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Jim Costa's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office:

On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House (CA) - District 21

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Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2022.

  • Voted in favor of HR 3755 "Women's Health Protection Act of 2021. (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "Women have the right to make their own decisions about their reproductive health. Barriers to abortion care force women to delay care, resulting in unintended pregnancies and unplanned births, which often times force families deeper into poverty. For these aforementioned reasons, along with the fact that abortion care is health care, we oppose this rule and urge you to withdraw it immediately before it has the opportunity to cause harm to Americans across the country." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America. (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 4% by National Taxpayers Union. (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • "Today's vote reflects a missed opportunity to use bipartisan comprehensive tax reform to return our nation to a fiscally-responsible path while making our tax system fairer and simpler. Instead, the House passed a partisan tax bill which will increase our national debt by $2.2 trillion and which pays for permanent corporate tax cuts by increasing taxes on America's middle class and families in 2025. The legislation the House passed today is fiscally-reckless and a sad excuse for reform, and it will harm people across our country and the San Joaquin Valley." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (votesmart.org)
  • "Also very important here is our need to protect Americans' Social Security. Social Security is a promise made to those who have worked to contribute to the system, and provides dignity and additional security for hardworking Americans during their golden years. As a result, Congress must do what it can to reduce strains on the program, particularly from fraud and theft." (votesmart.org)
  • "Let me be clear: We must protect Social Security, Medicare, and other safety net programs that provide security for Americans and our nation's future. To do so, we must take serious action to balance our budget, & this action must include plans to protect these vital programs." (twitter.com)
  • Signed a letter stating: "We write to express our concerns regarding the proposed changes to the payment and bidding model for Medicare Advantage Employer Group Waiver Plans (EGWP) included in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) 2017 Advance Notice. The proposed changes could result in payment cuts of 3-4% to Medicare Advantage (MA) Retiree Coverage, negatively impacting the 3.3 million seniors who depend on this coverage for high quality affordable health care. We urge you to remove the proposed 3-4% payment cut to MA Retiree Coverage in the 2017 Final Notice scheduled to be released on April 4th." (votesmart.org)
  • ""This historic reform effort will clean up decades of dysfunction in politics and returns power back to the people," said Costa. "H.R.1 makes our democracy stronger by making it easier to vote, restoring the voice of the American people. It's a serious attempt to limit the influence that money has in our election process. I believe that we need to increase the faith and credibility that the American public should have in our election process. This legislation, if it becomes law, would help do that."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • "It's time to change many of the influences that can corrupt the lawmaking process in Washington. We have a government -- as President Lincoln described -- of the people, by the people, and for the people. H.R.1 restores the voice of the American people by making it easier to vote and makes our democracy stronger by making our institutions more inclusive, ethical, transparent and accountable." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 87% by Common Cause. (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • Voted in Favor of H.R. 1 - For the People Act of 2021. (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1280 "George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • ""Decades of oppressive policies and systemic racial bias have hindered black and minority communities from being treated as equal members of society," said Costa. "We must improve the culture of policing. This bill provides meaningful and significant changes to heal the racial divide in this country. Today we are on the right side of history."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • "Now is the time to be bold in the face of racial injustice and create meaningful change in our nation," said Costa. "But we must get it right. We need to work together -- the House, Senate and the President -- if we're to have comprehensive reform. This bill works to improve transparency and create a change that safeguards every American's right to safety and justice." (costa.house.gov)
  • Voted in favor of S 1605 "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022." (votesmart.org)
  • "Permanently ends the threat of devastating cuts: Prevents funding cuts to defense spending and non-defense spending and replaces years of reckless budgeting." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between defense spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (votesmart.org)
  • ""This bill invests in our ongoing commitments to our military, and in the livelihoods of those who serve and defend our freedoms, from increasing pay to making historic efforts to promote diversity in the ranks." said Rep. Costa?"This bill also appropriately honors SGU veterans who fought alongside American soldiers in the Vietnam War."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 3684 "Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "The High Speed Rail project is already well underway on its first segment through the Central Valley. More than 2,600 workers and 488 small businesses are hard at work at 20 construction sites. The federal government has only funded $2.5 of the $6 billion spent to date, and has only committed to provide another $929 million after the state spends $X billion more of its own resources. This is a much smaller federal share than the 80 percent typically provided for new highway construction. Completion of this work would meet the fundamental purpose for which federal funds were granted." (votesmart.org)
  • ""This is a big deal. These historical investments mark a new beginning for our nation. We now have the tools to rebuild our nation's crumbling infrastructure, create good-paying jobs, and enhance our global competitiveness," Costa said."This transformative bill secures millions for Central Valley water systems, roads, ports, broadband, public transit, and high-speed rail -- critical investments that will improve our quality of life and safeguard our economy. I am proud that Congress came together to advance the President's agenda to build back better for the American people. We can do great things when we work together."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 5376 "Build Back Better Act." (votesmart.org)
  • "Today's vote reflects a missed opportunity to use bipartisan comprehensive tax reform to return our nation to a fiscally-responsible path while making our tax system fairer and simpler. Instead, the House passed a partisan tax bill which will increase our national debt by $2.2 trillion and which pays for permanent corporate tax cuts by increasing taxes on America's middle class and families in 2025. The legislation the House passed today is fiscally-reckless and a sad excuse for reform, and it will harm people across our country and the San Joaquin Valley." (votesmart.org)
  • "Instead, the House passed a partisan tax bill which will increase our national debt by $2.2 trillion and which pays for permanent corporate tax cuts by increasing taxes on America's middle class and families in 2025. The legislation the House passed today is fiscally-reckless and a sad excuse for reform, and it will harm people across our country and the San Joaquin Valley." (costa.house.gov)
  • Rated 4% by National Taxpayers Union. (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (votesmart.org)
  • "Small business owners need flexibility. I'm pleased the Senate passed the @ProbSolveCaucus -endorsed #PPP Flexibility Act." (twitter.com)
  • "Small businesses are the backbone of our economy. I'm proud to vote for the bipartisan CARES Act and its support for small businesses across the country." (www.facebook.com)
  • ""Though the arrival of vaccines has improved, more needs to be done to give us hope for the future, as Americans are still hurting," said Costa. "We need to get money into the pockets of desperate small business owners and families, create a robust plan to open schools and fund local governments struggling to provide critical service to residents. This bill will do just that and I'm proud to support it."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 266 "Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act" (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by the National Education Association. (votesmart.org)
  • "Last year, extreme weather & climate-related disasters cost Americans nearly $100 BILLION. The #BipartisanInfrastructureLaw makes our electric grid more resilient & reliable by investing more than $65 billion to harden the grid & build power lines that deliver renewable energy." (twitter.com)
  • Voted in favor of HR 4447 "Expanding Access to Sustainable Energy Act of 2019." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "EERE plays a key role in advancing America's "all of the above" energy strategy, leading a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative technologies that will help make renewable electricity generation more cost-competitive with traditional sources of energy and create jobs right here in the United States." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by League of Conservation Voters. (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 2467 "PFAS Action Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • "Finally, this legislation will significantly benefit our environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Natural gas has been instrumental in helping California achieve AB 32 greenhouse gas emission standards and increasing the global use of natural gas in lieu of more carbon intensive fuel sources will be instrumental to our efforts as we combat global climate change." (costa.house.gov)
  • "Secured $30 million for zero emission power plants to clean our air." (www.jimcosta.com)
  • ""The devastating effects of climate change are getting worse every year, but we can work to mitigate the damage by investing in new and innovative ways to fight it," said Rep. Costa. "This bill will work to develop 21st century solutions to reduce our carbon footprint and develop clean energy technology to protect our environment. We must do what we can to ensure we live in and leave behind a safer and more sustainable world for the next generation."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. (votesmart.org)
  • "90% of the American people agree that it’s time for the Senate to pass the bipartisan #HR8 and expand background checks. We asked @SenateMajLdr McConnell to hold a vote to end gun violence and he hasn’t even responded. #DoSomething" (twitter.com)
  • "Earlier this year, I voted in the House to pass common-sense gun legislation that would help protect lives and it's been sitting on Mitch McConnel's desk for months. But more needs to be done. When will the Senate and the President do their jobs and work to protect the American people?" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1446 "Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • "As I have said time and time again, the Affordable Care Act needs work, but the only way to fix the ACA is through real and workable bipartisan solutions. This means we must listen to experts in the field to identify the health care problems Americans face in their daily lives, the causes of these problems, and possible answers, and then we must work together -- Democrats and Republicans -- to construct a well-founded and serious policy solution." (votesmart.org)
  • ""With the COVID-19 pandemic threatening the lives of Americans across the country, we need to act to improve healthcare access and enhance coverage," said Costa. "The ACA has benefited thousands of people in my district, reducing the number of uninsured from 25% down to 10%. This legislation makes key changes to build on these successes and undo the Administration's repeated attacks on Americans' ability to receive quality healthcare."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • "Not enough has been done to the protect the frontline workers laboring every day to maintain our food supply. The COVID 19 pandemic has disproportionately affected the laborers in our farming communities and I'm pleased to see Governor Newsom expand protections for these men and women at a time when they are needed most to help feed American families." (www.facebook.com)
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (votesmart.org)
  • "The President delivered a budget today that’s dead on arrival. This is an atrocious budget that ignores the safety net for Medicare recipients and hungry families. It hurts students and farmers while demanding money for a wall we were told many times Mexico was going to pay for." (twitter.com)
  • "Our immigration system is broken, and everybody knows that. Why don't we try sitting down and working together on real, bipartisan reform? This is a partisan proposal that holds DREAMers and vulnerable children hostage, and does nothing for California farm workers. What's worse, it builds a $25 billion wall that by itself does not provide comprehensive solutions for our border security, which we all believe in. I urge my colleagues to do the right thing: Vote NO. Let's get back to working on bipartisan reform, reform that provides us with the border security we need, fixes our immigration system, and respects the dignity and humanity of aspiring Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • "This is a partisan proposal that holds Dreamers and vulnerable children hostage and does nothing for California farmworkers. What is worse, it builds a $25 billion wall that, by itself, does not provide comprehensive solutions for our border security, which we all believe in. By the way, didn't the President promise that Mexico would pay for this wall? Mr. Speaker, I urge my colleagues to do the right thing. Vote ``no.'' Let's get back to working on bipartisan reform, reform that provides us with the border security we need and fixes our immigration system and respects the dignity and the humanity of aspiring Americans" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 6 "American Dream and Promise Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • ""For too many years, Dreamers, TPS and DED holders have lived in fear of being ripped away from their families, said Costa. "This bill works to end the uncertainty surrounding their fate and provides them a path to become U.S. citizenship. Dreamers were brought to this country as infants and children through no choice of their own. For them, America is the only home they've ever known."" (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • "That's why I support policies that would modernize our broken immigration system for the 21st Century by securing our borders, uniting families, and providing an earned pathway to citizenship." (costa.house.gov)
  • "Yesterday I signed a discharge petition to bring to the House floor the bipartisan, bicameral Dream Act, which will permanently protect these DREAMers by offering them a path to earned citizenship, not amnesty. I will continue to do everything in my power to bring the Dream Act to the House floor for a vote and to work then, after that, for comprehensive immigration reform, which is what we really need to do so that we don't keep up ending back here like a continued broken record." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 550 "No War Against Iran Act." (votesmart.org)
  • "I have long called for tough sanctions on Iran, and this legislation strengthens our ability to use sanctions to prevent Iran from further developing its ballistic missile program. In passing this bipartisan bill today, the House of Representatives came together to protect both American citizens and people all over the world," said Congressman Jim Costa (CA-16), who cosponsored the bill. "This being said, America's national security requires that the U.S. remain credible, which means we must keep our agreements, be a reliable international partner, and enforce our sanctions. Only with this credibility will we be able to work with our allies to make the world safer through a comprehensive strategy of diplomacy, sanctions, and deterrence." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "Absent credible and accurate information confirming a material breach, we are concerned that withholding certification of Iran's compliance or walking away from the JCPOA would harm our alliances, embolden Iran, and threaten U.S. national security. We are further concerned that non-certification based on justificiations beyond the scope of the nuclear agreement would threaten global non-proliferation efforts and send exactly the wrong message to North Korea at the moment we are trying to diplomatically defuse that crisis." (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to work with our allies on a long term strategy to ease tensions and prevent further hostilities in Iran. I am co-sponsoring a resolution to reassert Congress--role in determining when or if we take retaliatory action. Cooler heads and common sense must prevail." (twitter.com)
  • "Today we passed a resolution to address US involvement in #Yemen, sending a strong message that America will not back those who perpetuate atrocities. Proud to cosponsor this resolution & to stand w/ my colleagues in reasserting Congress’s role in #ForeignAffairs." (twitter.com)
  • "The President's decision to withdraw from Northern Syria and abandon our Kurdish allies is disgraceful and deeply harmful to our national security. Not only does this open the door to ISIS regrouping and resuming its horrendous acts of violence, but it also sends the message that the United States will not stand by those who fight at our side. By leaving our Kurdish allies at the mercy of President Erdogan of Turkey, a leader with a clear track record of human rights abuses, we are betraying the ideals of our nation and the core principles that have long underpinned our national security strategy. There is simply no justification for this abrupt and startling abandonment of our responsibilities and principles. The American people will be less safe because of it." (votesmart.org)
  • "These tools include counter-proliferation programs to keep weapons out of the hands of our enemies and intelligence and cyber security efforts to deter threats as soon as we learn about them. Al Qaeda and our enemies are constantly adapting, and I am committed to supporting our military and defense community in evolving to meet new threats." (costa.house.gov)
  • Voted in favor of H J Res 37 “Directing the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress” (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430 "United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act." (votesmart.org)
  • "As Chairman of the Subcommittee on Livestock and Foreign Agriculture and a Representative from California where we export nearly half of our agricultural production, I welcome the announcement of tariff reductions for US agricultural exports to Japan. For too long, we've watched the other eleven TPP nations make deals that left us on the outside looking in, but this agreement will be a step toward regaining some of what we've lost." (votesmart.org)
  • "Rather than waste more time and resources on temporary band-aids, USDA should focus on implementing the safety net Congress established in the farm bill. I urge the White House to rescind the tariffs and sit down in a constructive manner with the Chinese to address issues that will actually improve the market for our farmers. This just shows, as I've long said, nobody wins a trade war--everyone has leverage." (votesmart.org)
  • "We're all concerned about addressing imbalanced and unfair trade practices, which has to be our end-game. But we are losing this end-game. These tariffs are hurting the San Joaquin Valley and people across the nation, and it is only getting worse. We must stop this trade war before it reaches a point where it will have long-term damaging effects. Ultimately, we must work together for a resolution between the United States, Canada, Mexico, and our European and Pacific Rim allies for how to most effectively deal with China and other countries to ensure fair and balanced trade." (votesmart.org)
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
X b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
X d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
X e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
X f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
I am pro-choice and support parental consent for minors.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.1) Budget Priorities2) Defense Spending3) TaxesIndicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.Family Income TaxesOther TaxesDeductions/Credits

Slightly Increase a) Agriculture
Maintain Status b) Arts
Slightly Increase c) Defense
Slightly Increase d) Education
Maintain Status e) Environment
Maintain Status f) FEMA
Greatly Increase g) Homeland security
Maintain Status h) International aid
Greatly Increase i) Law enforcement (Federal)
Maintain Status j) Law enforcement (State)
Slightly Increase k) Medical research
Slightly Increase l) National parks
Slightly Increase m) Public health services
Slightly Increase n) Scientific research
Maintain Status o) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increase p) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Status q) United Nations
Maintain Status r) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increase b) Intelligence operations
Maintain Status c) Military hardware
Slightly Increase d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Status e) National missile defense
Slightly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increase g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increase h) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increase i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Greatly Decrease a) Less than $12,000
Greatly Decrease b) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decrease c) $40,001-$100,000
Maintain Status d) $100,001-$180,000
Maintain Status e) $180,001-$350,000
Maintain Status f) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decrease b) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increase c) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Status d) Corporate taxes
Maintain Status e) Gasoline taxes
Eliminate f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Increase a) Charitable contribution deduction
Greatly Increase b) Child tax credit
Slightly Increase c) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increase d) Medical expense deduction
Slightly Increase e) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increase f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes 4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
I support PAY-GO measures and efforts with the Concord Coalition to control the federal budget and promote responsible fiscal policies.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
X e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
X f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
X h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
X i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
X j) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
I support early voting through absentee ballots, Saturday and Sunday voting, and early balloting at County Elections Offices and other locations.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

X a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
X c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X g) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
X h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

X a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
X e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
X f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
X g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
X k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
I support the federal government funding pre-K programs. However, due to the current fiscal climate, this is not the appropriate time for billions of dollars in new spending. The Bush administration made No Child Left Behind (NCLB) a huge unfunded mandate on states. Without a funding commitment, NCLB's program requirements are little more than a wish list. Furthermore, I support the federal government fulfilling it's original commitment to fund special education that was mandated 24 years ago at 45%.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
X c) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
X e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
X g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
X c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
X d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
X g) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
X h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
X i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
X j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
X l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
I support providing positive financial incentives to encourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act. Also, while I support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel, I do not support it through the use of corn.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.

a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
Slightly Increase c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Maintain Status d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
I support current California laws on concealed weapons.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.

a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
X b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
X c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
X d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
X e) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
X f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
X b) Establish English as the official national language.
X c) Support a temporary worker program.
d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
X g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.International PolicyIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

X a) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yes b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yes c) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yes d) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
No e) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
Yes h) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yes i) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yes j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Yes k) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
No l) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
No m) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yes n) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yes o) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Yes p) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yes q) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Yes r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
b) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yes c) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yes d) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
I believe that the President should agree to Iraq's request to schedule the withdrawal of the U.S. troops. Now that Iraq is earning billions of dollars in oil revenues, they should pay for infrastructure projects such as water and sewer systems, schools, and roads, rather than pass these costs on to the U.S. taxpayers.
I support the United States formally recognizing the Armenian Genocide.
I support measures to fight outsourcing of United States jobs.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yes b) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yes d) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yes e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Yes f) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
No g) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
h) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
The National Guard is a vital part of our security force but as indicated in my answers on defense spending, we must do more to increase pay for active duty personnel and to improve troop retention rates so that we don't place unfair and unreasonable burdens on National Guard members and their families. Moreover, when our National Guard is depleted it must be re-supplied with current weaponry and supplies.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
No b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yes c) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
d) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
e) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
f) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yes g) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
I support comprehensive reform of the Social Security system.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

X a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
X c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

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