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Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2008 Positions

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


results per page:
State Office Name Party Rating
Michael Ferguson 78%
Bob Filner 100%
Jeff Flake 11%
Randy Forbes 67%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 86%
Barney Frank 100%
Trent Franks 11%
Rodney Frelinghuysen 67%
Elton Gallegly 67%
Scott Garrett 22%
Jim Gerlach 89%
Gabrielle Giffords 89%
Wayne Gilchrest 89%
Phil Gingrey 44%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 44%
Bob Goodlatte 56%
Bart Gordon 100%
Gene Green 100%
Judd Gregg 20%
Luis Gutiérrez 100%
Charles Hagel 20%
John Hall 100%
Ralph Hall 67%
Phil Hare 100%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 89%
Doc Hastings 56%
Orrin Hatch 50%
Robert Hayes 56%
Dean Heller 44%
Jeb Hensarling 11%
Wally Herger, Jr. 38%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 100%
Baron Hill 89%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 100%
David Lee Hobson 75%
Paul Hodes 100%
Pete Hoekstra 67%
Tim Holden 100%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Mike Honda 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Kenny Hulshof 60%
Duncan Hunter 38%
Kay Hutchison 50%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 44%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Johnny Isakson 67%
Steve Israel 100%
Darrell Issa 33%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
Sam Johnson 22%
Tim Johnson 78%
Timothy Johnson 83%
Walter Jones, Jr. 56%
Steve Kagen 100%
Paul Kanjorski 100%
Richard Keller 44%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
John Kerry 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 33%
Mark Kirk 78%
Ron Klein 100%
John Kline 67%
Joseph Knollenberg 67%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 89%
John Kuhl, Jr. 78%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 86%
Nicholas Lampson 89%
Mary Landrieu 83%
Tom Latham 78%
Steve LaTourette 89%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Carl Levin 100%
Sandy Levin 100%
Jerry Lewis 56%
John Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 33%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 25%
Frank LoBiondo 67%
Dick Lugar 50%
Dan Lungren 56%
Connie Mack IV 22%
Tim Mahoney 100%
Don Manzullo 56%
Jim Marshall 88%
Melquiades Martinez 83%
Jim Matheson 78%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Claire McCaskill 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 67%
State Office Name Party Rating
Michael Ferguson 78%
Bob Filner 100%
Jeff Flake 11%
Randy Forbes 67%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 86%
Barney Frank 100%
Trent Franks 11%
Rodney Frelinghuysen 67%
Elton Gallegly 67%
Scott Garrett 22%
Jim Gerlach 89%
Gabrielle Giffords 89%
Wayne Gilchrest 89%
Phil Gingrey 44%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 44%
Bob Goodlatte 56%
Bart Gordon 100%
Gene Green 100%
Judd Gregg 20%
Luis Gutiérrez 100%
Charles Hagel 20%
John Hall 100%
Ralph Hall 67%
Phil Hare 100%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 89%
Doc Hastings 56%
Orrin Hatch 50%
Robert Hayes 56%
Dean Heller 44%
Jeb Hensarling 11%
Wally Herger, Jr. 38%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 100%
Baron Hill 89%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 100%
David Lee Hobson 75%
Paul Hodes 100%
Pete Hoekstra 67%
Tim Holden 100%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Mike Honda 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Kenny Hulshof 60%
Duncan Hunter 38%
Kay Hutchison 50%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 44%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Johnny Isakson 67%
Steve Israel 100%
Darrell Issa 33%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
Sam Johnson 22%
Tim Johnson 78%
Timothy Johnson 83%
Walter Jones, Jr. 56%
Steve Kagen 100%
Paul Kanjorski 100%
Richard Keller 44%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
John Kerry 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 33%
Mark Kirk 78%
Ron Klein 100%
John Kline 67%
Joseph Knollenberg 67%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 89%
John Kuhl, Jr. 78%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 86%
Nicholas Lampson 89%
Mary Landrieu 83%
Tom Latham 78%
Steve LaTourette 89%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Carl Levin 100%
Sandy Levin 100%
Jerry Lewis 56%
John Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 33%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 25%
Frank LoBiondo 67%
Dick Lugar 50%
Dan Lungren 56%
Connie Mack IV 22%
Tim Mahoney 100%
Don Manzullo 56%
Jim Marshall 88%
Melquiades Martinez 83%
Jim Matheson 78%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Claire McCaskill 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 67%
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