Rating Group: The Cato Institute

1997-1998 Trade Subsidy Votes Score

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 17%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 17%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 11%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 57%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 33%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 13%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 44%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 22%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 33%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 14%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 33%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 33%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 11%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 33%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 11%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 33%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 22%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis Democratic 22%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran Republican 44%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 33%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 11%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 33%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 22%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 38%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 11%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 11%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins Republican 33%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci Democratic 11%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 11%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 44%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt Republican 38%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 33%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 0%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 11%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 56%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price Democratic 22%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 0%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 22%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 22%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 33%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 22%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 22%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 67%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 78%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 25%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 50%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 33%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 50%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 33%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 22%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 44%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed Democratic 33%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 25%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 0%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune Republican 44%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady Republican 44%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger Republican 33%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions Republican 56%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 22%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 38%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 22%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 11%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 17%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 38%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 33%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith Democratic 33%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind Democratic 22%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 44%
Neil Abercrombie 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 67%
Gary Ackerman 14%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 33%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 13%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 56%
Richard Armey 78%
John Ashcroft 67%
Spencer Bachus 78%
Richard Hugh Baker 33%
Cass Ballenger 44%
James Barcia 11%
Bob Barr, Jr. 50%
Bill Barrett 33%
Roscoe Bartlett 33%
Joe Barton 8%
Charlie Bass 67%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 38%
Max Baucus 50%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 33%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 33%
Brian Bilbray 67%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 17%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 17%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt R 11%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson R 57%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 33%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 13%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 44%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 22%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman D 11%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 33%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 14%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette D 33%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 33%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 11%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 33%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 11%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 33%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin D 33%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 22%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis D 22%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran R 44%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 33%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 11%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 33%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 22%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern D 38%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 11%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 11%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins R 33%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci D 11%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow D 11%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 44%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt R 38%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 33%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. D 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 11%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 56%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price D 22%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 22%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 33%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 22%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 22%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 22%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 22%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 67%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 78%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 25%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 50%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 33%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 50%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer D 33%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 22%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 44%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed D 33%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 25%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune R 44%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady R 44%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger R 33%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions R 56%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 22%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 38%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 22%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 11%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 17%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 38%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 33%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith D 33%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind D 22%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 44%
Neil Abercrombie 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 67%
Gary Ackerman 14%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 33%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 13%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 56%
Richard Armey 78%
John Ashcroft 67%
Spencer Bachus 78%
Richard Hugh Baker 33%
Cass Ballenger 44%
James Barcia 11%
Bob Barr, Jr. 50%
Bill Barrett 33%
Roscoe Bartlett 33%
Joe Barton 8%
Charlie Bass 67%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 38%
Max Baucus 50%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 33%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 33%
Brian Bilbray 67%
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