Card image cap

Adam Smith's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Adam Smith has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • "Co-sponsored H.R. 771, the Equal Access to Abortion Coverage in Health Insurance Act of 2017." (
  • "Ensuring that a woman can get insurance coverage for reproductive healthcare —including abortion— is an important part of ensuring economic opportunities. #Roe46" (
  • "I believe that health care decisions should be left to the individual, their doctors, and their families; not their employers." (
  • "Since the #RoevWade decision, millions of women have received access to safe and legal abortions. I #CommitToRoe & to supporting legislation that will make abortion available in all 50 states, if the Senate confirms any @SCOTUS Justice who will end Roe v Wade." (
  • "Today the Republicans doubled down on their tax scam, giving corporations and the wealthy a second massive tax break in less than nine months, sticking hard-working American families with the bill." (
  • "Once again the Republicans are pushing through their agenda with no regard for the crucial programs that affect the daily lives of Americans. If the tax bill passes, the funding for programs like Medicare, Meals on Wheels, and HUD would be cut. I continue to oppose the tax bill and the damage it will do to families across the country." (
  • "I believe Social Security is a critical program that must be preserved and protected especially at a time when all Americans, especially seniors, are feeling the pressure of a struggling economy." (
  • "I am a cosponsor of the Strengthening Social Security Act, H.R. 3118, which would increase benefits for Social Security beneficiaries while also further strengthening the financial standing of the program's trust fund." (
  • Rated 92% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 - For the People Act of 2019. (
  • "In order to maintain the democratic election process, we need a system where all citizens are empowered and able to participate. A viable public financing system would help to ensure that all of our citizens, regardless of economic resources, have a powerful voice. That is why I am a cosponsor of the Government By the People Act which would allow candidates to run competitive campaigns by relying on small dollar donors and reduce the influence of big money in politics." (
  • Rated 100% by Common Cause. (
  • "The Justice in Policing Act is a bold step to enact comprehensive reforms to curb police brutality and end racial profiling. It provides accountability and transparency to fundamentally change the culture of law enforcement. While this bill is an essential step, our work is far from finished. This is but one step in the much larger process of ensuring justice and equality for all. I will continue to work towards the dramatic changes required in all aspects of our society to end systemic racism and excessive police force in our country. This bill would ban police chokeholds and no-knock warrants and hold police accountable by ending qualified immunity for law enforcement. It would also establish a national standard for the operation of police departments, mandate data collection on police encounters, reprogram existing funds to invest in transformative community-based policing programs, and streamline federal law to prosecute excessive force and establish independent prosecutors for police investigations." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 7120 - George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020. (
  • "W/ me as the Chair of #HASC, our #defense budget will be reduced & improved. "Our country has priorities, we have got a #debt... we have #infrastructure problems, we’ve got #healthcare, #education." We must look at what spending is best for all Americans." (
  • Rated 5% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "The U.S. should cut defense spending" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (
  • "I firmly believe that investment in our nation's infrastructure is critical. It provides jobs for thousands, ensures the efficient movement of goods that keeps our economy growing, and ensures the safety of countless lives." (
  • "Today the Republicans doubled down on their tax scam, giving corporations and the wealthy a second massive tax break in less than nine months, sticking hard-working American families with the bill." (
  • "The emergency relief bill bolsters our capacity to sufficiently respond to the public health crisis and provides desperately needed support to individuals and families, small businesses, and workers who have been impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak.The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly burdened the entire health care system in Washington. This bill directs billions of dollars to hospitals and providers and state, local, and tribal governments on the front lines of protecting the health of our communities. It also makes investments to help ensure we increase production and capacity for critical medical equipment and supplies to care for patients and keep health care workers and first responders safe." (
  • "This critical emergency relief bill bolsters our capacity to sufficiently respond to the public health crisis at hand and provides desperately needed support to individuals and families, small businesses, and workers who have been impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak." (
  • "Supported full funding of the No Child Left Behind Act, and changing the "one-size-fits-all" testing plan so that testing accurately reflects learning, and performance indicators other than test scores are included." (
  • Rated 100% by National Education Association. (
  • "We must strengthen our commitment to K-12 public education; I support increased funding for local schools and more efficient methods of sending federal dollars to local classrooms, so that the children who need the extra boost of federal funding receive it." (
  • "The United States must be committed to creating an energy policy that allows us to be independent from foreign sources, bring down costs for all Americans, and invest in new alternative energy technologies." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 9 - Climate Action Now Act. (
  • "Cosponsored legislation to develop stricter emissions standards for power plants." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 9 - Climate Action Now Act. (
  • "We’ve had tragedy after tragedy and many of us who are strong advocates for gun control have become discouraged. To be honest, when you see something like Sandy Hook happening, and no policy change follow, you wonder what is it going to take?" (
  • "Been on the House floor fighting for common sense gun reform. Will keep fighting until we get this done #NoBillNoBreak #holdthefloor" (
  • Rated 0% by National Rifle Association (
  • Voted in favor of HR 1112 - Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2019. (
  • "Voted for the Affordable Care Act, and supports reforms to expand access to Medicare for All." (
  • Rated 100% by American Public Health Association. (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "This week I visited our southern border w/@RepEscobar to see first-hand where Pentagon money has been diverted. It's obvious that the president is sacrificing national security to steal Pentagon funding for a border wall that is wasteful and counterproductive." (
  • Rated 9% by NumbersUSA. (
  • "To supporters, officials & attorneys at #SeaTac last night: Thank you. #NoBanNoWall #MuslimBanProtest" (
  • "Original cosponsor of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, which would open a legal pathway to citizenship for nearly 12 million undocumented people who lack legal status today, introduce a talent-based approach to immigration and visa programs, and make our borders more secure by adding up to 40,000 Border Patrol agents and upgrading border stations." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6 - American Dream and Promise Act of 2019. (
  • "This deal has the potential to cut off all of Iran's paths to a nuclear weapon in a verifiable way. Opponents should seek to guide the framework towards a positive outcome, not attempt to derail a final comprehensive deal. No final deal will be perfect, but the objective is to prevent Iran from achieving a nuclear weapon without going to war." (
  • "Congress must not allow the Trump administration to plunge the United States into a 21st-century nuclear arms race. This dangerous policy would undermine our national security, divide us from our allies, play directly into Putin's hands, and place peace in Europe at risk. " (
  • Rated 5% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "We must continue to evaluate all actions of the North Korean regime and appropriately coordinate a response from the international community. Maintaining a significant U.S. military capability advantage throughout this region is a top national security priority. It is entirely appropriate that we carefully consider the capabilities and possible actions of North Korea and the challenges they may pose to the international order and how we and our allies should respond." (
  • Rated 5% by Center for Security Policy. (
  • "President Obama has made the right decision to continue support to the Afghan government. The Afghan government and security forces have increasingly taken responsibility for their own security. This shift has allowed the United States to reduce our force level in Afghanistan from almost 100,000 to the planned level of 5500 in 2017, while almost entirely ending the U.S. role in ground combat." (
  • "The President has announced that he is committing to an open-ended war effort in Afghanistan without clearly explaining to the American people or the service members he is sending into harm's way what he wants and how he intends to accomplish his goals. That is inexcusable. He now owns the responsibility for this war and any consequences that flow from this decision-making process." (
  • "Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP), as they are currently being discussed, do not do enough to protect workers and the environment at home and abroad." (
  • Rated 24% by Public Citizen. (
  • "The President's recent #tariffs on #China are fundamentally dangerous. These tariffs only further escalate a potential #tradewar with our largest trading partner. I stand in firm opposition to the tariffs." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 5430 - United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act. (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Pro-choice Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Yes Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan?
Yes Do you support a timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan?
I coauthored an amendment to the FY2013 National Defense Authorization Act that would have required the President to complete the accelerated transition of U.S. combat operations to the Afghan government by the end of 2013 and require the redeployment of U.S. Armed Forces from Afghanistan by the end of 2014. I have also cosigned several letters with my colleagues calling for an accelerated transition of security responsibility to the Afghan government and security forces and the expedited withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan as quickly as these can be safely and responsibly accomplished.

Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing the federal budget.In order to balance the budget,

Yes do you support reducing defense spending?
Yes do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
No do you support reducing Medicaid spending?
No do you support reducing Medicare spending?
Yes Is balancing the budget a legislative priority?
Yes Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Yes Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
I support maintaining in federal law provisions for capital punishment in extreme cases and also am strongly supportive of DNA testing and other means that enable the demonstration of innocence.
Yes Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
Yes Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
Yes Do you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
Yes Do you support the temporary extension of unemployment benefits?
No Do you support the 2010 temporary extension of tax relief?
Unknown Position Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
It depends greatly on what reforms are being required. For some reforms yes, for others, no.
No Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Yes Do you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
Yes Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Yes Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
I support reasonable restrictions that keep firearms out of the hands of children, criminals, and those affected by mental illnesses.
No Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Yes Should individuals be required to purchase health insurance, as mandated in the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
The Affordable Care Act is an important step toward lowering the cost, improving the quality of and expanding access to health care in this country.
No Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
Yes Do you support allowing illegal immigrants, who were brought to the United States as minors, to pursue citizenship without returning to their country of origin?
No Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration law by state and local police?
Yes Do you support same-sex marriage?
No Should the U.S use military force in order to prevent Iran from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Yes Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
Regarding the targeting of suspected terrorists, it depends greatly on what one means by "outside of official theaters of conflict." I support strikes in places like Yemen and Somalia where Al-Qaeda affiliates directly threaten us. But in almost all other places, no.
No Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
I oppose means to unnecessarily subject Social Security's benefits to market risks. Privatizing Social Security would result in large costs to the Federal Government and it would remove the guaranteed benefit on which most individuals depend.

SpendingIndicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.TaxesIndicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.

Maintain Status a) Agriculture
Maintain Status b) Arts
Slightly Decrease c) Defense
Slightly Increase d) Education
Slightly Increase e) Environment
Maintain Status f) Homeland Security
Slightly Increase g) International aid
Slightly Increase h) Medical Research
Slightly Increase i) Scientific Research
Maintain Status j) Space exploration
Slightly Increase k) United Nations
Maintain Status l) Welfare
Slightly Increase m) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Increase a) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increase b) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increase c) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Slightly Increase d) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Slightly Increase e) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Maintain Status f) Income taxes (low-income families)
Maintain Status g) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increase h) Income taxes (high-income families)
Slightly Increase i) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Status j) Payroll taxes
k) Other or expanded categories
Infrastructure. Responsible investment in our infrastructure is an important and effective means of creating well paying jobs and supporting economic growth.
1: Broad based economic opportunity. 2: Keeping up with global competition in all sectors by providing workers with training, retraining, and access to continued education that promotes innovation and job growth in Washington State. 3: Fiscal responsibility where increased revenue plays an keystone role in bringing the deficit under control. I oppose balancing our budget by simply gutting government programs that are crucial to the middle class and poor.

Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.