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Lois Frankel's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

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Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Lois Frankel has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • Endorsed by and rated 100% by the Planned Parenthood Action Fund. (
  • "She is a life-long supporter of women's reproductive rights. Lois is a committed supporter of Roe v. Wade and believes that access to effective birth control and emergency contraception should be guaranteed for all women." (
  • "Congresswoman Frankel understands that a woman's health care decisions should be made by herself, with the guidance of her doctor, not by politicians." (
  • "This tax scam is a big Christmas gift to billionaires and corporations, while everyone else gets a lump of coal! Hardworking middle-class families will have to foot the bill for tax breaks for the wealthiest one percent." (
  • Rated 80% by Americans for Democratic Action. (
  • "Republicans just passed a budget that sells out seniors, children, veterans, and hard-working families to give a windfall of tax cuts to Trump's billionaire and millionaire cronies. This disastrous tax plan is a bad deal that will raise taxes on the middle-class, ransack Medicare and Medicaid, explode our deficit, and gut job-creating investments. We've seen this before -- trickledown economics only work to help the wealthy at the expense of everyone else. Democrats have a Better Deal, one that protects seniors, assists with the rising costs of family care, and retirement, and invests in infrastructure, research, and education." (
  • "The Republicans moved forward tonight with a tax scam that will raise taxes on middle-class families across this country and lead to severe cuts in Medicare, Social Security, and Medicaid. If the Republicans get their way, the ultra-rich and big corporations will get massive tax cuts at the expense of everyone else. Democrats offer Americans a Better Deal, one to invest in education, infrastructure, and research and lower the cost of things like prescription drugs and family care." (
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • "Frankel is working hard to ensure these programs are preserved for not only current retirees, but for the next generation of seniors. That's why she supports applying payroll taxes to higher incomes over the current cap of $118,500 so that all Americans pay their fair share to support the sustainability of our Social Security program." (
  • "On #SocSec82, let's recommit to protecting & strengthening Social Security so all Americans can retire with dignity" (
  • "Health care is a human right, not a privilege. I’m proud to support #MedicareForAll as we work towards universal health care for ALL Americans." (
  • "80% of Americans want to limit secret $ in politics. Proud to support #DemocracyForAll Amendment to overturn Citizens United & #GetMoneyOut" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We respectfully request that you allow for consideration of a constitutional amendment to limit the influence of money in politics in the House Judiciary Committee. These issues are so essential to the health of our democracy and they deserve a full and open debate." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 7120 - George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020. (
  • "Yesterday, the House passed the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act: bold, unprecedented reforms to curb police brutality, end racial profiling and eliminate qualified immunity for law enforcement. This legislation will transform the culture of policing to address systemic racism and help save lives as it holds police accountable and increases transparency." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between defense spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (
  • ".@HouseDemocrats firmly believe in a strong national defense. #Budget must meet challenges of our time & provide certainty to our military." (
  • Rated 77% by Council for a Livable World. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Our diplomats settle disputes so that they do not have to be settled with bombs and bullets. And our development initiatives help countries lift themselves up, because areas mired in poverty often become hotbeds for instability and violence. The men and women in our armed services bravely put their lives on the line to protect our country. We owe it to them to exhaust every possible option before we send them into harm's way. If we slash our investment in diplomacy and development, we are telling our servicemembers -- and the American people -- that we will take our chances down the road, even if that comes at a much higher cost in blood and treasure. But, don't just take our word for it. In 2013, Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis said, "If you don't fund the State Department fully, then I need to buy more ammunition ultimately. So I think it's a cost benefit ratio. The more that we put into the State Department's diplomacy, hopefully the less we have to put into a military budget as we deal with the outcome of an apparent American withdrawal from the international scene." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "As you continue your work on the fiscal year 2018 budget request for the Department of Defense (DoD), we urge you to include the funding necessary to complete the U.S. Navy's stated requirements for strategic dispersal of capital ships by making Naval Station Mayport capable of homeporting a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (CVN). While we understand the realities of the fiscal environment, our Navy overleverages risk to our carrier fleet by having only one CVN homeport on the Eastern seaboard. Not only are our operational CVN in jeopardy, but our future capital ships under construction are practically co-located, risking tens of billions of dollars of assets as well as our ability to project power abroad now and in the future." (
  • "RT if you agree: We should be investing in the safe, modern, efficient transportation infrastructure that America deserves and needs!" (
  • "Every $1 invested in infrastructure generates approx $1.80 in economic impact #FixTheTrustFund" (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (
  • "This tax scam is a big Christmas gift to billionaires and corporations, while everyone else gets a lump of coal! Hardworking middle-class families will have to foot the bill for tax breaks for the wealthiest one percent." (
  • "#GOPTaxScam = you pay more so that the rich and corporations can pay less." (
  • "Workers deserve to come together and pursue justice against discrimination, sexual harassment & wage theft." (
  • "I've heard from many Floridians who have been hit hard by the #Coronavirus. For them, I am proud to support the bipartisan #CARESact" (
  • "The #CARESAct is a far-reaching stimulus package that will immediately strengthen our #healthcare system and help Americans facing financial distress because of the #COVID19 pandemic. Americans are already hurting from the #Coronavirus--they are relying on this bill's passage." (
  • Rated 98% by League of Conservation Voters. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 9 - Climate Action Now Act. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "The "Sunshine State" should be a leader in renewable energy and innovation. After all, a clean and healthy environment is the backbone of Florida's economy and prosperity." (
  • "Millions depend on Florida's beautiful natural ecosystem & this bill will protect the Everglades & clean water, expand renewable & efficient energy programs, restore our beaches, & provide opportunities to grow Florida’s economy." (
  • "We’re faced with a historic opportunity: to create a clean energy economy that provides good-paying jobs, cleaner air for our children & a safer climate for future generations. I support legislation blocking Trump from pulling us out of the #ParisAgreement. #ClimateActionNow!" (
  • Rated 93% by Environment America. (
  • Signed a letter stating "Thank you for your leadership in responding to the serious challenge of climate change. We applaud and support your Climate Action Plan, the joint announcement with China establishing ambitious carbon pollution reduction targets, and the national commitment to the Green Climate Fund. These actions are critical to protect Americans from the most dangerous effects of climate change." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 9 - Climate Action Now Act. (
  • "Students today are demanding we do more than shed a tear and wring our hands saying it is too complicated. Students are walking out today because they know there are too many guns in the hands of the wrong people; too many guns on the street that are made for war, not for civil society. They know that is why we should ban the sale of assault rifles and high-capacity magazines and bump stock devices, expand our background check laws, and reinstate Federal funding for gun research. There is not just one solution, but it is not so complicated that we do nothing." (
  • "Across America, communities&families are ripped apart by gun violence. This weekend, we saw yet another tragic shooting in Florida. My thoughts are with the victims in Jacksonville, but thoughts alone are not enough - we need common sense gun safety legislation. #EnoughIsEnough" (
  • Rated 0% by the National Rifle Association (
  • "We need commonsense gun safety legislation, not these idiotic bills that expand gun usage." (
  • "House Republicans take 1st step to repeal #ACA, ripping insurance away from millions & putting seniors, women & young people in jeopardy." (
  • "Like most Americans, Frankel believes we should work out the kinks instead of going back to a system where the insurance companies are in charge. When it comes to the ACA, we need to mend it, not end it. In Florida, approximately 1.6 million people signed up for health care through the new insurance markets -- more than any other state. It is vital that we safeguard these important reforms as we move forward in improving our health care system." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "Mothers shouldn't have to choose between providing for their family and taking care of their kids. Unfortunately, without access to #paidleave and affordable #childcare, this a choice many families - especially mothers - are forced to make." (
  • "I hope Mr. Trump and the Republicans join us, rather than continuing to waste time on shutdowns and an ineffective border wall." (
  • "Build roads and bridges - not a $40 billion wall! #JointSession #NoWall" (
  • "Well, there you have it – @realDonaldTrump is throwing a tantrum and wants to shut down the government if he doesn’t get billions of dollars to waste on his ineffective & inhumane border wall. #TrumpShutdown" (
  • "Our country has been built by the toil of immigrants. Donald Trump's reported bigoted remarks are disgraceful and embarrassing. He should apologize immediately and work with Republicans and Democrats to fix the DACA crisis that threatens the lives of hundreds of thousands of innocent DREAMers that call America their home." (
  • "Immigration reform should have pathway to citizenship and keep families together. #JointSession" (
  • "This includes respect of rule of law, keeping families together, and giving people the opportunity to better their lives with a clear path to citizenship that allows them to pay taxes and educate their children." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "The bottom line is that nixing the Iran nuclear deal, absent a new agreement or a credible breach of the deal, could lead to expanded Iranian nuclear enrichment and would be a dereliction of our global leadership. There is no conflict between believing that the JCPOA is inherently flawed, but that it remains in America's -- and our allies' -- best interest to keep it in place and build upon its shortcomings." (
  • "Let's be clear: Iran must never be allowed a nuclear weapon. US must enforce JCPOA&work w/allies to pushback on Iran's destabilizing actions" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We are writing to urge that you do not withhold certification on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) absent credible evidence of a material breach with Iran. Nonetheless, we are united in our belief that enforcing this agreement to the fullest extent will provide the United States with more leverage to stop a potential Iranian nuclear weapons program and push back on Iran's destabilizing activities." (
  • "The seven year Syrian civil war is one of the great humanitarian crises of our time. One night of air strikes is not a substitute for a needed comprehensive strategy that includes robust political and diplomatic engagement in order to bring the conflict to an end. Moving forward, absent an imminent attack on our country, President Trump must secure a new Authorization for Use of Military Force from Congress before taking further military action against the Assad regime." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We support your restraint to date in resisting the calls for a "quick" and "easy" military intervention, and for your commitment not to send combat troops back to Iraq." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Working with our allies and partners, we urge you to maintain and increase pressure on Iran and Russia to constrain their destabilizing activities. America must continue economic and diplomatic efforts to counter Iran's support for Hezbollah and other terrorist groups as well as Russia's support for the brutal Assad regime. We encourage full implementation of sanctions authorized in the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), a broadly supported bipartisan bill that you signed into law. Clear and sustained American action and close coordination with our allies and partners can send an important message of resolve to malign actors in the region." (
  • "While I support the development of a comprehensive, international approach to address this threat in concept, the vote on training and equipping the moderate Syrian opposition was rushed by Congress and requires further deliberation and debate as to the long term consequences and full scope of U.S. involvement. For this reason I voted no." (
  • "Our trade policies should help American businesses and workers. Instead, @realDonaldTrump’s actions have had harmful consequences for manufacturers across the country, including the marine industry in #FL." (
  • Rated 100% by Public Citizen. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430 - United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act. (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

X a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and parental notification requirements.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Support "buffer zones" by requiring demonstrators to stay at least 15 feet away from abortion clinic doorways and driveways.
i) Other
Yes j) Should Florida government funding be provided to clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services?

Indicate the principles you support (if any) concerning affirmative action. State government agencies should take race and sex into account in the following sectors:

Yes a) College and university admissions
Undecided b) Public employment
Yes c) State contracting
d) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.
c) End parole for repeat violent felons.
X d) Support the use of the death penalty.
e) Oppose the death penalty.
X f) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
g) Inform communities when a convicted sex offender moves into the community.
h) Increase state funds for programs which rehabilitate and educate inmates during and after their prison sentences.
i) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
j) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.
k) Strengthen penalties and sentences for sex offenders.
l) Lower the blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.
m) Prosecute juveniles who commit murder or other serious violent crimes as adults.
n) Allow recording devices in execution observation rooms.
o) Support chemical castration for convicted sexual offenders.
p) Maintain electrocution as Florida's method of execution.
q) Adopt lethal injection as Florida's method of execution.
r) Other
s) Should violent sexual offenders eligible for parole, be committed to mental hospitals until they are deemed safe to return to society?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning the economy and employment.

a) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.
b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Support limits on cash damages in lawsuits against businesses and professionals for product liability or malpractice.
X d) Increase funding for state job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
e) Allow Native American tribes to operate gambling casinos on tribal land in Florida.
f) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Increase state funds for professional development of public school teachers and administrators.
X b) Encourage private or corporate investment in public school programs.
c) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).
d) Favor charter schools where independent groups receive state authorization and funding to establish new schools.
X e) Support sex education programs which stress abstinence.
X f) Support sex education programs which stress safe sexual practices.
X g) Increase state funds for school construction and facility maintenance.
X h) Increase state funds for hiring of additional teachers.
i) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
X j) Grant merit pay raises each year to teachers who excel.
k) Other
Yes l) Should Florida require that all new state school buses be equipped with passenger seat belts?
No m) Do you support adding the Bible to high school literature or history curriculums in Florida public schools?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Require the use of cleaner burning fuels in order to prevent pollution.
b) Support "self-audit" legislation which creates incentives for industries to audit themselves and clean up pollution.
c) Require a cost/benefit analysis to determine the economic impact of proposed environmental regulations before they are implemented.
X d) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
X e) Provide funding for recycling programs in Florida.
f) Request added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environmental regulations.
g) Suspend participation in unfunded, federally mandated environmental protection legislation.
h) Restructure the electric utility industry to allow consumers to choose their power company.
i) Other
No j) State environmental regulations should not be stricter than federal law.
Yes k) Do you support extending the Preservation 2000 program in Florida?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding government reform.a) Do you support limits on the number of terms of the following Florida officials?b) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?

No 1) State Senators and Representatives
Yes 2) Governor
Yes 3) Members of the Cabinet
Yes 1) Individual
No 2) PAC
No 3) Corporate
Yes c) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Yes d) Do you support imposing spending limits on state level political campaigns?
Yes e) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?
No f) Would you vote to ratify an amendment to the U.S. Constitution requiring an annual balanced federal budget?
Yes g) Do you support providing immunity from civil liability to persons who are participating in the process of government?
Yes h) Should using payroll deductions for political contributions from union members be illegal?
i) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

X a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
X b) Increase state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
c) Maintain state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
g) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
X h) Require a waiting period and criminal records check for weapons bought at gun shows.
i) Other
No j) Should Florida visitors be permitted to carry concealed weapons if they have permits from other states?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.

a) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.
b) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care, through managed care, insurance reforms, or state funded care where necessary.
X c) Provide health care to uninsured children by designing a children's health insurance program.
d) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.
e) Use state funds to continue some Medicaid coverage for legal immigrants.
f) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
g) Guaranteeing medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
X h) Require HMOs to provide access to mental health care.
i) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

X a) Increase state funding for programs to prevent teen pregnancy.
b) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
X c) Increase state funds to provide child care to children in low-income working families.
d) Deny or suspend state-issued permits and licenses to parents who are delinquent in paying court-ordered child support.
X e) Favor banning smoking in public places.
X f) Allow local municipalities in Florida to ban smoking in public places.
X g) Increase state funding for Head Start in order to serve additional children and/or increase services from a half to a full day.
h) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.
X i) Support state funding of programs for at-risk youth such as guaranteed college loans and job training and placement.
j) Require a waiting period between the time a mother consents to adoption and the time the adoption is finalized.
k) Other
l) Do you believe that the Florida government should include sexual orientation in Florida's anti-discrimination laws?
m) Do you believe that the Florida government should recognize same-sex marriages?
n) Should physician-assisted suicide for the terminally ill be legal in Florida?

Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories. Select one level only.

a) Agriculture
b) Economic Development
Greatly Increase c) Education (K-12)
Slightly Increase d) Education (Higher)
e) Environment
f) Health care
g) Law enforcement
h) Tourism
i) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
j) Welfare
l) Do you support using state money to fund a proposed bullet train between Miami, Orlando and Tampa?
Birth to three.-- Greatly Increase

Indicate the tax levels you will support. Select one level only.

a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gas taxes
f) Property taxes
g) Sales taxes
h) Other
No i) Do you support implementing a state income tax?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.

a) Maintain the four-year limit on welfare benefits.
X b) Require that able-bodied recipients participate in work-related activities in order to receive benefits.
X c) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
d) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.
X e) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.
X f) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.
X g) Allow welfare recipients to remain eligible for benefits while saving money for education, starting a business, or buying a home.
h) Limit benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.
i) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.
j) Other
Yes k) Do you support establishing a relocation assistance program for WAGES participants that relocate within the state as long as the relocation contributes to them attaining self-sufficiency?
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

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