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Jim Costa's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Official Position: Candidate addressed this issue directly by taking the Political Courage Test.

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue, but Vote Smart inferred this issue based on the candidate's public record, including statements, voting record, and special interest group endorsements.

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Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as candidates submit them. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Jim Costa has failed to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2020 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

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Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2020.

  • Rated 0% by the National Right to Life Committee. (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America. (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "Women have the right to make their own decisions about their reproductive health. Barriers to abortion care force women to delay care, resulting in unintended pregnancies and unplanned births, which often times force families deeper into poverty. For these aforementioned reasons, along with the fact that abortion care is health care, we oppose this rule and urge you to withdraw it immediately before it has the opportunity to cause harm to Americans across the country." (votesmart.org)
  • "Today's vote reflects a missed opportunity to use bipartisan comprehensive tax reform to return our nation to a fiscally-responsible path while making our tax system fairer and simpler. Instead, the House passed a partisan tax bill which will increase our national debt by $2.2 trillion and which pays for permanent corporate tax cuts by increasing taxes on America's middle class and families in 2025. The legislation the House passed today is fiscally-reckless and a sad excuse for reform, and it will harm people across our country and the San Joaquin Valley." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 17% by The Club for Growth. (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 23% by the Nationa Tax Limitation Committee. (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans. (votesmart.org)
  • "Also very important here is our need to protect Americans' Social Security. Social Security is a promise made to those who have worked to contribute to the system, and provides dignity and additional security for hardworking Americans during their golden years. As a result, Congress must do what it can to reduce strains on the program, particularly from fraud and theft." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "We write to express our concerns regarding the proposed changes to the payment and bidding model for Medicare Advantage Employer Group Waiver Plans (EGWP) included in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) 2017 Advance Notice. The proposed changes could result in payment cuts of 3-4% to Medicare Advantage (MA) Retiree Coverage, negatively impacting the 3.3 million seniors who depend on this coverage for high quality affordable health care. We urge you to remove the proposed 3-4% payment cut to MA Retiree Coverage in the 2017 Final Notice scheduled to be released on April 4th." (votesmart.org)
  • "Let me be clear: We must protect Social Security, Medicare, and other safety net programs that provide security for Americans and our nation’s future. To do so, we must take serious action to balance our budget, & this action must include plans to protect these vital programs." (twitter.com)
  • "It's time to change many of the influences that can corrupt the lawmaking process in Washington. We have a government -- as President Lincoln described -- of the people, by the people, and for the people. H.R.1 restores the voice of the American people by making it easier to vote and makes our democracy stronger by making our institutions more inclusive, ethical, transparent and accountable." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in Favor of H.R. 1 - For the People Act of 2019. (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 7120 - George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020. (votesmart.org)
  • "Now is the time to be bold in the face of racial injustice and create meaningful change in our nation," said Costa. "But we must get it right. We need to work together -- the House, Senate and the President -- if we're to have comprehensive reform. This bill works to improve transparency and create a change that safeguards every American’s right to safety and justice." (costa.house.gov)
  • "The Air National Guard’s 144th Fighter Wing in Fresno is vital for our national security and our Valley’s economic security. The location of the 144th Fighter Wing on the West Coast helps our nation maintain air superiority in the Southwest region of the United States and around the world, and with more than 1000 guardsmen and women stationed at the wing, the 144th is a central part of our local economy. That’s why I fought so hard to stop proposals by other states to end the 144th fighter wing and halt the transfer of new F-15s to the wing." (costa.house.gov)
  • "Permanently ends the threat of devastating cuts: Prevents funding cuts to defense spending and non-defense spending and replaces years of reckless budgeting." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "Preserving the agreement in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 that required increased spending to be spread evenly between defense spending and non-defense discretionary accounts which have both been harmed by the ongoing sequester;" (votesmart.org)
  • "To increase our national security, I have supported legislation to give our men and women in uniform the resources they need to keep us safe while ensuring accountability and good stewardship of our taxpayer dollars." (costa.house.gov)
  • Signed a letter stating: "The High Speed Rail project is already well underway on its first segment through the Central Valley. More than 2,600 workers and 488 small businesses are hard at work at 20 construction sites. The federal government has only funded $2.5 of the $6 billion spent to date, and has only committed to provide another $929 million after the state spends $X billion more of its own resources. This is a much smaller federal share than the 80 percent typically provided for new highway construction. Completion of this work would meet the fundamental purpose for which federal funds were granted." (votesmart.org)
  • "By drastically reducing investments in job-creating fields critical to hard-working American families, such as rebuilding roads, bridges, and our rail systems, this legislation hampers successful economic growth in the San Joaquin Valley. We can no longer survive on the investments made by our past generations." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" (votesmart.org)
  • "Instead, the House passed a partisan tax bill which will increase our national debt by $2.2 trillion and which pays for permanent corporate tax cuts by increasing taxes on America's middle class and families in 2025. The legislation the House passed today is fiscally-reckless and a sad excuse for reform, and it will harm people across our country and the San Joaquin Valley." (costa.house.gov)
  • "Today's vote reflects a missed opportunity to use bipartisan comprehensive tax reform to return our nation to a fiscally-responsible path while making our tax system fairer and simpler. Instead, the House passed a partisan tax bill which will increase our national debt by $2.2 trillion and which pays for permanent corporate tax cuts by increasing taxes on America's middle class and families in 2025. The legislation the House passed today is fiscally-reckless and a sad excuse for reform, and it will harm people across our country and the San Joaquin Valley." (votesmart.org)
  • "Small businesses are the backbone of our economy. I’m proud to vote for the bipartisan CARES Act and its support for small businesses across the country." (www.facebook.com)
  • "Small business owners need flexibility. I'm pleased the Senate passed the @ProbSolveCaucus -endorsed #PPP Flexibility Act." (twitter.com)
  • "The young people in our Central Valley and throughout the nation are the future of this country, and we must provide the necessary resources and support to educators and administrators to ensure that all students have an opportunity to succeed. I am pleased that the Every Student Succeeds Act gives more flexibility to local school districts, improves accountability, and empowers educators." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by the National Education Association. (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "EERE plays a key role in advancing America's "all of the above" energy strategy, leading a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative technologies that will help make renewable electricity generation more cost-competitive with traditional sources of energy and create jobs right here in the United States." (votesmart.org)
  • "Finally, this legislation will significantly benefit our environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Natural gas has been instrumental in helping California achieve AB 32 greenhouse gas emission standards and increasing the global use of natural gas in lieu of more carbon intensive fuel sources will be instrumental to our efforts as we combat global climate change." (costa.house.gov)
  • "I was proud to carry the legislation to create the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District over 20 years ago and I am equally proud to co-sponsor this legislation with Rep. McNerney. We have made progress, but there remains a road ahead of us to make our skies cleaner and our air clearer." (votesmart.org)
  • "Secured $30 million for zero emission power plants to clean our air." (www.jimcosta.com)
  • Rated 100% by Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. (votesmart.org)
  • "Earlier this year, I voted in the House to pass common-sense gun legislation that would help protect lives and it's been sitting on Mitch McConnel's desk for months. But more needs to be done. When will the Senate and the President do their jobs and work to protect the American people?" (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H Amdt 1098 "Prohibits District of Columbia from Implementing Certain Firearm Laws" (votesmart.org)
  • "As I have said time and time again, the Affordable Care Act needs work, but the only way to fix the ACA is through real and workable bipartisan solutions. This means we must listen to experts in the field to identify the health care problems Americans face in their daily lives, the causes of these problems, and possible answers, and then we must work together -- Democrats and Republicans -- to construct a well-founded and serious policy solution." (votesmart.org)
  • "I rise today to speak in favor of H.R. 4414, the Expatriate Health Coverage Clarification Act. I am a cosponsor of this bill because I think it provides a targeted fix to the unintended consequences of the Affordable Care Act. It is too bad, though, that we cannot work together in fixing other flaws in the ACA instead of trying to repeal it over 50 times over the last 2 years." (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 6201 - Families First Coronavirus Response Act. (votesmart.org)
  • "Not enough has been done to the protect the frontline workers laboring every day to maintain our food supply. The COVID 19 pandemic has disproportionately affected the laborers in our farming communities and I’m pleased to see Governor Newsom expand protections for these men and women at a time when they are needed most to help feed American families." (www.facebook.com)
  • "Our immigration system is broken, and everybody knows that. Why don't we try sitting down and working together on real, bipartisan reform? This is a partisan proposal that holds DREAMers and vulnerable children hostage, and does nothing for California farm workers. What's worse, it builds a $25 billion wall that by itself does not provide comprehensive solutions for our border security, which we all believe in. I urge my colleagues to do the right thing: Vote NO. Let's get back to working on bipartisan reform, reform that provides us with the border security we need, fixes our immigration system, and respects the dignity and humanity of aspiring Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • "This is a partisan proposal that holds Dreamers and vulnerable children hostage and does nothing for California farmworkers. What is worse, it builds a $25 billion wall that, by itself, does not provide comprehensive solutions for our border security, which we all believe in. By the way, didn't the President promise that Mexico would pay for this wall? Mr. Speaker, I urge my colleagues to do the right thing. Vote ``no.'' Let's get back to working on bipartisan reform, reform that provides us with the border security we need and fixes our immigration system and respects the dignity and the humanity of aspiring Americans" (votesmart.org)
  • "That's why I support policies that would modernize our broken immigration system for the 21st Century by securing our borders, uniting families, and providing an earned pathway to citizenship." (costa.house.gov)
  • Signed a letter stating "We hope that your actions will prevent the separation of undocumented family members of U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents, and DACA beneficiaries and offer protection to others who have long worked in the United States and have established strong ties with our communities." (gutierrez.house.gov)
  • "Yesterday I signed a discharge petition to bring to the House floor the bipartisan, bicameral Dream Act, which will permanently protect these DREAMers by offering them a path to earned citizenship, not amnesty. I will continue to do everything in my power to bring the Dream Act to the House floor for a vote and to work then, after that, for comprehensive immigration reform, which is what we really need to do so that we don't keep up ending back here like a continued broken record." (votesmart.org)
  • "I have long called for tough sanctions on Iran, and this legislation strengthens our ability to use sanctions to prevent Iran from further developing its ballistic missile program. In passing this bipartisan bill today, the House of Representatives came together to protect both American citizens and people all over the world," said Congressman Jim Costa (CA-16), who cosponsored the bill. "This being said, America's national security requires that the U.S. remain credible, which means we must keep our agreements, be a reliable international partner, and enforce our sanctions. Only with this credibility will we be able to work with our allies to make the world safer through a comprehensive strategy of diplomacy, sanctions, and deterrence." (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating: "Absent credible and accurate information confirming a material breach, we are concerned that withholding certification of Iran's compliance or walking away from the JCPOA would harm our alliances, embolden Iran, and threaten U.S. national security. We are further concerned that non-certification based on justificiations beyond the scope of the nuclear agreement would threaten global non-proliferation efforts and send exactly the wrong message to North Korea at the moment we are trying to diplomatically defuse that crisis." (votesmart.org)
  • "This is one of the most important foreign policy decisions that our country has faced in years. Over the past several weeks, I have read the agreement and reviewed the classified portions multiple times. Additionally, I met with Valley residents, read constituent inquiries, and spoke with policy experts who have served in both Republican and Democratic administrations. After weighing the pluses and minuses, I have come to the conclusion that although the agreement is not perfect, it is our best option to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons in the Middle East because if Iran complies, this agreement will ensure a nuclear-free Iran for the next 15 years." (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to work with our allies on a long term strategy to ease tensions and prevent further hostilities in Iran. I am co-sponsoring a resolution to reassert Congress’ role in determining when or if we take retaliatory action. Cooler heads and common sense must prevail." (twitter.com)
  • "The President's decision to withdraw from Northern Syria and abandon our Kurdish allies is disgraceful and deeply harmful to our national security. Not only does this open the door to ISIS regrouping and resuming its horrendous acts of violence, but it also sends the message that the United States will not stand by those who fight at our side. By leaving our Kurdish allies at the mercy of President Erdogan of Turkey, a leader with a clear track record of human rights abuses, we are betraying the ideals of our nation and the core principles that have long underpinned our national security strategy. There is simply no justification for this abrupt and startling abandonment of our responsibilities and principles. The American people will be less safe because of it." (votesmart.org)
  • "Let's face it; these terrorists have declared war on Western civilization and our very way of life. With the worldwide attention and support for defeating terrorism, America has a new opportunity to draw a line in the sand and lead a global coalition. If a strong global coalition is put in place, we can successfully combat terrorism and bring the terrorists responsible for these horrific crimes against humanity to justice." (votesmart.org)
  • "These tools include counter-proliferation programs to keep weapons out of the hands of our enemies and intelligence and cyber security efforts to deter threats as soon as we learn about them. Al Qaeda and our enemies are constantly adapting, and I am committed to supporting our military and defense community in evolving to meet new threats." (costa.house.gov)
  • "We're all concerned about addressing imbalanced and unfair trade practices, which has to be our end-game. But we are losing this end-game. These tariffs are hurting the San Joaquin Valley and people across the nation, and it is only getting worse. We must stop this trade war before it reaches a point where it will have long-term damaging effects. Ultimately, we must work together for a resolution between the United States, Canada, Mexico, and our European and Pacific Rim allies for how to most effectively deal with China and other countries to ensure fair and balanced trade." (votesmart.org)
  • "As Chairman of the Subcommittee on Livestock and Foreign Agriculture and a Representative from California where we export nearly half of our agricultural production, I welcome the announcement of tariff reductions for US agricultural exports to Japan. For too long, we've watched the other eleven TPP nations make deals that left us on the outside looking in, but this agreement will be a step toward regaining some of what we've lost." (votesmart.org)
  • "Rather than waste more time and resources on temporary band-aids, USDA should focus on implementing the safety net Congress established in the farm bill. I urge the White House to rescind the tariffs and sit down in a constructive manner with the Chinese to address issues that will actually improve the market for our farmers. This just shows, as I've long said, nobody wins a trade war--everyone has leverage." (votesmart.org)
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
X b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
X d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
X e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
X f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
I am pro-choice and support parental consent for minors.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.1) Budget Priorities2) Defense Spending3) TaxesIndicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.Family Income TaxesOther TaxesDeductions/Credits

Slightly Increase a) Agriculture
Maintain Status b) Arts
Slightly Increase c) Defense
Slightly Increase d) Education
Maintain Status e) Environment
Maintain Status f) FEMA
Greatly Increase g) Homeland security
Maintain Status h) International aid
Greatly Increase i) Law enforcement (Federal)
Maintain Status j) Law enforcement (State)
Slightly Increase k) Medical research
Slightly Increase l) National parks
Slightly Increase m) Public health services
Slightly Increase n) Scientific research
Maintain Status o) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increase p) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Status q) United Nations
Maintain Status r) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increase b) Intelligence operations
Maintain Status c) Military hardware
Slightly Increase d) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Status e) National missile defense
Slightly Increase f) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increase g) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increase h) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increase i) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Greatly Decrease a) Less than $12,000
Greatly Decrease b) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decrease c) $40,001-$100,000
Maintain Status d) $100,001-$180,000
Maintain Status e) $180,001-$350,000
Maintain Status f) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Status a) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decrease b) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increase c) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Status d) Corporate taxes
Maintain Status e) Gasoline taxes
Eliminate f) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Slightly Increase a) Charitable contribution deduction
Greatly Increase b) Child tax credit
Slightly Increase c) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increase d) Medical expense deduction
Slightly Increase e) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increase f) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes 4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
I support PAY-GO measures and efforts with the Concord Coalition to control the federal budget and promote responsible fiscal policies.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
X e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
X f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
X h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
X i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
X j) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
I support early voting through absentee ballots, Saturday and Sunday voting, and early balloting at County Elections Offices and other locations.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

X a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
X c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
X d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
X g) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
X h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

X a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
X e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
X f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
X g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
X k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
I support the federal government funding pre-K programs. However, due to the current fiscal climate, this is not the appropriate time for billions of dollars in new spending. The Bush administration made No Child Left Behind (NCLB) a huge unfunded mandate on states. Without a funding commitment, NCLB's program requirements are little more than a wish list. Furthermore, I support the federal government fulfilling it's original commitment to fund special education that was mandated 24 years ago at 45%.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

X a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
X c) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
X e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
X g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
X c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
X d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
X f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
X g) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
X h) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
X i) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
X j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
X l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
I support providing positive financial incentives to encourage compliance with the clean water act and clean air act. Also, while I support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel, I do not support it through the use of corn.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.

a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
Slightly Increase c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Maintain Status d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
I support current California laws on concealed weapons.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.

a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
X b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
X c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
X d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
X e) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
X f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
X b) Establish English as the official national language.
X c) Support a temporary worker program.
d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
X g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

International AidIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.International PolicyIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.International TradeIndicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

X a) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
X b) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
Yes a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yes b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yes c) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yes d) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
No e) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
f) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
Yes h) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yes i) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yes j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Yes k) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
No l) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
No m) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yes n) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yes o) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Yes p) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yes q) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Yes r) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
a) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
b) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yes c) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yes d) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
I believe that the President should agree to Iraq's request to schedule the withdrawal of the U.S. troops. Now that Iraq is earning billions of dollars in oil revenues, they should pay for infrastructure projects such as water and sewer systems, schools, and roads, rather than pass these costs on to the U.S. taxpayers.
I support the United States formally recognizing the Armenian Genocide.
I support measures to fight outsourcing of United States jobs.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yes a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yes b) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yes d) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yes e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Yes f) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
No g) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
h) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
The National Guard is a vital part of our security force but as indicated in my answers on defense spending, we must do more to increase pay for active duty personnel and to improve troop retention rates so that we don't place unfair and unreasonable burdens on National Guard members and their families. Moreover, when our National Guard is depleted it must be re-supplied with current weaponry and supplies.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
No b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yes c) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
d) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
e) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
f) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yes g) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
I support comprehensive reform of the Social Security system.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

X a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
X b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
X c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

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