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Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.

Rating Group: Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund

2007-2008 Positions

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate - Sr Lisa Murkowski Republican 20%
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 13%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 18%
AL U.S. House - 3 Mike Rogers Republican 20%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 13%
AR U.S. Senate - Sr John Boozman Republican 6%
AZ U.S. House - 3 Raul Grijalva Democratic 93%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 81%
CA U.S. House - 6 Doris Matsui Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House - 9 Jerry McNerney Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House - 14 Jackie Speier Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House - 16 Jim Costa Democratic 63%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 22 Devin Nunes Republican 0%
CA U.S. House - 23 Kevin McCarthy Republican 0%
CA U.S. House - 28 Adam Schiff Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House - 38 Linda Sánchez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 7%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 53 Susan Davis Democratic 100%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic 93%
CA Supervisor - 1 Hilda Solis 93%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 93%
CO U.S. House - 5 Doug Lamborn Republican 0%
CO U.S. House - 7 Ed Perlmutter Democratic 75%
CT U.S. Senate - Jr Chris Murphy Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House - 1 John Larson Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House - 2 Joe Courtney Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 88%
DC U.S. House - Delegate Eleanor Norton Democratic 50%
DE U.S. Senate - Sr Tom Carper Democratic 73%
FL U.S. House - 12 Gus Bilirakis Republican 31%
FL U.S. House - 14 Kathy Castor Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House - 16 Vern Buchanan Republican 44%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 93%
FL U.S. House - 23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz Democratic 88%
FL U.S. House - 25 Mario Diaz-Balart Republican 31%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 75%
GA U.S. House - 4 Hank Johnson, Jr. Democratic 94%
GA U.S. House - 13 David Scott Democratic 88%
HI U.S. Senate - Jr Mazie Hirono Democratic 93%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 27%
IA U.S. House - 2 Dave Loebsack Democratic 88%
IA U.S. House - 4 Steve King Republican 0%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo Republican 9%
ID U.S. House - 2 Mike Simpson Republican 19%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House - 3 Dan Lipinski Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House - 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House - 11 Bill Foster Democratic 83%
IL U.S. House - 15 John Shimkus Republican 13%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 94%
IN U.S. House - 7 André Carson Democratic 83%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Pat Roberts Republican 10%
KS U.S. Senate - Jr Jerry Moran Republican 13%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 9%
KY U.S. House - 3 John Yarmuth Democratic 100%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 6%
LA U.S. House - 1 Steve Scalise Republican 0%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House - 8 Stephen Lynch Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate - Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House - 2 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic 81%
MD U.S. House - 3 John Sarbanes Democratic 88%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 88%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins Republican 82%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 82%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 56%
MI U.S. House - 7 Tim Walberg Republican 6%
MN U.S. Senate - Sr Amy Klobuchar Democratic 82%
MN U.S. House - 4 Betty McCollum Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 63%
MN Governor Tim Walz Democratic/Farmer/Labor 75%
MN Attorney General Keith Ellison Democratic/Farmer/Labor 100%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
MO U.S. House - 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. Democratic 86%
MO U.S. House - 5 Emanuel Cleaver II Democratic 87%
MO U.S. House - 6 Sam Graves Republican 6%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 88%
MT U.S. Senate - Sr Jon Tester Democratic 73%
NA Vice President Mike Pence Republican 7%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 9%
NC U.S. House - 1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. Democratic 87%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price Democratic 94%
NC U.S. House - 5 Virginia Foxx Republican 13%
NC U.S. House - 10 Patrick McHenry Republican 0%
NE U.S. House - 1 Jeff Fortenberry Republican 50%
NE U.S. House - 3 Adrian Smith Republican 6%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 93%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate - Sr Lisa Murkowski R 20%
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 13%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 18%
AL U.S. House - 3 Mike Rogers R 20%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt R 13%
AR U.S. Senate - Sr John Boozman R 6%
AZ U.S. House - 3 Raul Grijalva D 93%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. House - 5 Mike Thompson D 81%
CA U.S. House - 6 Doris Matsui D 94%
CA U.S. House - 9 Jerry McNerney D 88%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee D 94%
CA U.S. House - 14 Jackie Speier D 75%
CA U.S. House - 16 Jim Costa D 63%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House - 22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House - 23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
CA U.S. House - 28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House - 32 Grace Napolitano D 88%
CA U.S. House - 38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 88%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 7%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House - 53 Susan Davis D 100%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 93%
CA Supervisor - 1 Hilda Solis 93%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette D 93%
CO U.S. House - 5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House - 7 Ed Perlmutter D 75%
CT U.S. Senate - Jr Chris Murphy D 100%
CT U.S. House - 1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House - 2 Joe Courtney D 100%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 88%
DC U.S. House - Delegate Eleanor Norton D 50%
DE U.S. Senate - Sr Tom Carper D 73%
FL U.S. House - 12 Gus Bilirakis R 31%
FL U.S. House - 14 Kathy Castor D 100%
FL U.S. House - 16 Vern Buchanan R 44%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
FL U.S. House - 23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 88%
FL U.S. House - 25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 31%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 75%
GA U.S. House - 4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 94%
GA U.S. House - 13 David Scott D 88%
HI U.S. Senate - Jr Mazie Hirono D 93%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 27%
IA U.S. House - 2 Dave Loebsack D 88%
IA U.S. House - 4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo R 9%
ID U.S. House - 2 Mike Simpson R 19%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House - 3 Dan Lipinski D 100%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House - 9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House - 11 Bill Foster D 83%
IL U.S. House - 15 John Shimkus R 13%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky D 94%
IN U.S. House - 7 André Carson D 83%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Pat Roberts R 10%
KS U.S. Senate - Jr Jerry Moran R 13%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 9%
KY U.S. House - 3 John Yarmuth D 100%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 6%
LA U.S. House - 1 Steve Scalise R 0%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House - 8 Stephen Lynch D 100%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. Senate - Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
MD U.S. House - 2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 81%
MD U.S. House - 3 John Sarbanes D 88%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 88%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins R 82%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow D 82%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 56%
MI U.S. House - 7 Tim Walberg R 6%
MN U.S. Senate - Sr Amy Klobuchar D 82%
MN U.S. House - 4 Betty McCollum D 100%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson D 63%
MN Governor Tim Walz DFL 75%
MN Attorney General Keith Ellison DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House - 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 86%
MO U.S. House - 5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 87%
MO U.S. House - 6 Sam Graves R 6%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
MT U.S. Senate - Sr Jon Tester D 73%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 7%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 9%
NC U.S. House - 1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 87%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price D 94%
NC U.S. House - 5 Virginia Foxx R 13%
NC U.S. House - 10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House - 1 Jeff Fortenberry R 50%
NE U.S. House - 3 Adrian Smith R 6%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 93%
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