Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.
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Lois Frankel's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (FL) - District 21, Democratic

On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House (FL) - District 21


Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Candidates who qualify will be invited to take the 2020 Political Courage Test.

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Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2018.

  • "Congresswoman Frankel understands that a woman's health care decisions should be made by herself, with the guidance of her doctor â_x0080__x0093_ not by politicians." (frankel.house.gov)
  • "This tax scam is a big Christmas gift to billionaires and corporations, while everyone else gets a lump of coal! Hardworking middle-class families will have to foot the bill for tax breaks for the wealthiest one percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: " ·Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between defense spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (votesmart.org)
  • "This calls for real campaign reform, overturning Citizens United and demanding greater disclosure and transparency from tax-exempt organizations." (votesmart.org)
  • "I will work to grow our economy by investing in infrastructure, encouraging innovation in education, and promoting research and development." (votesmart.org)
  • " 'Lois' Priorities for Creating Jobs: -Investing in infrastructure and technology to modernize the economy and create jobs. We should not accept a second rate infrastructure in the United States." (votesmart.org)
  • "This tax scam is a big Christmas gift to billionaires and corporations, while everyone else gets a lump of coal! Hardworking middle-class families will have to foot the bill for tax breaks for the wealthiest one percent." (votesmart.org)
  • "Congresswoman Frankel is committed to making sure students in South Florida, and across the country, have access to high quality education – regardless of background and income. She is an outspoken advocate for improving our nation's public school system, providing early education to all children, and expanding higher education opportunities." (frankel.house.gov)
  • "Furthermore, for every dollar invested in early childhood programs there is a return of more than eight dollars in the long-term. That is why Frankel co-sponsored the Strong Start for America's Children Act of 2013, a bipartisan bill that would create a 10-year federal-state partnership to improve and expand access to quality early education programs." (frankel.house.gov)
  • "As Mayor of West Palm Beach, Frankel helped revitalize a city that advanced Florida's clean energy economy and protected clean air and clean water." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "Thank you for your leadership in responding to the serious challenge of climate change. We applaud and support your Climate Action Plan, the joint announcement with China establishing ambitious carbon pollution reduction targets, and the national commitment to the Green Climate Fund. These actions are critical to protect Americans from the most dangerous effects of climate change." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.507 "Specifies the Authority of the Secretary of Interior on the Regulation of Methane Emissions" (votesmart.org)
  • "Frankel applauded President Obama for his proposals that call for requiring background checks for all gun sales, reinstating and strengthening the assault weapons ban, restoring the ban on high-capacity magazines and increasing access to mental health services." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted against HR 596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care-Related Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" (votesmart.org)
  • "I welcome the President's announcement and look forward to the healthcare website being fixed. We should not go back to the days when insurance companies denied coverage for pre-existing conditions and dropped coverage for folks when they got sick." (votesmart.org)
  • "Like most Americans, Frankel believes we should work out the kinks instead of going back to a system where the insurance companies are in charge. When it comes to the ACA, we need to mend it, not end it. In Florida, approximately 1.6 million people signed up for health care through the new insurance markets -- more than any other state. It is vital that we safeguard these important reforms as we move forward in improving our health care system." (votesmart.org)
  • "Build roads and bridges - not a $40 billion wall! #JointSession #NoWall" (twitter.com)
  • "This includes respect of rule of law, keeping families together, and giving people the opportunity to better their lives with a clear path to citizenship that allows them to pay taxes and educate their children." (frankel.house.gov)
  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
  • Signed a letter stating: "We are writing to urge that you do not withhold certification on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) absent credible evidence of a material breach with Iran. Nonetheless, we are united in our belief that enforcing this agreement to the fullest extent will provide the United States with more leverage to stop a potential Iranian nuclear weapons program and push back on Iran's destabilizing activities." (votesmart.org)
  • "While I support the development of a comprehensive, international approach to address this threat in concept, the vote on training and equipping the moderate Syrian opposition was rushed by Congress and requires further deliberation and debate as to the long term consequences and full scope of U.S. involvement. For this reason I voted no." (votesmart.org)
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

X a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and parental notification requirements.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Support "buffer zones" by requiring demonstrators to stay at least 15 feet away from abortion clinic doorways and driveways.
i) Other
Yes j) Should Florida government funding be provided to clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services?

Indicate the principles you support (if any) concerning affirmative action. State government agencies should take race and sex into account in the following sectors:

Yes a) College and university admissions
Undecided b) Public employment
Yes c) State contracting
d) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.
c) End parole for repeat violent felons.
X d) Support the use of the death penalty.
e) Oppose the death penalty.
X f) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
g) Inform communities when a convicted sex offender moves into the community.
h) Increase state funds for programs which rehabilitate and educate inmates during and after their prison sentences.
i) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
j) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.
k) Strengthen penalties and sentences for sex offenders.
l) Lower the blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.
m) Prosecute juveniles who commit murder or other serious violent crimes as adults.
n) Allow recording devices in execution observation rooms.
o) Support chemical castration for convicted sexual offenders.
p) Maintain electrocution as Florida's method of execution.
q) Adopt lethal injection as Florida's method of execution.
r) Other
s) Should violent sexual offenders eligible for parole, be committed to mental hospitals until they are deemed safe to return to society?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning the economy and employment.

a) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.
b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Support limits on cash damages in lawsuits against businesses and professionals for product liability or malpractice.
X d) Increase funding for state job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
e) Allow Native American tribes to operate gambling casinos on tribal land in Florida.
f) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Increase state funds for professional development of public school teachers and administrators.
X b) Encourage private or corporate investment in public school programs.
c) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).
d) Favor charter schools where independent groups receive state authorization and funding to establish new schools.
X e) Support sex education programs which stress abstinence.
X f) Support sex education programs which stress safe sexual practices.
X g) Increase state funds for school construction and facility maintenance.
X h) Increase state funds for hiring of additional teachers.
i) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
X j) Grant merit pay raises each year to teachers who excel.
k) Other
Yes l) Should Florida require that all new state school buses be equipped with passenger seat belts?
No m) Do you support adding the Bible to high school literature or history curriculums in Florida public schools?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Require the use of cleaner burning fuels in order to prevent pollution.
b) Support "self-audit" legislation which creates incentives for industries to audit themselves and clean up pollution.
c) Require a cost/benefit analysis to determine the economic impact of proposed environmental regulations before they are implemented.
X d) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
X e) Provide funding for recycling programs in Florida.
f) Request added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environmental regulations.
g) Suspend participation in unfunded, federally mandated environmental protection legislation.
h) Restructure the electric utility industry to allow consumers to choose their power company.
i) Other
No j) State environmental regulations should not be stricter than federal law.
Yes k) Do you support extending the Preservation 2000 program in Florida?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding government reform.a) Do you support limits on the number of terms of the following Florida officials?b) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?

No 1) State Senators and Representatives
Yes 2) Governor
Yes 3) Members of the Cabinet
Yes 1) Individual
No 2) PAC
No 3) Corporate
Yes c) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Yes d) Do you support imposing spending limits on state level political campaigns?
Yes e) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?
No f) Would you vote to ratify an amendment to the U.S. Constitution requiring an annual balanced federal budget?
Yes g) Do you support providing immunity from civil liability to persons who are participating in the process of government?
Yes h) Should using payroll deductions for political contributions from union members be illegal?
i) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

X a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
X b) Increase state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
c) Maintain state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
g) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
X h) Require a waiting period and criminal records check for weapons bought at gun shows.
i) Other
No j) Should Florida visitors be permitted to carry concealed weapons if they have permits from other states?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.

a) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.
b) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care, through managed care, insurance reforms, or state funded care where necessary.
X c) Provide health care to uninsured children by designing a children's health insurance program.
d) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.
e) Use state funds to continue some Medicaid coverage for legal immigrants.
f) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
g) Guaranteeing medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
X h) Require HMOs to provide access to mental health care.
i) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

X a) Increase state funding for programs to prevent teen pregnancy.
b) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
X c) Increase state funds to provide child care to children in low-income working families.
d) Deny or suspend state-issued permits and licenses to parents who are delinquent in paying court-ordered child support.
X e) Favor banning smoking in public places.
X f) Allow local municipalities in Florida to ban smoking in public places.
X g) Increase state funding for Head Start in order to serve additional children and/or increase services from a half to a full day.
h) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.
X i) Support state funding of programs for at-risk youth such as guaranteed college loans and job training and placement.
j) Require a waiting period between the time a mother consents to adoption and the time the adoption is finalized.
k) Other
l) Do you believe that the Florida government should include sexual orientation in Florida's anti-discrimination laws?
m) Do you believe that the Florida government should recognize same-sex marriages?
n) Should physician-assisted suicide for the terminally ill be legal in Florida?

Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories. Select one level only.

a) Agriculture
b) Economic Development
Greatly Increase c) Education (K-12)
Slightly Increase d) Education (Higher)
e) Environment
f) Health care
g) Law enforcement
h) Tourism
i) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
j) Welfare
l) Do you support using state money to fund a proposed bullet train between Miami, Orlando and Tampa?
Birth to three.-- Greatly Increase

Indicate the tax levels you will support. Select one level only.

a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gas taxes
f) Property taxes
g) Sales taxes
h) Other
No i) Do you support implementing a state income tax?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.

a) Maintain the four-year limit on welfare benefits.
X b) Require that able-bodied recipients participate in work-related activities in order to receive benefits.
X c) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
d) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.
X e) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.
X f) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.
X g) Allow welfare recipients to remain eligible for benefits while saving money for education, starting a business, or buying a home.
h) Limit benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.
i) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.
j) Other
Yes k) Do you support establishing a relocation assistance program for WAGES participants that relocate within the state as long as the relocation contributes to them attaining self-sufficiency?
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

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