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Corrine Brown's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Key


Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Corrine Brown has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2016.

  • "Rep. Corrine Brown voted against a Republican bill that would dismantle the Affordable Care Act and defund Planned Parenthood. This Republican Reconciliation bill would take away affordable health coverage from 22 million Americans, and strip away family planning services and life-saving cancer screenings from millions of women across the country." (votesmart.org)
  • Abortions should always be legal "Support" (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.8 "Job Protection and Recession Prevention Act of 2012" (votesmart.org)
  • "During President Bush's tenure, the President and the Republican majority pushed multi-billion dollar tax cuts for the rich through Congress. In their reverse robin-hood policy agenda, giving away tax breaks to the wealthiest 2% of Americans at the expense of the poor and the rest of the nation, the former President erased a huge budget surplus built up during the Clinton years and left the nation in tremendous debt. That said, I categorically oppose a return to Republican tax cut policies that benefit the rich. I do, however, support a more equitable, deficit reducing plan consisting of tax cuts to assist the middle-class (98% of Americans) while allowing the Bush tax cuts for the wealthiest two percent to expire, and use the estimated $700 billion in additional revenue to pay down our budget deficit." (votesmart.org)
  • "Just last December, the Republicans forced a vote on extending the Bush Tax Cuts for millionaires and billionaires, adding $700 billion to our nation's deficit. In reality, it was not that long ago, during the Clinton years from 1993-2000, when our budget had a surplus. Yet eight years of horribly reckless spending and excessive tax cuts for the rich under President Bush and the Republican leadership has left America trillions of dollars in debt." (votesmart.org)
  • "Mandatory minimum sentences just make Florida’s already broken system even more arbitrary and cruel, andn what was undoubtedly absent from the courtroom during Marissa’s trial and later deliberations was mercy and justice." (corrinebrown.house.gov)
  • "We will support a clean extension of the debt ceiling when the House takes up this issue." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.1 "Appropriations, Tax Law Amendments, and Unemployment Benefit Amendments ("Stimulus Bill")" (votesmart.org)
  • "When our transportation and infrastructure system are properly funded, we can put millions of hard working Americans back to work fixing our nation's crumbling infrastructure and preparing our country for the future." (votesmart.org)
  • "And while the Republican budget cuts taxes for the wealthiest while putting the burden of deficit reduction on the middle class and the most vulnerable, the Democratic alternative employs a balanced approach to deficit reduction." (votesmart.org)
  • "Finally, I believe that sacrifice must come first from those who can most afford it. Therefore, I oppose tax cuts on incomes over $250,000 and large estates." (votesmart.org)
  • "I have fought and will continue to fight relentlessly to improve and enforce full funding of the reauthorization of the No Child Left Behind Act, as well block Republican Party plans to increase private school voucher programs." (corrinebrown.house.gov)
  • "I have also been a wholehearted advocate in the fight to maintain the Head Start program in its current state, and deflect Republican party attempts to block grant funding for this important program." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted against S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted against HR 3 "Keystone XL Pipeline Act" (votesmart.org)
  • "We really need more scrutiny over the construction and operation of the Keystone Pipeline, not less. Deeming permits completed and suspending the Clean Water Act is a very dangerous precedent and will certainly make communities more vulnerable to the death and destruction that pipeline ruptures cause." (votesmart.org)
  • "I support a comprehensive energy plan, one that promotes responsible exploration and development while protecting the environment and consumers. I support conservation efforts, increasing research into renewable energy sources and relief for energy consumers in the wake of rising energy costs." (votesmart.org)
  • "A responsible energy policy balances incentives for increased domestic energy production with initiatives for energy conservation and efficiency. A responsible energy policy also ensures that opportunities for energy infrastructure expansion do not come at the expense of critical protections for energy consumers." (corrinebrown.house.gov)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.2454 "Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade")" (votesmart.org)
  • "The American Clean Energy and Security Act, which puts a cap on carbon dioxide emissions, invests in clean energy technologies, and helps communities across the nation adapt to climate change, is a high quality recipe in the fight against global warming." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "Thank you for your leadership in responding to the serious challenge of climate change. We applaud and support your Climate Action Plan, the joint announcement with China establishing ambitious carbon pollution reduction targets, and the national commitment to the Green Climate Fund. These actions are critical to protect Americans from the most dangerous effects of climate change." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "Our nation has suffered at least 74 school shootings since the Sandy Hook massacre. The factors allowing these rampages are no mystery: loopholes in the background check laws, straw purchases, restrictions on law enforcement, and gaps in our mental health system." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence (votesmart.org)
  • "In response to this endless spiral of violence, our nation needs to commit itself to review and strengthen our national gun laws, as well as focus on the importance of mental support services." (votesmart.org)
  • "Today's report documents that the Affordable Care Act is helping to save lives and billions of dollars a year. There have been 1.3 million fewer hospital-acquired conditions, 50,000 lives saved, and $12 billion in health spending avoided from 2010 to 2013." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted against H.R.596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care-Related Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.3590 "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.5281 "DREAM Act" (votesmart.org)
  • "As a representative from Florida, a state with a high immigrant population (the recent census numbers estimate that one in four Floridians is foreign born), the issue of immigration and immigration reform is one of utmost importance to me and my constituents. That said, I strongly agree with President Obama and believe that immediate action must be taken to straighten out the legal situation for the millions of people in our country that are extremely hard working and productive, yet undocumented." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "We believe it is undeniable that detention in a secure facility is detrimental to mothers and children and is not reflective of our values as a Nation. Children require special protections and should not be placed in jail-like settings." (lofgren.house.gov)
  • Rated 84% by Human Rights Campaign (votesmart.org)
  • "With today’s decision, gay marriage will now be legal across the United States. This decision reminds us of the civil rights battle to permit intermarriage between blacks and whites, which culminated in the 1967 Supreme Court decision legalizing marriage between interracial couples. It was only a few years ago when the first same-sex couples were able to marry legally in our country. Discrimination in any form should not be sanctioned by U.S. law, and today’s decision affirms that equal justice under the law includes marriage equality for everyone." (corrinebrown.house.gov)
  • Signed a letter stating "DOMA imposes a sweeping and unjustifiable federal disability on married same-sex couples." (votesmart.org)
  • "I was pleased to help pass a major bill to prepare our nation for bioterrorism. The measure will help fund the efforts of Florida law enforcement, health care and first responder agencies, which must all work together in the face of a bioterrorist attack." (votesmart.org)
  • "Committing U.S. air power, training, and equipment is only one aspect of this strategy, although a critical one. Defeating ISIS will require a strong international coalition, which the United States is already assembling." (votesmart.org)
  • "Florida's U.S. senators expressed bipartisan support Tuesday for the U.S. airstrikes on the Islamic State in Syria, while the reaction of Central Florida's U.S. representatives was mixed. […] U.S. Reps. John Mica, R-Winter Park, and Corrine Brown, D-Jacksonville, also expressed support […]." (votesmart.org)
  • "I remain strongly opposed to any plan that privatizes Social Security. I have always fought against putting Social Security funds into the stock market. The recession has shown how swings in the stock market could be devastating even for careful investors – let alone the millions of people without enough cash to open a mutual fund." (corrinebrown.house.gov)
  • "I am also strongly opposed to any plan that privatizes Social Security. I have always fought against putting Social Security funds into the Stock market." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans (votesmart.org)
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
X b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.Budget Priorities

Maintain Status a) Agriculture
Slightly Increase b) Arts
Slightly Increase c) Defense
Greatly Increase d) Education
Greatly Increase e) Environment
Maintain Status f) Homeland security
Slightly Increase g) International aid
Greatly Increase h) Law enforcement
Slightly Increase i) Medical research
Slightly Increase j) National parks
Greatly Increase k) Public health services
Maintain Status l) Scientific research
Maintain Status m) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increase n) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Increase o) Welfare
worker training & education C) training for troops

Defense Spending

Greatly Increase a) Armed Forces personnel training
b) Intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
e) National missile defense
Greatly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increase g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
h) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increase i) Troop and equipment readiness
g) pay j) expand help for veterans

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.TaxesIncome Taxes:Family IncomeRetiree IncomeOther Taxes:Deductions/Credits:

Eliminate a) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decrease b) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Status c) $75,000-$150,000
Greatly Increase d) Over $150,000
Greatly Increase e) Other or expanded categories
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Charitable contributions
Greatly Increase b) Child tax credit
Greatly Increase c) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increase d) Medical expense deduction
e) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increase f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
over $200,000
No 4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No 5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes 6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Yes i) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
X f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
X h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
X i) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
j) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
X k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
X c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
X d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
e) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
X g) Other or expanded principles
The only sensible solution is to work closely with other nations & at a local level, support law enforcement while helping rehabilitate drug victims.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
X g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
X i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
X l) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
m) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
X c) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
X d) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
X f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
X g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
X a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
X c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

X a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
X b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
X i) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
X l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

X a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
X b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
X f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
X g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
X h) Require a license for gun possession.
X i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
X c) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
X d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
X g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
i) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
X j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
X l) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
X m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
X d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
X e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yes b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
No c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
e) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
Yes a) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
b) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yes c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes 4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes 6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes 7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
The US MUST negotiate with other countries to help with Iraq. New leadership in the White House (Kerry-Edwards) will restore confidence in the US at home & abroad & bring other countries to the table regarding Iraq. Bush must go!
We must work with other countires!

International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Yes 1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes 3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes 4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes 6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
b) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
No c) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
d) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
e) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
Yes g) Other or expanded principles
We need increased funding for law enforcement (reinstate the COPS program) & fire dept. & greater co-operation with other countries.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
X g) Other of expanded principles
We must roll back tax cuts for the wealthy & help other countries pay for Iraq. We can save social security! AND we will have dollars for other of America's needs! We can save social security! AND we will have dollars for other of America's needs!

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X h) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Increase funding for child care programs.
c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
X f) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
X g) Other or expanded principles
This Administration must be replaced by a Kerry-Edwards Admin. We are working to GET THE VOTE OUT!
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

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