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John Boozman's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)


On The Ballot: Running, Republican for U.S. Senate (AR)


Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2022.

  • Voted in favor of S 3275 "Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act." (
  • Rated 100% by National Right to Life Committee. (
  • Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from rape or incest "Oppose" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (
  • "I am a firm believer that the American people are over-taxed. They are working harder than ever for their money and taking home less of it because the federal government continues to tax them at an extremely high level." (
  • Rated 96% by FreedomWorks. (
  • "The only way will we get a handle on this situation is to reform the manner in which we budget and allocate federal dollars. We must institute a mechanism that will stop the government from spending beyond its means. This is the reason I support a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution. If Arkansas can be required to balance our state’s budget, there is no reason Washington can’t do it." (
  • "The #FarmBill has now cleared Congress and is headed to @POTUS' desk to be signed into law – a huge comfort for our #ag industry and rural communities. US farmers & ranchers work hard and can compete w/ anybody in the world when we have good farm policy and a strong safety net." (
  • Rated 20% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • ""Hospitals in rural states have long been disadvantaged by the Medicare Area Wage Index," the lawmakers wrote. "We commend CMS for recognizing the disadvantages of rural hospitals, and we appreciate the agency’s proposal to provide needed relief to low-wage areas, while not increasing Medicare spending."" (
  • Rated 0% by Common Cause. (
  • "HR 1 threatens AR’s constitutional right to administer our elections. Federalizing and nationalizing how we vote is unwise and undermines election security. This bill does it + more, including harming election integrity." (
  • Voted against S 2093 "For the People Act of 2021." (
  • "Law enforcement officers risk their lives every day to help keep our communities safe and secure. It is alarming to see them increasingly targeted with violence as they perform their duties, adding to the dangers they must account for and reminding us of the serious threats they face. I am proud to join Senator Tillis and my colleagues to send a clear message that we stand with our police and will hold those who perpetrate attacks against them accountable," (
  • "With the exception of those parroting extreme "abolish the police' talking points, members of both parties, in each chamber, are closer than most realize on these issues. There is a consensus that reforms that promote transparency, accountability and procedures that lead to safer interactions between officers and the community are the key to real reform. The vast majority of officers are good, honest individuals who provide a valuable service. We can help foster better relationships between law enforcement and the communities they serve through proper reform. " (
  • "#NDAA is critical to national security. We must dedicate resources & ensure proper steps are taken to defeat ISIS." (
  • "One of the federal government's most fundamental responsibilities is to keep our nation safe. This week the #Senate is considering the FY2020 NDAA - legislation that invests in America’s military infrastructure to ensure readiness, deter threats & protect America and our allies." (
  • "This bill prioritizes our nation's defense and our commitment to servicemembers and their families. Increasing defense spending above the president's request will ensure our military maintains the readiness levels achieved under President Trump, modernize the military to preserve our advantage over our adversaries and provide the resources required to give our servicemembers and their families the quality of life they deserve. I'm also pleased the final version of this billprotects servicemembers' Second Amendment rights and does not force women to sign up for the draft, in addition to investing in Arkansas's strong defense industries," (
  • Voted in favor of S 1605 "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022." (
  • Voted against HR 3684 "Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act." (
  • "Although many Americans and Arkansans are struggling, spending more taxpayer money to expand government programs or continually bailout the private sector is not the right way to revive our economy." (
  • "That is why I support a pro-growth economic agenda. I will fight to rein in spending; reform our tax code so that it is fair for all; reduce the regulatory burdens imposed by government agencies; increase exports by approving pending free and fair trade agreements and create a new energy policy that allows us to use American resources that make us less dependent on foreign oil. The private sector, not Big Government, creates jobs." (
  • Voted against HR 1319 "American Rescue Plan Act of 2021." (
  • "In addition to providing relief to the middle-class, this update to our tax code will help grow the economy. The bill permanently reduces the corporate tax rate, currently the highest in the developed world. The lower corporate tax rate will make American businesses more competitive and keep well-paying jobs here at home. It will also help small businesses expand, invest in their employees and increase wages." (
  • Rated 96% by FreedomWorks. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (
  • ""This overdue lifeline will help struggling Americans, keep small businesses from shuttering and help to get our kids safely back in school. It will strengthen our efforts to defeat the virus by dramatically increasing efforts to purchase and distribute lifesaving vaccines," Boozman said. "The coronavirus doesn't care if you are a Republican or a Democrat, so relief for Americans impacted by the COVID-19 public health and economic crisis should not have been subjected to political posturing that delayed crucial assistance until the eleventh hour. It is necessary that we are unified in order to deliver relief in a more timely manner."" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 133 "Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021." (
  • "Americans are understandably on edge as more cases of the coronavirus appear in the U.S. and the death toll continues to rise around the globe. My colleagues and I understand this anxiety, and have come together to step up efforts to prevent the spread of the disease, treat those infected and support research to find a vaccine. The emergency funding legislation passed by Congress will confront this challenge head on by providing a surge in funding at every level--local, state and federal--to allow for a government-wide approach. It allocates $7.767 billion--more than triple the administration's original request--to address the coronavirus crisis." (
  • "Proud to have joined @SenTomCotton @LeaderMcConnell and our colleagues to oppose federal funding of CRT and the 1619 project in America's classrooms. This divisive and academically suspect curriculum is far from what our students need to be learning." (
  • "I’m proud to support #schoolchoice and the outstanding educational choices that #Arkansas offers." (
  • "As a former local school board member, I know decisions about our students’ education are best handled at the state and local level. School choice provides flexibility to families in Arkansas and across America, empowering them to choose the option that meets each child’s specific needs. I’m proud to support the School Choice movement and help preserve families’ confidence in the learning process for every student," (
  • "ICYMI: Yesterday on the Senate floor I laid out how the #GreenNewDeal is a far-left wish list that will raise costs, expand government power and hurt Arkansans. What we need is an all-the-above energy approach that builds on progress we've already made to reduce carbon emissions." (
  • "Last week in Blytheville I was proud to help flip the switch on an exciting project by Lexicon Inc. & @SealSolar. The new array in NE Arkansas is a great example of an all-the-above energy approach and also supported the local economy by using Arkansas-made steel; a true win-win." (
  • "It was great to see how Clarksville is bringing the internet to citizens & supporting renewable energy. I had an opportunity to meet with students at the new high school before joining members of local civic clubs for lunch. #Arkansas" (
  • "This is a victory for states' rights and a victory for Arkansas. We are pleased that the Department of Energy responded favorably to our request to terminate this agreement. We support policies that put our nation on the path to energy independence, but they should not cost Arkansas landowners a voice in the approval process." (
  • ""Clarifying the EPA's veto authority will rein in the agency's overreach that has created uncertainty for businesses seeking permit approval from the Army Corps of Engineers for dredging and filling. I'm pleased to support this bill to prevent a recurrence of abuse by the EPA," Senator Boozman said." (
  • ""I appreciate my colleagues taking a stand for rural America by supporting my amendment rejecting this harmful mandate. The push to ban fossil fuels is yet another Biden administration policy directive that punishes rural Americans. The inclusion of my amendment to the Democrats' reckless tax and spending bill will force the administration to pursue an "all-of-the-above' strategy to meet the energy needs of our rural communities now and in the future," Boozman said." (
  • Rated 94% by Independent Petroleum Association of America. (
  • Voted against S Amdt 4750 "Fix Gun Checks Act of 2016." (
  • Rated 92% by National Rifle Association (
  • "The ability of decent, hard-working Americans to own a gun—whether for sport or protection—is enshrined in the Constitution and must never be compromised. Only a government that does not trust its citizens would refuse them the right to bear arms. Unfortunately, the knee-jerk reaction to national tragedies has led the Obama Administration to head in that direction. I have pushed back on every attempt to erode the rights of law-abiding citizens and will continue to fight for our Second Amendment rights." (
  • "While we must provide the law enforcement community the tools necessary to combat society's criminal element, we must also ensure the rights and freedoms of law-abiding citizens are not infringed upon." (
  • "The budget resolution was the first of several steps that Congress will take to keep our promise to repeal and replace this failed law. Obamacare has driven up costs, busted our budget, stifled job growth and raised taxes on hardworking Arkansans. It has created more problems than it solves and it has to go. In doing so, I am committed to working with my colleagues to establish a careful and orderly transition to a patient-centered health care system that truly is affordable, not just in name but in practice, and actually works for the American people." (
  • "As a former small business owner and a healthcare provider, I understand how to approach the challenge of lowering the crippling costs of quality health care and create access for all Americans without stifling economic development. Obamacare is not the answer, which is why I voted against it and support efforts to replace and repeal this damaging law. Real healthcare reform should be enabled through free market principles. Let’s open up competition by allowing people to buy insurance across state lines. Let’s allow small businesses to pool their resources to get the best health care plans for their employees. These are common-sense policies that will bring real reform to our health care system without crippling our economy and adding unnecessary costs and burdens on the American people and job-creating small businesses." (
  • Voted against S Amdt 667 "Health Care Freedom Act of 2017." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 "Families First Coronavirus Response Act." (
  • ""We are facing an unprecedented public health challenge. We must deliver necessary resources to combat the coronavirus and support hardworking Americans and families who are facing financial challenges due to this outbreak. Preventing the spread of this disease remains a priority and we know there is more that needs to be done. In the coming days the Senate will be taking further action to craft and pass a comprehensive bill to provide additional assistance directly to the American people and stabilize the economy," Boozman said." (
  • "Pres. Biden suspended border wall construction and ordered a freeze of funds provided by Congress for that purpose. @SenTomCotton and I, and our colleagues, are asking GAO to provide its legal opinion on whether this violates the Impoundment Control Act." (
  • Voted in favor of S Amdt 1959 "Secure and Succeed Act (Grassley Amendment)." (
  • "The path to immigration reform is to work with Congress, not around us. It starts with allocating the resources, surveillance technology and manpower necessary to ensure that individuals crossing our borders are doing so legally. No immigration reform policies we pass will be effective until we have a secure border and agents that are allowed to do their jobs. Adding more rules to the books without enforcing the ones we have will only make the situation worse." (
  • "Revoking the authority of officials to rapidly expel illegal migrants under Title 42 without a clear plan in place to handle the stress this population will place on the system and on border communities will further exacerbate the crisis at the southwestern border," the senators wrote." (
  • "The Obama administration overreached its authority when it unilaterally expanded the DACA program. I am pleased that President Trump is returning the power to Congress to restore the integrity of our nation's immigration system. As Congress pursues immigration reform, I will push for legislative solutions to fix our broken immigration system, including the lengthy and burdensome legal immigration process." (
  • Voted in favor of S Amdt 1948 "Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act (Toomey Amendment)." (
  • "The United States, under this administration, intends to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons. I believe that we can work cooperatively with the international community to achieve that goal as we all recognize that a diplomatic solution is in everyone's best interest. We must remain committed to engaging our European allies to work toward a new deal that truly ensures Iran never becomes a nuclear power." (
  • "Iran can't be allowed to acquire a nuclear weapon. Its malign activities destabilize the region and pose a national security risk for the U.S. Proud to join @SenTomCotton and our colleagues to oppose lifting sanctions on Iran unless and until its nuclear program is dismantled." (
  • "President Trump's measured response to the dangerous escalations by Iran should send a clear message to the regime that its continued hostile actions will no longer be tolerated. With the support of our allies, we must reject Iran's aggressive conduct and continue to oppose its grip on the Middle East. By imposing additional economic sanctions, the president has again demonstrated our commitment to firmly countering the regime's destructive, destabilizing behavior while encouraging peace. It is in Iran's best interest to de-escalate the tensions, abandon its nuclear ambitions and stop sponsoring terror." (
  • Voted in favor of S 1 "Strengthening America's Security in the Middle East Act of 2019." (
  • Voted against S J Res 29 "A joint Resolution Providing for Congressional Disapproval of the proposed foreign military sale to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia certain defense articles and services" (
  • "If anyone embodies a twisted view of radical Islam, it is the Islamic State (ISIS) terror organization. These terrorists are devoted to establishing a new Caliphate, ruled by Sharia law, where all would be forced to convert or die. The growing strength of ISIS, along with al-Qaeda’s ongoing efforts to strike again, proves that radical Islamist terror organizations remain a serious threat at home and abroad. They are committed to destroying all who stand in their way. The US needs to be equally clear and unwavering in our commitment to destroy ISIS and end the spread of radical Islam." (
  • "The United States stands with and in support of our friend and strategic ally as it withstands this assault. Israel has an indisputable right to defend itself and secure the safety of its people. This brutal, unjustifiable violence against the Jewish state must be deterred and President Biden and his administration must lend our nation’s resources and assistance to our partner in its hour of need. In the aftermath of this conflict, the U.S. government should also resume the promising efforts undertaken by the Trump administration to foster peace and promote normalization between Israel and its Arab neighbors. " (
  • Voted against S J Res 7 "Directing the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress" (
  • "Today the #USMCA is officially in force. That's great news for Arkansas and America. This modernized, 21st-century trade deal helps strengthen our trading partnership with our neighbors and allies, Mexico and Canada. I welcome this day and USMCA's benefits for our economy." (
  • "Passage of USMCA ensures Arkansas agricultural producers, manufacturers and small businesses have a level playing field to compete in the global market. This deal with our state's top two trading partners will support economic growth, enhance market access, create jobs and increase economic opportunity. For too long, Arkansans have asked Congress to act on this modernized trade deal. Fortunately, the Senate worked promptly to move this historic agreement through to the finish line. I'm pleased we are able to deliver this economic accomplishment for hardworking Americans," (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430 "United States-Canada-Mexico Agreement Implementation Act." (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
X e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
X f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
X g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.Budget Priorities

Maintain Status a) Agriculture
Maintain Status b) Arts
Slightly Increase c) Defense
Maintain Status d) Education
Maintain Status e) Environment
Maintain Status f) Homeland security
Maintain Status g) International aid
Maintain Status h) Law enforcement
Maintain Status i) Medical research
Maintain Status j) National parks
Maintain Status k) Public health services
Maintain Status l) Scientific research
Maintain Status m) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increase n) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Status o) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Maintain Status a) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increase b) Intelligence operations
Maintain Status c) Military hardware
Maintain Status d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Status e) National missile defense
Greatly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increase g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Status h) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increase i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.TaxesIncome Taxes:Family IncomeRetiree IncomeOther Taxes:Deductions/Credits:

a) Less than $25,000
b) $25,000-$75,000
c) $75,000-$150,000
d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decrease b) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Status c) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decrease d) Corporate taxes
Maintain Status e) Gasoline taxes
Eliminate f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Increase a) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increase b) Child tax credit
Maintain Status c) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increase d) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Status e) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increase f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes 4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes 5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes 6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
Yes 7) Other or expanded principles
Would like to lessen the tax Burden on the people that pay taxes

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Undecided h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
No i) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
No j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
Yes k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

X a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
X c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
X g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
X i) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
X j) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

X a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
X e) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
X b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
X c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
X d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
X l) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
X m) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
X b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
X d) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
X h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
X b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
X c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
X d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
X e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
X f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
X g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
X i) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
X j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
X c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
X e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
X j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
X c) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
X e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
X f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
X i) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
X l) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
X n) Other or expanded principles
For Reimportation of Drugs

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
X b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

X a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yes b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
No c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
e) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
No b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
No c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Undecided d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Undecided e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
a) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Yes b) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes 4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
Yes 5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes 6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes 7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
We need to stay the course & continue to help the Iraqi interim government set-up a full-fledged democracy in Iraq. As this takes shape, the Iraqi economy will pick-up & and they will have the resources to fund their reconstruction

International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Yes 1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes 2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes 3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes 4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No 5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes 6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yes b) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
No c) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes d) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
e) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
X b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
X g) Other of expanded principles
Want to preserve & protect soc. sec.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
X d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
X e) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
X h) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

X a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Increase funding for child care programs.
X c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
X d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
X f) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
My priorities include, first, doing everything possible to defend the nation against terrorist attacks. We also need to make permanent the recent changes reducing the tax burden. These changes will expire in a few years if no action is taken and taxes will increase. Another priority is to improve transportation infrastructure. No additional funding is required because gasoline taxes paid into the trust fund intended for transportation needs have been used instead for general spending.

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