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Letter to John Kerry, Secretary of State - Expressing Concern About Iran's Refusal to Cooperate with International Nuclear Inspectors

Letter

By: Scott Peters, Lamar Smith, Doris Matsui, Lacy Clay, Jr., Ted Deutch, Bob Latta, Chuck Fleischmann, Steve Stockman, Paul Gosar, Erik Paulsen, Renee Ellmers, Steven Palazzo, Gregg Harper, Scott DesJarlais, Keith Rothfus, Randy Weber, Sr., Ann Kuster, Aaron Schock, Steve Stivers, David Scott, Mike Quigley, Sam Graves, Alan Lowenthal, Kristi Noem, Alan Grayson, Cheri Bustos, Karen Bass, Joe Crowley, Derek Kilmer, Mike Kelly, Jr., Steven Horsford, Juan Vargas, Marlin Stutzman, Jeff Denham, Mike Turner, Henry Waxman, John Barrow, Stephen Lynch, Frank Lucas, Jack Kingston, Joe Courtney, David Jolly, Shelley Capito, Ben Lujan, Jr., Adam Schiff, John Sarbanes, Charlie Dent, Adam Smith, Ed Royce, Todd Rokita, Cathy McMorris Rodgers, Lou Barletta, Ron DeSantis, James Lankford, David McKinley, Joe Heck, Jr., Steve Daines, Tom Marino, Kerry Bentivolio, Pat Tiberi, Tom Price, Todd Young, Colleen Hanabusa, Brad Schneider, Eric Swalwell, Mick Mulvaney, Paul Cook, Denny Heck, Curt Clawson, Marc Veasey, Markwayne Mullin, Susan Brooks, Jim Jordan, Jared Polis, Rob Woodall, Tom Reed II, Marcia Kaptur, Greg Walden, Patrick Murphy, Jason Smith, Tom Latham, Adrian Smith, Elijah Cummings, Katherine Clark, Steve Chabot, Michael Burgess, Bill Pascrell, Jr., Gus Bilirakis, Jan Schakowsky, Blaine Luetkemeyer, Ted Poe, Mike Conaway, John Boehner, Steny Hoyer, Jeff Duncan, Jeff Miller, Kevin Brady, Richard Hudson, Jr., Blake Farenthold, Jackie Walorski, Doug LaMalfa, Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Tom McClintock, Duncan Hunter, Mark Amodei, Bob Brady, Dan Benishek, Suzan DelBene, Cedric Richmond, Bobby Scott, Bill Cassidy, Joe Kennedy III, Chris Collins, Daniel Webster, Alcee Hastings, Sr., Jon Runyan, Dave Reichert, John Larson, Kyrsten Sinema, Diane Black, Chris Gibson, Vern Buchanan, Bill Shuster, Rodney Davis, Bob Goodlatte, Rodney Frelinghuysen, Bill Enyart, Mike Michaud, Donald Young, Lucille Roybal-Allard, Chaka Fattah, Sr., Carolyn Maloney, Carolyn McCarthy, Trent Franks, John Kline, Henry Cuellar, Gene Green, Michael Coffman, Nita Lowey, Brett Guthrie, Richard Hanna, Joe Pitts, Mark Sanford, Jr., Dana Rohrabacher, David Cicilline, Jim Himes, Dennis Ross, Mike Rogers, Pat Meehan, Luke Messer, Peter Roskam, Devin Nunes, Tim Bishop, Doug Collins, Steve Southerland, Bill Owens, Dan Maffei, Terri Sewell, Joyce Beatty, Julia Brownley, Janice Hahn, Grace Meng, Rich Nugent, Ami Bera, Ed Perlmutter, Mark Takano, Jared Huffman, Judy Chu, Sean Maloney, Spencer Bachus, Jim Matheson, Ken Calvert, Rick Larsen, Matt Salmon, Virginia Foxx, Marcia Fudge, Doug Lamborn, Rosa DeLauro, Sanford Bishop, Jr., Robin Kelly, Paul Tonko, Louise Slaughter, Tim Huelskamp, Leonard Lance, Scott Rigell, Cory Gardner, Candice Miller, Vance McAllister, Sr., Marsha Blackburn, Mike Pompeo, Frederica Wilson, Robert Pittenger, Kathy Castor, Martha Roby, Kay Granger, Vicky Hartzler, Bill Keating, Roger Williams, Elizabeth Esty, Allyson Schwartz, Steve Womack, Pete Gallego, Sam Farr, Filemon Vela, Jr., Mark Meadows, John Carney, Jr., Andy Harris, Joe Garcia, Billy Long, Gary Peters, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Niki Tsongas, Sheila Jackson Lee, Jerry Nadler, Corrine Brown, Richard Neal, Robert Aderholt, Patrick McHenry, G.K. Butterfield, Jr., Bruce Braley, Nick Rahall II, John Garamendi, Linda Sánchez, Tim Walberg, Steve Israel, Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr., Kevin McCarthy, Phil Gingrey, Michael McCaul, Frank Wolf, Bob Gibbs, Pete Olson, GT Thompson, Jr., Randy Hultgren, Jim Renacci, Tom Rooney, Robert Hurt, Ander Crenshaw, Scott Tipton, Bill Flores, Frank Pallone, Jr., Dina Titus, Tim Griffin, Kevin Cramer, Tulsi Gabbard, Jaime Herrera Beutler, Kenny Marchant, Brad Wenstrup, Ron Barber, Gerry Connolly, Jeff Fortenberry, Scott Perry, Bill Posey, John Carter, Tom Graves, Jr., Tammy Duckworth, Ann Wagner, Chris Stewart, Austin Scott, Joaquin Castro, Hal Rogers, Phil Roe, George Holding, David Valadao, Ted Yoho, Mike Doyle, Jr., Bill Foster, Sean Duffy, Adam Kinzinger, Randy Neugebauer, Morgan Griffith, Jerry McNerney, Paul Ryan, Lois Frankel, Sandy Levin, Bill Johnson, Matt Cartwright, Dave Joyce, John Delaney, Randy Forbes, John Mica, Susan Davis, Buck McKeon, Jeb Hensarling, Mike Honda, Scott Garrett, John Campbell III, Albio Sires, Nydia Velázquez, Raul Ruiz, Andy Barr, Charles Boustany, Jr., Rick Crawford, Grace Napolitano, Joe Wilson, Sr., Fred Upton, Peter DeFazio, Al Green, Pete Sessions, Bradley Byrne, Lee Terry, Chris Smith, John Culberson, Brad Sherman, Darrell Issa, Frank LoBiondo, Jim Gerlach, Dutch Ruppersberger, Eliot Engel, Steve Scalise, Kevin Yoder, Rob Bishop, John Fleming, Jr., Jim Langevin, Pete King, Mario Diaz-Balart, Kurt Schrader, Cynthia Lummis, Tom Cotton, Jim Bridenstine, Mike Rogers, Ann Kirkpatrick, Lynn Jenkins, Michelle Lujan Grisham, Stephen Fincher, Trey Gowdy III, Alan Nunnelee, Bill Huizenga, Suzanne Bonamici, Loretta Sanchez, Mo Brooks, David Schweikert, Tim Ryan, Ron Kind, Reid Ribble, Jim Costa, Tony Cárdenas, Howard Coble, Chris Van Hollen, Jr., Dan Lipinski, Steve King, Gregory Meeks, Mike Simpson, Mike Fitzpatrick, Emanuel Cleaver II, Rubén Hinojosa, Sr., Tim Murphy, John Tierney, Lynn Westmoreland, Steve Pearce, Paul Broun, Jason Chaffetz, Brian Higgins, Tom Cole
Date: Oct. 1, 2014
Location: Washington, DC
Issues: Foreign Affairs

The Honorable John F. Kerry
Secretary
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street, NW
Washington, DC 20520

Dear Mr. Secretary:

As the United States prepares for the resumption of negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran to achieve a comprehensive nuclear agreement, we remain deeply concerned with Iran's refusal to fully cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency. As you know, the IAEA has sought information on the "potential military dimensions" of the Iranian nuclear program, in particular information about Iran's extensive research and development of a nuclear explosive device.

For several years, the IAEA has attempted to work with Iran to resolve this central issue, but Tehran has refused. Last November, the IAEA and Iran concluded a "Framework for Cooperation" in which Iran agreed to work with the IAEA, including by providing satisfactory information in response to IAEA inquiries within mutually agreed deadlines. Nevertheless, in its September 5, 2014 report, the IAEA stated that Iran had failed to meet its latest deadline, even as it continued to demolish structures and construct others at the Parchin military base, where clandestine nuclear-related activities have reportedly taken place.

We believe that Iran's willingness to fully reveal all aspects of its nuclear program is a fundamental test of Iran's intention to uphold a comprehensive agreement. As you wrote in the Washington Post earlier this summer, if Iran's nuclear program is truly peaceful, "it's not a hard proposition to prove." The only reasonable conclusion for its stonewalling of international investigators is that Tehran does indeed have much to hide.

We are concerned that an agreement that accepts Iran's lack of transparency on this key issue would set the dangerous precedent that certain facilities and aspects of Iran's nuclear program can be declared off limits by Tehran, resulting in additional wide-ranging restrictions on IAEA inspectors, and making effective verification virtually impossible.

A resolution of this issue is also essential to establishing a baseline regarding the status of the Iranian nuclear program. Accurate predictions of the period of time needed by Iran to assemble a weapon and assessments of Iran's compliance cannot be made without highly reliable information obtained from an unrestricted inspection and verification regime. Such a baseline is also critical to developing more precise estimates on the time it would take Iran to develop a nuclear weapons capability without detection.

We would like to achieve a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear crisis. As negotiations resume, we urge you to carefully monitor Iran's cooperation with the IAEA's inquiry. As you have written, there is a "discrepancy…between Iran's professed intent with respect to its nuclear program and the actual content of that program to date." We agree with your assessment that "these issues cannot be dismissed; they must be addressed by the Iranians if a comprehensive solution is to be reached." An agreement that effectively prevents Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability demands transparency on the extensive research and development work that Iran has undertaken in the past.


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