Rating Group: The Cato Institute

1999-2000 Trade Barrier Votes Score

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 0%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 60%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 33%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 78%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 93%
CA U.S. House - 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 56%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 44%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 56%
CA U.S. House - 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 63%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 78%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 44%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 89%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 86%
CT U.S. House - 1 John Larson Democratic 78%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 44%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 78%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 80%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo Republican 73%
ID U.S. House - 2 Mike Simpson Republican 89%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 53%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 67%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis Democratic 56%
IL U.S. House - 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 44%
IL Board Member - At-Large David Phelps 56%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran Republican 89%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 73%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 22%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 56%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 78%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 67%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 67%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 63%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins Republican 40%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci Democratic 56%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 100%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt Republican 78%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 78%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 50%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 73%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 89%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 33%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price Democratic 89%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 33%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 11%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 22%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 22%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 80%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 78%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 50%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 44%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 78%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 33%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 78%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 78%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 13%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 60%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 47%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas Republican 75%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 80%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 89%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 33%
PA U.S. Senate - Jr Pat Toomey Republican 78%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 44%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed Democratic 53%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 33%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 56%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune Republican 100%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady Republican 78%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger Republican 78%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions Republican 89%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 89%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 89%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 89%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 67%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 40%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 33%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 73%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith Democratic 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 89%
WI U.S. Senate - Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 33%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind Democratic 100%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 67%
Neil Abercrombie 33%
Gary Ackerman 67%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 54%
Wayne Allard 80%
Thomas Allen 89%
Rob Andrews 44%
Richard Armey 78%
Spencer Bachus 67%
Brian Baird 89%
Richard Hugh Baker 78%
Cass Ballenger 67%
James Barcia 33%
Bob Barr, Jr. 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 11%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 60%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt R 33%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson R 78%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 93%
CA U.S. House - 5 Mike Thompson D 89%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 56%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee D 44%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman D 56%
CA U.S. House - 32 Grace Napolitano D 78%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 63%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 78%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 44%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette D 89%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 86%
CT U.S. House - 1 John Larson D 78%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 44%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 78%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo R 73%
ID U.S. House - 2 Mike Simpson R 89%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin D 53%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 67%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis D 56%
IL U.S. House - 9 Jan Schakowsky D 44%
IL Board Member - At-Large David Phelps 56%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran R 89%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 73%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 22%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 56%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 78%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern D 67%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 67%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 63%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins R 40%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci D 56%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 100%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt R 78%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 78%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. D 73%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 89%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 33%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price D 89%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 33%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 11%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 22%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer D 80%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks D 78%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 50%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 44%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 78%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 33%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 78%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 78%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 13%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 60%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 47%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas R 75%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer D 89%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 33%
PA U.S. Senate - Jr Pat Toomey R 78%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 44%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed D 53%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 33%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 56%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune R 100%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady R 78%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger R 78%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions R 89%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 89%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 89%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 67%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 40%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 33%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 73%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 89%
WI U.S. Senate - Jr Tammy Baldwin D 33%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 67%
Neil Abercrombie 33%
Gary Ackerman 67%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 54%
Wayne Allard 80%
Thomas Allen 89%
Rob Andrews 44%
Richard Armey 78%
Spencer Bachus 67%
Brian Baird 89%
Richard Hugh Baker 78%
Cass Ballenger 67%
James Barcia 33%
Bob Barr, Jr. 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 11%
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