Rating Group: Public Citizen

1997-1998 Positions

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 21%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 42%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 26%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 32%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 68%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 63%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 47%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 84%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 84%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 68%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 79%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 26%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 89%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 37%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 53%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo Republican 26%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 58%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis Democratic 68%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran Republican 16%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 8%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 26%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 89%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 74%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 89%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 58%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 37%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins Republican 58%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci Democratic 74%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 74%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 32%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt Republican 26%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 5%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 53%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 58%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 74%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 21%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price Democratic 42%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 74%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 63%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 84%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 74%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 80%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 58%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 84%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 26%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 47%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 63%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 42%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 17%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas Republican 21%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 83%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 56%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 95%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 58%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 37%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 58%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune Republican 32%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger Republican 5%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions Republican 5%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 37%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 26%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 79%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 32%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 75%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 83%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith Democratic 74%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind Democratic 74%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 89%
Neil Abercrombie 63%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 42%
Gary Ackerman 58%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 83%
Wayne Allard 8%
Thomas Allen 68%
Rob Andrews 89%
Bill Archer 11%
Richard Armey 21%
John Ashcroft 17%
Spencer Bachus 47%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 63%
Bob Barr, Jr. 47%
Bill Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 37%
Joe Barton 11%
Charlie Bass 53%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 0%
Max Baucus 75%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 21%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 42%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt R 26%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson R 32%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 83%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 68%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 63%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 47%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman D 84%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 84%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 68%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette D 79%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 26%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 89%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 37%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 53%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 33%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo R 26%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 58%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis D 68%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran R 16%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 8%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 26%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 89%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 74%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern D 89%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 58%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 37%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins R 58%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci D 74%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow D 74%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 32%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt R 26%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 5%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 53%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. D 58%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 74%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 21%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price D 42%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 74%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 63%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 84%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer D 74%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks D 80%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 95%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 89%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 58%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 84%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 26%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 47%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 63%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 42%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 17%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas R 21%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 83%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer D 56%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 95%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 58%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 37%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 58%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune R 32%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger R 5%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions R 5%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 37%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 26%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 79%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 32%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 75%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 83%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith D 74%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind D 74%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 89%
Neil Abercrombie 63%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 42%
Gary Ackerman 58%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 83%
Wayne Allard 8%
Thomas Allen 68%
Rob Andrews 89%
Bill Archer 11%
Richard Armey 21%
John Ashcroft 17%
Spencer Bachus 47%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 63%
Bob Barr, Jr. 47%
Bill Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 37%
Joe Barton 11%
Charlie Bass 53%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 0%
Max Baucus 75%
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