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Debbie Wasserman Schultz's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

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Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Debbie Wasserman Schultz has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • "I applaud the Supreme Court's decision in Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt, which reaffirms a woman's right to make her own decisions about her body and her health. In today's decision, the Court stated in no uncertain terms that a statute placing a roadblock in the path of a woman's right to choose is unconstitutional." (
  • "Women have the right to make their own reproductive health choices for one reason: our mothers, grandmothers, sisters, and daughters have fought bravely for it. Today, on the 45th anniversary of the Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision enshrining this right, we give them thanks and acknowledge all the women's lives they have helped or saved. Because of this constitutional right to control our own bodies, women who were previously forced to resort to life-threatening options can now choose safe abortion procedures performed by medical professionals." (
  • "Women should never have to put their health and safety at risk to get a legal abortion: #StopTheSham" (
  • Endorsed by and rated 100% by the Planned Parenthood Action Fund. (
  • "We shouldn't give the ultra wealthy huge tax cuts at the expense of cancer patients, the disabled, seniors, and children. It's cruel." (
  • "The revolting tax plan passed by Republicans today is an underhanded assault on hard-working Americans. It gives huge breaks to the ultra-wealthy and corporations, raises taxes on millions of middle class families, while exploding the deficit by $1.5 trillion. With little vetting or debate, this GOP tax scam puts funding for middle class priorities such as Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, education and veterans programs seriously at risk. Worse, Senate Republicans are seeking to sabotage the Affordable Care Act as part of this GOP tax swindle. Today, the House passed a deficit explosion device that rewards the Republican donor class and punishes the rest of us. A massive tax handout for big business that undercuts affordable health care is the last thing Americans want or need." (
  • "Today, the Republican-led Congress failed the American people by teaming up with special interests to prioritize the wish lists of Wall Street over the needs of middle class families. This abhorrent legislation was written by wealthy Republican donors, for wealthy Republican donors. While providing an enormous handout to giant corporations and the wealthiest 1 percent, this plan will ultimately raise taxes on millions of middle class Americans, increase premiums and the numbers who will be without health insurance, and adds $1.5 trillion to the deficit. As Republicans openly admit to using this legislation to pave the way for unconscionable cuts to Medicare and Medicaid, I will not back down in fighting their reckless agenda." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We look forward to continuing to work with you to further strengthen the Medicare Advantage program and ensure millions of seniors have access to comprehensive, affordable health coverage choices." (
  • Endorsed by National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare. (
  • "Here in Florida, I celebrate this anniversary for the tens of thousands of seniors in my Congressional district, Florida's 23rd, who rely on these programs, and promise that I will continue to protect and strengthen Medicare and Medicaid in Congress. I will continue to stand shoulder to shoulder with my House Democratic colleagues against disastrous Republican proposals that would weaken the bedrock promises of Medicare and Medicaid and deny millions of seniors and future generations the health security they have earned." (
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Americans deserve a Congress and political system that is responsive to the public's will. Any effort to bypass fairness and transparency when making changes to our campaign finance laws would be wrong as a matter of process and as a matter of policy. For these reasons, we urge you to reject any campaign finance provisions in the final omnibus agreement." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 - For the People Act of 2019. (
  • "I’m back in DC today because our policing system is broken. The #JusticeInPolicing will: - curb police brutality - end racial profiling - eliminate qualified immunity for law enforcement This is the progress our communities need. #GeorgeFloydLaw" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 7120 - George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020. (
  • "I understand the need to invest in a 21st century military to maintain our conventional advantage while increasing our capacity to defeat the threats of tomorrow. By balancing the different elements of national power, we will not continue to push the burden onto our military alone, nor leave dormant any aspect of the full arsenal of American capability when it comes to keeping the people of America safe." (
  • "President Trump's recklessly cruel 2020 Budget Request is a grim repudiation of American values. It plunders education, medical research and job training programs, to name just a few critical middle class needs, while failing to raise caps on defense and non-defense spending, thus stymying any real investment opportunities for students, infrastructure or public health." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between defense spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "As you continue your work on the fiscal year 2018 budget request for the Department of Defense (DoD), we urge you to include the funding necessary to complete the U.S. Navy's stated requirements for strategic dispersal of capital ships by making Naval Station Mayport capable of homeporting a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (CVN). While we understand the realities of the fiscal environment, our Navy overleverages risk to our carrier fleet by having only one CVN homeport on the Eastern seaboard. Not only are our operational CVN in jeopardy, but our future capital ships under construction are practically co-located, risking tens of billions of dollars of assets as well as our ability to project power abroad now and in the future." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Infrastructure projects are consistently evaluated as the best return on government investments, so investing in our infrastructure is more than just good politics, it is good economics. Supporting the movement of people and goods on our nation's roads, railways, bridges, ports, and airports is crucial to driving investment in our communities. Working together on infrastructure is an area where we can show the American people that we are fighting to deliver on this shared priority. The New Democrat Coalition is eager to take advantage of this opportunity to bring our infrastructure into the 21st Century, and we look forward to working with you in a bipartisan way to achieve this goal." (
  • "Through incentives for investment in industry, support for infrastructure and innovation, and ending tax loopholes that ship our jobs overseas, we will bring more Americans back to work while strengthening all aspects of our economy. " (
  • "Implementing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in 2009 created a vital and significant foundation for the future of a stronger economy. From assistance to homeowners, to investment in infrastructure, to easing credit for small businesses, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act helped put our economy back on track." (
  • "This abhorrent legislation was written by wealthy Republican donors, for wealthy Republican donors. While providing an enormous handout to giant corporations and the wealthiest 1 percent, this plan will ultimately raise taxes on millions of middle class Americans, increase premiums and the numbers who will be without health insurance, and adds $1.5 trillion to the deficit." (
  • "It's just another example of Trump siding with corporate special interests over hardworking Americans. Clearly, we still have a lot of work to do, but on this special anniversary I am especially motivated to keep fighting for what we know is right." (
  • "We need a fair taxation system that supports a growing economy, small business creation, and American families – while ensuring our federal government has adequate funding to support services and infrastructure that make our country work." (
  • "Working men & women face tough times ahead in this public health crisis, and brave nurses & doctors need resources to fight #coronavirus. The bipartisan CARES Act puts #FamiliesFirst and provides relief to workers, hospitals & small businesses. We are all in this together." (
  • "Using a parliamentary threat to sabotage low-wage workers, hospitals and small businesses from swiftly receiving the financial relief they so desperately need, is more than just cynical grandstanding, it is dangerous. To pull this stunt amid a global pandemic will needlessly place hundreds of people -- Members, staff, support workers and all their families -- into a world of unwelcome anxiety and unwise public health interactions, regardless of the precautions. This may prove to be no more than a hubristic bluff by an attention-starved Member. But if not, I will do all I can today to help every American avoid an even harsher disruption than the one that is already being unleashed on all of us right now. Today's vote is a political game for no American -- but one." (
  • Rated 100% by National Education Association. (
  • "As you may know, Congress has been discussing the reauthorization of No Child Left Behind, the nation's primary legislation concerning the education of children in public K-12 schools. As currently written, it is burdensome, outdated, and insufficient for providing our children with the 21st-century education they deserve. My own kids are in South Florida public schools and I have seen some of the problems with this law up-close. I urge Congress to diligently reauthorize this bill with meaningful reforms, and please be assured that I will continue to call for higher standards, better assessments, and equity for all students, along with rewarding excellence, and supporting our teachers." (
  • Rated 93% by League of Conservation Voters. (
  • "While Donald Trump ignores the overwhelming evidence on climate change, it's up to us to make a difference in our own communities. That's why I'm proud to stand with Broward County Mayors in adopting the 100% Clean Energy Pledge. #ActOnClimate" (
  • "While Donald Trump claims that pulling out of the Paris Agreement is somehow good for the economy, nothing could be further from the truth. There's a reason the business community and labor unions came together to strongly urge the President to remain a part of the agreement: renewable energy is a massive job creator. The latest estimates show nearly 260,000 Americans work in solar energy at over 9,000 companies in every state in the country and that number is growing each year." (
  • "From creating clean energy jobs to helping small businesses expand and thrive right here in America, we can strengthen our middle class once again, and show them that it's possible to make it in America." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We need to invest in projects that enhance climate resilience, while also reducing pollution and carbon emissions." (
  • "I believe it is critical that energy policy works to prevent the worst effects of climate change by dramatically reducing our emissions of greenhouse gases over the next several decades." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Congress cannot afford to maintain the status quo. The IPCC report found that climate change is occurring earlier and more rapidly than expected and that limiting global warming to 1.5°C would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society. If we maintain the status quo, we only have 12 years before we will reach a global warming of 1.5°C. According to the NCA, the dominant cause is human activities, particularly greenhouse gas emissions. We already see the consequences of 1°C of global warming through more extreme weather events, deadly wildfires, rising sea levels, and diminishing Arctic sea ice. Inaction and underinvestment will increase the risk of long-lasting or irreversible change." (
  • Rated 0% by the National Rifle Association (
  • "Florida has suffered yet another mass shooting, and our hearts go out to the Sebring victims. But that can't be it. I'll oppose any responses that call for more guns on our streets or in our schools, and continue to fight for basic gun reforms until this senseless bloodshed ends." (
  • "In June 2016, during the Democratic Caucus' historic sit in to call on Speaker Paul Ryan to bring common-sense gun reform legislation to the floor, an emotional Wasserman Schultz read a letter from her close friend, former Congresswoman Gabby Giffords. In 2011, Giffords was shot and severely wounded in an assassination attempt. After reading the letter, Wasserman Schultz challenged her colleagues to act and said, 'We will be here and sitting and stand strong until we can make sure there are no more Gabbys, no more Orlandos, no more Aurora, no more victims.'" (
  • "We have a national epidemic of gun violence, and we know that college kids are still navigating life outside their home for the first time. We need more funding for security personnel and universal background checks on college campuses -- not carry permits." (
  • "The ACA has led to the lowest uninsured rate on record—real progress for middle-class Americans. Everyone in the #GOPDebate would repeal it." (
  • "A Supreme Court decision upholding subsidies for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act brought relief to more than a million Floridians who depend on them to save up to thousands of dollars on their policies each year." (
  • "With the second-highest rate of uninsured residents in the U.S., Floridians in particular have gained a lot from this law. In 2015, more than 1.6 million Floridians were re-enrolled or signed up for a health care plan through -- the highest enrollment of any state using a federally-facilitated marketplace." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "All workers deserve a #paidleave policy that is comprehensive, substantial, and secure." (
  • "It continues this Presidential Ponzi scheme of forcing taxpayers to buy an expensive but useless border wall that Trump promised Mexico would pay for. " (
  • "Democrats in Congress aren't going to spend American taxpayers' dollars on Trump's border wall. Not now, not ever." (
  • "This Administration has overstepped its Constitutional authority by recklessly spending military funds on an ineffective border wall project, and today a federal judge agreed." (
  • "The longer the vacancy on the Court goes unfilled, the longer we must face uncertainty on the most pressing issues facing our nation, and the longer our friends, neighbors, and coworkers must live in fear of deportation. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and the Deferred Action for Parents of Americans (DAPA) programs protect law-abiding members of our community who simply sought a better life. If the Supreme Court's failure to reach a real decision today doesn't make it clear, then I don't know what will: we need comprehensive, just and compassionate immigration reform, and we need it now." (
  • "Speaker Paul Ryan must bring legislation advancing a pathway to citizenship to a floor vote this week, and remove this cloud of uncertainty and distress Trump has placed over the lives of hundreds of thousands of families." (
  • "Today's Fifth Circuit decision to maintain an injunction on the President's executive immigration actions aimed at keeping families together, is a step backwards that will continue to hurt families all across the nation and Florida." (
  • "President Trump's misguided decision to violate the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action will make it considerably more difficult to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, which would present an unacceptable threat to our national security and the security of the State of Israel. While the deal isn't perfect, it has placed verifiable limits on Iran's nuclear program, and top Trump Administration officials have acknowledged that Iran is compliant with its obligations under the agreement. The U.S. recklessly walking away from the deal, with no apparent plan in its place, provides the dangerous Iranian regime the freedom to immediately ratchet up its nuclear activity. I will work with my colleagues in Congress to fill the leadership void that the President has created on this global security issue. We must continue to work with our allies and partners to redouble our efforts to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, and to continue to counter Iran's other nefarious activity in the region. Regrettably, the President's decision today is a step in the wrong direction, and I worry it will prove to be a mistake with grievous consequences." (
  • "Allowing Iran to advance its nuclear weapons program without recourse or inspection would be an unacceptable, direct threat to Israel's lasting safety and security. Fortunately, the President's decertification of the agreement does not constitute withdrawal, and it is now up to Congress to uphold our global commitments and work with our international partners to enforce the deal vigorously. At the same time, I have long supported and continue to support Congress pursuing separate sanctions to combat Iran's missile program, support for the Assad regime and Hezbollah, and other nefarious activity throughout the region." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Increase Economic Pressure on North Korea Through the Imposition and Effective Enforcement of Sanctions ... Enhance U.S. Diplomatic Efforts, Especially Crisis Management Channels." (
  • "The use of chemical weapons is a violation of international law to which a response is wholly justified. Bashar Al-Assad's atrocities against the Syrian people demand a firm and comprehensive strategy. However, that will require more careful deliberation and less belligerent bluster from the President. President Trump must deploy all the tools of American power - not just our military - and secure from Congress an Authorization of Use of Military Force in order to improve the prospects of bringing the horrific civil war in Syria to a long overdue end." (
  • "After 16 years of war in Afghanistan, it is abundantly clear that this conflict cannot be solved strictly by military means. Yet, the Trump Administration has failed to fill a number of key diplomatic positions. While we certainly need to address changes to our strategy in Afghanistan, rather than lay out a clear and specific plan, the President is asking us to trust him -- and he has given us every reason not to." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Working with our allies and partners, we urge you to maintain and increase pressure on Iran and Russia to constrain their destabilizing activities. America must continue economic and diplomatic efforts to counter Iran's support for Hezbollah and other terrorist groups as well as Russia's support for the brutal Assad regime. We encourage full implementation of sanctions authorized in the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), a broadly supported bipartisan bill that you signed into law. Clear and sustained American action and close coordination with our allies and partners can send an important message of resolve to malign actors in the region." (
  • "With combat operations ended in Iraq, we can begin repairing the deep wounds to our readiness that war inflicted. I trust that, going forward, President Obama will continue to use our troops wisely, and that he will deploy them in new regions only as a last resort. Military action that endangers our troops and wreaks havoc on our economy must be initiated only after all diplomatic options have been exhausted, when it serves a compelling national interest or is used to defend one of our allies, and when there is a clear plan for success, including an exit strategy." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430 - United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act. (
  • "Donald Trump insisted that "trade wars are good and easy to win." Instead, his tariffs are increasing the prices of everyday goods and making life harder for middle class families. It's time to get rid of the Trump tax." (
  • Rated 88% by Public Citizen. (
  • "Trump’s trade war is hurting the very people he promised to protect. Manufacturing has slumped and jobs aren’t coming back to the US, meanwhile Americans (not China) are paying for nearly all new tariffs." (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
X b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
X h) Other or expanded principles
I support the Roe v. Wade decision.

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.Budget Priorities

a) Agriculture
b) Arts
c) Defense
Greatly Increase d) Education
e) Environment
Greatly Increase f) Homeland security
g) International aid
h) Law enforcement
i) Medical research
j) National parks
Greatly Increase k) Public health services
Greatly Increase l) Scientific research
m) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increase n) Transportation and highway infrastructure
o) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

a) Armed Forces personnel training
Greatly Increase b) Intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
e) National missile defense
Greatly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
h) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increase i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.TaxesIncome Taxes:Family IncomeRetiree IncomeOther Taxes:Deductions/Credits:

a) Less than $25,000
b) $25,000-$75,000
c) $75,000-$150,000
d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
a) Charitable contributions
b) Child tax credit
c) Earned income tax credit
d) Medical expense deduction
e) Mortgage deduction
f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

X a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Yes i) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yes j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
X h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
X i) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
X j) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
X e) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

X a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
X g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
X l) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
X m) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
X c) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
X d) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
X f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
X g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
X a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
X c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
X d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

X a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
X b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
X g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
X i) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
X l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

X a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
X b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
X f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
X g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
X c) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
X g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
X h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
X i) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
X j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
X l) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
X m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

X a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
e) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yes d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yes e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
No b) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yes c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
No 4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes 6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Yes 5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes 6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
b) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
c) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
d) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yes e) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X h) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Increase funding for child care programs.
c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
f) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

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