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Letter to the Hon. Jovita Carranza, Admin. of the Small Business Administration - Rubio Leads Colleagues in Requesting Full SBA Investigation Over Planned Parenthood Improperly Receiving PPP Loans


By: John Barrasso, Mike Enzi, Mike Lee, Ted Cruz, John Cornyn, Marsha Blackburn, Mike Rounds, John Thune, Tim Scott, Lindsey Graham, Pat Toomey, James Lankford, Jim Inhofe, Ben Sasse, Deb Fischer, John Hoeven, Thom Tillis, Steve Daines, Cindy Hyde-Smith, Bill Cassidy, Mitch McConnell, Jr., Jerry Moran, Mike Braun, Todd Young, James Risch, Joni Ernst, Chuck Grassley, Kelly Loeffler, Rick Scott, Marco Rubio, John Boozman, Carol Miller, Alex Mooney, Mike Gallagher, Glenn Grothman, Morgan Griffith, John Curtis, Brian Babin, Michael Burgess, Pete Olson, Chip Roy, Jodey Arrington, Mike Conaway, Kevin Brady, Ron Wright, Van Taylor, David Kustoff, Mark Green, John Rose, Chuck Fleischmann, Tim Burchett, Phil Roe, Ralph Norman, Jr., William Timmons, Jeff Duncan, Mike Kelly, Jr., Guy Reschenthaler, John Joyce, Scott Perry, Dan Meuser, Kevin Hern, Warren Davidson, Bill Johnson, Bob Latta, Jim Jordan, Brad Wenstrup, Steve Chabot, Chris Smith, Kelly Armstrong, Ted Budd, Dan Bishop, David Rouzer, Virginia Foxx, Greg Murphy, Greg Gianforte, Steven Palazzo, Michael Guest, Roger Wicker, Jason Smith, Billy Long, Vicky Hartzler, Ann Wagner, Jim Hagedorn, Bill Huizenga, Andy Harris, Garret Graves, Ralph Abraham, Mike Johnson, Steve Scalise, Andy Barr, Hal Rogers, Brett Guthrie, Steven Watkins, Jr., Larry Bucshon, Greg Pence, Jim Banks, Jackie Walorski, Darin LaHood, John Shimkus, Rodney Davis, Dan Lipinski, Russ Fulcher, Steve King, David Scott, Rick Allen, Barry Loudermilk, Jody Hice, Doug Collins, Drew Ferguson, Mario Diaz-Balart, Ross Spano, Gus Bilirakis, Bill Posey, Michael Waltz, John Rutherford, Neal Dunn, Matt Gaetz, Doug Lamborn, Tom McClintock, Doug LaMalfa, David Schweikert, Andy Biggs, Paul Gosar, Bruce Westerman, Robert Aderholt, Bradley Byrne, Kevin Cramer
Date: May 22, 2020
Location: Miami, FL

Dear Administrator Carranza:

We write to request the full investigation of how affiliates of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America ("Planned Parenthood"), a national organization with central control over its affiliates and which has nearly $2 billion in assets, were able to obtain loans through the Paycheck Protection Program ("the program"), and the appropriate enforcement of federal law based upon the findings of such an investigation.

It has come to our attention that affiliates of Planned Parenthood improperly applied for, and received loans, through the program. While we appreciate the Small Business Administration's ("SBA") efforts to promptly cancel those loans, the circumstances under which they were made merit further investigation of possible wrongdoing. Section 7(a)(36)(D)(vi) of the Small Business Act, as added by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security ("CARES") Act (P.L. 116-36), established that affiliation rules apply to nonprofits for the purpose of determining whether a nonprofit has 500 or fewer employees. Planned Parenthood's aggregate employee size is about 16,000 employees nationwide.

As you know, SBA affiliation rules generally consider entities to be affiliated "when one controls or has the power to control the other, or a third party or parties controls or has the power to control both." Among the factors the SBA considers for determining control is whether the entities are under common management, involving the exercise of "critical influence or the ability to exercise substantive control over a concern's operations." Planned Parenthood refers to its affiliates as "local offices" despite being separately incorporated. Planned Parenthood's bylaws describe an affiliate structure in which its management can uniformly and unilaterally impose policies and practices on its affiliates. By its governance and practice, Planned Parenthood operates as an affiliated group.

The public record is similarly clear. On March 25, shortly after the passage of the CARES Act, Planned Parenthood's lobbying arm, Planned Parenthood Action Fund, issued a statement arguing that the bill, "gives the Small Business Administration broad discretion to exclude Planned Parenthood affiliates… and deny them benefits under the new small business loan program." For the reasons listed above, the administration has already made the decision to make such an exclusion.

Under these circumstances, the application for and receipt of loans through the program suggests unlawful conduct. The CARES Act establishes that borrowers have liability for the wrongful application for a loan through the program. The Borrower Application Form requires that the applicant answer whether they "have common management with… any other business" and, if so, requires that they "list all such businesses and describe the relationship." The Form also requires that the applicant "certify that the information provided in this application and the information provided in all supporting documents and forms is true and accurate in all material respects." The application for a loan through the program would have required a Planned Parenthood affiliate to list the national organization as an affiliate organization.

Furthermore, the SBA and Department of the Treasury have indicated that they will review the applications of borrowers receiving loans through the program of an amount equal to $2 million or more for the accuracy of the borrower's attestations of affiliation and whether "[c]urrent economic uncertainty makes this loan request necessary to support the ongoing operations of the Applicant." Public reporting indicates that at least one Planned Parenthood affiliate, Planned Parenthood of Orange and San Bernardino Countries, California, received a loan in excess of this amount. The review of this chapter's certification of need should take into account its affiliation with a national organization that has nearly $2 billion in assets.

These circumstances require a full investigation in order to determine whether there was wrongdoing, and we urge that any such misconduct be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. We urge that the SBA promptly open an investigation into how these loans were made in clear violation of the applicable affiliation rules and if Planned Parenthood, relevant lenders, or staff at the SBA knowingly violated the law, and that appropriate legal action be taken if so.