Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Oct. 18, 2021 TX SB 6 Amends State Congressional Districts Conference Report Adopted - House (84 - 59)
Oct. 14, 2021 TX HB 25 Requires Public School Students to Compete in Athletic Competitions Based on Their Biological Sex Bill Passed - House (76 - 54)
Oct. 8, 2021 TX SB 6 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
Aug. 31, 2021 TX SB 6 Amends Cash Bail Laws For Individuals Accused of Violent Crimes Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (26 - 5)
Aug. 30, 2021 TX SB 6 Amends Cash Bail Laws For Individuals Accused of Violent Crimes Bill Passed - House (85 - 40)
Aug. 27, 2021 TX SB 1 Amends Various Early Voting Laws to Require Individual Signature Verification and Prohibit Drive-Thru and 24 Hour Voting Bill Passed - House (80 - 41)
Aug. 27, 2021 TX SB 13 Repeals Certain 2022 Election Dates Bill Passed - House (96 - 25)
Aug. 11, 2021 TX SB 1 Amends Various Early Voting Laws to Require Individual Signature Verification and Prohibit Drive-Thru and 24 Hour Voting Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 11)
Aug. 11, 2021 TX SB 2 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 10)
Aug. 11, 2021 TX SB 15 Appropriates Funds for Virtual Learning Until September 2023 Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 10)
July 16, 2021 TX SB 3 Prohibits Teaching "Critical Race Theory" in Public Schools Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 4)
July 14, 2021 TX SB 2 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 3)
July 13, 2021 TX SB 1 Amends Various Early Voting Laws to Require Individual Signature Verification and Prohibit Drive-Thru and 24 Hour Voting Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 4)
May 30, 2021 TX HB 1987 Amends Eligibility Requirements for Candidates Seeking Elective Office of Federal, State, or County Government Concurrence Vote Passed - House (99 - 18)
May 30, 2021 TX HB 2593 Reduces Criminal Penalty for Certain Cannabis Products Bill Passed - House
May 29, 2021 TX SB 14 Prohibits Local Governments from Establishing Employment Leave, Hiring Practices, and Scheduling Policies in Conflict with Federal or State Law Conference Report Adopted - Senate (19 - 12)
May 28, 2021 TX HB 1505 Amends the Government Code and Utilities Code to Establish a Modernized Pole Attachment Regime Concurrence Vote Passed - House (128 - 17)
May 28, 2021 TX HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Concurrence Vote Passed - House (80 - 63)
May 28, 2021 TX HB 1535 Expands the Texas Compassionate Use Program Concurrence Vote Passed - House (119 - 25)
May 28, 2021 TX HB 2283 Limits How Funding is Used to Administer Elections in the State Concurrence Vote Passed - House (96 - 50)
May 28, 2021 TX HB 4545 Establishes Requirements for Accelerated Instruction for Students who Fail to Pass State Assessments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (104 - 41)
May 27, 2021 TX SB 1113 Authorizes the Secretary of State's Office to Withhold Funding from County Election Officials Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 11)
May 27, 2021 TX HB 4545 Establishes Requirements for Accelerated Instruction for Students who Fail to Pass State Assessments Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 5)
May 26, 2021 TX HB 2497 Requires Patriotic Texas History Materials be Distributed through the DMV Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 9)
May 26, 2021 TX SB 14 Prohibits Local Governments from Establishing Employment Leave, Hiring Practices, and Scheduling Policies in Conflict with Federal or State Law Bill Passed - House (94 - 52)
May 25, 2021 TX HB 2283 Limits How Funding is Used to Administer Elections in the State Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
May 25, 2021 TX SB 1387 Requires Voting System Equipment be Manufactured, Stores, and Held in the United States Bill Passed - House (108 - 35)
May 25, 2021 TX HB 1280 Prohibits Abortion if Roe v Wade is Overturned by the Supreme Court Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
May 25, 2021 TX SB 1111 Requires Voters Register Their Physical Address Instead of a P.O. Box When Registering to Vote Bill Passed - House (81 - 65)
May 25, 2021 TX HB 3920 Authorizes Pregnant Women to Vote by Mail if Their Due Date is 3 Weeks Before or After the Election Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
May 24, 2021 TX HB 1927 Authorizes Permitless Handgun Carry to Adults 21 and Older Conference Report Adopted - Senate (17 - 13)
May 24, 2021 TX SB 20 Requires Hotels to Permit Guests to Carry Firearms to Private Rooms Bill Passed - House (81 - 62)
May 24, 2021 TX SB 224 Reduces Barriers to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Bill Passed - House (117 - 28)
May 24, 2021 TX SB 1113 Authorizes the Secretary of State's Office to Withhold Funding from County Election Officials Bill Passed - House (97 - 46)
May 23, 2021 TX HB 1927 Authorizes Permitless Handgun Carry to Adults 21 and Older Conference Report Adopted - House (82 - 62)
May 22, 2021 TX HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
May 22, 2021 TX HB 9 Increases the Criminal Penalty for Knowingly Blocking an Emergency Vehicle or Hospital Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 6)
May 22, 2021 TX HB 1128 Authorizes Certain Individuals to be Lawfully Present at a Polling Place on Election Day while a Judge Presides Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 9)
May 18, 2021 TX HB 574 Establishes 2 New Classes of Election Fraud Offenses Concurrence Vote Passed - House (94 - 48)
May 18, 2021 TX HB 1382 Requires the Secretary of State Develop an Online Tool for Early Voting Application Tracking Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 6)
May 14, 2021 TX SB 45 Classifies Sexual Harassment by any Employer Who Employs One or More Employees as an Unlawful Employment Practice Bill Passed - House (104 - 25)
May 14, 2021 TX HB 3889 Prohibits the State Education Agency from Requiring Fee Payment from Educational Disadvantaged Students if they Establish a Broadband Internet Access Plan for Public School Students Bill Passed - House (104 - 39)
May 14, 2021 TX HB 3920 Authorizes Pregnant Women to Vote by Mail if Their Due Date is 3 Weeks Before or After the Election Bill Passed - House (99 - 44)
May 12, 2021 TX HB 574 Establishes 2 New Classes of Election Fraud Offenses Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 9)
May 11, 2021 TX HB 3979 Prohibits the Teaching of "Critical Race Theory" in Schools Bill Passed - House (79 - 65)
May 7, 2021 TX SB 7 Prohibits Election Officials from Mailing Unsolicited Ballots Bill Passed - House (78 - 64)
May 7, 2021 TX HB 1900 Establishes Penalties for Municipalities that Reduce Police Funding Bill Passed - House (90 - 49)
May 7, 2021 TX HB 2149 Establishes Mobile or "Rolling" Temporary Polling Places Bill Passed - House (99 - 41)
May 6, 2021 TX HB 1280 Prohibits Abortion if Roe v Wade is Overturned by the Supreme Court Bill Passed - House (81 - 61)
May 6, 2021 TX HB 9 Increases the Criminal Penalty for Knowingly Blocking an Emergency Vehicle or Hospital Bill Passed - House (90 - 55)
May 4, 2021 TX HB 17 Prohibits Cities from Banning Natural Gas Hookups in New Buildings Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
May 3, 2021 TX HJR 2 Establishes the State Utilities Reliability Fund and the State Utilities Reliability Revenue Fund Bill Passed - House (125 - 21)
April 30, 2021 TX HB 19 Limits Liability of Trucking Companies to Ensure Victim Compensation Bill Passed - House (81 - 49)
April 28, 2021 TX SB 1111 Requires Voters Register Their Physical Address Instead of a P.O. Box When Registering to Vote Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
April 26, 2021 TX SB 1146 Establishes a Criminal Offense Relating to Abortion Reporting and Exemptions to Abortion Facility Licensing Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
April 22, 2021 TX SB 1385 Authorized College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
April 15, 2021 TX SB 29 Prohibits Transgender Student's from Playing on Sports Teams That do Not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
April 14, 2021 TX SB 20 Requires Hotels to Permit Guests to Carry Firearms to Private Rooms Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
April 12, 2021 TX SB 1112 Increases Penalties for Accepting Early Mail-In Ballots Without Verifying the Signature Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
April 12, 2021 TX SB 1114 Requires Voter Registrars Cross-Reference Voter Rolls with the DMV to Remove Ineligible Voters Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
April 9, 2021 TX HB 1239 Prohibits Elected Officials from Closing Places of Worship Bill Passed - House (122 - 22)
April 8, 2021 TX SB 4 Requires the National Anthem be Played at All Sporting Events Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
April 1, 2021 TX SB 7 Prohibits Election Officials from Mailing Unsolicited Ballots Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
March 30, 2021 TX SB 8 Prohibits Abortion After Fetal Heartbeat is Detected Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
March 30, 2021 TX SB 394 Establishes New Restrictions for Pill Induced Abortions Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
March 25, 2021 TX SB 827 Reduces the Price of Insulin Copayments and Caps the Cost at $50 Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 3)
March 15, 2021 TX SB 2142 Authorizes Retroactively Correcting Prices to Compensate Customers after Blackouts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 3)
Date No. Title Outcome
10/18 SB 6 Amends State Congressional Districts Conference Report Adopted - House (84 - 59)
10/14 HB 25 Requires Public School Students to Compete in Athletic Competitions Based on Their Biological Sex Bill Passed - House (76 - 54)
10/08 SB 6 Amends State Congressional Districts Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
8/31 SB 6 Amends Cash Bail Laws For Individuals Accused of Violent Crimes Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (26 - 5)
8/30 SB 6 Amends Cash Bail Laws For Individuals Accused of Violent Crimes Bill Passed - House (85 - 40)
8/27 SB 1 Amends Various Early Voting Laws to Require Individual Signature Verification and Prohibit Drive-Thru and 24 Hour Voting Bill Passed - House (80 - 41)
8/27 SB 13 Repeals Certain 2022 Election Dates Bill Passed - House (96 - 25)
8/11 SB 1 Amends Various Early Voting Laws to Require Individual Signature Verification and Prohibit Drive-Thru and 24 Hour Voting Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 11)
8/11 SB 2 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 10)
8/11 SB 15 Appropriates Funds for Virtual Learning Until September 2023 Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 10)
7/16 SB 3 Prohibits Teaching "Critical Race Theory" in Public Schools Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 4)
7/14 SB 2 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 3)
7/13 SB 1 Amends Various Early Voting Laws to Require Individual Signature Verification and Prohibit Drive-Thru and 24 Hour Voting Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 4)
5/30 HB 1987 Amends Eligibility Requirements for Candidates Seeking Elective Office of Federal, State, or County Government Concurrence Vote Passed - House (99 - 18)
5/30 HB 2593 Reduces Criminal Penalty for Certain Cannabis Products Bill Passed - House
5/29 SB 14 Prohibits Local Governments from Establishing Employment Leave, Hiring Practices, and Scheduling Policies in Conflict with Federal or State Law Conference Report Adopted - Senate (19 - 12)
5/28 HB 1505 Amends the Government Code and Utilities Code to Establish a Modernized Pole Attachment Regime Concurrence Vote Passed - House (128 - 17)
5/28 HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Concurrence Vote Passed - House (80 - 63)
5/28 HB 1535 Expands the Texas Compassionate Use Program Concurrence Vote Passed - House (119 - 25)
5/28 HB 2283 Limits How Funding is Used to Administer Elections in the State Concurrence Vote Passed - House (96 - 50)
5/28 HB 4545 Establishes Requirements for Accelerated Instruction for Students who Fail to Pass State Assessments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (104 - 41)
5/27 SB 1113 Authorizes the Secretary of State's Office to Withhold Funding from County Election Officials Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 11)
5/27 HB 4545 Establishes Requirements for Accelerated Instruction for Students who Fail to Pass State Assessments Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 5)
5/26 HB 2497 Requires Patriotic Texas History Materials be Distributed through the DMV Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 9)
5/26 SB 14 Prohibits Local Governments from Establishing Employment Leave, Hiring Practices, and Scheduling Policies in Conflict with Federal or State Law Bill Passed - House (94 - 52)
5/25 HB 2283 Limits How Funding is Used to Administer Elections in the State Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
5/25 SB 1387 Requires Voting System Equipment be Manufactured, Stores, and Held in the United States Bill Passed - House (108 - 35)
5/25 HB 1280 Prohibits Abortion if Roe v Wade is Overturned by the Supreme Court Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
5/25 SB 1111 Requires Voters Register Their Physical Address Instead of a P.O. Box When Registering to Vote Bill Passed - House (81 - 65)
5/25 HB 3920 Authorizes Pregnant Women to Vote by Mail if Their Due Date is 3 Weeks Before or After the Election Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
5/24 HB 1927 Authorizes Permitless Handgun Carry to Adults 21 and Older Conference Report Adopted - Senate (17 - 13)
5/24 SB 20 Requires Hotels to Permit Guests to Carry Firearms to Private Rooms Bill Passed - House (81 - 62)
5/24 SB 224 Reduces Barriers to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Bill Passed - House (117 - 28)
5/24 SB 1113 Authorizes the Secretary of State's Office to Withhold Funding from County Election Officials Bill Passed - House (97 - 46)
5/23 HB 1927 Authorizes Permitless Handgun Carry to Adults 21 and Older Conference Report Adopted - House (82 - 62)
5/22 HB 547 Authorizes Homeschooled Students to Participate in University Interscholastic League Activities Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
5/22 HB 9 Increases the Criminal Penalty for Knowingly Blocking an Emergency Vehicle or Hospital Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 6)
5/22 HB 1128 Authorizes Certain Individuals to be Lawfully Present at a Polling Place on Election Day while a Judge Presides Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 9)
5/18 HB 574 Establishes 2 New Classes of Election Fraud Offenses Concurrence Vote Passed - House (94 - 48)
5/18 HB 1382 Requires the Secretary of State Develop an Online Tool for Early Voting Application Tracking Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 6)
5/14 SB 45 Classifies Sexual Harassment by any Employer Who Employs One or More Employees as an Unlawful Employment Practice Bill Passed - House (104 - 25)
5/14 HB 3889 Prohibits the State Education Agency from Requiring Fee Payment from Educational Disadvantaged Students if they Establish a Broadband Internet Access Plan for Public School Students Bill Passed - House (104 - 39)
5/14 HB 3920 Authorizes Pregnant Women to Vote by Mail if Their Due Date is 3 Weeks Before or After the Election Bill Passed - House (99 - 44)
5/12 HB 574 Establishes 2 New Classes of Election Fraud Offenses Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 9)
5/11 HB 3979 Prohibits the Teaching of "Critical Race Theory" in Schools Bill Passed - House (79 - 65)
5/07 SB 7 Prohibits Election Officials from Mailing Unsolicited Ballots Bill Passed - House (78 - 64)
5/07 HB 1900 Establishes Penalties for Municipalities that Reduce Police Funding Bill Passed - House (90 - 49)
5/07 HB 2149 Establishes Mobile or "Rolling" Temporary Polling Places Bill Passed - House (99 - 41)
5/06 HB 1280 Prohibits Abortion if Roe v Wade is Overturned by the Supreme Court Bill Passed - House (81 - 61)
5/06 HB 9 Increases the Criminal Penalty for Knowingly Blocking an Emergency Vehicle or Hospital Bill Passed - House (90 - 55)
5/04 HB 17 Prohibits Cities from Banning Natural Gas Hookups in New Buildings Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
5/03 HJR 2 Establishes the State Utilities Reliability Fund and the State Utilities Reliability Revenue Fund Bill Passed - House (125 - 21)
4/30 HB 19 Limits Liability of Trucking Companies to Ensure Victim Compensation Bill Passed - House (81 - 49)
4/28 SB 1111 Requires Voters Register Their Physical Address Instead of a P.O. Box When Registering to Vote Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
4/26 SB 1146 Establishes a Criminal Offense Relating to Abortion Reporting and Exemptions to Abortion Facility Licensing Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
4/22 SB 1385 Authorized College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
4/15 SB 29 Prohibits Transgender Student's from Playing on Sports Teams That do Not Match their Birth Sex Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 12)
4/14 SB 20 Requires Hotels to Permit Guests to Carry Firearms to Private Rooms Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
4/12 SB 1112 Increases Penalties for Accepting Early Mail-In Ballots Without Verifying the Signature Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
4/12 SB 1114 Requires Voter Registrars Cross-Reference Voter Rolls with the DMV to Remove Ineligible Voters Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
4/09 HB 1239 Prohibits Elected Officials from Closing Places of Worship Bill Passed - House (122 - 22)
4/08 SB 4 Requires the National Anthem be Played at All Sporting Events Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
4/01 SB 7 Prohibits Election Officials from Mailing Unsolicited Ballots Bill Passed - Senate (18 - 13)
3/30 SB 8 Prohibits Abortion After Fetal Heartbeat is Detected Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
3/30 SB 394 Establishes New Restrictions for Pill Induced Abortions Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 12)
3/25 SB 827 Reduces the Price of Insulin Copayments and Caps the Cost at $50 Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 3)
3/15 SB 2142 Authorizes Retroactively Correcting Prices to Compensate Customers after Blackouts Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 3)

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