WE TRACK THOUSANDS OF POLITICIANS EACH AND EVERY DAY!

Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.

Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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results per page:
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 23%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 40%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 15%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 23%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 87%
CA U.S. House - 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 53%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 64%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 61%
CA U.S. House - 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 93%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 46%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 95%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic 95%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 74%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 10%
CT U.S. House - 1 John Larson Democratic 74%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 85%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 83%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 68%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 10%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
ID U.S. House - 2 Mike Simpson Republican 28%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 71%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 95%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis Democratic 93%
IL U.S. House - 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 78%
IL Board Member - At-Large David Phelps 57%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran Republican 10%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 46%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 15%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 78%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 89%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 78%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 85%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 74%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins Republican 16%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci Democratic 78%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 68%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 23%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt Republican 15%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 23%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 88%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 87%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 28%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price Democratic 71%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 65%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 40%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 67%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 61%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 87%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 93%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 78%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 77%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 39%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 3%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 68%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 40%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 87%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 89%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 55%
PA U.S. Senate - Jr Pat Toomey Republican 28%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 57%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed Democratic 78%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 34%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 95%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune Republican 3%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady Republican 20%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger Republican 31%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions Republican 3%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 71%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 95%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 71%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 78%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 78%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 61%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 78%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith Democratic 58%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 58%
WI U.S. Senate - Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 61%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind Democratic 67%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 77%
Neil Abercrombie 55%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 40%
Gary Ackerman 83%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 9%
Richard Armey 35%
John Ashcroft 16%
Spencer Bachus 15%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 23%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 40%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt R 15%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson R 23%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 87%
CA U.S. House - 5 Mike Thompson D 78%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 89%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee D 53%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 78%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 64%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman D 61%
CA U.S. House - 32 Grace Napolitano D 93%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 46%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 95%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 95%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette D 74%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 10%
CT U.S. House - 1 John Larson D 74%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 85%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 68%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 10%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House - 2 Mike Simpson R 28%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin D 71%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 95%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis D 93%
IL U.S. House - 9 Jan Schakowsky D 78%
IL Board Member - At-Large David Phelps 57%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Jerry Moran R 10%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 46%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 15%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 78%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 89%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern D 78%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 85%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 74%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins R 16%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci D 78%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow D 68%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 23%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt R 15%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 23%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NA President Joe Biden, Jr. D 87%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 28%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price D 71%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 65%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 40%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 67%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 61%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer D 87%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks D 95%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 89%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 93%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 78%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 77%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 39%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 3%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 68%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 40%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 87%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer D 89%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 55%
PA U.S. Senate - Jr Pat Toomey R 28%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 57%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed D 78%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 34%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 95%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune R 3%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady R 20%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger R 31%
TX U.S. House - 17 Pete Sessions R 3%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 71%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 95%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 71%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 78%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 78%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 61%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 78%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith D 58%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 58%
WI U.S. Senate - Jr Tammy Baldwin D 61%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind D 67%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 77%
Neil Abercrombie 55%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 40%
Gary Ackerman 83%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 9%
Richard Armey 35%
John Ashcroft 16%
Spencer Bachus 15%
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