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Kevin Brady's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

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Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Kevin Brady has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • "This is a human rights issue. Whether you are pro-choice or strongly pro-life, as I am, most Americans agree that when a baby can feel pain or can live outside the mother's womb than the baby deserves the chance to live their life." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 3134 - Defund Planned Parenthood Act of 2015. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 4712 - Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act. (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (
  • "But, the statement said, House Republicans are imposing 'a double standard by adding to the deficit to continue and create tax breaks that primarily benefit higher-income individuals, after insisting on offsetting the cost of measures that help middle-class and working Americans, such as the extension of emergency unemployment benefits.' " (
  • "Thus, the growth gap in real after-tax income equates to nearly $3,000 per person. It is $2,915. So what that means for a family of four in America is that they are missing $11,000 a year from their family budget. Ironically, for a President that obsesses about income inequality and promotes 'middle class economics,' the White House has presided over a disappointing recovery that has bestowed most of its benefits to the wealthy and the well-connected." (
  • "UPDATE: 'Medicare for all' Frightening. Congress can’t even keep its doors open, now Democrats want to put Washington in absolute control of your personal health care?" (
  • "If you like your health insurance, "Medicare for All" would take it away and leave you no alternatives other than government care.l" (
  • "In order to protect Social Security for future generations, we must pursue an aggressive reform agenda. I strongly oppose legislation, however, that would cut benefits to those already retired or those nearing retirement. In order for the grandchildren of those now retired to not be saddled with a huge tax burden or have their benefits drastically cut, we need to pass responsible reform." (
  • Rated 4% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • "I'm proud to be an original co-sponsor of the JUSTICE Act -- meaningful legislation introduced in the House by my colleague and former police officer of 20 years, Congressman Pete Stauber. With critical reforms such as requiring reporting when use of force and no knock warrants are used, sharing disciplinary records for officer hiring consideration, and developing training on de-escalation tactics, this bill ensures our police officers are better prepared to protect and care for the communities they serve." (
  • "The JUSTICE Act will allow for more training, accountability, and transparency in law enforcement – and it will help to rebuild trust between police officers and the communities that they serve." (
  • Rated 100% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "In Congress my most important constitutional duty is the defense of our country and the Americans who live within it. The world is a dangerous place these days. This is no time to allow our military or intelligence to be hollowed out." (
  • "The world is in chaos, with terrorism knocking on America's door, and President Obama rejects Congress's bipartisan call to fully fund our troops and national defense? This is dangerous and reckless." (
  • "Investing in port and waterway infrastructure is critical to Texas jobs and America's global competitiveness." (
  • "Extending this transportation infrastructure will facilitate travel between key military bases and ports and increase rural communities' access to interstate highways, all while respecting state and local autonomy." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act." (
  • "Small biz optimism continues to grow this year. Looking ahead, they voice concerns about Democratic push to raise taxes, enact #Medicare4All & rising health care costs." (
  • "We don't believe that keeping the tax code as it is should require you to raise taxes on other Americans or other businesses." (
  • "This bill replenishes crucial help for Main Street businesses and local health care providers while devoting more resources to producing more tests and distributing them more quickly. Those are our immediate, urgent priorities. It's now time to work with President Trump on a plan forward: one that crushes the virus and creates a path toward prosperity for our workers and local businesses." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 266 - Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act. (
  • Rated 0% by the National Education Association. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5 - Student Success Act. (
  • "#EducationReform supprt proliferation charter schls, schl choice, vouchrs, perfrmance comp & solid core curriculum max stdent learning #SOTU" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1119 - SENSE Act. (
  • "More American-made Energy -- Not More Games, Solyndras or taxpayer subsidized cars" (
  • Rated 100% by American Energy Alliance. (
  • Rated 0% by Environment America. (
  • "This decision frees America to continue to reduce emissions and seek cleaner air on America's timetable using American technology and innovation without sacrificing affordable energy and middle class jobs." (
  • Rated 92% by National Rifle Association. (
  • "I won't stand by and let this President intimidate local banks into cutting off local businesses who are merely exercising their Second Amendment rights to lawfully sell firearms to law-abiding citizens. I'll continue to fight to protect your freedoms granted under the Constitution." (
  • "I've always believed there was a better solution than ObamaCare. Our GOP goal to dismantle, delay and defund the ACA until Americans can be free of this law will be dramatically accelerated if the court rules correctly and Republicans quickly step in with a free market alternative." (
  • "This Supreme Court ought to get an Olympic gold medal for the torturous legal gymnastics it displays shoring up the unconstitutional and unworkable Affordable Care Act. Apparently words in law simply don't matter." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "We are making good on President Trump's promise to provide financial assistance for working Americans who are ``ill, quarantined, or caring for others due to coronavirus,'' and it does so using our Tax Code rather than by creating a new entitlement." (
  • Rated 100% by the Federation for Immigration Reform. (
  • "I’m voting to build the Wall, end catch & release, limit chain migration and end visa lottery. DACA folks can stay 1) when Wall is built, 2) if they earn it – work, school or military service. No special path to citizenship." (
  • "[...] this bill takes a huge step forward in securing our southern borders once and for all by prioritizing construction of a border wall with Mexico." (
  • Rated 100% by the Federation for Immigration Reform. (
  • "I’m voting to build the Wall, end catch & release, limit chain migration and end visa lottery. DACA folks can stay 1) when Wall is built, 2) if they earn it – work, school or military service. No special path to citizenship." (
  • "Reject Amnesty. I have always been, and remain, adamantly opposed to any legislation that grants amnesty to illegal aliens." (
  • Rated 100% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "I support President Trump's swift action to impose sanctions and hold Iran accountable. As Iran continues to challenge us, and our ally Israel, with their missile program, America must respond with a loud and clear message that there will be consequences. New sanctions are a start in putting much-needed pressure on Iran." (
  • "Today, the House overwhelmingly passed bipartisan legislation placing tough sanctions on Russia, Iran, and North Korea. In doing so, Congress sent a strong message that their dangerous behavior will not be tolerated." (
  • Rated 100% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "We cannot place our nation, our families and our communities at risk of further terrorist attacks. We have seen the consequences of leaving regions like Syria and Iraq early. I can think of nothing worse than to add to the uncertainty and increase the power of the growing threats throughout the region." (
  • "We're here because we're committed to improving and modernizing NAFTA, and after this weekend's discussion it's clear there is a strong commitment on all sides to finalizing a new modern NAFTA that truly breaks down barriers between our countries in modernizing this in a very positive way." (
  • Rated 0% by Public Citizen. (
  • "The new free trade agreements with South Korea, Panama and Colombia will mean business for our south texas ports and customers for Texans." (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate all principles you support concerning abortion.

a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal in all circumstances as long as the procedure is completed within the first trimester of pregnancy.
X c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
f) Abortions should always be illegal.
g) Other

Indicate your position concerning affirmative action programs.

a) The federal government should consider preferences to minority-owned businesses in granting government contracts.
b) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
c) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
d) The federal government should provide affirmative actions programs as long as such programs do not include quotas.
X e) The federal government should not provide any affirmative action programs.
f) Other
Yes Do you support amending the US Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?

1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only.2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas?

Maintain Status a) AIDS Programs
Eliminate b) Arts funding
Maintain Status c) Education (K-12)
Slightly Decrease d) Environmental programs
Greatly Decrease e) Housing projects
Slightly Decrease f) Job training programs
Maintain Status g) Law enforcement
Maintain Status h) Medicaid
Maintain Status i) Medicare
Maintain Status j) NASA
Maintain Status k) Student loan programs
Slightly Decrease l) Welfare (AFDC)
Eliminate m) Other
n) Other
o) Other
Yes a) Agriculture
Yes b) Education
Yes c) Farm subsidies
Yes d) Food stamps
Yes e) Law enforcement
Yes f) Medicaid
Yes g) Medicare
Yes h) School lunches
Yes i) Welfare
Yes j) Other
Transportation/Highway funds

Indicate which principles you support regarding campaign finance reform.

a) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
b) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns and provide public funding for complying candidates.
X c) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
X d) Pass legislation that would encourage full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
e) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
X f) Other
Limits on 'soft' money; voluntary spending limits on congressional campaigns w/strong incentives to comply.

Indicate which principles you support to address crime.

X a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
X c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
X d) Support the use of "boot camps" as alternative sentencing for adult first-time felons.
X e) Limit the number of appeals allowed to inmates on death row.
f) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
g) Expand funding for community policing programs.
h) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
X i) Prosecute youths accused of murder as adults.
j) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
k) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
X l) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
X m) Other
Return control of state prisons to states

Indicate what changes you support (if any) regarding funding for the following categories. Select one number only.

Maintain Status 1) CIA appropriations
Maintain Status 2) Defense plant conversion
Maintain Status 3) Military hardware
Maintain Status 4) Military space shuttle missions
Slightly Increase 5) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Status 6) Development of new weapons
Maintain Status 7) Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
Maintain Status 8) Armed Forces personnel training
9) Other

3) Indicate which principles you support concerning education.

Yes 1) Do you support amending the United States Constitution to allow voluntary prayer and/or moment of silence in public schools?
No 2) Do you support funding the National Service Program (Ameri-Corps) in which young people receive money from the federal government for college in return for performing community service?
a) Maintain the national standards and goals set forth in "Goals 2000".
b) Provide parents with vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
X c) Provide parents with vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
X d) Implement charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
X e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues.
f) Other

Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources.

X a) Transfer public lands, such as federal forests and range lands, to the jurisdiction of state and local governments.
X b) Require the federal government to reimburse citizens when environmental regulations limit use of privately owned lands.
c) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
X d) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
X e) Utilize cost-benefit analysis to determine economic impacts of proposed environmental protection and cleanup legislation.
f) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
g) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the amounts charged to mining companies using federal lands.
h) Encourage development of alternative fuels and electric cars to reduce pollution.
i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
j) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
k) Require that a percentage of purchases made by federal agencies include recycled components.
X l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution.
m) Other

Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.

Federal 1) Border security
Federal 2) Civil rights enforcement
Local 3) Education
Federal 4) Environmental cleanup
Local 5) Job training
Local 6) Law enforcement
State 7) Low-income housing
State 8) Medicaid
State 9) Medicare
State 10) Welfare (AFDC)
11) Other

8) Indicate your position concerning economic aid to Russia and the former Soviet republics.9) Indicate which principles you support regarding US economic aid to foreign countries.10) Indicate which principles you support regarding the United States - United Nations relationship.

No 1) Should the US have diplomatic relations with the government of Cuba?
Undecided 2) Should the US have diplomatic relations with the government of Vietnam?
Yes 3) Should the US recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Yes 4) Should the US continue funding for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty?
Yes 5) Should the US continue funding for Radio Marti and TV Marti?
Yes 6) Should the US continue funding for Radio Free Asia?
No 7) Do you support the deployment of US troops to the former Yugoslavia?
a) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be increased to facilitate democracy and market reforms.
X b) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be continued unless Russia exports nuclear weapons or related technology.
c) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be decreased and/or eliminated.
d) Other
a) Foreign aid should only be given when extraordinary circumstances and disaster threaten the lives of civilian populations.
X b) Foreign aid should be given to countries only when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Foreign aid should be eliminated from any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Foreign aid should be maintained at current levels.
e) Other
a) The US should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
X b) The US should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital US interests are directly threatened.
c) The US should use military force only when the US border or territories are attacked or American citizens are in danger.
d) The US should pay the money it owes to the United Nations.
e) The US should withdraw from the UN completely.
X f) Other
US should not place forces under non-US command

Indicate which principles you support concerning gun issues.

a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms.
d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms.
X e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms.
f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered.
X g) Other
Replace Brady Bill with instant background check

Indicate which principles you support regarding America's health care system.

a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
b) Provide vouchers to the working poor so they can buy into a private health care plan.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
X d) Support a "managed competition" health care plan to contain costs and improve access that does not include mandated health alliances, government cost control powers, or employer/employee mandates.
X e) Provide tax incentives for small businesses to help provide health care to their employees.
X f) Allow middle and low income families to deduct yearly health care costs from their taxable income.
X g) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
X h) Encourage tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
j) Other

Indicate which principles you support concerning illegal drugs.

X a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X c) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
X d) Require drug testing for federal employees in sensitive positions (Air Traffic Control, National Park Police, Secret Service, etc.).
X e) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
f) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
g) Decriminalize the possession and private use of marijuana.
X h) Other
Focus on Federal crimes and punishment; retain state control of state crimes.

Indicate which principles you support regarding issues relating to immigration.

a) Further limit the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens.
d) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States.
X e) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
f) Restrict the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. AFDC, HUD housing, food stamps, etc.).
X g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship.
X h) Other
Increase penalties for smuggling illegal immigrants; modify legal immigration standards to give preference to skilled workers.
Yes Should the President be allowed to veto certain items of legislation while signing spending or tax bills into law?
Congress must set high standards for itself and keep to those standards. As elected representatives we must be an example to both our nation and the world. I will work to establish campaign finance reform, like my proposal in Texas' House of Representatives, to eliminate undo influence from special interests.

Indicate which principles you support regarding the poor and homeless.

X a) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
c) Increase funding of programs that help alcoholics and drug addicts recover and find steady work.
d) Increase the minimum wage.
X e) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
f) Provide government jobs for those who wish to work and cannot find a job in the private sector.
X g) Increase the income tax deduction on individual contributions made to charities that help the poor and homeless.
h) Implement enterprise zones in communities with high unemployment.
i) Other

1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only.Income TaxesOther Tax Issues

a) Retiree income over $40,000
b) Family income less than $25,000
c) Family income $25-75,000
d) Family income $75-150,000
e) Family income over $150,000
f) Alcohol taxes
g) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increase h) Charitable deductions
i) Cigarette taxes
j) Corporate income taxes
Maintain Status k) Earned income tax credit
Eliminate l) Estate taxes
m) Medical expense deductions
Maintain Status n) Mortgage deductions
o) Other
Yes 2) Do you support replacing the US income tax structure with a flat income tax?
Yes 3) Do you support replacing the US income tax structure with a broad-based consumption tax?

2) If you support term limits, how many years should each serve?

Yes 1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?

Indicate which principles you support concerning terrorism.

X a) Relax current guidelines that forbid the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from investigating terrorist groups when there is a "reasonable indication" of terrorist activities.
b) Relax wiretapping restrictions to give the FBI broader authority to investigate terrorist suspects.
c) Require that chemical tracing agents be added to commercially-sold products that can be used to produce explosives.
d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals.
X e) Grant broader authority to the US Immigration and Naturalization Service to deny entrance visas to terrorist suspects.
f) Maintain limits on the authority of federal agencies investigating suspected terrorists.
g) Restrict the investigative authority of the FBI and other governmental agencies.
h) Other
Yes 1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Undecided 2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries?
Yes 3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
No 4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes 5) Do you support lifting the trade embargo imposed against Cuba?
Yes 6) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
No 7) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?

Indicate which principles you support regarding unemployment.

X a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
b) Increase funding for national job-training programs.
c) Increase funding for public works projects such as the repair of roads and bridges.
X d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
e) Establish enterprise zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
X f) Overhaul the current unemployment system by focusing on training and education in skills needed in certain industries.
g) Eliminate any governmental programs designed to reduce unemployment.
h) Other

Indicate which principles you support regarding the US welfare system.

X a) Strengthen child support collection procedures and increase penalties for parents who do not pay child support.
X b) Impose a two-year limit on welfare benefits for recipients who are able to work.
c) Require welfare recipients to accept some form of government-sponsored job after two years if unemployed in the private sector.
X d) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
X e) Limit the benefits given to single women if they have additional children while receiving welfare benefits.
X f) Provide child care services to welfare recipients who work or attend school.
g) Provide rent or housing supplement vouchers for low-income families.
h) Make no substantial changes at this time.
i) Increase funding of programs that prevent teen pregnancy and family break-up.
X j) Support programs that give incentives for employers to hire and train welfare recipients.
k) Other
2) Should your priorities require additional government funding, please explain how you intend to obtain the additional funding.
First - Balancing the federal budget, without tricks, is just a start. I propose to Sunset all federal agencies, requiring them to justify their existence to the taxpayers, and eliminate those not absolutely necessary. Second - I will work to cut the red-tape which is strangling small businesses and killing jobs. The economic impact of existing and proposed federal regulations must be weighed and those which do not enhance American competitiveness should be removed.

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