Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Social Policy Score

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 10%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 0%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 72%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 84%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 32%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 83%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 45%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 84%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 38%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 68%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 0%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo Republican 33%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 83%
IN Council Member - At-Large John Myers Republican 28%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 0%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 14%
LA State Senate - 14 Cleo Fields Democratic 78%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 88%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 70%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 72%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 77%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci Democratic 75%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 42%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 88%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 88%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 10%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 84%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 35%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 78%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 76%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 88%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 88%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 88%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 84%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 29%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 14%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 63%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 40%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas Republican 14%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 72%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 77%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 48%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 10%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 79%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 88%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 84%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 79%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 88%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 67%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 84%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 80%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 78%
Neil Abercrombie 84%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 28%
Gary Ackerman 88%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 92%
Rob Andrews 72%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 29%
John Ashcroft 0%
Spencer Bachus 14%
Henry Scott Baesler 65%
Richard Hugh Baker 14%
William Baker 21%
Cass Ballenger 14%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 24%
Joe Barton 33%
Charlie Bass 46%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 29%
Max Baucus 63%
Anthony Beilenson 88%
Bob Bennett 32%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 71%
Douglas Bereuter 40%
Howard Berman 88%
Tom Bevill 53%
Brian Bilbray 52%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 49%
Sherwood Boehlert 68%
John Boehner 0%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 46%
David Edward Bonior 69%
Sonny Bono 42%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
Rick Boucher 71%
Barbara Boxer 78%
Bill Bradley 82%
John Breaux 49%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 10%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 72%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 88%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 88%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 84%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 88%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 32%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 83%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 45%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 84%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 38%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 68%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo R 33%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 83%
IN Council Member - At-Large John Myers R 28%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 0%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 14%
LA State Senate - 14 Cleo Fields D 78%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 88%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 70%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 72%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 77%
ME State Senate - 9 Joseph Baldacci D 75%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 42%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Xavier Becerra 88%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 84%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 35%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 78%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer D 76%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 88%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 88%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 84%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 29%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 14%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 63%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 40%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas R 14%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 72%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 77%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 48%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 10%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 79%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 88%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 84%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 79%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 88%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 67%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 84%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 80%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 78%
Neil Abercrombie 84%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 28%
Gary Ackerman 88%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 92%
Rob Andrews 72%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 29%
John Ashcroft 0%
Spencer Bachus 14%
Henry Scott Baesler 65%
Richard Hugh Baker 14%
William Baker 21%
Cass Ballenger 14%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 24%
Joe Barton 33%
Charlie Bass 46%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 29%
Max Baucus 63%
Anthony Beilenson 88%
Bob Bennett 32%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 71%
Douglas Bereuter 40%
Howard Berman 88%
Tom Bevill 53%
Brian Bilbray 52%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 49%
Sherwood Boehlert 68%
John Boehner 0%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 46%
David Edward Bonior 69%
Sonny Bono 42%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
Rick Boucher 71%
Barbara Boxer 78%
Bill Bradley 82%
John Breaux 49%
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