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Zoe Lofgren's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)


On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House (CA) - District 18


Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2022.

  • Signed a letter stating: "We ask that you demonstrate your commitment to being a President for all people in the United States by eliminating the Hyde Amendment, as well as related abortion coverage and care restirctions, from your Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 Budget request." (
  • Signed letter to Speaker Pelosi: "We write to express our incredible frustration as the Trump Administration, Congressional Republicans and anti-abortion state politicians continue to use this unprecedented public health crisis to restrict comprehensive reproductive health services. As proud members of the first pro-choice majority in the House of Representatives, we unequivocally oppose efforts to roll back access to reproductive health services, including abortion, and underscore the role that these essential services continue to play in this global pandemic. While we are grateful for your leadership and work standing against attempts to further restrict abortion access in COVID-19 relief packages, it is critical that we continue to fight to ensure that any future relief packages reject Republican efforts to diminish access to comprehensive reproductive health care. We must ensure that all communities are able to seek the essential and time-sensitive services they need during these difficult times." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 3755 "Women's Health Protection Act of 2021." (
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America. (
  • Rated 8% by the National Tax Limitation Committee. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Given the lack of bipartisanship to date in your effort to provide massive tax cuts to the wealthy at the expense of the middle class while adding $1.5 trillion to the deficit, it will be your responsibility to deal with these consequences." (
  • Voted against HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (
  • "Zoe is a member of the Medicare for All Congressional Caucus and supports efforts to make health care more affordable for and accessible to everyone. She believes expanding Medicare to all Americans is a good way to accomplish that." (
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1425 "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Enhancement Act." (
  • Rated 93% by Common Cause. (
  • "As a Vice Chair of the Democracy Reform Task Force, Zoe has been actively engaged on efforts to increase transparency in campaign spending and to reduce the influence of special interests in politics, including overturning the Citizens United decision." (
  • "It would end secret election spending and force disclosure of all election-related spending. And it would call for a constitutional amendment to overturn the disturbing Citizens United decision that made it impossible to restrict outside spending by corporations or billionaires." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "For the People Act of 2021." (
  • "Rep. Lofgren believes police officers must be held accountable for excessive use of force and there must be an end to policies that result in needless deaths. Zoe has vowed to support reform efforts advocated for by the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) and other safety and equitable law enforcement policies. Recently, as a member of the House Judiciary Committee, Zoe has demanded that the Department of Justice open investigations in response to recent murders and is an original cosponsor of the Justice in Policing Act of 2020, a comprehensive police reform bill supported by the CBC and civil rights organizations." (
  • "From George Floyd to Eric Garner to Breonna Taylor & too many others, the list of unarmed POC who've been killed by law enforcement officers is long & outrageous. Action is long overdue. Led by @TheBlackCaucus, @HouseDemocrats are fighting for #JusticeInPolicing." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1280 "George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2021." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Agreement Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (
  • Rated 0% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • Voted in favor of S 1605 "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 3684 "Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act." (
  • "Lofgren has been instrumental in securing federal grants for Mineta San Jose International Airport. Last year, Lofgren helped Mineta receive more than $15 million for infrastructure improvements and perimeter security upgrades. Earlier this summer she also announced more than $1 million for infrastructure improvements and the purchase of new safety equipment." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "The High Speed Rail project is already well underway on its first segment through the Central Valley. More than 2,600 workers and 488 small businesses are hard at work at 20 construction sites. The federal government has only funded $2.5 of the $6 billion spent to date, and has only committed to provide another $929 million after the state spends $X billion more of its own resources. This is a much smaller federal share than the 80 percent typically provided for new highway construction. Completion of this work would meet the fundamental purpose for which federal funds were granted." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5376 "Build Back Better Act." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Given the lack of bipartisanship to date in your effort to provide massive tax cuts to the wealthy at the expense of the middle class while adding $1.5 trillion to the deficit, it will be your responsibility to deal with these consequences." (
  • Rated 9% by Club for Growth. (
  • Voted against HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1319 "American Rescue Plan Act of 2021." (
  • "California small businesses need the $350 billion lifeline to help cover rent, mortgage, and utility payments and keep workers employed so that they can pick up where they left off when this crisis is over. In addition, the $10 billion for small business emergency grants will provide entrepreneurs and family-sustaining employers in Santa Clara County with more immediate assistance." (
  • "We crafted the CARES Act so American small businesses, workers, healthcare systems and families would get much needed relief as quickly as possible. Unfortunately, since the law went into effect, there have been serious rollout flaws for the Paycheck Protection Program, leaving many vulnerable small businesses shortchanged. I am concerned by reports that the Trump Administration is unfairly allocating funds to the benefit of big businesses, with millions for big corporations instead of Main Street." (
  • "I support the bipartisan agreement reached on the Senate Amendment to H.R. 266, the Paycheck Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act. […] This bill will provide $310 billion in additional funding for PPP. More importantly, it will reserve $60 billion for small- and medium-sized banks, credit unions, and community-based lenders to ensure our relief efforts are reaching all communities. It also adds $10 billion to Emergency Economic Injury Disaster Grants and $50 billion to the Disaster Loans Program for our small businesses." (
  • Rated 100% by the National Education Association. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 4447 "Expanding Access to Sustainable Energy Act of 2019." (
  • ""We all benefit as Americans when we invest in the future of our country," said Congresswoman Lofgren. "Individual citizens helped turn the tide in World War II with Victory Bonds, and we can do that again for the energy and environmental challenges we face by allowing families to invest in innovative technologies that yield a profitable return for the investor and to society."" (
  • "We all benefit as Americans when we invest in the future of our country. I am pleased to reintroduce the Clean Energy Victory Bonds Act for the fourth time, as momentum builds in California and across the country for aggressive action on climate change. Americans on both sides of the political divide understand the need for urgent action on the energy and environmental challenges we face. Individual citizens are looking for avenues to take ownership of these efforts and this legislation provides them with an opportunity to invest within their means in an array of clean energy projects." (
  • "She is a strong advocate for long-term policies that invest in energy efficiency, clean renewable energy, and research into the next generation of innovative power source technologies." (
  • "Welcome to the Science Committee, the last place on the planet where we question whether climate change is being caused by human activity. It seems to me that the reality of anthropogenic climate change is impossible to deny." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Congress cannot afford to maintain the status quo. The IPCC report found that climate change is occurring earlier and more rapidly than expected and that limiting global warming to 1.5°C would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society. If we maintain the status quo, we only have 12 years before we will reach a global warming of 1.5°C. According to the NCA, the dominant cause is human activities, particularly greenhouse gas emissions. We already see the consequences of 1°C of global warming through more extreme weather events, deadly wildfires, rising sea levels, and diminishing Arctic sea ice. Inaction and underinvestment will increase the risk of long-lasting or irreversible change." (
  • Signed Letter to Administrator Wheeler: "Like our constituents and families across the country, we are deeply concerned over growing evidence that high levels of air pollution are significantly exacerbating certain pre-existing conditions that result in COVID-19 complications, and that long-term exposure to air pollution is a large contributing factor to an increase in fatalities. Furthermore, this pandemic is shining a light on the disproportionate and cumulative impacts pollution has on low income and communities of color, who are experiencing staggering rates of mortality from COVID-19 and often lack access to healthcare." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 2467 "PFAS Action Act of 2021." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1446 "Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "It is long overdue for us to conduct hearings on the issue of gun violence, and to adopt legislation intended to strengthen our gun laws. We hope that the Committee will take up the issue of gun violence, including an examination of bump stocks, as soon as possible." (
  • "The Public Safety and Second Amendment Rights Protection Act would require background checks to be completed for all commercial gun sales to prevent domestic abusers and felons from obtaining firearms through gun shows or over the internet where background checks are currently not needed." (
  • "Zoe is an original cosponsor of the Assault Weapons Ban which would prohibit individuals and manufacturers from selling and obtaining semi-automatic rifles, pistols, and shotguns as well as high-capacity magazines. This bill has been referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary, where Zoe serves." (
  • "The Affordable Care Act provides health care insurance for more than 20 million individuals across America, and Zoe opposes any heedless dismantling of good health policies that would jeopardize the well-being of families and individuals currently covered by this plan. Zoe opposed the Republican Affordble Care Act replacement plan which would increase the cost of health care premiums for middle-class Americans while providing tax breaks for the top 1% of taxpayers." (
  • "And while we're, you know, fighting with the attorney general on this, he just filed papers at the Court of Appeals to eliminate the Affordable Care Act. Eliminate health care for millions of Americans who got it for the first time because of the Affordable Care Act. So, we are fighting on those issues." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1425 "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Enhancement Act." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We strongly support provisions that provide emergency paid leave for employees, and tax credits allowing employers to recoup these costs. However, subsection (e)(4) of Section 7001 and subsection (e)(4) of Section 7003 exempt public employers from these tax credits despite their employees being eligible for emergency paid leave. This amounts to an unfunded federal mandate for state and local governments and should be amended." (
  • "Dem #MiddleClassFirst agenda includes Healthy Families Act to ensure paid sick leave & affordable child care access." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "So, we need to have a discussion about what's being proposed and what we can agree on. If we work in good faith, I'm sure we can come up with solutions for the American people. We have supported rebuilding the ports of entry, because the technology just isn't there. There may be some areas, along the border, where additional fencing is warranted. We could take a look at that. We have supported additional immigration judges." (
  • "These executive orders will do virtually nothing to protect Americans, but leave hard working families to foot the bill for Trump's irresponsible policies," said Lofgren. "His border wall will squander over $15 billion. His interior enforcement order will harm public safety by substituting a top-down, anti-immigrant ideology in place of the judgement of local law enforcement officers. It bears reminding that Trump has a history riddled with projects that have left stakeholders with a raw deal, holding the bag for his mistakes. Now those stakeholders are millions of American taxpayers. Congress should act now to stop these irresponsible and dangerous orders." (
  • Signed a letter stating "We believe it is undeniable that detention in a secure facility is detrimental to mothers and children and is not reflective of our values as a Nation. Children require special protections and should not be laced in jail-like settings." (
  • "In 2017, she introduced the American Hope Act to provide a permanent legislative solution for the young people enrolled in DACA and put thousands of others on a path to earn permanent legal residency and eventual citizenship if they meet certain requirements. Zoe is also an original co-sponsor of the Dream Act of 2017, a bipartisan bill allowing certain U.S.-raised immigrant youth to earn lawful permanent residence and American citizenship." (
  • "In September 2017, President Trump announced the end of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, otherwise known as DACA, which provided temporary relief from removal to approximately 800,000 Dreamers. Over the next few months, the administration announced plans to terminate the TPS designation for six countries, as well as DED for Liberia. These actions have upended the lives of hundreds of thousands of Dreamers and TPS and DED holders. They have come to the United States in different ways, and they have had different opportunities once they arrived. But today, they are united not only by the passage of time but also by the uncertainty of the future. Congress has the power to bring certainty to their lives by passing this act. The bill provides a fair and reasonable opportunity for Dreamers to apply for lawful permanent residence with tough eligibility standards and discretion to consider unique situations on a case-by-case basis" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6 "American Dream and Promise Act of 2021." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Our overriding objective has been and will continue to be to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. As Iran continues to adhere to the letter of the agreement, it is imperative that we uphold our commitments while continuously verifying their their compliance. If Iran cheats, comprehensive sanctions will snap back. Make no mistake- we will have the legitimacy and international support should a more sever course of action be necessary, including the use of military force." (
  • Rated 0% by the Center for Security Policy. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "As the previous administrations dating back to that of Richard Nixon determined, any military option could precipitate an unacceptable counter-reaction from Pyongyang, which today could immediately threaten the lives of as many as a third of the South Korean population, put nearly 30,000 U.S. service members and over 100,000 other U.S. citizens residing in South Korea in grave danger, and also threaten our other regional allies such as Japan. Moreover, the Pentagon reported this year that only through a costly, bloody ground invasion would the United States be able to secure all of North Korea's nuclear weapons." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 550 "No War Against Iran Act." (
  • "The missile attack appears to be an erratic reaction unconnected to any coherent strategy. Trump says the bombing was in response to the terrible chemical weapon attack on civilians. Yet Trump is unmoved by the deaths of Syrian refugee children at sea and continues to malign and bar Syrian refugee families fleeing the cauldron of war. The attack is a mistake with potentially disastrous consequences. Any further action must be put before Congress and debated in public with the international and domestic consequences fully considered. When this is done, I expect that Congress will conclude that further military attacks of this sort are the wrong policy." (
  • "Congress should immediately reconvene. And when we do we should remember the disastrous history of wars waged by America in the Middle East." (
  • Rated 0% by the Center for Security Policy. (
  • Voted in favor of S J Rest 68 "A joint resolution to direct the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities against the Islamic Republic of Iran that have not been authorized by Congress" (
  • "Trump's plan to impose tariffs on Mexico is legally dubious and will likely be challenged in court. It also misses the point. No amount of punitive actions will stop people from fleeing for their lives. This would hurt both of our economies and exacerbate migration to the USA." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Farmers are the bedrock of our rural economy, representing one of our nation's top industries. They are navigating declining commodity prices and unstable trade markets all the while net farm income continues to fall. Our farmers deserve predictability in national trade policies, especially given the impact of trade deals on the agricultural economy. As these trade negotiations and tariff issues persist, it is important to ensure the needs of fruit, vegetable and tree nut producers are heard and reflected in these policies." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430 - United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act. (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legally available.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
X g) Other or expanded principles
I support Roe.v. Wade, current law in America which should have been one of your "listed' choices.

Budgetary PrioritiesUsing the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Greatly Decrease Funding a) Agricultural
Slightly Increase Funding b) Arts
c) Defense
Greatly Increase Funding d) Education
e) Environmental
f) International Aid
g) Law Enforcement
Greatly Increase Funding h) Medical Research
Greatly Increase Funding i) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Greatly Increase Funding j) National Parks
Greatly Increase Funding k) Public Health Services
Greatly Increase Funding l) Scientific Research
m) Terrorism Prevention
Slightly Increase Funding n) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
o) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense SpendingUsing the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number per category.

Maintain Funding Status a) Armed Forces personnel training
b) Covert intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
Greatly Increase Funding d) Pay for active duty personnel
Eliminate Funding e) National Missile Defense Program
Greatly Increase Funding f) Programs to improve military retention rates
Maintain Funding Status g) Research and development of new weapons
h) Troop and equipment readiness
i) Other or expanded categories

TaxesUsing the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax.Income Taxes - Family IncomeIncome Taxes - Retiree IncomeOther TaxesDeductions/Credits

a) Less than $25,000
b) $25,000 - $75,000
c) $75,000 - $150,000
d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
f) Over $40, 000
g) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Increase a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increase c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
Greatly Decrease f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
a) Charitable deductions
b) Medical expense deductions
c) Mortgage deductions
Greatly Increase d) Child tax credit
Greatly Increase e) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increase f) Student loan tax credit
g) Other or expanded categories


Yes 2) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No 3) Would you use Social Security surpluses to balance the budget?
4) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and governmental reform issues.

a) Support public taxpayer funding for congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
X d) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
X e) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
f) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
X g) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
h) Remove all contribution limits to federal candidates and parties.
i) Require congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
X j) Require that unions give members the option of not having membership dues used for political purposes.
Yes k) Support the federal government mandate that creates national voting system standards.
No l) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms that members of Congress can serve?
Undecided m) Do you support voting on-line?
X n) Other or expanded principles
on line voting is not yet secure, but I support it when security is achieved.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
X f) Increase funding for community policing programs.
X g) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
X h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
j) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
X k) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.

X a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X c) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
X d) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
X e) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.

X a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
X d) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
X e) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
X g) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
X h) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
X i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
X j) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
X k) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
X c) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
X d) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
X e) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
f) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
X g) Increase the federal minimum wage.
X h) Considering race and gender in government contracting decisions is appropriate for the federal government.
X i) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
X j) Continue federal affirmative action programs.
k) Discontinue federal affirmative action programs.
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.

X a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
X b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
X d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
e) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
X f) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
X g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X h) Provide tax credits for state and local bonds to preserve open spaces, build parks, improve water quality and redevelop brownfields.
X i) Support the National Forest Protection and Restoration Act prohibiting commercial logging in our national forests.
X j) Provide states and local communities with more flexibility to address their respective environmental problems.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
X b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
X f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
X g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
X i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
X c) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
X d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
X e) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
X f) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
X g) Increase research funding of the human genome to find cures for diseases such as cancer, AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
X h) Increase federal funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
i) Prohibit the procedure of cloning human embryos.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
X b) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
X c) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
d) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
e) Establish English as the official U.S. language.
f) Collect fingerprint data from all U.S. visa applicants which would be accessible to all federal immigration-related agencies.
X g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S.
h) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U. S. economic assistance.

X a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
X c) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
f) Other or expanded principles

International PolicyIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.

a) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
X b) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
c) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
X d) The U.S. should support the formation of a Palestinian state.
e) Other or expanded principles
X a) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes 3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
Undecided 4) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
No 5) Should the U.S. increase its financial support to Colombia for the "war on drugs?"
Yes 6) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No 7) Do you support the recent withdrawal of the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in order to deploy a national missile defense system?
Yes 8) Should the U.S. hold nations accountable for terrorists who operate from their country?
9) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Undecided 1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Undecided 2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes 3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes 4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Undecided 5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) trading status with the United States? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
Yes 6) Should the President have "fast-track" authority to negotiate trade agreements?
No 7) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
8) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

No 1. Do you support the President using military tribunals to try terrorist suspects when the President deems ordinary civil courts to be inappropriate or impractical?
No 2. Should the U.S. adopt higher qualification rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
No 3. Should law enforcement agencies be granted greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Undecided 4. Should federal law enforcement agencies share intelligence data with local law enforcement agencies?
Yes 5. Should the federal government provide states with funding for homeland security?
6. Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
X c) The federal government should invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
X f) Support a "lock box" measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
X g) Other or expanded principles
Balance the budget

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.

X a) Continue the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
X c) Regulation of the Internet should not be controlled by the federal government.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.

X a) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
X b) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to defray the cost of an apartment.
X c) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
X d) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
X e) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
X f) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
X g) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
i) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
X j) Provide states with additional funding for Medicaid programs to alleviate increasing state budget deficits.
k) Other or expanded principles
In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional funding needed to implement these priorities.

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