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Frederica Wilson's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)



Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, or we could not infer an answer for this candidate despite exhaustive research of their public record.

Additional Information: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position, from their answers or Vote Smart's research.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Frederica Wilson has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • Signed a letter stating: "Many people are fearful about how your presidency will affect women and girls. You have promised to nominate Supreme Court Justices who will overturn Roe v. Wade. You have also nominated officials with unabashedly anti-woman records to serve in cabinet posts with power to affect women's health and day-to-day lives. Because of their fears about what lies ahead, women are already taking action to protect themselves against possible negative outcomes, such as by rushing to their doctors to obtain long-acting birth control before your inauguration." (
  • Endorsed and rated 100% by Planned Parenthood Action Fund. (
  • "Women have made incredible progress towards equality thanks to Roe v. Wade, in the workplace, in society, in communities & in families. Abortion rights are an essential freedom & we know #WhatsAtStake. This #SCOTUS vacancy shouldn't be used to strip women’s rights. #StopKavanaugh" (
  • "The richest 1% of Floridians will enjoy a 40% tax cut, while the state's poorest 20% will get a mere 1% reduction. In addition, while the lower rate for working and middle-income taxpayers will expire in 2025 when they will begin paying a higher rate, corporate tax cuts will remain permanent" (
  • "RT if you agree that middle class families shouldn’t suffer while the millionaires & billionaires are given a tax break. #GOPTaxScam" (
  • "The GOP #BillionairesFirst tax plan will give the wealthiest a massive tax break & leave hard-working families with the bill. No thanks!" (
  • "Social Security has been working #ForThePeople for 83 years. Let’s protect it, expand it, and defend it from Republican attacks. #SocSec83" (
  • "As a Member of Congress, I am deeply committed to protecting Social Security. This means I will vote against any measure to privatize the program, cut benefits, or increase the eligibility age. As a core commitment, I believe Social Security recipients should be entitled to maintain their purchasing power. This is why I strongly believe we must maintain the current system of adjusting to account for changes in the cost of living. While many politicians have argued that we must overhaul or even eliminate Social Security to cope with the Baby Boomer generation reaching retirement, I reject this argument. Without any cost-savings, leading economists estimate Social Security will be fully solvent for at least the next 25 years. I pledge to find new ways to strengthen Social Security and extend its solvency without placing an undue burden on the backs of deserving recipients." (
  • Rated 100% by the Alliance for Retired Americans. (
  • "Democrats are working #ForThePeople to reverse the Trump Administration’s ACA sabotage and restore funding to make health care more accessible and affordable for all Americans." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "The 113th Congress is coming to a close on the heels of an election season that once again shattered all previous records for midterm election spending. With Americans of all political persuasions fed up by the growing influence of special interests in government and frustrated by the partisan gridlock in Congress, we believe the House Judiciary Committee can help start the 114th Congress off right by holding hearings on a constitutional amendment to reduce the influence of big money in politics." (
  • "Today, I was proud to vote for #HR1, the #ForThePeople Act. I promised I would come to Washington to clean up corruption, get dark money out of politics, and restore voting rights. I urge the Senate to pass this legislation so that we can restore Americans’ faith in government." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 7120 - George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020. (
  • " I am grateful for the opportunity to have played a role in the push to curb police brutality, end racial profiling, and bring accountability to our nation’s police departments. Most important, it will save lives." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 2500 - National Defense Authorization Act. (
  • Rated 7% by the Center for Security Policy. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between defense spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "As you continue your work on the fiscal year 2018 budget request for the Department of Defense (DoD), we urge you to include the funding necessary to complete the U.S. Navy's stated requirements for strategic dispersal of capital ships by making Naval Station Mayport capable of homeporting a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (CVN). While we understand the realities of the fiscal environment, our Navy overleverages risk to our carrier fleet by having only one CVN homeport on the Eastern seaboard. Not only are our operational CVN in jeopardy, but our future capital ships under construction are practically co-located, risking tens of billions of dollars of assets as well as our ability to project power abroad now and in the future." (
  • "Since my first day in Congress, my mantra has been jobs, jobs, jobs. The Transportation and Infrastructure Committee plays a pivotal role in spurring job creation and economic growth. This appointment will provide excellent opportunities to work across party lines to advance an agenda to rebuild and strengthen America's infrastructure and transportation systems, which will make our nation both safer and more competitive." (
  • "Every dollar we invest in infrastructure is an investment in our neighborhoods, our communities, and our future. #TimetoBuild" (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 - Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. (
  • "President Reagan. President Bush 41. President Bush 43. All tried "trickle down" tax cuts for the rich. But it never happened. #NotOnePenny" (
  • "Apparently, @SpeakerRyan's idea of "tax reform" is raising taxes on tens of millions of middle class families in order to give corporations a tax break. #GOPTaxScam" (
  • "Who benefits from #GOPTaxScam? Wealthiest Americans & corporations. Who gets the bill? Middle-class families, small biz, future generations" (
  • "I'm pleased that the #CARESAct has been passed by Congress! Democrats are fighting to ensure that workers across America are protected during this public health crisis. #FamiliesFirst" (
  • "Small businesses face costs from all different directions. I support the bipartisan #CARESAct to lighten the burden on these crucial local job creators." (
  • Rated 100% by National Education Association. (
  • "Unfortunately, No Child Left Behind's one-size-fits-all approach derailed the fulfillment of this promise by creating an untenable environment of excessive, high-stakes testing that undermines educators' ability to serve their students." (
  • Rated 91% by League of Conservation Voters. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "The "Sunshine State" should be a leader in renewable energy and innovation. After all, a clean and healthy environment is the backbone of Florida's economy and prosperity." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "As you begin work on the fiscal year (FY) 2018 energy and water appropriations bill, we write to express our support for robust funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and its critical programs that partner the federal government with industry, academia, and research facilities to secure America's energy future." (
  • "I am committed to smart energy policies that fight climate change by cutting carbon emissions and boosting renewable fuel production. As the solar industry has demonstrated, by investing in new clean technologies, we can not only protect our planet but also create new high-wage jobs." (
  • "Today, @TransportDems are focusing on ways to mitigate the effects of climate change by reducing carbon emissions and making our infrastructure more resilient. #ActOnClimate" (
  • "@Citizensclimate is working to bring awareness to H.R. 763 Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Act of 2019. This bill imposes a carbon fee on corporations and would create millions of jobs and help reduce greenhouse gas." (
  • Rated 90% by Environment America. (
  • "The Obama administration made progress in 2014 when the president forged a bilateral agreement between the United States and China to place a cap on carbon emissions and created the first regulations on power plants under the president's Climate Action Plan." (
  • "Today the U.S. House of Representatives took a step toward making our country a more dangerous place. House Republicans, in a largely party line vote, passed the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act, which will force every state in the nation to recognize concealed carry standards from every other state." (
  • Rated 0% by the National Rifle Association (
  • "There are too many guns in the hands of the wrong people. There is no reason for anyone who is prohibited from boarding a plane to be able to buy an arsenal of weapons. Congress has to act, and act now. My colleagues and I will continue to sit-in until Congress decides to take action to implement screenings for gun purchases no matter where or how the weapons are purchased, and until we end the sale of destructive assault weapons." (
  • "Assault weapons regardless of origin, make or model should be permanently banned for civilian use. They should be issued only to military personnel & law enforcement. They are weapons of mass destruction & were created for one purpose: to kill. Society is better off without them!" (
  • "Because of the ACA, insurers can no longer deny or drop coverage because of a pre-existing condition. Roughly 7.8 million Floridians have a pre-existing health condition. #ProtectOurCare" (
  • "As a supporter of the Affordable Care Act and the representative of thousands of people who've depended on this landmark legislation to access quality, affordable health care, I am thrilled that the Supreme Court made the right decision in King v. Burwell." (
  • "Today the Affordable Care Act turns six. Just like food, shelter and a living wage, affordable health care is a necessary lifeline. Thanks to the ACA, 20 million previously uninsured people now have access to affordable health insurance plans. In addition to enabling hardworking Americans to access much-needed preventative services, this historic legislation also lessens the likelihood that they will lose all that they've worked so hard for if they or a family member fall ill." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (
  • "The #FAMILYAct would guarantee #paidleave for moms and dads (and many others!). A national #paidleave policy would shift #caregiving norms and make workplaces more equitable and family friendly." (
  • Rated 0% by NumbersUSA. (
  • "A strong nation builds bridges, not walls. " (
  • "RT if you agree: Using children as bargaining chips to get funding to build a wall along the border is unconscionable and inhumane! #FamiliesBelongTogether #FamilySeparation" (
  • Rated 0% by NumbersUSA. (
  • "It's time to bring America's hardworking immigrants out of the shadows. President Obama acted showed true leadership by implementing Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)policy, protection a million young immigrants from deportation. The next step should be passage of the Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors (DREAM) Act, which I cosponsored in Congress to provide safety to countless new Americans and add upwards of $329 billion to the US economy. This year, I'm calling on Congress to do what America has demanded and pass a comprehensive immigration reform plan that creates a path for undocumented Americans to obtain citizenship." (
  • "We must protect and strengthen #DACA & find a permanent protection for undocumented young people & families.#HereToStay" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "We are writing to urge that you do not withhold certification on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) absent credible evidence of a material breach with Iran. Nonetheless, we are united in our belief that enforcing this agreement to the fullest extent will provide the United States with more leverage to stop a potential Iranian nuclear weapons program and push back on Iran's destabilizing activities." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Few decisions are more needing of debate than a move to launch attacks, or declare war, on a nuclear-armed state such as North Korea. Military action against North Korea was considered by the Obama, Bush and Clinton Administrations, but all ultimately determined there was no military option that would not run the unacceptable risk of a counter-reaction from Pyongyang. This reaction could immediately threaten the lives of as many as a third of the South Korean population, put nearly 30,000 U.S. service members and over 100,000 other U.S. citizens residing in South Korea in grave danger, and also threaten other regional allies such as Japan." (
  • "Without the #IranDeal’s rigorous inspections, Iran could resume its illegal nuclear weapons program. Pulling out of the #IranDeal is a dangerous, ill-advised policy." (
  • "It was, however, just a first step toward addressing the civil war in Syria and the Assad regime, so President Trump will need to follow up the airstrikes with a cohesive plan of action that clearly defines strategies and goals for both Syria and the region. Moreover, before the president makes any more aggressive moves against Syria, he will need congressional authorization for military action as required by the Constitution." (
  • "Ending the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan: Recent estimates suggest that the past decades wars have cost American taxpayers upwards of $4 trillion. This is to say nothing of the thousands of precious lives lost. At a time of widespread budget cuts to education and other vital services, we simply cannot continue these wars. I am advocating in Congress for a prompt end to our wars abroad." (
  • Signed a letter stating: "Working with our allies and partners, we urge you to maintain and increase pressure on Iran and Russia to constrain their destabilizing activities. America must continue economic and diplomatic efforts to counter Iran's support for Hezbollah and other terrorist groups as well as Russia's support for the brutal Assad regime. We encourage full implementation of sanctions authorized in the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), a broadly supported bipartisan bill that you signed into law. Clear and sustained American action and close coordination with our allies and partners can send an important message of resolve to malign actors in the region." (
  • "You only need to look around at your communities to see that GOP policies are hurting Americans. Wages aren’t growing, gas is more expensive, and Trump’s tariffs are hurting farmers from coast to coast. Americans deserve #ABetterDeal." (
  • Rated 25% by Public Citizen. (
  • Signed a letter stating: "U.S. workers and businesses are the best in the world, and it is critical to our country's economic future that they are able to compete in a fair global marketplace. For that reason, it is critical the TPP include strong, enforceable protections against currency manipulation." (
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

X a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and parental notification requirements.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Support "buffer zones" by requiring demonstrators to stay at least 15 feet away from abortion clinic doorways and driveways.
i) Other
Yes j) Should Florida government funding be provided to clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services?

Indicate the principles you support (if any) concerning affirmative action. State government agencies should take race and sex into account in the following sectors:

Yes a) College and university admissions
Yes b) Public employment
Yes c) State contracting
d) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.
X c) End parole for repeat violent felons.
d) Support the use of the death penalty.
e) Oppose the death penalty.
X f) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
X g) Inform communities when a convicted sex offender moves into the community.
X h) Increase state funds for programs which rehabilitate and educate inmates during and after their prison sentences.
i) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
j) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.
k) Strengthen penalties and sentences for sex offenders.
l) Lower the blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.
m) Prosecute juveniles who commit murder or other serious violent crimes as adults.
n) Allow recording devices in execution observation rooms.
X o) Support chemical castration for convicted sexual offenders.
p) Maintain electrocution as Florida's method of execution.
X q) Adopt lethal injection as Florida's method of execution.
r) Other
Yes s) Should violent sexual offenders eligible for parole, be committed to mental hospitals until they are deemed safe to return to society?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning the economy and employment.

X a) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.
X b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Support limits on cash damages in lawsuits against businesses and professionals for product liability or malpractice.
X d) Increase funding for state job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
e) Allow Native American tribes to operate gambling casinos on tribal land in Florida.
f) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

X a) Increase state funds for professional development of public school teachers and administrators.
X b) Encourage private or corporate investment in public school programs.
c) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).
d) Favor charter schools where independent groups receive state authorization and funding to establish new schools.
X e) Support sex education programs which stress abstinence.
X f) Support sex education programs which stress safe sexual practices.
X g) Increase state funds for school construction and facility maintenance.
X h) Increase state funds for hiring of additional teachers.
i) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
j) Grant merit pay raises each year to teachers who excel.
k) Other
Yes l) Should Florida require that all new state school buses be equipped with passenger seat belts?
No m) Do you support adding the Bible to high school literature or history curriculums in Florida public schools?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Require the use of cleaner burning fuels in order to prevent pollution.
b) Support "self-audit" legislation which creates incentives for industries to audit themselves and clean up pollution.
c) Require a cost/benefit analysis to determine the economic impact of proposed environmental regulations before they are implemented.
d) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
e) Provide funding for recycling programs in Florida.
f) Request added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environmental regulations.
g) Suspend participation in unfunded, federally mandated environmental protection legislation.
h) Restructure the electric utility industry to allow consumers to choose their power company.
i) Other
j) State environmental regulations should not be stricter than federal law.
k) Do you support extending the Preservation 2000 program in Florida?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding government reform.a) Do you support limits on the number of terms of the following Florida officials?b) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?

No 1) State Senators and Representatives
No 2) Governor
No 3) Members of the Cabinet
Yes 1) Individual
Yes 2) PAC
Yes 3) Corporate
Yes c) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Yes d) Do you support imposing spending limits on state level political campaigns?
e) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?
f) Would you vote to ratify an amendment to the U.S. Constitution requiring an annual balanced federal budget?
g) Do you support providing immunity from civil liability to persons who are participating in the process of government?
h) Should using payroll deductions for political contributions from union members be illegal?
i) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

X a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
X b) Increase state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
X c) Maintain state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
X g) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
X h) Require a waiting period and criminal records check for weapons bought at gun shows.
i) Other
j) Should Florida visitors be permitted to carry concealed weapons if they have permits from other states?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.

X a) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.
X b) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care, through managed care, insurance reforms, or state funded care where necessary.
X c) Provide health care to uninsured children by designing a children's health insurance program.
d) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.
X e) Use state funds to continue some Medicaid coverage for legal immigrants.
f) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
g) Guaranteeing medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
X h) Require HMOs to provide access to mental health care.
i) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

X a) Increase state funding for programs to prevent teen pregnancy.
X b) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
X c) Increase state funds to provide child care to children in low-income working families.
X d) Deny or suspend state-issued permits and licenses to parents who are delinquent in paying court-ordered child support.
X e) Favor banning smoking in public places.
X f) Allow local municipalities in Florida to ban smoking in public places.
X g) Increase state funding for Head Start in order to serve additional children and/or increase services from a half to a full day.
X h) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.
X i) Support state funding of programs for at-risk youth such as guaranteed college loans and job training and placement.
X j) Require a waiting period between the time a mother consents to adoption and the time the adoption is finalized.
k) Other
Yes l) Do you believe that the Florida government should include sexual orientation in Florida's anti-discrimination laws?
Undecided m) Do you believe that the Florida government should recognize same-sex marriages?
Undecided n) Should physician-assisted suicide for the terminally ill be legal in Florida?

Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories. Select one level only.

Slightly Increase a) Agriculture
Greatly Increase b) Economic Development
Greatly Increase c) Education (K-12)
Greatly Increase d) Education (Higher)
e) Environment
Greatly Increase f) Health care
Greatly Increase g) Law enforcement
Maintain Status h) Tourism
Maintain Status i) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Maintain Status j) Welfare
k) Other
Undecided l) Do you support using state money to fund a proposed bullet train between Miami, Orlando and Tampa?

Indicate the tax levels you will support. Select one level only.

a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gas taxes
f) Property taxes
g) Sales taxes
h) Other
Undecided i) Do you support implementing a state income tax?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.

a) Maintain the four-year limit on welfare benefits.
X b) Require that able-bodied recipients participate in work-related activities in order to receive benefits.
X c) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
X d) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.
X e) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.
X f) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.
X g) Allow welfare recipients to remain eligible for benefits while saving money for education, starting a business, or buying a home.
h) Limit benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.
i) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.
j) Other
Undecided k) Do you support establishing a relocation assistance program for WAGES participants that relocate within the state as long as the relocation contributes to them attaining self-sufficiency?
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

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