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Emanuel Cleaver II's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office:

On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House (MO) - District 5

Key


Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Emanuel Cleaver II did not provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2022 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2022.

  • Voted in favor of HR 3755 "Women's Health Protection Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • "Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? "Pro-Choice"." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by NARAl Pro-choice America. (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter saying "We write to express our incredible frustration as the Trump Administration, Congressional Republicans and anti-abortion state politicians continue to use this unprecedented public health crisis to restrict comprehensive reproductive health services. As proud members of the first pro-choice majority in the House of Representatives, we unequivocally oppose efforts to roll back access to reproductive health services, including abortion, and underscore the role that these essential services continue to play in this global pandemic." (votesmart.org)
  • "It would be unconscionable to take away Medicare and Social Security benefits from seniors - like my father - who contributed to these programs all their lives. Seniors have earned it with a lifetime of hard work, and it should be there now and for future generations. I vow to continue to fight to preserve these programs for the next generation." (cleaver.house.gov)
  • "For these reasons, we urge Congress to prioritize the consideration and passage of legislation consistent with the following principles:The promise of a secure retirement must be upheld by preserving benefits that workers have paid into and earned, including Social Security, Medicare, and workplace pension guarantees." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (votesmart.org)
  • "Do you support expanding federal funding to support entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare? "Yes"." (votesmart.org)
  • "Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions? "Yes"." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "For the People Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • "10 years ago #CitizensUnited opened the floodgates for billionaires and giant corporations to influence our elections through dark money donations. It's time for Congress to start working #ForThePeople by passing #HR1 and getting big money out of politics!" (twitter.com)
  • "The influx of dark money following #CitizensUnited enabled the voices of corporations & wealthy donors to drown out the opinions of the majority of Americans. That’s why @HouseDemocrats passed #HR1, so that we could close the floodgates of corporate spending in our elections." (twitter.com)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1280 "George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • "Last night, United States Representative Emanuel Cleaver, II (D-MO) voted in favor of H.R. 1280, the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act. The transformative legislation would reimagine the culture of policing in the United States with significant reforms to curb police brutality, end racial profiling, eliminate qualified immunity for law enforcement and build greater trust between law enforcement and communities across the country." (justfacts.votesmart.org)
  • "Where the changes in policy need to start: -End qualified immunity -End the militarization of local police departments -Reinstate Patterns and Practices reviews at DOJ" (twitter.com)
  • Rated 0% by Center for Security Policy. (votesmart.org)
  • "Do you support increasing defense spending? "Yes"." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S 1605 "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022." (votesmart.org)
  • "I remain committed to working together with my colleagues across the aisle to extend unemployment insurance benefits, payroll tax cuts, and infrastructure investments to help the middle class in the Fifth District and across the country." (cleaver.house.gov)
  • "Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? "Yes"." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 3684 "Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 266 "Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act" (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support providing financial relief to businesses AND/OR corporations negatively impacted by the state of national emergency for COVID-19? "Yes" (votesmart.org)
  • "I'm proud to support the #CARES Act, which will provide direct relief to American workers and small businesses ravaged by the #Coronavirus pandemic and critical funding to combat this deadly virus while protecting our healthcare workers. #CARESActStatement" (twitter.com)
  • "#PPP was essentially designed to help small businesses, but many have not been able to access that money. Congress is working to get more money to help small businesses affected by #COVID19 through this crisis." (twitter.com)
  • "Proud to say I'm an original cosponsor of this legislation, which sets a nationwide goal of achieving a 100% clean energy economy by 2050. Combating #ClimateChange is this generation's moonshot, and we're going to get the job done!" (twitter.com)
  • "An American solar company is laying off workers because of tariffs implemented by the Trump administration. We should be encouraging growth in clean energy, not forcing those jobs overseas." (twitter.com)
  • "Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, geo-thermal)? "Yes." (votesmart.org)
  • "It's not ideology. It's just math." Whether we like it or not, the world is moving away from fossil fuels and towards renewable energy. So let's invest in workforce development that can help our workers transition with our economy." (twitter.com)
  • Voted in favor of HR 9-Climate Action Now Act (votesmart.org)
  • "Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? "Yes"." (votesmart.org)
  • "I was proud to be one of over 89 Members of the House to sign a letter to House leadership asking them to protect the Clean Air Act, and will continue to support efforts to protect our air quality" (cleaver.house.gov)
  • "We should be focused on better environmental protections, clean energy...not rolling back protections and making it easier to release GHGs into the atmosphere." (twitter.com)
  • Rated 0% by the National Rifle Association (votesmart.org)
  • Do you generally support gun-control legislation? "Yes" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1446 "Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 6 "American Dream and Promise Act of 2021." (votesmart.org)
  • Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? "No" (votesmart.org)
  • "ICE will reportedly be executing deportation raids in cities across America this weekend. President Trump's intimidation tactics and fear-mongering toward communities with immigrants is disgraceful and will only further divide an already divided nation." (twitter.com)
  • "Mr. Speaker, I hope that this administration will recognize that these tariffs are unstable to the community and then move to end this trade war today." (votesmart.org)
  • "As the President continues his reckless foray down the path of tariffs and trade disputes, it is important that the American people are aware of the concrete and potential damages these trade policies are doing to American consumers, farmers, and businesses," said Congressman Cleaver. "I will continue to sound the alarm on the harm this President is doing to large sectors of the American economy, while encouraging appropriate oversight and accountability." (votesmart.org)
  • Do you generally support removing barriers to international trade (for example: tariffs, quotas, etc.)? "Yes" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430-United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act (votesmart.org)
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Pro-choice Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
No In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Yes Do you support expanding federal funding to support entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare?
Yes Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
No Do you support the protection of government officials, including law enforcement officers, from personal liability in civil lawsuits concerning alleged misconduct?
Yes Do you support increasing defense spending?
Yes, in select areas that will address the new threats facing our country.
Yes Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
Yes Do you support lowering corporate taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
Yes Do you support providing financial relief to businesses AND/OR corporations negatively impacted by the state of national emergency for COVID-19?
Yes Do you support requiring states to adopt federal education standards?
Generally.
Yes Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, geo-thermal)?
Yes Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Regulations should be balanced with the concerns of job creation.
Yes Do you generally support gun-control legislation?
No Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
Yes Do you support requiring businesses to provide paid medical leave during public health crises, such as COVID-19?
No Do you support the construction of a wall along the Mexican border?
No Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
Yes Should the United States use military force to prevent governments hostile to the U.S. from possessing a weapon of mass destruction (for example: nuclear, biological, chemical)?
Yes Do you support reducing military intervention in Middle East conflicts?
The safety and security of Israel as the closest ally to the U.S. in the region must be considered when taking any action in the Middle East whether that involves economic and/or military actions.
Yes Do you generally support removing barriers to international trade (for example: tariffs, quotas, etc.)?
Yes, where appropriate we need to encourage trade with the U.S. which should include protections for workers and the environment.
The unprecedented challenges which COVID-19 presents to our country must remain a focus of Congress as we continue to recovery our health and economy. We must ensure that all Americans have the opportunity to access a job. Focusing on job creation through expansion of small businesses, investment in our infrastructure, and retraining for new jobs created is a priority. I remain committed to economic development and job creation through efforts of controlling spending, balancing budgets while protecting Social Security and Medicare. My record in Congress is one of civility to produce accomplishments benefitting the 5th District of Missouri.

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