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Michael Coffman's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Michael Coffman has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2018 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2018.

  • "I am proud to support H.R. 1 because it will help working families by lowering their tax rates, doubling the child tax credit and standard deduction, and even more importantly it will increase jobs and wages by reducing the tax burden on American small businesses." (votesmart.org)
  • "This is pro growth tax reform. I've always believed that simplifying our tax code and reducing the tax burden on hardworking families and businesses will promote job growth and higher wages in communities all across our country." (votesmart.org)
  • "While our defense priorities must be fully funded, wasteful spending in the defense budget must be cut by reducing the bloated Pentagon bureaucracy, acquisition reform, and getting our allies to shoulder their share of the burden." (www.coffmanforcongress.com)
  • “While our defense priorities must be fully funded, wasteful spending in the defense budget must be cut by reducing the bloated Pentagon bureaucracy, acquisition reform, and getting our allies to shoulder their share of the burden.” (www.coffmanforcongress.com)
  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
  • “A constitutional amendment, to strip the power away from the Congress to continually spend money that our country does not have, must be passed by Congress and referred to the states for ratification.” (www.coffmanforcongress.com)
  • "A constitutional amendment, to strip the power away from the Congress to continually spend money that our country does not have, must be passed by Congress and referred to the states for ratification." (www.coffmanforcongress.com)
  • "This is pro growth tax reform. I've always believed that simplifying our tax code and reducing the tax burden on hardworking families and businesses will promote job growth and higher wages in communities all across our country." (votesmart.org)
  • "I am proud to support H.R. 1 because it will help working families by lowering their tax rates, doubling the child tax credit and standard deduction, and even more importantly it will increase jobs and wages by reducing the tax burden on American small businesses." (votesmart.org)
  • "The issues pertaining to K-12 public education are best left to state legislatures and locally-elected school boards and should not be mandated out of Washington, D.C." (coffman.house.gov)
  • "I am a strong supporter of research on renewable energy solutions though my support for full funding of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden. At NREL, research is done on energy conservation and on how to make renewable energy sources more cost competitive with conventional fuel sources. " (coffman.house.gov)
  • "The U.S. must take all practical efforts to reduce carbon emissions through conservation and improve the quality of our global environment." (coffman.house.gov)
  • "The right to keep and bear arms is protected under the Second Amendment of the Constitution. This is not simply protecting the right to use firearms for hunting but for self-defense as well. However, it also means that we have an obligation to promote responsible gun ownership. I support doing so through policies that keep firearms out of the hands of criminals and the mentally unstable. I am drafting legislation to help other states, who adopt Colorado’s "Safe-to-Tell" program, to receive federal grants to help them set up one up. I’ve also co-sponsored legislation to help states which have adopted Indiana’s "Jake Laird Law" to receive federal grants to help them establish a "Red Flag" program that helps keep guns out of the hands of people who are threats to themselves or others with the necessary due process, and respecting the protections provided under the Second Amendment." (coffman.house.gov)
  • "Health care costs have not gone down under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), better known as Obamacare, as promised. The consumer protections under the ACA, such as allowing dependents to stay on a parent’s policy until age 26, and prohibiting discrimination based on gender or pre-existing conditions should remain. Beyond that, states should be given discretion, within broad parameters, to devise their own solutions to bring down cost and to broaden access. Reforms such as making individual insurance premiums tax deductible and bringing down the high cost of the defensive practice of medicine through medical malpractice reform are essential to make costs lower for patients." (www.coffmanforcongress.com)
  • "The magnet for illegal immigration is the ability to find work in the United States. The best way to stop illegal immigration is less about building a wall than simply by mandating an E-Verify system on all employers, with stiff penalties for those who violate the law, to remove the incentive to come to the United States illegally to find work." (votesmart.org)
  • "To keep families together, I believe that for the adults that broke no other laws than our immigration laws, they should be given an opportunity to come out of the shadows and after passing a criminal background check should be given an opportunity for a work permit, so that they do not have a fear of deportation. However, I don’t believe adults who knowingly broke the law should be given a special path to citizenship. For the children who were brought to this country illegally, through no fault of their own, I believe they should be given an earned path to citizenship through military service, education or employment. I have authored a number of bipartisan bills to support this population, protecting them from deportation and giving them a chance to become citizens." (www.coffmanforcongress.com)
  • "As members of the Colorado Congressional delegation who have seen our state legalize marijuana, we respecfully request the Department of Justice reconsider its decision to rescind the Cole Memo and related marijuana guidance. We represent a state that posted the question of marijuana legalization to its voters not once, but twice. Voters first approved the use of medical marijuana and subsequently, our constituents approved its use for adult recreational use. The citizens of Colorado have spoken on this issue. We believe we are obligated to heed their decision. Further, all of the laws and regulations put in place governing the use of marijuana in our state clearly restrict it to a matter interal to the state of Colorado. The new guidance appears to stand in opposition to President Trump's publically stated position regarding the sale and use of marijuana within states where the substance is currently legal. The President has previously identified marijuana use within a state as an issue for a state to decide, not the federal government. Reinstating the Cole Momo and related guidance will help ensure the federal government is not unduly interefering in state policy. We stronly urge the Department to reinstate the Cole Momo in order to ensure the Department is acting to uphold the will of Colorado voters and the rigths of the steates to regulate intrastate commerce." (votesmart.org)
  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
X e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
X g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.1) Budget Priorities2) Defense Spending3) TaxesIndicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.Family Income TaxesOther TaxesDeductions/Credits

Greatly Decrease a) Agriculture
Eliminate b) Arts
Maintain Status c) Defense
Slightly Increase d) Education
Slightly Increase e) Environment
Maintain Status f) FEMA
Maintain Status g) Homeland security
Slightly Increase h) International aid
Maintain Status i) Law enforcement (Federal)
Maintain Status j) Law enforcement (State)
Maintain Status k) Medical research
Maintain Status l) National parks
Maintain Status m) Public health services
Maintain Status n) Scientific research
Maintain Status o) Space exploration programs
Maintain Status p) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Greatly Decrease q) United Nations
Slightly Decrease r) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increase b) Intelligence operations
Maintain Status c) Military hardware
Maintain Status d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Slightly Increase e) National missile defense
Slightly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increase g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Status h) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Status i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Decrease a) Less than $12,000
Slightly Decrease b) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decrease c) $40,001-$100,000
Slightly Decrease d) $100,001-$180,000
Slightly Decrease e) $180,001-$350,000
Slightly Decrease f) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Alcohol taxes
Greatly Decrease b) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Status c) Cigarette taxes
Greatly Decrease d) Corporate taxes
Maintain Status e) Gasoline taxes
Greatly Decrease f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Increase a) Charitable contribution deduction
Slightly Increase b) Child tax credit
Maintain Status c) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increase d) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Status e) Mortgage deduction
Maintain Status f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes 4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes 5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

X a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
X h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
X i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
X j) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

X a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
X c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X g) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
X b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
X c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
X d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
X e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
X f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
X g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
X h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
X i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
X k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
X b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
X c) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
X c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
X g) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
X i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
X l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
In the short run we need to increase the supply of fossil fuels but in the long run we need to replace them with renewable energy resources.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.

X a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
Maintain Status c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Greatly Decrease d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.

a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
X b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
X c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
X e) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
The federal government must fix Medicaid and Medicare to avoid cost shifting to the rest of the health care system.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

X a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
X b) Establish English as the official national language.
X c) Support a temporary worker program.
X d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
X h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.International PolicyIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

X a) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yes c) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
d) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Yes e) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
No f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
Yes h) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Undecided i) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yes j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Undecided k) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Undecided l) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Undecided m) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yes n) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Undecided o) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Undecided p) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Undecided q) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Undecided r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
Undecided a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Yes b) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yes c) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yes d) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles
I'm opposed to a fixed timetable for troop withdrawals from Iraq. However, having served in Iraq with the U.S. Marines, I do believe that the process can be moved along faster than it currently is.
Support a more conservative American Foreign Policy that is less reliant on nation building as a principle tool for achieving America's foreign policy objectives.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yes b) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Undecided d) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yes e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Undecided f) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
No g) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Yes h) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

No a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Yes b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
No c) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
No d) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
No e) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
No f) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Undecided g) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

X a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
X d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
The system must recognize its commitment to seniors but must gradually move younger generations toward individual saving accounts.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

X a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
X c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Public housing should not be an indefinite entitlement program but should be there to temporarily support those with the greatest needs.
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

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