WE TRACK THOUSANDS OF POLITICIANS EACH AND EVERY DAY!

Their Biographies, Issue Positions, Voting Records, Public Statements, Ratings and their Funders.

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issue concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

With rare exceptions, Vote Smart displays interest group ratings as a 0-100 percentage. While many interest groups use percentages as ratings to begin with, please note that Vote Smart has translated some ratings to a percentage from a different rating system for consistency and ease in understanding. Please visit the group's website, email us at ratings@votesmart.org or call our Voter Information Hotline at 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.


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results per page:
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young Republican 68%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby Republican 58%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 93%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 83%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 21%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 27%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 2%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 40%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 2%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert Republican 62%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 5%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic 0%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 5%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 73%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 19%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 18%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 83%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 48%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 71%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 15%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 2%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis Democratic 16%
IL U.S. House - 15 John Shimkus Republican 75%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 31%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Pat Roberts Republican 75%
KS U.S. Senate - Jr Jerry Moran Republican 75%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. Republican 58%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers Republican 68%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey Democratic 16%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal Democratic 10%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 5%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 31%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 11%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins Republican 58%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 29%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton Republican 51%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 51%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt Republican 83%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker Republican 53%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 31%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr Republican 81%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price Democratic 31%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 37%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith Republican 58%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 40%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 42%
NY U.S. House - 2 Pete King Republican 48%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 2%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 19%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 31%
NY U.S. House - 15 José Serrano Democratic 10%
NY U.S. House - 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 36%
NY U.S. House - 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 31%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 23%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman Republican 53%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot Republican 75%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur Democratic 47%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 58%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 88%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas Republican 83%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 14%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 5%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 45%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 42%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed Democratic 27%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 83%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 11%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune Republican 83%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady Republican 68%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger Republican 62%
TX U.S. House - 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 75%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 23%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 23%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 23%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 23%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 31%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray Democratic 21%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith Democratic 5%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind Democratic 11%
WI U.S. House - 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 58%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 0%
WY U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Enzi Republican 52%
Neil Abercrombie 19%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 58%
Gary Ackerman 19%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 27%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 2%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 62%
Richard Armey 73%
John Ashcroft 88%
Spencer Bachus 83%
Richard Hugh Baker 83%
Joseph Baldacci 19%
Cass Ballenger 62%
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House - At-Large Donald Young R 68%
AL U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Shelby R 58%
AL U.S. House - 4 Robert Aderholt R 93%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson R 83%
CA U.S. Senate - Sr Dianne Feinstein D 21%
CA U.S. House - 12 Nancy Pelosi D 27%
CA U.S. House - 13 Barbara Lee D 11%
CA U.S. House - 18 Anna Eshoo D 11%
CA U.S. House - 19 Zoe Lofgren D 2%
CA U.S. House - 30 Brad Sherman D 40%
CA U.S. House - 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 2%
CA U.S. House - 42 Ken Calvert R 62%
CA U.S. House - 43 Maxine Waters D 5%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 0%
CO U.S. House - 1 Diana DeGette D 5%
CO Commissioner - 2 Scott McInnis 73%
CT U.S. House - 3 Rosa DeLauro D 19%
FL U.S. House - 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 18%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 83%
GA U.S. House - 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 48%
IA U.S. Senate - Sr Chuck Grassley R 71%
IL U.S. Senate - Sr Dick Durbin D 15%
IL U.S. House - 1 Bobby Rush D 2%
IL U.S. House - 7 Danny Davis D 16%
IL U.S. House - 15 John Shimkus R 75%
IN U.S. House - 1 Pete Visclosky D 31%
KS U.S. Senate - Sr Pat Roberts R 75%
KS U.S. Senate - Jr Jerry Moran R 75%
KY U.S. Senate - Sr Mitch McConnell, Jr. R 58%
KY U.S. House - 5 Hal Rogers R 68%
MA U.S. Senate - Jr Ed Markey D 16%
MA U.S. House - 1 Richard Neal D 10%
MA U.S. House - 2 Jim McGovern D 5%
MD U.S. Senate - Sr Ben Cardin D 31%
MD U.S. House - 5 Steny Hoyer D 11%
ME U.S. Senate - Sr Susan Collins R 58%
MI U.S. Senate - Sr Debbie Stabenow D 29%
MI U.S. House - 6 Fred Upton R 51%
MN U.S. House - 7 Collin Peterson D 51%
MO U.S. Senate - Sr Roy Blunt R 83%
MS U.S. Senate - Sr Roger Wicker R 53%
MS U.S. House - 2 Bennie Thompson D 31%
NC U.S. Senate - Sr Richard Burr R 81%
NC U.S. House - 4 David Price D 31%
NJ U.S. Senate - Sr Bob Menendez D 37%
NJ U.S. House - 4 Chris Smith R 58%
NJ U.S. House - 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 40%
NJ U.S. House - 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 42%
NY U.S. House - 2 Pete King R 48%
NY U.S. House - 5 Gregory Meeks D 22%
NY U.S. House - 7 Nydia Velázquez D 2%
NY U.S. House - 10 Jerry Nadler D 19%
NY U.S. House - 12 Carolyn Maloney D 31%
NY U.S. House - 15 José Serrano D 10%
NY U.S. House - 16 Eliot Engel D 36%
NY U.S. House - 17 Nita Lowey D 31%
OH U.S. Senate - Sr Sherrod Brown D 23%
OH U.S. Senate - Jr Rob Portman R 53%
OH U.S. House - 1 Steve Chabot R 75%
OH U.S. House - 9 Marcia Kaptur D 47%
OH Governor Mike DeWine R 58%
OK U.S. Senate - Sr Jim Inhofe R 88%
OK U.S. House - 3 Frank Lucas R 83%
OR U.S. Senate - Sr Ron Wyden D 14%
OR U.S. House - 3 Earl Blumenauer D 5%
OR U.S. House - 4 Peter DeFazio D 45%
PA U.S. House - 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 42%
RI U.S. Senate - Sr Jack Reed D 27%
SC U.S. Senate - Sr Lindsey Graham R 83%
SC U.S. House - 6 Jim Clyburn D 11%
SD U.S. Senate - Sr John Thune R 83%
TX U.S. House - 8 Kevin Brady R 68%
TX U.S. House - 12 Kay Granger R 62%
TX U.S. House - 13 Mac Thornberry R 75%
TX U.S. House - 18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 23%
TX U.S. House - 30 Eddie Johnson D 23%
TX U.S. House - 35 Lloyd Doggett II D 23%
VA U.S. House - 3 Bobby Scott D 23%
VT U.S. Senate - Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate - Jr Bernie Sanders I 31%
WA U.S. Senate - Sr Patty Murray D 21%
WA U.S. House - 9 Adam Smith D 5%
WI U.S. House - 3 Ron Kind D 11%
WI U.S. House - 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 58%
WI Mayor - At-Large Tom Barrett 0%
WY U.S. Senate - Sr Mike Enzi R 52%
Neil Abercrombie 19%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 58%
Gary Ackerman 19%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 27%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 2%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 62%
Richard Armey 73%
John Ashcroft 88%
Spencer Bachus 83%
Richard Hugh Baker 83%
Joseph Baldacci 19%
Cass Ballenger 62%
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