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Lisa Murkowski's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



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Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Lisa Murkowski did not provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2022 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

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Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2022.

  • "While I support a woman's right to make her own reproductive choices, that support is not without limits. I oppose late-term abortion and support restricting abortion after 20 weeks, provided there are clear and workable exceptions, particularly for victims of rape and incest and in cases where the life or physical health of the mother is threatened. For example, requiring a teenage girl who was raped by her father to report to law enforcement or a government agency prior to obtaining an abortion is simply not workable. While I do not support this particular bill because of the narrow scope of limitations, I could support legislation that provides more protections for women in situations beyond their control." (
  • Voted against HR 3755 "Women's Health Protection Act of 2021." (
  • "I have always supported a woman’s right to choose, the precedents established by Roe v. Wade, and the limitations the Supreme Court has placed on laws regarding abortion services." (
  • Rated 88% by National Right to Life Committee. (
  • Rated 18% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • "Even prior to the coronavirus pandemic, Alaskans across the state knew the need and the value of telehealth services. That need only grew when so many aspects of our daily lives went virtual during the pandemic--which included seeing a doctor or medical professional. This bill takes steps to support Medicaid telehealth programs in rural states like Alaska and in states who lack adequate broadband availability," said Senator Murkowski. "I will continue to support telehealth, as it has been a valuable tool for Alaskans in helping fill gaps in healthcare access and affordability." (
  • Signed Letter to Leader Schumer: "Telehealth has been a critical tool during the COVID-19 pandemic to ensure that patients continue to receive the health care they need while keeping health care providers and patients safe. Congress recognized the importance of telehealth and included provisions in COVID-19 legislation to increase access to telehealth services for Medicare beneficiaries during the pandemic. We strongly support permanently expanding Medicare coverage of telehealth and removing other barriers to the use of telehealth because of its ability to expand access to care, reduce costs, and improve health outcomes. While Congress prepares to enact permanent telehealth legislation, we urge you to include an extension of the pandemic telehealth authorities in must-pass government funding legislation in February." (
  • "I'm proud to cosponsor the Social Security Fairness Act, which repeals outdated social security law provisions that unfairly reduce or eliminate Social Security benefits that public sector employees have earned. The goal is to make the social security program as fair as possible." (
  • Rated 5% by Common Cause. (
  • "On the issue of public funding, the bill creates a new structure of public financing of campaigns that matches small dollar donations on a six-to-one basis. "I've got concerns that anyone thinks it is a good idea to have even more money in politics. But it's easy to me to see how this could be exploited by a partisan board holding the purse strings here."" (
  • Voted against S 2093 "For the People Act of 2021." (
  • "On the issue of public funding, the bill creates a new structure of public financing of campaigns that matches small dollar donations on a six-to-one basis. "I've got concerns that anyone thinks it is a good idea to have even more money in politics. But it's easy to me to see how this could be exploited by a partisan board holding the purse strings here." (
  • "Right now we have a sense of urgency across the country--to address the justifiable anger, anxiety, and pleas that we have heard from Americans in calling for police reform. Today all Senators had an opportunity to consider the Justice Act, a legislative effort which was designed to address those pleas. The bill improves transparency and accountability, while increasing the use of body cameras, incentivizing jurisdictions to ban chokeholds, providing mental health support, and so much more. I had hoped all Senate colleagues would vote to move forward with the bill, so that we would have the opportunity to debate, amend, and build on the legislation. Today I witnessed my colleagues bring us to an impasse that is absolutely unacceptable--that's failing the American people. These discussions are too important and necessary for us to let political posturing get in the way of matters as serious as this." (
  • "What happened to George Floyd is absolutely tragic and we should all demand that those responsible be held accountable so that justice is served." (
  • Voted in favor of S 1605 "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022." (
  • Rated 93% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "Recognizing the emerging threats and challenges in the Arctic, this legislation prioritizes the needs of Alaska's military and America's role in the Arctic region. Within the legislation we authorize military construction projects for Fort Greely and Fort Wainright, including infrastructure to support missile defense and improve child care capabilities. Building on my longstanding efforts to bolster America's presence in the Arctic, the bill includes provisions that improve Arctic security, enhance communications infrastructure, and focuses our military and national security leadership on defense strategies in the region. I'm proud that the bill includes a provision that the Alaska delegation worked hard to secure--authorization for the Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies. And to address our nation's growing dependence on foreign countries, including China, for minerals and metals, we include two key provisions championed by Senator Sullivan. The passage of NDAA is good news for Alaska and America." (
  • "The NDAA is one of the most critical pieces of legislation that Congress passes each year, ensuring our troops have the training, equipment, and resources needed to carry out their missions. This year's bill includes a well-deserved raise for our troops and prioritizes improving the lives of our servicemembers and their families. It will improve military healthcare, aid spouses' access to meaningful employment, and provide much-needed reform for military justice." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 3684 "Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act." (
  • "The cultural identity and subsistence way of life for Alaska Native communities is directly tied to their land and waterways. Unfortunately, many Alaskan communities are now in danger as the impacts of climate change cause severe flooding and devastation -- something that is only getting worse with time. There are also a number of Alaska Native communities that lack access to one of our most basic needs -- safe drinking water. Having visited a number of these communities firsthand, I've heard directly from Alaskans about what's at stake. I took this into account as I helped craft the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and helped ensure that significant funding would be directed to watershed protection and flood prevention efforts in Alaska," said Senator Murkowski. "I am glad to see Secretary Vilsack and the USDA bringing the provisions within our infrastructure law to fruition." (
  • "This bipartisan infrastructure bill is one of the most consequential legislative efforts I have worked on in my Senate career. I am incredibly proud and humbled to have played a leading role in the creation of this legislation. The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act recognizes that Alaska is decades behind in having the basic infrastructure which many states in the Lower 48 take for granted. It addresses that gap by sending billions of dollars back home to put Alaskans to work building roads and wastewater systems, fixing bridges, and pioneering innovative transportation and energy technologies, all of which will benefit generations to come," said Senator Murkowski. "I want to thank the many Alaskans who worked with me in writing provisions that address the needs of both our urban and rural communities. And a big thank you to my friend and colleague Congressman Don Young, for using his influence and platform in the House to garner support to get this across the finish line. As this historic legislation now heads to the President for his signature, I look forward to working with our federal partners to make these visions on paper become a reality." (
  • "Today's signing of the bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act is a victory for all Americans. When Congress puts America's needs over politics, we make genuine progress. We were proud to work together on this historic investment in our nation's core infrastructure to modernize roads and bridges, strengthen rail and transit systems, upgrade ports, expand broadband access, improve water systems, and increase the resiliency of the nation's energy grid. It strengthens our economy without raising taxes or increasing inflation. This legislation will positively impact every American." (
  • "Small businesses, which make up over 90 percent of Alaska's businesses, have been undeniably impacted by the current pandemic. We worked to provide direct relief quickly to our small businesses as many have come to rely on the support of the Paycheck Protection Program or PPP," said Senator Murkowski. "This bill improves our previous efforts by making fundamental changes to the PPP, such as increasing the loan forgiveness period from 8 weeks to 6 months, giving borrowers five years to repay the loan instead of two years, expanding the deadline for employers to rehire furloughed and laid-off employees and still qualify for loan forgiveness, and improving access to these vital loans. I'm proud to support this bipartisan legislation that will provide our small business owners and their employees, especially our seasonal businesses, with the flexibility they need, and I look forward to the President signing it into law." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 748 "Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act." (
  • "Inflation is at its highest in four decades. The price of fuel is hitting communities across Alaska hard. These are tough realities that are impacting the lives of everyone. The Biden administration can help fix these issues by unleashing domestic energy production." (
  • "Alaskans are facing the highest inflation in 40 years. Everything costs more. Family budgets are stretched thin. And businesses big and small are struggling to find enough employees to keep their doors open. This is causing pain everywhere. We’ve got to address it." (
  • "Great news: The bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act has been signed into law by the @POTUS This consequential legislation I helped lead on will bring major wins to Alaska and the country, investing in the future while reducing inflation." (
  • "The bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act will upgrade and modernize Alaska and America’s core infrastructure—providing $550 billion in new spending over five years, without raising taxes, and will grow our nation’s economy, create jobs, and push against inflation." (
  • "I am empathetic to the burden of high student debt, and I’ve been working to try to reduce the cost of education to avoid these high debts in the first place. I also supported a pause on student loan repayments during the pandemic, but those who borrow money have a duty to repay it. It seems to have escaped the President’s notice that this debt is owed to the American people who finance student loans through their taxes—many of whom have no student loans. Additionally, this loan forgiveness does not recognize the sacrifice of many Americans who scrimped and saved to pay off their student loans. Nor will it help those who take on new student loan debt tomorrow and in the years to come, or those whose federal student loans are not owned by the federal government. There are a number of other commonsense alternatives to address this issue, but this is not the appropriate path forward." (
  • "While cancelling some student loan debt for some Alaskans will help ease their budgets, there is no such thing as ‘cancelling’ student loans. The Biden administration’s announcement today would add $300 billion to our national debt that every American will be on the hook to pay." (
  • Rated 5% by Common Cause. (
  • "Election security and integrity are issues that we can all get behind. I’m proud to join a bipartisan group of my colleagues on introducing reforms to enhance election security and integrity, in order to ensure our elections are fair and safe." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 5746 "Freedom To Vote: John R. Lewis Act" (
  • "I was excited to host Secretary Granholm and her staff at a number of sites throughout Alaska. We stopped by the Cold Climate Housing Research Center (CCHRC) in Fairbanks. They are doing groundbreaking work designing and building homes that use 80 percent less energy than comparable homes, which is important for a state like Alaska where in many regions energy costs are extraordinarily high. I was proud to help the CCHRC establish a formal partnership with the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and so bringing the Secretary to see the significance of that type of collaboration was important. We also stopped at the Alaska Center for Energy and Power (ACEP) where we talked with staff at the University of Alaska, ACEP, and the Arctic Energy Office. They are incredible thought leaders meeting with researchers who work on developing practical, cost effective and innovative energy solutions for places with non-integrated electric grids like Alaska." (
  • "Wrote and negotiated the bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which will invest more than $70 billion into energy and climate-related priorities." (
  • "As I mentioned yesterday, those of us on the Energy and Natural Resources Committee have spent the last year putting together this innovation package. Throughout that process, what we heard in committee from the experts was that three of the most promising technologies for clean energy are energy storage; advanced nuclear; and carbon capture, utilization, and storage. These three areas, we are told, are where the promise really is if you want to focus on clean energy solutions. Our composite bill prioritizes all three technologies, as well as renewable energy and industrial and vehicle technologies." (
  • "Alaska is a natural proving ground for new technologies and an incubator for innovation," Murkowski said. "My new bill will help Alaskans pioneer new technologies, ranging from renewables to energy storage and even advanced nuclear, to help lower local energy costs. It will also protect our cybersecurity, enable Alaska to produce more of the minerals needed for clean technologies, and help us meet the rising threat of climate change." (
  • Rated 100% by Independent Petroleum Association of America. (
  • "Carbon removal technologies have significant promise and could someday present an opportunity to substantially reduce net levels of global greenhouse gas emissions," said Senator Murkowski. "Our bipartisan CREATE Act will help ensure coordinated leadership across federal agencies as we pursue the development of innovative technologies that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and the oceans." (
  • "For many Alaskan communities, burning wood is the most affordable option to stay warm. Unfortunately, older, inefficient heaters contribute to local air pollution and negatively impact public health. I worked hard to ensure that Fairbanks was eligible for this funding and have worked year-after-year to ensure that the program continues. There is still work to be done, but this funding from the EPA is good progress toward providing Alaskans with safer, more cost-effective home heating options. I commend the EPA for directing these much-needed funds to Alaska and thank Region 10 Administrator Hladick for understanding Alaskans' unique challenges," (
  • "It is estimated that the demand for energy across the country could grow nearly 50 percent by the year 2050, making carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies as important as ever in the fight against climate change," said Senator Murkowski. "CCUS will not only help America meet the growing demand for energy, but will also be critical to reducing emissions and supporting a cleaner environment. Through the SCALE Act, we are taking significant steps to construct and develop the critical infrastructure needed for large-scale carbon management. Investment in the expansion of CCUS will play an integral role in our nation's all-of-the-above energy strategy." (
  • Rated 93% by National Rifle Association (NRA). (
  • "I agree that we need to keep guns out of the hands of criminals & mentally ill. But solutions cannot compromise the Second Amendment." (
  • "Senator Murkowski also supported a number of efforts to enhance the protection of lawful firearms owners under federal law. These included Senator Lee's amendment that would have required a two thirds vote for adoption of future gun control measures, Senator Inhofe's amendment to prevent the United States from entering into the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty, Senator Cornyn's concealed carry reciprocity amendment, Senator Burr's amendment to prevent the government from blanket denying veterans undergoing PTSD treatment access to firearms, and Senator Barrasso's amendment prohibiting states from invading the privacy rights of firearms owners under state freedom of information laws. She also cosponsored Senator Grassley's amendment to improve federal efforts to identify and treat those experiencing mental illness and end straw purchases and trafficking of illegal firearms." (
  • "As a strong supporter of the 2nd Amendment and a gun owner myself, it was essential to ensure that this legislation not violate the rights of law-abiding gun owners. It does not." (
  • "I remain committed to repealing #Obamacare. I am equally committed to ensuring all Alaskans have access to affordable, quality healthcare." (
  • "With a new administration & new Congress we have an opportunity to fix failures of #Obamacare, but a repeal and replace need to coincide." (
  • "To support hard-working men and women all across the nation, the recently passed Families First Coronavirus Response Act provides paid sick and family leave for workers who must miss work due to #COVID19." (
  • "The U.S. Senate overwhelmingly passed a bill to help mitigate the health & economic impacts of the #COVID19 outbreak. The bill ensures testing is free for Americans, secures paid sick leave, enhances unemployment insurance & access to nutrition assistance." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 6201 “Families First Coronavirus Response Act” (
  • "This week, during a HELP Committee Executive Session, I voted in favor of the Lower Health Care Costs Act of 2019, legislation that aims to lower the costs of healthcare by ending surprise medical billing, creating more transparency, and increasing prescription drug competition." (
  • "I have been a strong supporter of legislation to reduce prescription drug prices, joining Senator @ChuckGrassley in reintroducing the Prescription Drug Pricing Act, to prioritize the health of patients and their pocketbooks." (
  • "I’m proud to support Senator @ChuckGrassley’s efforts to reduce the cost of prescription drugs and have joined him in reintroducing his bill, the Prescription Drug Pricing Reduction Act." (
  • "Tonight the Senate passed the Patient Right to Know Drug Prices Act, a bill I proudly cosponsored to increase transparency regarding prescription drug prices." (
  • "I am proud to be part of this bipartisan effort," said Senator Murkowski. "The amendment seeks to protect the Dreamers while strengthening our border security and I am encouraged by the time and effort we have spent as a group trying to achieve a consensus on this difficult issue. I hope we can get to a final bill that protects the Dreamers and look forward to the debate." (
  • "Extremely disappointed the Senate failed to advance our bipartisan proposal that provided both certainty for the Dreamers & critical improvements to border security. The legislation offered a path forward to the most urgent and pressing immigration issues." (
  • "It’s important that we continue the debate on how we address border security & address the President’s top priorities, but it’s possible to provide for security & to address the humanitarian crisis on our border, while still doing our jobs to keep the government fully functional." (
  • "We want border security. I think that the President's request for a comprehensive view of how we address this is not so unreasonable. Let's treat his border priority as a request for supplemental appropriations. But let's not keep the gov't shut down while we do this." (
  • Voted in favor of S Amdt 1948 "Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act. (Toomey Amendment)" (
  • "I am proud to be part of this bipartisan effort," said Senator Murkowski. "The amendment seeks to protect the Dreamers while strengthening our border security and I am encouraged by the time and effort we have spent as a group trying to achieve a consensus on this difficult issue. I hope we can get to a final bill that protects the Dreamers and look forward to the debate." (
  • "Today's Supreme Court decision is truly a sigh of relief for Dreamers, but shouldn't be mistaken as an end to the issue. The decision simply clarifies the process an administration must adhere to if they seek to change what is fundamentally an administrative policy. Those who were brought to this country by their parents, raised and educated here deserve certainty. They should have the right to work and a path to citizenship. It's long past time that Congress get to work on a legislative solution to provide a legal, certain path forward for Dreamers. I remain ready to work with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle." (
  • Voted in favor of S Amdt 1948 "Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act. (Toomey Amendment)" (
  • "Extremely disappointed the Senate failed to advance our bipartisan proposal that provided both certainty for the Dreamers & critical improvements to border security. The legislation offered a path forward to the most urgent and pressing immigration issues." (
  • "If we can bring a sanctions package to the floor, I will be asking my colleagues to consider two additions: one to restrict imports of Russian seafood, and a second related to Russian energy." (
  • "Americans—& especially Alaskans—have been facing a one-sided Russian embargo on our seafood since 2014, harming our communities & economy. @SenDanSullivan & I are pushing Congress & the Biden Admin. to sanction Russian seafood, & equalize treatment of Alaska’s world-class seafood" (
  • "Congress has a bipartisan goal to deter Russia from invading Ukraine, but also to impose severe sanctions if that happens. I believe it is imperative that we have a unified front. A united Congress on the matter of sanctions is a powerful message in and of itself." (
  • "While we hold the Russian government and its oligarchs accountable with sanctions and other penalties, we must be certain that these actions are not only severe, but all encompassing." (
  • "The world is watching. The Senate must agree on a package with humanitarian and defense aid for @Ukraine, while imposing sweeping sanctions and penalties on Russia—including strict embargoes on their energy and seafood. Countless lives and a budding democracy are at stake" (
  • "As Russia escalates its war on @Ukraine, the Senate must focus on that growing crisis as we return to session tomorrow. A substantial and bipartisan package with aid for Ukraine and penalties for Russia cannot wait. We must stand with @ZelenskyyUa and act immediately." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 7691 “Making emergency supplemental appropriations for assistance for the situation in Ukraine for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2022, and for other purposes.” (
  • Rated 100% by FreedomWorks (
  • "Because of tax reform, more than 100,000 Alaskans could see lower utility bills. I’m encouraged by the projected benefits that are a result of the federal corporate tax cut, giving hard-working Alaskans financial relief. Alaska's future is looking bright!" (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 1 “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (
  • "I'm pleased to see the administration take the necessary step of lifting steel and aluminum tariffs on Canada and Mexico. I had previously expressed concerns about the impact these tariffs would have on our nation's economy, trade relationships, and particularly on our nation's energy sector. In Alaska, steel and aluminum tariffs have the potential to impact everything from driving up the cost of materials needed for a natural gas pipeline to significant military construction projects. Not only does this exemption put us on a better footing with our allies and significant trade partners, but could also spell progress towards ratification of the new U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement." (
  • "As an economy that depends on exporting our rich natural resources to global markets and leveraging our geostrategic location as a significant hub for the global air cargo industry, Alaska relies on strong international frameworks for free trade," said Senator Murkowski. "Fair trade with Mexico and Canada supports millions of American jobs. The USMCA is a pro-growth trade pact that will deliver trade certainty, create new jobs, and increase economic development here in the U.S. It has the potential to benefit all of America, including Alaska, and to enable our nation to provide needed goods and services competitively for our largest trade partners. I was happy to support the President's USMCA and look forward to more agreements that strengthen international trade and boost our economy." (
  • Rated 10% by Public Citizen. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430 "United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act." (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
X d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
X e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
X f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
X h) Other or expanded principles
Public funding of abortion in the instance of rape, incest or where medically necessary for the health of the mother

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.Budget Priorities

Maintain Status a) Agriculture
Maintain Status b) Arts
Slightly Increase c) Defense
Slightly Increase d) Education
Maintain Status e) Environment
Slightly Increase f) Homeland security
Maintain Status g) International aid
Slightly Increase h) Law enforcement
Slightly Increase i) Medical research
Maintain Status j) National parks
Slightly Increase k) Public health services
Maintain Status l) Scientific research
Slightly Decrease m) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increase n) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Status o) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Slightly Increase a) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increase b) Intelligence operations
Maintain Status c) Military hardware
Slightly Increase d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Status e) National missile defense
Slightly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increase g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increase h) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increase i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.TaxesIncome Taxes:Family IncomeRetiree IncomeOther Taxes:Deductions/Credits:

Slightly Decrease a) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decrease b) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Status c) $75,000-$150,000
Maintain Status d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Decrease f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Status b) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increase c) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Status d) Corporate taxes
Maintain Status e) Gasoline taxes
Eliminate f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Increase a) Charitable contributions
Maintain Status b) Child tax credit
Slightly Increase c) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increase d) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Status e) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increase f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes 4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes 5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes 6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Undecided h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
No i) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
Yes k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
X g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
X i) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
X j) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
X e) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
X f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
X g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
X l) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
X m) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
X b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
X c) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
X d) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
X h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
X a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
X d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
X c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
X d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
X e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
X f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
X g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
X i) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
X k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
X c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
X e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
X j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
X e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
X f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
X g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
X i) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
X l) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

X a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yes b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
No c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
e) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
No b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
No c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yes d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Undecided e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
No b) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yes c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
No 4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
Undecided 5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes 7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Yes 1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes 2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Undecided 3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes 4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Yes 5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes 6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yes b) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
No c) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes d) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yes e) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

X a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
X b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
X b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
X e) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
X f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X h) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Increase funding for child care programs.
X c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
X d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
X f) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
Economic development through reliable affordable energy, access to resources, and a trained and skilled workforce. I'll continue to push for responsible development in balance with the environment. Education at all levels that works in every corner of Alaska and improved medical access and health care - for seniors, veterans, and all Alaskans. And I will continue to press the federal government to make sure that promises made to Alaska are promises kept.

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