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Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill. Summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to the project's strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Sept. 30, 2020 MI HB 4332 Authorizes Use of Pneumatic Guns Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 15)
Sept. 23, 2020 OH SB 360 Prohibits Public Officials from Issuing an Order that Prohibits Statewide Firearm Sales Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 5)
Aug. 28, 2020 CA AB 2847 Requires Microstamping Within Handguns Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 12)
Aug. 25, 2020 MO HB 16 Classifies Knowingly Transferring a Firearm to a Minor for the Purpose of Avoiding an Arrest or Investigation as a Felony Bill Passed - House (99 - 49)
July 1, 2020 HI SB 3054 Requires Gun Owners to Notify Police when Firearm is Moved out of State Bill Passed - House (38 - 13)
June 29, 2020 NH HB 687 Establishes a Procedure for Extreme Risk Protection Orders Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 10)
June 24, 2020 PA HB 1747 Limits the Governors Ability to Restrict Firearm Access During a Disaster Emergency Bill Passed - House (127 - 74)
June 17, 2020 RI S 2004 Prohibits Non-Metallic Firearms and "Ghost Guns" Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (34 - 4)
June 11, 2020 CA AB 2847 Requires Microstamping Within Handguns Bill Passed - House (52 - 20)
June 3, 2020 IA HF 2502 Amends Gun Policies Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 17)
May 29, 2020 LA HB 140 Prohibits Localities from Establishing Restrictions to Prohibit Firearm Possession Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 3)
May 22, 2020 LA HB 334 Authorizes Concealed Handgun Permit Holders to Carry Inside Places of Worship Bill Passed - House (72 - 24)
May 15, 2020 OK SB 1081 Prohibits Localities from Enacting "Red Flag" Firearm Ordinances Bill Passed - House (77 - 14)
April 22, 2020 VA SB 479 Prohibits Individuals Subject to a Protective Order From Possessing Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (50 - 42)
April 22, 2020 VA SB 479 Prohibits Individuals Subject to a Protective Order From Possessing Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 18)
April 2, 2020 NY S 7505 Amends Criminal Justice Laws Bill Passed - House (96 - 45)
March 31, 2020 NY S 7505 Amends Criminal Justice Laws Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 24)
March 18, 2020 ID H 516 Amends Constitutional Carry Laws Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 5)
March 12, 2020 NH HB 1285 Prohibits Firearms on School Property "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (182 - 141)
March 12, 2020 OK SB 1081 Prohibits Localities from Enacting "Red Flag" Firearm Ordinances Bill Passed - Senate (34 - 9)
March 11, 2020 WY HB 118 Establishes the Second Amendment Preservation Act Bill Failed - Senate (15 - 14)
March 9, 2020 MD HB 4 Requires Background Checks for Private Sales of Long Guns Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 14)
March 5, 2020 VA SB 70 Requires Background Check for Firearm Transfers Conference Report Adopted - House (54 - 46)
March 5, 2020 WA HB 2467 Establishes a Background Check System for Firearms Transfers Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 20)
March 4, 2020 MI HB 5479 Prohibits Gun Buyback Programs by Local Governments Bill Passed - House (58 - 49)
March 3, 2020 WA SB 5434 Establishes Restrictions for Firearms in Daycare and Child Care Facilities Bill Passed - House (56 - 40)
Feb. 28, 2020 VA HB 9 Requires Reporting Lost or Stolen Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 44)
Feb. 28, 2020 VA HB 1083 Amends Safety Requirements for Unsecured Firearms and Increases Penalties Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 43)
Feb. 27, 2020 MN HF 9 Authorizes Extreme Risk Productive Orders Bill Passed - House (68 - 62)
Feb. 27, 2020 ID H 516 Amends Constitutional Carry Laws Bill Passed - House (56 - 14)
Feb. 27, 2020 IA HF 2502 Amends Gun Policies Bill Passed - House (52 - 44)
Feb. 27, 2020 WY HB 118 Establishes the Second Amendment Preservation Act Bill Passed - House (49 - 9)
Feb. 26, 2020 VA HB 1083 Amends Safety Requirements for Unsecured Firearms and Increases Penalties (22 - 18)
Feb. 26, 2020 VA SB 35 Authorizes Localities to Prohibit Guns at Public Events Bill Passed - House (53 - 46)
Feb. 26, 2020 VA HB 9 Requires Reporting Lost or Stolen Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 20)
Feb. 20, 2020 NH HB 1379 Requires a Background Check for Firearm Sales "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (196 - 152)
Feb. 19, 2020 NH HB 1101 Establishes a Waiting Period after Purchasing a Firearm Bill Passed - House (184 - 134)
Feb. 13, 2020 WA HB 2467 Establishes a Background Check System for Firearms Transfers Bill Passed - House (66 - 32)
Feb. 12, 2020 OK HB 2336 Authorizes Handguns on the Premises of Schools Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 7)
Feb. 11, 2020 VA HB 961 Prohibits the Sale or Transportation of Assault Weapons or Magazines Holding 12 or More Rounds Bill Passed - House (51 - 48)
Feb. 7, 2020 KY SB 8 Requires School Districts Have Armed School Resource Officers Bill Passed - House (78 - 8)
Feb. 4, 2020 MD HB 4 Requires Background Checks for Private Sales of Long Guns Bill Passed - House (87 - 47)
Jan. 30, 2020 VA HB 674 Authorizes Removing Firearms from Persons Posing Substantial Risk Bill Passed - House (52 - 46)
Jan. 23, 2020 WA HB 1010 Requires the Disposition of Forfeited Firearms Bill Passed - House (56 - 42)
Jan. 22, 2020 VA SB 240 Authorizes Temporary Seizure of Guns from Persons Posing Substantial Risk Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
Jan. 16, 2020 VA SB 69 Prohibits Purchasing more than One Handgun per Month Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
Jan. 16, 2020 VA SB 35 Authorizes Localities to Prohibit Guns at Public Events Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
Jan. 16, 2020 VA SB 70 Requires Background Check for Firearm Transfers Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 17)
Jan. 14, 2020 MI HB 4020 Authorizes the Sale of Stun Guns to Individuals Over the Age of 18 Bill Passed - House (84 - 24)
Jan. 14, 2020 IN SB 69 Authorizes Firearms on School Grounds Bill Passed - Senate (42 - 7)
Jan. 8, 2020 NH HB 687 Establishes a Procedure for Extreme Risk Protection Orders Bill Passed - House (201 - 176)
Date No. Title Outcome
9/30 HB 4332 Authorizes Use of Pneumatic Guns Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 15)
9/23 SB 360 Prohibits Public Officials from Issuing an Order that Prohibits Statewide Firearm Sales Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 5)
8/28 AB 2847 Requires Microstamping Within Handguns Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 12)
8/25 HB 16 Classifies Knowingly Transferring a Firearm to a Minor for the Purpose of Avoiding an Arrest or Investigation as a Felony Bill Passed - House (99 - 49)
7/01 SB 3054 Requires Gun Owners to Notify Police when Firearm is Moved out of State Bill Passed - House (38 - 13)
6/29 HB 687 Establishes a Procedure for Extreme Risk Protection Orders Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 10)
6/24 HB 1747 Limits the Governors Ability to Restrict Firearm Access During a Disaster Emergency Bill Passed - House (127 - 74)
6/17 S 2004 Prohibits Non-Metallic Firearms and "Ghost Guns" Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (34 - 4)
6/11 AB 2847 Requires Microstamping Within Handguns Bill Passed - House (52 - 20)
6/03 HF 2502 Amends Gun Policies Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 17)
5/29 HB 140 Prohibits Localities from Establishing Restrictions to Prohibit Firearm Possession Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 3)
5/22 HB 334 Authorizes Concealed Handgun Permit Holders to Carry Inside Places of Worship Bill Passed - House (72 - 24)
5/15 SB 1081 Prohibits Localities from Enacting "Red Flag" Firearm Ordinances Bill Passed - House (77 - 14)
4/22 SB 479 Prohibits Individuals Subject to a Protective Order From Possessing Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (50 - 42)
4/22 SB 479 Prohibits Individuals Subject to a Protective Order From Possessing Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 18)
4/02 S 7505 Amends Criminal Justice Laws Bill Passed - House (96 - 45)
3/31 S 7505 Amends Criminal Justice Laws Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 24)
3/18 H 516 Amends Constitutional Carry Laws Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 5)
3/12 HB 1285 Prohibits Firearms on School Property "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (182 - 141)
3/12 SB 1081 Prohibits Localities from Enacting "Red Flag" Firearm Ordinances Bill Passed - Senate (34 - 9)
3/11 HB 118 Establishes the Second Amendment Preservation Act Bill Failed - Senate (15 - 14)
3/09 HB 4 Requires Background Checks for Private Sales of Long Guns Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 14)
3/05 SB 70 Requires Background Check for Firearm Transfers Conference Report Adopted - House (54 - 46)
3/05 HB 2467 Establishes a Background Check System for Firearms Transfers Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 20)
3/04 HB 5479 Prohibits Gun Buyback Programs by Local Governments Bill Passed - House (58 - 49)
3/03 SB 5434 Establishes Restrictions for Firearms in Daycare and Child Care Facilities Bill Passed - House (56 - 40)
2/28 HB 9 Requires Reporting Lost or Stolen Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 44)
2/28 HB 1083 Amends Safety Requirements for Unsecured Firearms and Increases Penalties Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 43)
2/27 HF 9 Authorizes Extreme Risk Productive Orders Bill Passed - House (68 - 62)
2/27 H 516 Amends Constitutional Carry Laws Bill Passed - House (56 - 14)
2/27 HF 2502 Amends Gun Policies Bill Passed - House (52 - 44)
2/27 HB 118 Establishes the Second Amendment Preservation Act Bill Passed - House (49 - 9)
2/26 HB 1083 Amends Safety Requirements for Unsecured Firearms and Increases Penalties (22 - 18)
2/26 SB 35 Authorizes Localities to Prohibit Guns at Public Events Bill Passed - House (53 - 46)
2/26 HB 9 Requires Reporting Lost or Stolen Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 20)
2/20 HB 1379 Requires a Background Check for Firearm Sales "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (196 - 152)
2/19 HB 1101 Establishes a Waiting Period after Purchasing a Firearm Bill Passed - House (184 - 134)
2/13 HB 2467 Establishes a Background Check System for Firearms Transfers Bill Passed - House (66 - 32)
2/12 HB 2336 Authorizes Handguns on the Premises of Schools Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 7)
2/11 HB 961 Prohibits the Sale or Transportation of Assault Weapons or Magazines Holding 12 or More Rounds Bill Passed - House (51 - 48)
2/07 SB 8 Requires School Districts Have Armed School Resource Officers Bill Passed - House (78 - 8)
2/04 HB 4 Requires Background Checks for Private Sales of Long Guns Bill Passed - House (87 - 47)
1/30 HB 674 Authorizes Removing Firearms from Persons Posing Substantial Risk Bill Passed - House (52 - 46)
1/23 HB 1010 Requires the Disposition of Forfeited Firearms Bill Passed - House (56 - 42)
1/22 SB 240 Authorizes Temporary Seizure of Guns from Persons Posing Substantial Risk Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
1/16 SB 69 Prohibits Purchasing more than One Handgun per Month Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
1/16 SB 35 Authorizes Localities to Prohibit Guns at Public Events Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
1/16 SB 70 Requires Background Check for Firearm Transfers Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 17)
1/14 HB 4020 Authorizes the Sale of Stun Guns to Individuals Over the Age of 18 Bill Passed - House (84 - 24)
1/14 SB 69 Authorizes Firearms on School Grounds Bill Passed - Senate (42 - 7)
1/08 HB 687 Establishes a Procedure for Extreme Risk Protection Orders Bill Passed - House (201 - 176)

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