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Alcee Hastings, Sr.'s Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

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Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Alcee Hastings, Sr. has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

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Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • "For the past 46 years, Roe v. Wade has protected the right of women in America to make their own healthcare decisions. It has ushered in a new era of safer, more accessible healthcare options and empowered a generation of women to make their own choices. Today, Roe continues to be under attack. More than 400 laws have been passed in states across the country aimed at intimidating women and restricting access to abortion and other essential health services. Too often, these dangerous restrictions disproportionately effect low-income people, people of color, immigrants, LGBTQ+ people, and youth. Women all across this nation must have access to comprehensive reproductive healthcare services, just as every person should be able to live, work, and make decisions about their health and future with dignity, equality, and economic security. It is time for the 116th Congress to end these attacks on women's reproductive rights. We must ensure that all people, regardless of their income or how they are insured, can access affordable healthcare and exercise their constitutional rights. I remain steadfast in my commitment to eliminate federal restrictions on abortion and fight for reproductive freedom, dignity, and equality in Congress." (
  • Rated 100% by Planned Parenthood Action Fund. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We ask that you demonstrate your commitment to being a President for all people in the United States by eliminating the Hyde Amendment, as well as related acortion coverage and care restrictions, from your Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 Budget request." (
  • "We have critical needs in this country. Tax breaks for the rich isn't one of them." (
  • "House Republicans have just voted to increase the deficit by $1.5 trillion in order to cut taxes for billionaires, millionaires, and corporations. This bill is a scam, pure and simple, and the manner in which it was rammed through the House of Representatives without a single hearing is outrageous. Among other things, the Republican tax bill will create new tax breaks for corporations that ship American jobs overseas, and steal $1.5 trillion from Medicare and Medicaid. Republicans have had the audacity to punt on critical issues like the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and disaster relief, because they can't agree on how to pay for it. And yet, they have no problem exploding the debt and raising taxes on 86 million middle class households to provide handouts for the one percent. This is hypocrisy at its very worst." (
  • Rated 95% by Americans for Democratic Action. (
  • Rated 100% by the Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • "I am proud to support strengthening Social Security - a vital program for many seniors, survivors & the disabled. It's an insurance program, not an entitlement. That means you’ve earned your benefits! #ExpandSocialSecurity" (
  • "It should go without saying that Social Security is a promise to the American people that must be kept. Millions of Americans have benefited from the financial security provided by the program, enabling them to retire with dignity and live independently after a lifetime of hard work," said Congressman Hastings. "I commend the work that Congressman Larson has done to further strengthen Social Security, and am proud to be an original co-sponsor his legislation, the Social Security 2100 Act. This legislation would expand benefits for all current and future Social Security recipients, cut taxes for over 10 million seniors, and keep the system solvent for the rest of the century. More than 60 million people depend on the monthly retirement, survivor, and disability benefits that they receive through Social Security. I will continue working with Congressman Larson to ensure the system is kept strong, safe, and solvent for years to come." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We look forward to continuing to work with you to further strengthen the Medicare Advantage program and ensure millions of seniors have access to comprehensive, affordable health coverage choices." (
  • "The time to remove big money from our political process is long overdue #citizensunited #getmoneyout" (
  • "It has been seven years since the Supreme Court's disastrous Citizens United decision dramatically altered political spending in our country. The Citizens United ruling has opened the floodgates to corporations and special interest groups, allowing them to make unlimited contributions and political expenditures to influence elections, SuperPACs have poured hundreds of millions of dollars into campaigns across the country. In the 2016 election cycle alone, these expenditures topped $1.1 billion. Dark money continues to make our elections more and more costly, and more and more exclusive. The American people deserve an equitable and transparent electoral system that ensures our government is accountable to the interests of voters and not the wealthy elite. I am disappointed that Republicans in Congress continue to oppose Democrats efforts to establish a more transparent process. As we mark the 7th anniversary of Citizens United, I remain committed to enacting critical new reforms that will empower the American voter and restore accountability to our nation's electoral process." (
  • Rated 87% by Common Cause. (
  • "While great strides have been made to improve our elections, significant problems still persist. With recent Supreme Court decisions such as Citizens United v. Federal Elections Commission, Shelby County v. Holder, and McCutcheon v. Federal Elections Commission, I fear our nation has begun to slide backwards in its march of progress. We must take steps to check the power of money in our elections and to ensure that the public's interest is kept paramount." (
  • "This transformative legislation reforms policing to ban chokeholds, require body and dashboard cameras, get weapons of war off our streets, establish a police misconduct registry and more. As a Member of the Congressional Black Caucus and an original cosponsor, I look forward to working with my colleagues in the CBC and the Judiciary Committee to pass this bill, meaningfully address systemic racism in policing, curb police brutality, end racial profiling, and ultimately save lives" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 7120 - George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020. (
  • "The United States currently spends over $700 billion a year on defense. While robust funding is critical to preserving our nation's military strength and recruiting, training, and caring for our service members, I also firmly believe in the need to reduce waste, fraud, and abuse, and to cancel defense programs that do not work or are not needed." (
  • "Trump's $1.5 billion request for construction of the border wall with Mexico is laughable, while his plans to dramatically increase defense spending by $54 billion are absurd. Trump has proposed eliminating homelessness assistance programs, infrastructure grants, and assistance programs for impoverished Americans. This outrageous proposal for America's future is a nonstarter with anyone not on the fringes of the political spectrum. Not only do I object to it, I condemn it." (
  • "In addition to increasing public safety, investing in our nation's infrastructure would have tremendous economic benefits. It is estimated that for every $1 billion that we invest in infrastructure construction projects such as bridges, roads, schools, and hospitals, 18,000 jobs are supported nationwide. The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that increasing energy efficiency could reduce national energy use by as much as 20 percent in 2020. It is clear that we must make infrastructure development and investment a national priority." (
  • "From crumbling infrastructure, renewable energy development, unemployment insurance for struggling Americans, and much-needed reforms in our education system, we must prioritize federal spending where it will do the most good." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (
  • "As our economy continues to gain strength and stability after the most devastating financial crisis since the Great Depression, we must continue to take bold steps to reform our nation's financial regulations, crack down on predatory lending, ensure access to vital credit is preserved, protect American homeowners, and always put the needs of Main Street before those of Wall Street." (
  • "House Republicans have just voted to increase the deficit by $1.5 trillion in order to cut taxes for billionaires, millionaires, and corporations. This bill is a scam, pure and simple, and the manner in which it was rammed through the House of Representatives without a single hearing is outrageous. Among other things, the Republican tax bill will create new tax breaks for corporations that ship American jobs overseas, and steal $1.5 trillion from Medicare and Medicaid. Republicans have had the audacity to punt on critical issues like the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and disaster relief, because they can't agree on how to pay for it. And yet, they have no problem exploding the debt and raising taxes on 86 million middle class households to provide handouts for the one percent. This is hypocrisy at its very worst." (
  • "@realDonaldTrump is backpedaling on his make-believe tax cut for the middle class because there is no such bill in Congress. @HouseGOP had the chance to pass tax reform that benefited all Americans. Instead, they gave a $2T handout to corporate interests and the richest 1%." (
  • "I am proud to support this historic piece of legislation, which will deliver $2 trillion in urgent relief to address the COVID-19 pandemic, including $8.3 billion funneled to Florida to help families, workers, students, and small businesses." (
  • Rated 100% by National Education Association. (
  • "We must fully fund and effectively reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, currently known as No Child Left Behind. This well-intentioned legislation challenges our students and our schools to raise their standards and set the demanding goals necessary for our future leaders to succeed in the 21st Century. However, we cannot expect higher achievement if we do not give our students, schools, and teachers the extensive resources required to meet these challenges. Moreover, as we strive for higher standards, Congress must ensure that it does not place test scores above a quality, well-rounded education and that we do not settle for uniform mediocrity." (
  • "From crumbling infrastructure to renewable energy development, and unemployment insurance for struggling Americans to much-needed reforms in our education system, we must prioritize federal spending where it will do the most good." (
  • Rated 96% by Environment America. (
  • "A year ago, Trump ordered the EPA gut the Clean Power Plan, designed to help energy companies transition from fossil fuels. The replacement is so bad that in 17 states, including Florida, which estimates there will be more pollution by 2030 than if no regulation existed at all." (
  • "As a member of the House Caucus on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, I will support legislation that reduces our country's reliance on fossil fuels and encourages the use of clean, sustainable energy sources, like wind, hydroelectric, biomass, and solar energies." (
  • "The United States cannot allow its foreign policy to be dictated by irrational nationalistic whims. The 195 signatory Paris Agreement was reached after painstaking negotiations. In signing, our country honored its commitment to leave future generations with a better world. Climate change is real, and we know what causes it. The Paris Agreement commits governments to working together to cap pollution levels and combat carbon emissions, which will reduce extreme climate events like drought, famine, and rising sea levels." (
  • "Our state of Florida has saved $2.2B due to a strong fuel economy & global emissions standards." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "As a first step, Florida should set meaningful goals for renewable power generation and energy efficiency to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save consumers money, and then transition to modern power purchase agreements like reverse auctions which provide competition and energy storage to boost the various regions of the state." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Congress cannot afford to maintain the status quo. The IPCC report found that climate change is occurring earlier and more rapidly than expected and that limiting global warming to 1.5°C would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society. If we maintain the status quo, we only have 12 years before we will reach a global warming of 1.5°C. According to the NCA, the dominant cause is human activities, particularly greenhouse gas emissions. We already see the consequences of 1°C of global warming through more extreme weather events, deadly wildfires, rising sea levels, and diminishing Arctic sea ice. Inaction and underinvestment will increase the risk of long-lasting or irreversible change." (
  • "If you can’t pass a background check, you shouldn’t be able to buy a gun. It’s just that simple. #HR8" (
  • "By passing the Bipartisan Background Checks of 2019, House Democrats took action today to help make communities across our nation safer. If enacted, this measure will close the loophole that allows unlicensed gun sellers to bypass a background check, ensuring that individuals prohibited from owning firearms are unable to obtain them. After years of inaction by House Republicans, I was proud to vote in favor of this critical bill. Americans are demanding action to address our country's gun violence epidemic. It is imperative that we continue to do all that we can to end gun violence, because one life lost to gun violence is one too many. It is now time that the Senate take action."
  • "I am heartened to learn that the President's actions will ensure that all individuals engaged in the business of selling firearms will be subjected to background checks and that the needed funding for these background checks will be provided to the F.B.I. and A.T.F. I was also happy to learn that Attorney General Lynch has already started to contact all U.S. Attorney Offices encouraging them to renew their domestic violence outreach. These steps will undoubtedly help to curb the gun violence crisis." (
  • Rated 0% by the National Rifle Association. (
  • "I have long advocated for ensuring that all Americans have access to health care. That is why I have strongly supported the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The ACA set forth measures that will provide access to affordable, quality health care for millions of Americans, and protect consumers from abusive insurance company practices." (
  • "Despite efforts from Republicans & individual states, including Fla., to repeal #ACA & weaken these programs, we must push for expansion" (
  • "Friday's absurd court ruling follows more than 70 failed attempts by Congressional Republicans to dismantle the ACA and two U.S. Supreme Court rulings upholding the law. The American people sent a strong signal to Republicans last November that their relentless attacks on the ACA will not be tolerated. Dismantling life-saving protections that will help children, seniors, and those with pre-existing conditions is not in our country's best interest." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "Democrats continue to support smart & effective border security. The border wall is neither. There is no reason for President Trump & Senate Majority Leader McConnell to keep government shuttered for an ineffective, wasteful wall. End the temper tantrum; open the government now!" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "oppose any funding that expands the construction of walls or fencing at the southern border, and to instead allocate border security resources to modernize the infrastructure and technology at our ports of entry." (
  • "The Trump budget proposes another massive tax cut for the wealthy and demands $8.6 billion more for a wasteful border wall that Congress has rejected time and time again, proving once more that the President cares more about divisive campaign promises than the real needs of American families." (
  • "Last night, at our Rules Committee, I offered an amendment that would have provided a pathway to citizenship for certain long-term temporary protected status holders. Not surprisingly, in this historically closed Congress, my amendment was not made in order." (
  • "Any proposal to make an illegal entry into the United States a federal felony, while seemingly reasonable, is not a viable solution. Indeed, those who enter this country illegally are, by definition, breaking the law. However putting an estimated 11 million people into the federal justice system would clog the courts and is not realistic." (
  • "As we discuss the need for DREAMers to have a pathway to citizenship, I want to make sure that those who are in our country under #TPS are not passed over and forgotten. Last night, House Republicans blocked my amendment protecting long-term TPS holders from being considered." (
  • "The challenges that we face can only be solved through reasonable and comprehensive immigration reform. It is far past time for Congress to come together and fix our broken immigration system by providing a path to citizenship that is fair to all people – those who already call America home and those who yearn to enjoy our country's dedication to liberty and freedom for all." (
  • "When I announced my opposition to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, my decision was based on a number of considerations, chief among them the question of Iran's trustworthiness. I was wary that aspects of the plan that allowed Iran to remain a nuclear threshold state while simultaneously reaping the benefits of sanctions relief were highly problematic. Given Iran's history of deception, I called for a better deal. Iran this week tested nuclear capable ballistic missiles, in violation of UNSC resolutions and the JCPOA. It is not the first test they have conducted since the JCPOA was enacted. Three times now, Iran has violated UN restrictions, flauntingly violating international law and threatening our allies and assets in the Middle East. All the while, Iran has continued to fund terrorist organizations such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and call for the destruction of Israel. This is entirely unacceptable. With these continued provocations, Iran has proved that it is still a threat, and that it has no respect for the agreement to which it has bound itself. The United States and the international community must make it clear that Iran will be made to honor the agreement that it signed, or face harsh consequences. I will work with my colleagues in Congress to ensure that Iran is held accountable and that the necessary actions are taken to enforce the JCPOA and protect the safety of our allies in the region." (
  • "Given the current developments in North Korea and Iran, I am convinced that the solution to the ongoing crisis over the development of these country's nuclear and missile capability lies in conducting effective negotiations with other countries in the region from Saudi Arabia to Morocco to Tunisia, considering military force as our last resort." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Few decisions are more needing of debate than a move to launch attacks, or declare war, on a nuclear-armed state such as North Korea. Military action against North Korea was considered by the Obama, Bush and Clinton Administrations, but all ultimately determined there was no military option that would not run the unacceptable risk of a counter-reaction from Pyongyang. This reaction could immediately threaten the lives of as many as a third of the South Korean population, put nearly 30,000 U.S. service members and over 100,000 other U.S. citizens residing in South Korea in grave danger, and also threaten other regional allies such as Japan. In such a volatile region, an inconsistent or unpredictable policy runs the risk of unimaginable conflict. That is why we strongly urge you to adhere to the diplomatic approach recently articulated by Secretary Tillerson, who stated that your Administration's sole goal is to "seek a denuclearized Korean Peninsula," and that you "do not seek regime change" and "do not seek a collapse of the regime," both of which could lead down a path that could risk nuclear war. We support Secretary Tillerson's statement that the preferred method for resolution is "direct talks with North Korea," including persuading them to relinquish their nuclear weapons by assuring them that they "do not need these weapons to secure the existence of [their] regime."" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We support your restraint to date in resisting the calls for a "quick" and "easy" military intervention, and for your commitment not to send combat troops back to Iraq." (
  • "For too long Congress has not had the opportunity to weigh in on decisions to commit American troops overseas. This cannot continue." (
  • "When I voted against using troops in Iraq, I believed then - and still believe today - that this was not a war of necessity, but rather a war of choice and convenience. As we have learned since that vote, my concerns were indeed justified." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Working with our allies and partners, we urge you to maintain and increase pressure on Iran and Russia to constrain their destabilizing activities. America must continue economic and diplomatic efforts to counter Iran's support for Hezbollah and other terrorist groups as well as Russia's support for the brutal Assad regime. We encourage full implementation of sanctions authorized in the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), a broadly supported bipartisan bill that you signed into law. Clear and sustained American action and close coordination with our allies and partners can send an important message of resolve to malign actors in the region." (
  • "I wonder how these CFOs would rate the President now that he is pursuing a trade war that is hurting millions of American workers and has been described by one Fox News Contributor as "economic suicide."" (
  • "I continue to push for policies that will ensure our trade policies are not to the detriment of international labor standards, the environment, or American employment." (
  • Rated 79% by Public Citizen. (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
X b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.Budget Priorities

Maintain Status a) Agriculture
Maintain Status b) Arts
Maintain Status c) Defense
Greatly Increase d) Education
Slightly Increase e) Environment
Maintain Status f) Homeland security
Slightly Increase g) International aid
Maintain Status h) Law enforcement
Greatly Increase i) Medical research
Maintain Status j) National parks
Slightly Increase k) Public health services
Slightly Increase l) Scientific research
Slightly Decrease m) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increase n) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Status o) Welfare
Maintain Status p) Emergency preparedness
q) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Maintain Status a) Armed forces personnel training
Greatly Increase b) Intelligence operations
Maintain Status c) Military hardware
Maintain Status d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Slightly Decrease e) National missile defense
Greatly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increase g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Status h) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Status i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.TaxesIncome Taxes:Family IncomeRetiree IncomeOther Taxes:Deductions/Credits:

Greatly Decrease a) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decrease b) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Status c) $75,000-$150,000
Slightly Increase d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Increase b) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Status c) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increase d) Corporate taxes
Greatly Decrease e) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Status f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increase b) Child tax credit
Slightly Increase c) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increase d) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Status e) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increase f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No 4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No 5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?
6) Discuss your proposals for balancing the federal budget. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

X a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
X b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
X c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
f) Require Section 527 organizations to register with the Federal Election Commission as Political Action Committees.
Yes g) Do you support instant run-off voting?
Yes h) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
No i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

X a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
X c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with educational, vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
X f) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
g) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of corporate crimes.
h) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
X d) Allow doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
X e) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Support a federal law to standardize testing and penalties for steroid use in professional sports.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
X e) Reward teachers with merit pay for working in low-income schools.
X f) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
X g) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
X h) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
X i) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
j) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
X c) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
X d) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
X f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
X g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
X h) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
X a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
X c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

X a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
X b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
X c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants.
d) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
e) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
f) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
X h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
X j) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
X k) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
X l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
X m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

X a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
X b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
X f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
X g) Require a license for gun possession.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
d) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
X e) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
X f) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
X g) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
X h) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
X i) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
j) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
X c) Support a temporary worker program that would enable illegal immigrants to work in the United States legally.
X d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using government funded social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

X a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) International Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yes b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Should the United States send more troops to Iraq?
e) Discuss your proposals for an exit strategy in Iraq. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
f) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to dismantle the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yes d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yes e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
No b) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yes c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
No 4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
Yes 5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs?"
Yes 6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes 7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

No 1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No 2) Do you support the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)?
Yes 3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes 4) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes 5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Yes 6) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes 7) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
8) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
No b) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yes d) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yes e) Do you support the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in U.S. custody?
f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to U.S. national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

X a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement government regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
X e) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
X f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Increase funding for child care programs.
X c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
X d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
X f) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

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