Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.
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Andy Harris' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MD) - District 1, Republican

On The Ballot: Running, Republican for U.S. House (MD) - District 1


Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Andy Harris has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? "Pro-Life" (votesmart.org)
  • In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? "No" (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (votesmart.org)
  • "To preserve the system for the next generation we need to consider gradually increasing the retirement age to reflect increases in the average lifespan as social security was established in the middle of the last century. The cost of living increases must also be adjusted to reflect the expenses of senior citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • "We have to maintain the current Medicare program for everyone who is now aged 55 and older, without any cut in benefits. For those 54 and younger, we need to redesign Medicare for the 21st century by considering a "premium subsidy option" comparable to the options that currently exist for Medicare Part D." (votesmart.org)
  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
  • "This legislation also provides critical funding to repair worn out equipment and crumbling military buildings. Our military men and women serve our nation selflessly, and Congress is giving our troops the support they need to protect us." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Center for Security Policy. (votesmart.org)
  • "The safety of Americans should be our government's top priority, and as a member of the Appropriations Committee, I believe Congress is obligated to provide our military with all of the tools they need to protect the American people." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "As you know, Congress created an important tool for addressing large-scale transportation problems in the Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act). This new program for projects of national or regional significance, the Fostering Advancements in Shipping and Transportation for the Long-term Achievement of National Efficiencies (FASTLANE) grants, was authorized at $4.5 billion for fiscal years 2016 through 2020. Funds are already being used on projects across the country to reduce congestion, improve connectivity between modes, and move people and goods more efficiently." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (votesmart.org)
  • "We do it by lowering the corporate tax rate. The plan, the outline that we have put forward to the American people this week lowers the corporate tax rate to 20 percent. Again, from 35 percent, which is the Federal rate, to 20 percent. It lowers it to the lowest among our competitive countries. Now, not as low as I would like to see it go, not as low as the President would like to see it go. The President thinks we need to be way down at the bottom of that chart. That is how we need to attract businesses back." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 266 - Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act. (votesmart.org)
  • ""As a member of the Appropriations Committee, I applaud the award of these federal grants to the Eastern Shore regional councils to support redevelopment and revitalization on the Eastern Shore. These funds will help our regional communities and businesses respond to and recover from the devastating impact of the coronavirus outbreak and the shutdown of our local economy. I will continue to support our local governments and main street businesses working to maintain jobs during this pandemic," (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 5 - Student Success Act. (votesmart.org)
  • "Educational decisions must continue to be made through local control of schools that empowers parents and school districts to make the best decisions for their children. Bringing accountability, flexibility, and choice to our schools are vital to achieving results in our classrooms." (andyharris.com)
  • Rated 0% by National Education Association. (votesmart.org)
  • "I would like to state at the outset that I am strongly supportive of advanced vehicle technologies if the government role is carefully limited, and the market matures through free enterprise and American innovation, not through the vast spending, mandates, and special tax treatment that we have today." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1119 - SENSE Act. (votesmart.org)
  • "American energy policy should include exploring and obtaining the vast amounts of natural gas and oil reserves within our own borders in an environmentally safe and conscientious manner. We also need to find new and clean alternative sources of energy." (andyharris.com)
  • Rated 3% by League of Conservation Voters. (votesmart.org)
  • "Restoring this exemption protects farmers from the reporting requirements imposed on larger entities that release hazardous substances in significant quantities. As a cosponsor of the bipartisan Agricultural Certainty for Reporting Emissions Act, I recognize that the farmers in Maryland's First District should be allowed to focus on their work instead of jumping through bureaucratic hoops." (votesmart.org)
  • "Background checks would not have prevented recent tragedies, but they would make it a crime to loan a firearm to a family member. Under this bill, a parent loaning a firearm to their daughter could cost them a year in prison and a $100,000 fine. We already have universal background checks in Maryland -- and it has done nothing at all to stop the out-of-control number of murders in Baltimore committed by using handguns. Shallow political posturing does nothing to address the actual causes of gun violence or prevent crime." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 92% by National Rifle Association. (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? "Yes" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (votesmart.org)
  • "My amendment removes Congressionally-imposed restrictions on Customs and Border Patrol authority to use border security funds for whatever purpose they feel most effective, including the construction of a border wall. The amendment would allow funding for the deployment of new sections and new designs of the border wall as President Trump and Customs and Border Patrol deem necessary." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 88% by NumbersUSA. (votesmart.org)
  • "Finally, noone who broke the law by entering this country illegally should ever be rewarded with citizenship." (andyharris.com)
  • Rated 88% by NumbersUSA. (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Center for Security Policy. (votesmart.org)
  • "I applaud President Trump's decision to reevaluate our nation's strategy on Iran and seek a new, stronger Iran nuclear agreement. Any new deal with Iran must provide adequate accountability measures and cannot include a sunset date -- two fronts on which the previous administration failed. The Iranian regime, and the terrorists it sponsors, must never obtain a nuclear weapon." (votesmart.org)
  • "I commend my colleagues in Congress for passing the Otto Warmbier North Korea Nuclear Sanctions Act. Otto's death was the result of abuse by his North Korean captors -- one of countless atrocities committed by Kim Jong Un and his oppressive dictatorship. Congress can no longer stand idly by while North Korea starves its citizens, abuses its American prisoners, and builds a nuclear arsenal with the intention of attacking the United States." (harris.house.gov)
  • "I continue to believe that all efforts should be made to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons capabilities." (twitter.com)
  • Rated 25% by Public Citizen. (votesmart.org)
  • "I support the Trump administration's renegotiation of the 24-year-old NAFTA trade agreement. The president is modernizing NAFTA with this trade deal, and is helping protect American free trade. All sectors of the economy, from agriculture to auto manufactures to new technological developments, will be protected from these renegotiations with Canada and Mexico." (harris.house.gov)
  • Signed a letter stating: "Thank you for your commitment to pursuing strong and enforceable bilateral trade agreements between the United States and our allies around the globe. Trade has been and continues to be instrumental in growing our nation's economy, creating U.S. jobs, promoting American-made products and services, and advancing our values." (votesmart.org)
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Pro-life Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
No In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
No In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending?
Unknown Position Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
No Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
Yes Do you support lowering taxes as a way of promoting growth in the economy?
Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
No Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Yes Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline?
Yes Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Do you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
No Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
No Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Yes Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Yes Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
No Do you support same-sex marriage?
Yes Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
Yes Should the U.S use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the United States from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Yes Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?

SpendingIndicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.TaxesIndicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.

a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
d) Education
e) Environment
f) Homeland Security
g) International aid
h) Medical Research
i) Scientific Research
j) Space exploration
k) United Nations
l) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
a) Capital gains taxes
b) Corporate taxes
c) Excise taxes (alcohol)
d) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
e) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
f) Income taxes (low-income families)
g) Income taxes (middle-income families)
h) Income taxes (high-income families)
Eliminate i) Inheritance taxes
j) Payroll taxes
k) Other or expanded categories
1. Fix economy - Foster an environment so businesses can grow and create jobs again; root out regulations that inhibit job growth; work to cut wasteful spending; and reduce taxes on businesses and individuals. 2. Reduce budget deficit - Reduce wasteful spending and balance the budget. If we don't seriously tackle these, future generations won't have the same opportunities that we all enjoy. 3. Improve health care - As a physician, I am keenly aware of the health care challenges we face. The president?s health care law made things worse: increasing cost of insurance and decreasing quality of care.

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