WE TRACK THOUSANDS OF POLITICIANS EACH AND EVERY DAY!

Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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results per page:
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 79%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 65%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 40%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 10%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 79%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 13%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic 0%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 52%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 22%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 26%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 79%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 52%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 49%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo Republican 79%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 0%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 36%
IN Council Member - At-Large John Myers Republican 85%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 74%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 72%
LA State Senate - 14 Cleo Fields Democratic 17%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 0%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 18%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 25%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 37%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 27%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 21%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 72%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 37%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 79%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 22%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 71%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 22%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 14%
NY U.S. House - 2 Pete King Republican 62%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 0%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 15%
NY U.S. House - 15 José Serrano Democratic 10%
NY U.S. House - 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 13%
NY U.S. House - 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 0%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 14%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 65%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 46%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 22%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 70%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 74%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas Republican 79%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 16%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 10%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 25%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 79%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 37%
TX U.S. House - 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 65%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 21%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 34%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 10%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 40%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 0%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 0%
WI U.S. House - 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 43%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 0%
Neil Abercrombie 35%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 74%
Gary Ackerman 29%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 34%
Rob Andrews 52%
Bill Archer 79%
Richard Armey 79%
John Ashcroft 74%
Spencer Bachus 72%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 72%
William Baker 73%
Joseph Baldacci 29%
Cass Ballenger 79%
James Barcia 43%
Bob Barr, Jr. 79%
Bill Barrett 65%
Roscoe Bartlett 65%
Joe Barton 65%
Charlie Bass 60%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 63%
Max Baucus 28%
Anthony Beilenson 0%
Bob Bennett 57%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 29%
Douglas Bereuter 54%
Howard Berman 0%
Tom Bevill 46%
Joe Biden, Jr. 7%
Brian Bilbray 59%
Michael Bilirakis 79%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Peter Blute 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 79%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 65%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 40%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 10%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 79%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 13%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 0%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 52%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 22%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 26%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 79%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 52%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 49%
ID U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Crapo R 79%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky D 36%
IN Council Member - At-Large John Myers R 85%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 74%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 72%
LA State Senate - 14 Cleo Fields D 17%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 18%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 25%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 37%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 27%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson D 21%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 72%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 37%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 79%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 22%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 71%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
NY U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Schumer D 14%
NY U.S. House - 2 Pete King R 62%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 15%
NY U.S. House - 15 José Serrano D 10%
NY U.S. House - 16 Eliot Engel D 13%
NY U.S. House - 17 Nita Lowey D 0%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 14%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 65%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 46%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 22%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 70%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 74%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas R 79%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 16%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 10%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 25%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 79%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 37%
TX U.S. House - 13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 21%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 34%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 10%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 40%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WI U.S. House - 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 43%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 0%
Neil Abercrombie 35%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 74%
Gary Ackerman 29%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 34%
Rob Andrews 52%
Bill Archer 79%
Richard Armey 79%
John Ashcroft 74%
Spencer Bachus 72%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 72%
William Baker 73%
Joseph Baldacci 29%
Cass Ballenger 79%
James Barcia 43%
Bob Barr, Jr. 79%
Bill Barrett 65%
Roscoe Bartlett 65%
Joe Barton 65%
Charlie Bass 60%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 63%
Max Baucus 28%
Anthony Beilenson 0%
Bob Bennett 57%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 29%
Douglas Bereuter 54%
Howard Berman 0%
Tom Bevill 46%
Joe Biden, Jr. 7%
Brian Bilbray 59%
Michael Bilirakis 79%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Peter Blute 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
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