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Judy Chu's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

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Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Judy Chu has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

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Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • Rated 100% by Planned Parenthood Action Fund. (
  • "We saw an end to abortion "in our time." It resulted in women dying from botched operations. Abortion is a medical procedure and a constitutional right. @VP Pence: you are on the wrong side of science & the law. I will not allow you to endanger women's lives to suit your ideology" (
  • "Madam Speaker, once again, women's rights are being attacked on the floor of the House. A decision about health that should be made by a woman and her doctor is, instead, being made by politicians with an agenda. Despite their claims of acting for the sake of women's health, this draconian bill would deny women access to medical care and drive out abortion coverage from private health plans once and for all." (
  • "Don't give money to the wealthiest few and hope it gets to the middle class. Especially when that has been tried multiple times and has never panned out." (
  • "We came together with the purpose of helping the middle class, but everything the Republicans put into this bill favored the richest few, often relying on the middle class to foot the bill by taking away necessary and popular tax deductions." (
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • "Generations of Americans have paid into social security with the expectation that it will be there for them when they retire. It is a promise to Americans that a lifetime of work should not end in a retirement in poverty. But over time, that promise has been weakened. This is particularly troubling for low-income Americans, including older Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs), who despite the model minority myth, are the group most reliant on social security when they're older. That's why it's essential that we act today to ensure Social Security is still available tomorrow. And that starts with the Social Security 2100 Act, which increases benefits, cuts taxes, and ensures that a minimum benefit above the poverty line will remain available. I'm proud to be joining with Rep. Larson and other colleagues to support this important bill," (
  • "In an effort to protect Social Security from cuts and to strengthen it for years to come, I support: * H.Res.393 -- Resolution expressing support for policies to protect and expand Social Security and secure its long-term future in a fair and responsible manner. In my district, 108,000 seniors depend on Social Security, and I intend to make sure it's always there for them and also for their children. With an average benefit of $1,188 a month, Social Security keeps beneficiaries in my district able to afford necessary expenses and maintain their independence in their golden years. * The One Social Security Act (H.R. 3150)to prevent benefit cuts in 2016. Social Security's Disability Insurance Fund is set to start running out of money in late 2016, which would require a 20 percent cut in benefits and impact 11 million people. This is simply unacceptable. This bill would merge the two trust funds, Disability Insurance and Social Security, into a single trust fund covering all of Social Security. This action would prevent a benefit cut to all Social Security beneficiaries. I will continue to support legislation that puts seniors first and prevents benefit cuts." (
  • "Others will suffer the after-effects as Republicans slash Medicaid, Medicare, and Social Security in order to pay down the trillion dollar deficit this bill creates." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 1 - For the People Act of 2019. (
  • "The second thing H.R. 1 does is shine a light on dark money in our elections by banning foreign money, improving oversight of campaign finance laws, and amplifying the voice of individuals through a system of matching donations." (
  • "This bill further weakens our campaign finance laws and allows the wealthiest to have an even greater voice in our elections, at the expense of every-day citizens." (
  • "We must reinstate reasonable campaign finance laws to ensure public officials remain accountable to the public at large." (
  • "This bill takes an important step towards ending police brutality by ending the use of chokeholds and banning no-knock warrants for drug cases. It also ends the sale of military equipment to state and local police while requiring more training. But for there to be true justice, there must also be accountability -- something which has been denied to so many families because of qualified immunity for police. This immunity flies in the face of the very rule of law that police officers are sworn to uphold and so today, I voted to end it so that those police who break the law or violate the rights of others are subject to the same laws as the rest of us." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 7120 - George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020. (
  • "Overall, this NDAA reflects a government whose priorities are out of line. Defense spending has doubled over the last decade to the point that we now spend more than China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, India, France, the United Kingdom, and Japan combined! This bill makes that gap even worse by adding to the defense budget even as Trump and Republicans propose massive cuts to domestic spending. Even the State Department and international aid are on the chopping block, despite the word of our generals who tell us that diplomacy and development are essential to our national security." (
  • "Funding our government, especially our military, should be bipartisan. And so I'm disappointed that Republicans added so many partisan measures to this must-pass bill. For starters, it violates the Budget Control Act by exceeding the $549 billion cap on defense spending, which means, without Congressional action, all defense accounts will face a 13% across the board sequester cut" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Agreement Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (
  • "Our infrastructure needs are being addressed as well, thanks to $1 billion for TIGER Grants, which are essential for projects in my district, and $800 million in new transit grants." (
  • "Typically, a budget is a blueprint for how our government plans to meet our obligations to our people. But not this time. By including reconciliation instructions for their tax plan, the Republicans are using this budget as a blueprint to give tax cuts to the wealthiest few, without requiring bipartisan support. Under this bill, a family making $50,000 a year could see their tax burden go up, while millionaires will save $230,000. Worse, the burden of paying for these tax cuts will be borne by working families, children, and seniors. Meanwhile, this budget makes it harder for middle class families to succeed by slashing priorities like education, infrastructure, and veterans' benefits, and even guts Medicare and Medicaid by $1.5 trillion, all while increasing military spending $72.5 billion above the Budget Control Act's sequester level spending cap." (
  • "No surprise: massive corporate tax cuts are going towards enriching shareholders, not raising wages." (
  • "Instead of the tax reform we were promised, this Republican tax bill is just a massive tax cut for corporate interests paid for by the middle class, those we were supposed to be helping." (
  • "Republicans promised big tax breaks for Americans, but instead, it's the nation's six biggest banks who have benefited with record profits, saving $3.6 billion last quarter." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 266 - Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act. (
  • "In tough economic times, we need to look at investing in education to keep our country globally competitive. But the No Child Left Behind law left our schools in a poor state, with teachers 'teaching to the test' and leaving subjects like science and history on the chopping block. That is why I am pushing to change our education system. We must ensure equal opportunity for all children. Our students need research-driven innovation in our schools to increase academic achievement and turn our students into critical thinkers, not test-takers." (
  • Rated 100% by the National Education Association. (
  • "Our economy is inextricably intertwined with our long-term energy and conservation strategies. By investing in renewable energy and protecting our natural wonders, we not only put Americans back to work, we preserve our planet and our natural resources for future generations." (
  • "The U.S. pioneered many of the clean energy technologies that are growing around the world. Now, we need to reinstate our leadership in this cutting-edge field to help rebuild our economy, create new skilled jobs, spur energy savings for American families, and reduce our dependence on oil. Even the Department of Defense has recognized that we cannot afford to let the Green Revolution pass us by." (
  • Signed a letter stating "We are writing on behalf of the 80,000 Americans employed by the U.S. wind industry, representing jobs in all fifty states, to ask that you promptly extend the current law Production Tax Credit (PTC) and the Investment Tax Credit (ITC). Wind now provides power to over 15 million American homes, as well as to many thousands of farms and businesses." (
  • ".@EPAScottPruitt is wasting taxpayer dollars & rolling back clean water protections from #coalash. It's time to #ProtectCleanWater & #BootPruitt!" (
  • "Let me be clear: This vote is a sham. If Republicans truly wanted to debate the merits of a carbon tax, they would allow the Ways and Means Committee to hold hearings with expert testimony and robust discussion. In fact, multiple members of our committee have already introduced bills that tackle the ever-pressing issue of climate change, which is impacting the health and well-being of American families and future generations more and more each day." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Congress cannot afford to maintain the status quo. The IPCC report found that climate change is occurring earlier and more rapidly than expected and that limiting global warming to 1.5°C would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society. If we maintain the status quo, we only have 12 years before we will reach a global warming of 1.5°C. According to the NCA, the dominant cause is human activities, particularly greenhouse gas emissions. We already see the consequences of 1°C of global warming through more extreme weather events, deadly wildfires, rising sea levels, and diminishing Arctic sea ice. Inaction and underinvestment will increase the risk of long-lasting or irreversible change." (
  • Signed a letter stating "Our nation has suffered at least 74 school shootings since the Sandy Hook massacre. The factors allowing these rampages are no mystery: loopholes in the background check laws, straw purchases, restrictions on law enforcement, and gaps in our mental health system." (
  • "If the @NRA were right that having more guns is the solution, then this chart would look the opposite. But the numbers don't lie: states with more guns see more people killed by guns. #EndGunViolence" (
  • "I was honored to meet with students from #MarjoryStonemanDouglas high school today. They turned a tragedy into a movement & they won't stop until the next generation is safe from gun violence. And I'm proud to fight with them! No assault weapons, high capacity mags, no loopholes" (
  • "The divide between the haves and the have-nots is growing under Trump as well, thanks to his continued attacks on the Affordable Care Act and women's health, and his tax scam that was just a handout to the richest 1%. He has divided our national lands in order to enrich oil companies who profit from the destruction of our planet. And he has divided America from our allies by cozying up to countries like Russia." (
  • "A woman's right to make her own healthcare choices. Marriage equality. The unprecedented expansion of healthcare coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). All of these are now in serious and immediate jeopardy thanks to Trump's choice of Brett Kavanaugh as the next Supreme Court justice. Trump himself said that he'd like to criminalize abortion and erase the ACA as quickly as possible. There is no doubt he sees his choice of Kavanaugh as the next step towards that goal. And that's why we must resist this nomination as though our lives depended on it -- because for many of us, they do." (
  • "The Affordable Care Act has room for improvement and I am proud to have introduced a bill -- H.R. 3311 - with Reps. Jim Langevin and Raul Ruiz to do just that. It's time to put the people above politics, drop the heartless repeal campaign, and work to strengthen our insurance markets and lower prices." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "My vote today to terminate President Trump's fake emergency declaration was a vote against executive overreach, against lies, and against xenophobia. Last fall, President Trump made his case for a wall to the voters, raising alarm over a caravan of refugees and even politicizing the military by deploying them to the border, and voters responded by electing a Democratic House expressly opposed to the racist border wall. By declaring a national emergency in order to get what he could not through Congress, Trump is negating the will of the people and intentionally circumventing Article I of the Constitution which gives Congress the sole authority to appropriate funds." (
  • "The inclusion of $1.6 billion in this week's "minibus' package to fund an ineffective and divisive border wall is a direct attack on immigrant communities. Funding this immoral border wall only serves to fulfill President Trump's dangerous campaign promises rooted in anti-immigrant and xenophobic hysteria, and does nothing to make Americans more safe. Instead, it threatens immigrant families and walls us off from our neighbors." (
  • "This is an historic day that was 18 years in the making! Finally, Dreamers and other immigrants who have lived and worked here and are American in every way possible are one step closer to being protected from xenophobic threats to separate families and send them to a country many of them have never even known. As the Chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus, or CAPAC, I know that this bill is particularly important to the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) community who, while only making up 6 percent of the entire U.S. population, are 16 percent of the undocumented in this country. That means there are over 130,000 Asian American Dreamers living in uncertainty with the threat of deportation always looming." (
  • "In California alone, the implementation of both expanded DACA and DAPA would contribute almost $76 billion to the state economy, increase earnings for all state residents, and create an average of 9,500 jobs each year. The only solution continues to be a legislative solution that creates a path to citizenship and overhauls our broken immigration system." (
  • "We must not continue to ignore the millions of immigrant families who have made the United States their home and wish to contribute to our communities. The longer we delay implementing the President's executive actions on immigration, the longer we delay the security that these families and communities deserve." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Absent credible and accurate information confirming a material breach, we are concerned that withholding certification of Iran's compliance or walking away from the JCPOA would harm our alliances, embolden Iran, and threaten U.S. national security. We are further concerned that non-certification based on justificiations beyond the scope of the nuclear agreement would threaten global non-proliferation efforts and send exactly the wrong message to North Korea at the moment we are trying to diplomatically defuse that crisis." (
  • "Iran is not our friend. That is why the JCPOA, which keeps Iran from building a nuclear weapon, is so important. Addressing Iran's support for terror, human rights abuses, and military adventurism in the Middle East would be all but impossible should they become a nuclear power. Thanks to the JCPOA, that threat has been taken of the table for the foreseeable future. But let's not mistake the Iran deal for the entirety of our Iran policy, which is what Trump seemed to do in his announcement today. It is obvious that in making this decision, Trump listened more to people like Sean Hannity, whose input he reportedly sought, than his own Defense Secretary who testified before Congress that the deal is in our national security interest." (
  • Rated 0% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Enhance U.S. Diplomatic Efforts, Especially Crisis Management Channels" (
  • Rated 0% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "Notably, last night's airstrikes demonstrated that the U.S. is not alone in confronting ISIL and in the next few weeks, we will have the opportunity and obligation to study the effectiveness of the strategy in bolstering moderates, degrading ISIL, and creating space for a political solution." (
  • "Over the past weeks, I have deliberated on how to address ISIL and participated in many informative briefings. What became clear to me is that we cannot ignore this threat. While I am strongly against putting U.S. troops on the ground, I believe that in combination with the engagement of regional partners and targeted air strikes, training the moderate Syrian opposition provides the best on-the-ground opportunity to combat this threat." (
  • "Sadly, it appears that none of the efforts the U.S. and Europe have made so far in Syria have produced the desired results: a transition away from the regime of President Bashar al-Assad, and the return of peace and stability. In fact, with the introduction of Russian military equipment and personnel, and with increasing Western military efforts directed at both ISIL and Assad-regime forces, there is every possibility that violence will escalate. This would continue the devastation of the Syrian populace, worsen the refugee crisis, and risk an increasing probability of expanded military conflict in the region. For these reasons, it is time to devote ourselves to a negotiated peace, and work with allies, including surrounding Arab states that have a vested interest in the security and stability of the region, moving forward with both a peace plan and a coordinated assault against ISIL." (
  • "Free trade agreements can be an opportunity to improve economic conditions at home and strengthen labor protections abroad. However, the bill we were being asked to consider puts American jobs at risk and creates a race to the bottom. It does this because it lacks strong, enforceable provisions requiring partnering countries to improve their labor laws. This will force American workers to compete with low wages and low standards from countries like Vietnam and Malaysia, or lose their jobs entirely. We saw this after NAFTA, which cost the U.S. nearly 700,000 jobs by 2010. In fact, 86,500 of these jobs came from California. With this emerging trade deal that encompasses 40% of the world's GDP, the damage to American jobs could be much worse." (
  • "Worse than our isolation and weak negotiating position, Trump is now setting us up for conflict with our European allies. In his announcement, he said America reserves the right to punish those who help Iran. By his definition, that includes our European allies who have lifted sanctions as part of the deal. Along with his brewing trade war over tariffs, this signals America's isolation from the world, if not outright conflict." (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Pro-choice Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Yes In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending?
Yes In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Yes Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Yes Do you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment?
No Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders?
Yes Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
Yes Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
Yes Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
No Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards?
No Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline?
Yes Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)?
Yes Do you support increased regulations on the hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") industry?
Yes Do you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
Yes Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Yes Do you generally support gun-control legislation?
No Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
No Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
Yes Do you support same-sex marriage?
Should the U.S use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the United States from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Yes Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support?
No Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?

SpendingIndicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.TaxesIndicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.

Maintain Status a) Agriculture
Maintain Status b) Arts
Slightly Decrease c) Defense
Greatly Increase d) Education
Greatly Increase e) Environment
Maintain Status f) Homeland Security
Slightly Increase g) International aid
Greatly Increase h) Medical Research
Greatly Increase i) Scientific Research
Slightly Increase j) Space exploration
Maintain Status k) United Nations
Maintain Status l) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
a) Capital gains taxes
b) Corporate taxes
c) Small business taxes
Slightly Increase d) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Slightly Increase e) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
f) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Greatly Decrease g) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decrease h) Income taxes (middle-income families)
i) Income taxes (high-income families)
j) Inheritance taxes
k) Payroll taxes
l) Other or expanded categories
We need to strengthen access to higher education, so that we can build a strong middle class. We need to help small businesses be as successful as they can be through Small Business Development Centers and programs that will help them gain access to capital.

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