HR 1446 - Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021 - National Key Vote


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Title: Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021

Vote Smart's Synopsis:

Vote to pass a bill that requires a federal firearms licensee to wait 10 business days for a completed background check before transferring a firearm to an unlicensed individual.



  • Increases the time period that a federal firearm licensee or gun dealer must wait for a background check prior to transferring a firearm to an unlicensed individual from 3 to 10 business days (Sec. 2).

  • Specifies that if a submitted background check has not been completed after 10 business days, then the unlicensed prospective purchaser may submit to the Attorney General a petition for final review (Sec. 2).

  • Establishes that if the aforementioned submitted background check has still not been completed after 10 business days following the prospective purchaser’s petition for final review, then the federal firearm licensee may transfer the firearm to the prospective purchaser (Sec. 2).

  • Requires the Attorney General, in consultation with the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence and Firearms, to submit to Congress a report analyzing the effect, if any, this act had on the safety of victims of domestic violence, abuse, dating partner violence, sexual assault, and stalking, broken up by state, within 150 days of this acts enactment (Sec. 5).

  • Requires that, 90 days after this act’s enactment, the Department of Justice prepare and submit to Congress a written report on the number of firearm transactions with respect to the national instant criminal background check system established under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (Sec. 7).