Card image cap

Mark Warner's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Mark Warner has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • "Sen. Warner believes that women have the right to make their own health and reproductive decisions. He understands it is vital to increase women's access to health care, education and legal contraception, and opposes efforts to restrict or criminalize reproductive health decisions." (
  • "As the father of three daughters, I believe that a woman's health, not politicians in Washington, should drive important medical decisions." (
  • Rated 8% by National Tax Limitation Committee. (
  • "Nonpartisan analyses released yesterday confirm the final Trump-Republican tax bill will hike taxes on millions of middle-class Americans in order to pay for massive cuts for corporations and the wealthiest Americans. By 2027, under the Trump-Republican tax bill, families earning under $75,000 would pay more in taxes than they do today -- while the top 1 percent would enjoy the largest tax breaks, according to the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT)." (
  • Rated 83% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • "Sen. Warner believes Medicare and Social Security are among the most effective government programs ever created. He recognizes that we must follow through with our promises to our seniors, and work together to strengthen these programs for today's seniors and reform them so they will still exist for the next generation." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "The Supreme Court's 2010 decision in Citizens United v. FEC fundamentally changed our nation's campaign finance laws by allowing unlimited and unchecked corporate spending on campaign ads and various other political communications--a decision with which we fervently disagree. However, notwithstanding our disagreement with the Court's holding, the decision clearly recognized shareholder and public interest in the disclosure of political spending. In fact, Justice Kennedy wrote:" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "The lack of proper disclosure undermines the very campaign finance system envisioned by the Court. For seven long years, companies have had free rein to solidify their influence in politics and maximize their impact on elections. As the magnitude of the problem and the potential for abuse has skyrocketed, investor demand for this information has greatly intensified." (
  • "We need to move quickly to pass the #JusticeInPolicing Act, which would help address police brutality, hold police accountable, and create meaningful, structural change. Americans can’t afford to keep waiting, the Senate must act on this bill NOW." (
  • Rated 100% by Council for a Livable World. (
  • "It's been a tough fight, but I'm pleased we have emerged with a bill that includes many of the Virginia priorities that are vital to our nation's defense, especially full funding for our shipbuilding programs and ship repair accounts. These will help bring needed stability to the Hampton Roads workforce and industrial base," (
  • Rated 14% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "Sen. Warner is committed to upgrading our nation's infrastructure through the 2013 Building and Upgrading Infrastructure for Long-Term Development (BUILD) Act. This bipartisan initiative will create thousands of jobs through innovative financing tools to help states and localities launch or rebuild bridges, rails and roads." (
  • "Senator Warner believes that we must increase investment to reduce traffic congestion for Virginia commuters, boost worker efficiency, and help get U.S. manufactured goods and services to the world market, ensuring America's global competitiveness in the 21st century." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (
  • Rated 8% by National Tax Limitation Committee. (
  • "I am proud to cosponsor this important legislation to help bring back jobs to states like Virginia," Sen. Warner said. "This bill, along with my America Recruits proposal to boost state and local economic development incentives to encourage onshoring of advanced manufacturing jobs, will help strengthen our economy and create jobs here in the Commonwealth." (
  • "Nonpartisan analyses released yesterday confirm the final Trump-Republican tax bill will hike taxes on millions of middle-class Americans in order to pay for massive cuts for corporations and the wealthiest Americans. By 2027, under the Trump-Republican tax bill, families earning under $75,000 would pay more in taxes than they do today -- while the top 1 percent would enjoy the largest tax breaks, according to the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT)." (
  • "I don’t know about you, but I’m pretty angry about this. Thanks to the GOP tax bill, CEOs are cashing out instead of investing in their companies or giving their workers a raise. It’s not right. " (
  • Voted in favor of HR 748 - Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act. (
  • "I strongly urge the House of Representatives to pass the CARES Act without delay, so that we can get this urgently-required relief to those who so badly need it." (
  • "Every child deserves a high-quality education, regardless of where they live or how much money their parents make. That means it is vitally important to do all we can to make sure we target public resources in the smartest, most effective way possible," said Sen. Warner. "I'm pleased that this significant reform legislation includes initiatives I have championed since I was Virginia's Governor to make sure that federal education dollars are allocated into the classroom instead of toward administrative, "back office" operations. In addition, this legislation reflects efforts to give states and schools the tools they need to prepare students for success from early learning all the way into the workforce. The Every Student Succeeds Act is an investment in our nation's economic future, and I'm pleased to have played a role in strengthening this bipartisan legislation." (
  • Rated 100% by National Education Association. (
  • "Only by maintaining and improving traditional energy sources, while encouraging development of new forms of clean energy, can Virginia and the nation secure its energy future." (
  • "Sen. Warner has taken a lead role in urging the federal government to continue making investments in Virginia's clean energy economy." (
  • Rated 0% by American Energy Alliance. (
  • Rated 100% by League of Conservation Voters. (
  • "It is appropriate that the U.S. is leading in efforts to address carbon pollution, and I am hopeful that we will be able to work with our international partners to agree to global reductions in carbon emissions later this year." (
  • "As a member of the Senate Intelligence Committee, I know the challenges we face every day in dealing with the threat of violent terrorists determined to do our nation harm. Given those challenges, it makes absolutely no sense to me that the Senate would refuse to take these commonsense steps to strengthen our background check system and close a dangerous loophole that allows suspected terrorists to legally purchase guns." (
  • Voted in favor of S Amdt 4750 - Fix Gun Checks Act of 2016. (
  • "With the tragic rate of gun violence today, I simply cannot support efforts ‎to further weaken our nation's gun laws. That includes renewed efforts this Congress to relax the standards for issuing concealed carry permits or to establish a national system that would further erode state-level concealed carry standards." (
  • "After 7 years of "Repeal Obamacare" campaign rhetoric, the Senate just rejected a bill to repeal the ACA & kick 32m off their insurance." (
  • "With key bipartisan fixes and improvements, the ACA can help deliver higher quality, more affordable health care to Virginians. Senator Warner believes we need to keep the good parts of the ACA and fix the parts that aren't working, and he will continue to work with his colleagues on both sides of the aisle to implement any ideas that improve the law." (
  • "If we’re going to do coronavirus tax relief, it can’t just be about shoring up companies’ bottom line. We’ve got to help workers who’ve been furloughed, lost their jobs, or had their hours cut. We’ve got to look out for gig workers and others who don’t have paid leave." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • Voted in favor of H J Res 46 - Relating to a national emergency declared by the President on February 15, 2019. (
  • "I'm for additional border security. But that border security ought to be driven by the experts, not by the political whims of a campaign promise, where Trump said the wall was going to be built and it was going to be paid for by Mexico." (
  • "The President’s decision to fund a border wall by diverting more than $77 million from military projects here in Virginia, and billions more from other projects around the world, only makes our country less safe." (
  • "Sen. Warner is a strong supporter of comprehensive immigration reform, including DREAM Act support for responsible young people brought to this country through no fault of their own." (
  • Rated 14% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "In particular, I will pay close attention to the dismantling of Iran's illegal nuclear weapons program; ensuring an intrusive and reliable verification process; and ensuring a graduated process of sanctions relief entirely dependent upon Iran's compliance, along with a process for re-imposing U.S. and international sanctions if Iran violates terms of the agreement." (
  • "The sanctions announced today help ensure Iran pays a price for their continued belligerence, but it's imperative that the Administration develop and communicate with Congress a broader, well-informed strategy for dealing with Iranian misbehavior that is coordinated in partnership with our allies. Iran continues to jeopardize stability through its testing of ballistic missiles and support of extremist groups. I urge the Administration to bring clarity to their overall strategy towards Iran, and to refrain from ambiguous rhetoric -- or provocative tweets -- that will exacerbate efforts to confront those challenges." (
  • "The U.S. must work with our European allies and regional partners to decrease the risk of violence from terrorism and Iranian proxies while ensuring that we do not launch ourselves into a disastrous Middle East war." (
  • Rated 14% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • Voted in favor of S 1 - Strengthening America's Security in the Middle East Act of 2019. (
  • "The trade war that President Trump created moves us further away from a solution, punishes American workers, and raises prices on the products families rely on. President Trump needs to resolve this irresponsible dispute quickly before he does irreparable damage to Virginia's agricultural industry and economy." (
  • Rated 0% by Public Citizen. (
  • "Trade is key to Virginia's economy, with exports from Virginia companies totaling more than $19 billion in goods last year. A trade deal will open additional markets for Virginia farmers, manufacturers, and small businesses, creating jobs and leveling the playing field in our increasingly global economy. We must also ensure that America plays a role in setting and enforcing labor, environmental and human rights standards with our trading partners, and that workers have the opportunity to learn job skills that will help them compete in the 21st-century economy." (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate all principles you support concerning abortion.

a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal in all circumstances as long as the procedure is completed within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
f) Abortions should always be illegal.
X g) Other
Abortions should be legal in accordance with the principles set forth by Roe v. Wade.

Indicate your position concerning affirmative action programs.

a) The federal government should consider preferences to minority-owned businesses in granting government contracts.
X b) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
X c) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
X d) The federal government should provide affirmative actions programs as long as such programs do not include quotas.
e) The federal government should not provide any affirmative action programs.
X f) Other
As long as discrimination exists there is a role for affirmative action. It may need reform to promote graduation out of affirmative action programs and to prevent quotas and reverse discrimination.
Yes Do you support amending the US Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?

1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only.2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas?

Maintain Status a) AIDS Programs
Slightly Decrease b) Arts funding
Slightly Increase c) Education (K-12)
Maintain Status d) Environmental programs
Maintain Status e) Housing projects
Maintain Status f) Job training programs
Maintain Status g) Law enforcement
Maintain Status h) Medicaid
Maintain Status i) Medicare
Slightly Decrease j) NASA
Slightly Increase k) Student loan programs
Slightly Decrease l) Welfare (AFDC)
Eliminate m) Other
Greatly Decrease n) Other
o) Other
No a) Agriculture
No b) Education
No c) Farm subsidies
No d) Food stamps
No e) Law enforcement
No f) Medicaid
No g) Medicare
No h) School lunches
Yes i) Welfare
j) Other
Subsidies for hardrock mining on federal lands.
Subsidies for low cost timber sales.

Indicate which principles you support regarding campaign finance reform.

X a) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
b) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns and provide public funding for complying candidates.
c) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
X d) Pass legislation that would encourage full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
e) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
f) Other

Indicate which principles you support to address crime.

X a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
X c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
X d) Support the use of "boot camps" as alternative sentencing for adult first-time felons.
e) Limit the number of appeals allowed to inmates on death row.
f) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X g) Expand funding for community policing programs.
X h) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
X i) Prosecute youths accused of murder as adults.
j) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
k) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
l) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
X m) Other
Make use of preventive programs which prove successful and are endorsed by local law enforcement officials; recently-enacted legislation limiting the number of appeals allowed to inmates on death row.

Indicate what changes you support (if any) regarding funding for the following categories. Select one number only.

Maintain Status 1) CIA appropriations
Maintain Status 2) Defense plant conversion
Slightly Increase 3) Military hardware
Slightly Decrease 4) Military space shuttle missions
Slightly Increase 5) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increase 6) Development of new weapons
Maintain Status 7) Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
Maintain Status 8) Armed Forces personnel training
Maintain Status 9) Other
Support for military retirees.

3) Indicate which principles you support concerning education.

No 1) Do you support amending the United States Constitution to allow voluntary prayer and/or moment of silence in public schools?
Yes 2) Do you support funding the National Service Program (Ameri-Corps) in which young people receive money from the federal government for college in return for performing community service?
a) Maintain the national standards and goals set forth in "Goals 2000".
X b) Provide parents with vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
c) Provide parents with vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Implement charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues.
X f) Other
Objective national goals which promote educational achievement.

Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources.

a) Transfer public lands, such as federal forests and range lands, to the jurisdiction of state and local governments.
b) Require the federal government to reimburse citizens when environmental regulations limit use of privately owned lands.
X c) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
d) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
X e) Utilize cost-benefit analysis to determine economic impacts of proposed environmental protection and cleanup legislation.
X f) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
X g) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the amounts charged to mining companies using federal lands.
X h) Encourage development of alternative fuels and electric cars to reduce pollution.
i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
j) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
X k) Require that a percentage of purchases made by federal agencies include recycled components.
X l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution.
m) Other

Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.

Federal 1) Border security
Federal 2) Civil rights enforcement
Local 3) Education
State 4) Environmental cleanup
State 5) Job training
Local 6) Law enforcement
Local 7) Low-income housing
State 8) Medicaid
Federal 9) Medicare
State 10) Welfare (AFDC)
11) Other

8) Indicate your position concerning economic aid to Russia and the former Soviet republics.9) Indicate which principles you support regarding US economic aid to foreign countries.10) Indicate which principles you support regarding the United States - United Nations relationship.

No 1) Should the US have diplomatic relations with the government of Cuba?
Undecided 2) Should the US have diplomatic relations with the government of Vietnam?
No 3) Should the US recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Yes 4) Should the US continue funding for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty?
Yes 5) Should the US continue funding for Radio Marti and TV Marti?
Yes 6) Should the US continue funding for Radio Free Asia?
Yes 7) Do you support the deployment of US troops to the former Yugoslavia?
a) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be increased to facilitate democracy and market reforms.
X b) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be continued unless Russia exports nuclear weapons or related technology.
c) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be decreased and/or eliminated.
d) Other
a) Foreign aid should only be given when extraordinary circumstances and disaster threaten the lives of civilian populations.
X b) Foreign aid should be given to countries only when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Foreign aid should be eliminated from any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Foreign aid should be maintained at current levels.
e) Other
a) The US should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
X b) The US should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital US interests are directly threatened.
c) The US should use military force only when the US border or territories are attacked or American citizens are in danger.
d) The US should pay the money it owes to the United Nations.
e) The US should withdraw from the UN completely.
f) Other

Indicate which principles you support concerning gun issues.

a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms.
d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms.
e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms.
f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered.
X g) Other
Maintain current federal laws with respect to firearms.

Indicate which principles you support regarding America's health care system.

a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
b) Provide vouchers to the working poor so they can buy into a private health care plan.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
d) Support a "managed competition" health care plan to contain costs and improve access that does not include mandated health alliances, government cost control powers, or employer/employee mandates.
X e) Provide tax incentives for small businesses to help provide health care to their employees.
X f) Allow middle and low income families to deduct yearly health care costs from their taxable income.
g) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
h) Encourage tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
X j) Other
Portability of health insurance and more local public/private local initiatives....

Indicate which principles you support concerning illegal drugs.

X a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
X b) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X c) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
X d) Require drug testing for federal employees in sensitive positions (Air Traffic Control, National Park Police, Secret Service, etc.).
X e) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
f) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
g) Decriminalize the possession and private use of marijuana.
h) Other

Indicate which principles you support regarding issues relating to immigration.

a) Further limit the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens.
d) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States.
e) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
X f) Restrict the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. AFDC, HUD housing, food stamps, etc.).
g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship.
X h) Other
Promote learning of English by immigrants.
Yes Should the President be allowed to veto certain items of legislation while signing spending or tax bills into law?
As a husband and father of three young daughters, I would support the following: the v-chip, school uniforms, juvenile curfews, campaign finance reform, efforts to strengthen the family, and a tough and responsive justice system to ensure that criminals will be punished.

Indicate which principles you support regarding the poor and homeless.

X a) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
c) Increase funding of programs that help alcoholics and drug addicts recover and find steady work.
X d) Increase the minimum wage.
X e) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
f) Provide government jobs for those who wish to work and cannot find a job in the private sector.
g) Increase the income tax deduction on individual contributions made to charities that help the poor and homeless.
X h) Implement enterprise zones in communities with high unemployment.
X i) Other
Require welfare recipients to accept some form of government-sponsored job after two years if unemployed in the private sector.

1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only.Income TaxesOther Tax Issues

Maintain Status a) Retiree income over $40,000
Maintain Status b) Family income less than $25,000
Maintain Status c) Family income $25-75,000
Maintain Status d) Family income $75-150,000
Maintain Status e) Family income over $150,000
Maintain Status f) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Status g) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Status h) Charitable deductions
Maintain Status i) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Status j) Corporate income taxes
Slightly Increase k) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Status l) Estate taxes
Slightly Increase m) Medical expense deductions
Maintain Status n) Mortgage deductions
Slightly Decrease o) Other
No 2) Do you support replacing the US income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No 3) Do you support replacing the US income tax structure with a broad-based consumption tax?
Taxes on individuals and families paying for college or vocational training.

2) If you support term limits, how many years should each serve?

1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
Senator (years)
Representatives (years)

Indicate which principles you support concerning terrorism.

X a) Relax current guidelines that forbid the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from investigating terrorist groups when there is a "reasonable indication" of terrorist activities.
X b) Relax wiretapping restrictions to give the FBI broader authority to investigate terrorist suspects.
X c) Require that chemical tracing agents be added to commercially-sold products that can be used to produce explosives.
d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals.
X e) Grant broader authority to the US Immigration and Naturalization Service to deny entrance visas to terrorist suspects.
f) Maintain limits on the authority of federal agencies investigating suspected terrorists.
g) Restrict the investigative authority of the FBI and other governmental agencies.
h) Other
Yes 1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes 2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries?
Yes 3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes 4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
No 5) Do you support lifting the trade embargo imposed against Cuba?
Yes 6) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Yes 7) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?

Indicate which principles you support regarding unemployment.

X a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
b) Increase funding for national job-training programs.
c) Increase funding for public works projects such as the repair of roads and bridges.
d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
X e) Establish enterprise zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
X f) Overhaul the current unemployment system by focusing on training and education in skills needed in certain industries.
g) Eliminate any governmental programs designed to reduce unemployment.
X h) Other
Streamline government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.

Indicate which principles you support regarding the US welfare system.

X a) Strengthen child support collection procedures and increase penalties for parents who do not pay child support.
X b) Impose a two-year limit on welfare benefits for recipients who are able to work.
X c) Require welfare recipients to accept some form of government-sponsored job after two years if unemployed in the private sector.
X d) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
e) Limit the benefits given to single women if they have additional children while receiving welfare benefits.
X f) Provide child care services to welfare recipients who work or attend school.
X g) Provide rent or housing supplement vouchers for low-income families.
h) Make no substantial changes at this time.
i) Increase funding of programs that prevent teen pregnancy and family break-up.
X j) Support programs that give incentives for employers to hire and train welfare recipients.
k) Other
2) Should your priorities require additional government funding, please explain how you intend to obtain the additional funding.
We must prepare our children for the jobs of the future and the opportunities created by new technologies. Instead of cutting Head Start and student loans, the federal government should help local school districts invest in safe, modern schools connected to the Information Superhighway. Additional funding, if necessary, can come from partnership with the private sector and the sale of broadcast spectrum. I also believe that we must make balancing our budget a top priority.

Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.