Letter to Barack Obama, President of the United States - Iran's Pursuit of Nuclear Weapons


By: Jeff Fortenberry, Steve Stivers, Charlie Dent, Bill Shuster, Vicky Hartzler, Lou Barletta, Mick Mulvaney, Virginia Foxx, Ed Royce, Marsha Blackburn, Kay Granger, Tom Petri, David Jolly, Jo Bonner, Jr., Gus Bilirakis, Duncan Hunter, Shelley Capito, Ralph Hall, Mo Brooks, Phil Roe, Dave Reichert, Mark Meadows, Roger Williams, Kevin Yoder, Steve Southerland, Cathy Rodgers, Tom Latham, Jason Chaffetz, Bill Posey, Jim Jordan, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Cory Gardner, Dana Rohrabacher, Pete King, Jackie Walorski, Roger Wicker, Devin Nunes, Andy Harris, Raúl Labrador, Mike Rogers, Diane Black, Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr., Steve Pearce, Jon Runyan, Chris Gibson, Tom Rice, Frank LoBiondo, Trent Franks, Jeff Duncan, Leonard Lance, Robert Aderholt, Mac Thornberry, Sam Graves, Brad Schneider, Rich Nugent, Steve Scalise, Mike Turner, Mike Pompeo, Eliot Engel, Keith Rothfus, Mike Kelly, Jr., Brad Wenstrup, John Mica, Martha Roby, Lamar Smith, Jeb Hensarling, John Boehner, Jeff Miller, Matt Salmon, Kevin Brady, Ken Calvert, Blake Farenthold, Vance McAllister, Sr., Mario Diaz-Balart, Joe Heck, Jr., Lynn Westmoreland, Steve King, Adrian Smith, Tom McClintock, Michael Coffman, Joe Wilson, Sr., Marlin Stutzman, Dave Joyce, Ander Crenshaw, David Schweikert, Tim Griffin, Brett Guthrie, Chuck Fleischmann, Joe Crowley, Sean Duffy, John Fleming, Jr., Ron DeSantis, Adam Smith, Scott Garrett, Mike Conaway, Randy Hultgren, David Valadao, Pete Sessions, Ted Yoho, Pat Meehan, Doug Lamborn, Charles Boustany, Jr., Billy Long, Eric Cantor, Mark Sanford, Jr., Candice Miller, Michael Burgess, Louie Gohmert, GT Thompson, Jr., Gregg Harper, Andy Barr, Kenny Marchant, Tom Cotton, John Kline, Ted Poe, Doug Collins, Rick Crawford
Date: March 5, 2014
Location: Washington, DC

As your partner in developing the broad-based sanctions that - in bringing Iran to the negotiating table - have played an essential role in your two-track approach to encourage Iran to give up its nuclear weapons program, we support your diplomatic effort to test Iran's willingness to abandon its nuclear weapons ambitions and satisfactorily resolve all critical issues concerning its nuclear program.

Iran's history of delay, deception, and dissembling on its nuclear program raises serious concerns that Iran will use prolonged negotiations as a tool to secure an economic lifeline while it continues to make progress towards a nuclear weapon. Iran's leaders must understand that further sanctions relief will require Tehran to abandon its pursuit of a nuclear weapon and fully disclose its nuclear activities.

We are hopeful a permanent diplomatic agreement will require dismantlement of Iran's nuclear weapons-related infrastructure, including enrichment-, heavy water-, and reprocessing-related facilities, such that Iran will not be able to develop, build, or acquire a nuclear weapon. We do not seek to deny Iran a peaceful nuclear energy program, but we are gravely concerned that Iran's industrial-scale uranium enrichment capability and heavy water reactor being built at Arak could be used for the development of nuclear weapons.

Because we believe any agreement should include stringent transparency measures to guarantee that Iran cannot develop an undetectable nuclear weapons breakout capability, Tehran must fully and verifiably implement its Safeguards Agreement with the -. International Atomic Energy Agency, ratify and implement the Additional Protocol, answer pending IAEA questions, and comply with the transparency measures requested by the Director General of the IAEA, as well as with any additional verification and monitoring measures necessary to ensure Iran is abiding by the terms of any agreement. Such measures should include an agreement granting the IAEA necessary access to inspect all suspect sites, including military facilities, and providing an unfettered ability to interview Iranian scientists and personnel associated with Iran's nuclear program.

As negotiations progress, we expect your administration will continue to keep Congress regularly apprised of the details. And, because any long-term sanctions relief will require Congressional action, we urge you to consult closely with us so that we can determine the parameters of such relief in the event an agreement is reached, or, if no agreement is reached or Iran violates the interim agreement, so that we can act swiftly to consider additional sanctions and steps necessary to change Iran's calculation.

Finally, although the PS+ 1 process is focused on Iran's nuclear program, we remain deeply concerned by Iran's state sponsorship of terrorism, its horrendous human rights record, its efforts to destabilize its neighbors, its pursuit of intercontinental ballistic missiles, and its threats against our ally, Israel, as well as the fates of American citizens detained by Iran. We want to work with you to address these concerns as part of a broader strategy of dealing with Iran.

We are hopeful your two-track strategy will convince Iran to change course and abandon its pursuit of nuclear weapons. None of us desires military conflict, but as you yourself have acknowledged, we must keep all options on the table to prevent this dangerous regime from acquiring nuclear weapons.