National S Amdt 972 Increases the Federal Minimum Wage to $15 an Hour Amendment Rejected - Senate (42 - 58)
March 3, 2021 National HR 1 For the People Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 210)
March 3, 2021 National HR 1280 George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 212)
March 2, 2021 National PN 78-15 Nomination of Gina Raimondo as Secretary of Commerce Nomination Confirmed - Senate (84 - 15)
March 1, 2021 National PN 78-5 Nomination of Miguel Cardona as Secretary of Education Nomination Confirmed - Senate (64 - 33)
Feb. 27, 2021 National HR 1319 American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (219 - 212)
Feb. 25, 2021 National PN 78-8 Nomination of Jennifer Granholm as Secretary of Energy Nomination Confirmed - Senate (64 - 35)
Feb. 25, 2021 National HR 5 Equality Act Bill Passed - House (224 - 206)
Date No. Title Outcome
7/29 HR 4502 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (219 - 208)
7/28 HR 4346 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
7/28 HR 4373 Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2022 Bill Passed - House (217 - 212)
7/22 HR 3985 Averting Loss of Life and Injury by Expediting SIVs Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (407 - 16)
7/21 HR 2467 PFAS Action Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (241 - 183)
7/20 PN 126 Nomination of Jennifer Abruzzo as General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
7/20 HR 2668 Consumer Protection and Recovery Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 205)
7/01 HR 3684 INVEST in America Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 201)
6/30 H Res 503 Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol Bill Passed - House (222 - 190)
6/29 HR 3005 To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of Roger Brooke Taney in the Old Supreme Court Chamber of the United States Capitol with a bust of Thurgood Marshall to be obtained by the Joint Committee on the Library and to remove certain statues from areas of the United States Capitol which are accessible to the public, to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol, and for other purposes. Bill Passed - House (285 - 120)
6/29 HR 2662 IG Independence and Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (221 - 182)
6/28 HR 391 Global Health Security Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (307 - 112)
6/25 S J Res 14 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources Review" Joint Resolution Passed - House (229 - 191)
6/24 S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - House (219 - 210)
6/24 HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Passed - House (252 - 176)
6/24 S J Res 15 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Office of the Comptroller of Currency relating to "National Banks and Federal Savings Associations as Lenders". Joint Resolution Passed - House (218 - 208)
6/24 HR 239 Equal Access to Contraception for Veterans Act Bill Passed - House (245 - 181)
6/24 S 1251 Growing Climate Solutions Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (92 - 8)
6/23 HR 2062 Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (247 - 178)
6/22 PN 220 Nomination of Kiran Ahuja to be Director of the Office of Personnel Management Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 50)
6/22 S 2093 For the People Act of 2021 Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (50 - 50)
6/17 HR 256 To Repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 Bill Passed - House (268 - 161)
6/16 S 475 Juneteenth National Independence Day Act Bill Passed - House (415 - 14)
6/16 HR 1187 ESG Disclosure Simplification Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (215 - 214)
6/15 HR 1443 LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act Bill Failed - House (248 - 177)
6/14 H Res 473 Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 256) to repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002; providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 1187) to provide for disclosure of additional material information about public companies and establish a Sustainable Finance Advisory Committee, and for other purposes; and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (216 - 206)
6/08 HR 7 Paycheck Fairness Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (49 - 50)
6/08 S 1260 United States Innovation and Competition Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (68 - 32)
5/28 HR 3233 National Commission to Investigate the January 6 Attack on the United States Capitol Complex Act Cloture Not Invoked - Senate (54 - 35)
5/25 PN 124 Nomation of Chiquita Brooks-LaSure as the Adminstor of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Nomination Confirmed - Senate (55 - 44)
5/20 HR 3237 Emergency Security Supplemental to Respond to January 6th Appropriations Act, 2021 Bill Passed - House (213 - 212)
5/19 S J Res 13 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission relating to "Update of Commission's Conciliation Procedures". Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (50 - 48)
5/19 HR 3233 National Commission to Investigate the January 6 Attack on the United States Capitol Complex Act Bill Passed - House (252 - 175)
5/18 S 937 COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act Bill Passed - House (364 - 62)
5/13 PN 244 Nomination of Amber McReynolds as Governor of the United States Postal Service Nomination Confirmed - Senate (59 - 38)
5/13 HR 2547 Comprehensive Debt Collection Improvement Act Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
5/12 PN 245 Nomination of Ronald Stroman as Governor of the United States Postal Service Nomination Confirmed - Senate (66 - 32)
5/11 S J Res 15 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Office of the Comptroller of Currency relating to "National Banks and Federal Savings Associations as Lenders". Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (52 - 47)
4/28 S J Res 14 A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Emission Standards for New, Reconstructed, and Modified Sources Review" Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (52 - 42)
4/22 S 937 COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act Bill Passed - Senate (94 - 1)
4/22 HR 51 Washington, D.C. Admission Act Bill Passed - House (216 - 208)
4/21 PN 79-4 Nomination of Vanita Gupta to be Associate Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 49)
4/21 HR 1573 Access to Counsel Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (217 - 207)
4/21 HR 1333 NO BAN Act Bill Passed - House (218 - 208)
4/19 HR 1996 SAFE Banking Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (321 - 101)
4/16 HR 1195 Workplace Violence Prevention for Health Care and Social Service Workers Act Bill Passed - House (254 - 166)
4/15 HR 7 Paycheck Fairness Act Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
3/24 PN 121 Nomination of Rachel Levine as Assistant Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services Nomination Confirmed - Senate (52 - 48)
3/23 PN 79-13 Nomination of Shalanda Young as Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget Nomination Confirmed - Senate (63 - 37)
3/23 PN 79-11 Nomination of Vivek Murphy as Medical Director in the Regular Corps and Surgeon General of the General Public Health Service Nomination Confirmed - Senate (57 - 43)
3/22 PN 78-23 Nomination of Martin Walsh as Secretary of Labor Nomination Confirmed - Senate (68 - 29)
3/19 HR 1868 To prevent across-the-board direct spending cuts, and for other purposes Bill Passed - House (246 - 175)
3/18 PN 78-2 Nomination of Xavier Becerra as Secretary of Health and Human Services Nomination Confirmed - Senate (50 - 49)
3/18 HR 1603 Farm Workforce Modernization Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (247 - 174)
3/18 HR 6 American Dream and Promise Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (228 - 197)
3/17 HR 1620 Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (244 - 172)
3/17 H J Res 17 Removing the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment Joint Resolution Passed - House (222 - 204)
3/15 PN 78-11 Nomination of Debra Haaland as Secretary of the Interior Nomination Confirmed - Senate (51 - 40)
3/11 HR 1446 Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (219 - 210)
3/11 HR 8 Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (227 - 203)
3/10 HR 1319 American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Concurrence Vote Passed - House (220 - 211)
3/10 PN 78-7 Nomination of Merrick Garland as Attorney General Nomination Confirmed - Senate (70 - 30)
3/10 PN 78-16 Nomination of Michael Regan as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Nomination Confirmed - Senate (66 - 34)
3/10 PN 78-6 Nomination of Marcia Fudge as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Nomination Confirmed - Senate (66 - 34)
3/09 HR 842 Protecting the Right to Organize Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (225 - 206)
3/06 HR 1319 American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Bill Passed - Senate (50 - 49)
3/06 S Amdt 1386 Prohibits funds made available under title II to States, local educational agencies, and institutions of higher education that permit any student whose biological sex is male to participate in an athletic program or activity designated for women or girls. Amendment Rejected - Senate (49 - 50)
3/05 S Amdt 972 Increases the Federal Minimum Wage to $15 an Hour Amendment Rejected - Senate (42 - 58)
3/03 HR 1 For the People Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 210)
3/03 HR 1280 George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (220 - 212)
3/02 PN 78-15 Nomination of Gina Raimondo as Secretary of Commerce Nomination Confirmed - Senate (84 - 15)
3/01 PN 78-5 Nomination of Miguel Cardona as Secretary of Education Nomination Confirmed - Senate (64 - 33)
2/27 HR 1319 American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (219 - 212)
2/25 PN 78-8 Nomination of Jennifer Granholm as Secretary of Energy Nomination Confirmed - Senate (64 - 35)
2/25 HR 5 Equality Act Bill Passed - House (224 - 206)

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