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Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.

Rating Group: Home School Legal Defense Association

1997-1998 Positions

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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results per page:
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 50%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 80%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 100%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 100%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 20%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 20%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 25%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 20%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 20%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 20%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 80%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 0%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic 25%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 20%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 80%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 20%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 0%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 80%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 40%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 80%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo Republican 100%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 0%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 0%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis Democratic 20%
IL U.S. House - 15 John Shimkus Republican 80%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 0%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Pat Roberts Republican 60%
KS U.S. Senate - Jr Jerry Moran Republican 100%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 75%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 80%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 0%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 20%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 20%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 20%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 20%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins Republican 60%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 20%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 80%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 60%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt Republican 100%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 80%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 20%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 80%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price Democratic 20%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 20%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 80%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 20%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 20%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 25%
NY U.S. House - 2 Pete King Republican 80%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 20%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 20%
NY U.S. House - 15 José Serrano Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House - 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 20%
NY U.S. House - 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 20%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 20%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 80%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 100%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 25%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 60%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 100%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas Republican 80%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 0%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 0%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 25%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 20%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed Democratic 0%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 80%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 20%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune Republican 80%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady Republican 100%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger Republican 80%
TX U.S. House - 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 80%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 20%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 20%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 20%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 0%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 0%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith Democratic 40%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind Democratic 20%
WI U.S. House - 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 100%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 80%
WY U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Enzi Republican 60%
Neil Abercrombie 20%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 60%
Gary Ackerman 20%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 80%
Thomas Allen 20%
Rob Andrews 20%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 80%
John Ashcroft 100%
Spencer Bachus 100%
Henry Scott Baesler 20%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 50%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 80%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson R 100%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 20%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 20%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 25%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 20%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman D 20%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 20%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 80%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 25%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette D 20%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 80%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 20%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 80%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis D 20%
IL U.S. House - 15 John Shimkus R 80%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Pat Roberts R 60%
KS U.S. Senate - Jr Jerry Moran R 100%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 75%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 80%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 20%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern D 20%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 20%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 20%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins R 60%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow D 20%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 80%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson D 60%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt R 100%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 80%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 20%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 80%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price D 20%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 20%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 80%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 20%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 20%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer D 25%
NY U.S. House - 2 Pete King R 80%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 20%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 20%
NY U.S. House - 15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House - 16 Eliot Engel D 20%
NY U.S. House - 17 Nita Lowey D 20%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 20%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 80%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 25%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 60%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas R 80%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 25%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 20%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed D 0%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 80%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 20%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune R 80%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger R 80%
TX U.S. House - 13 Mac Thornberry R 80%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 20%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 20%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 20%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith D 40%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind D 20%
WI U.S. House - 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 80%
WY U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Enzi R 60%
Neil Abercrombie 20%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 60%
Gary Ackerman 20%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 80%
Thomas Allen 20%
Rob Andrews 20%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 80%
John Ashcroft 100%
Spencer Bachus 100%
Henry Scott Baesler 20%
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