Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Dec. 21, 2009 CT HB 7101 Delaying the Estate and Gift Tax Reduction Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 12)
Dec. 21, 2009 CT SB 2101 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 15)
Dec. 21, 2009 CT SB 2101 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (101 - 38)
Dec. 21, 2009 CT HB 7101 Delaying the Estate and Gift Tax Reduction Bill Passed - House (97 - 39)
Dec. 17, 2009 OH HB 318 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (54 - 42)
Dec. 17, 2009 OH HB 318 Tax Law Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 15)
Dec. 16, 2009 PA SB 711 Legalizing Table Games Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (27 - 22)
Dec. 15, 2009 PA SB 711 Legalizing Table Games Bill Passed - House (103 - 92)
Dec. 10, 2009 CA ABx5 8 Education Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (48 - 25)
Dec. 3, 2009 National HR 4154 Estate Tax Law Amendments and Reinstatement of PAYGO Bill Passed - House (225 - 200)
Dec. 2, 2009 NY A 40022 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (59 - 3)
Dec. 2, 2009 NY A 40022 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (106 - 32)
Nov. 20, 2009 WV SB 4004 Gasoline Tax Amendments Bill Passed - House (64 - 23)
Nov. 18, 2009 WV SB 4004 Gasoline Tax Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 2)
Nov. 4, 2009 CA SBx7 2 Water Investment Bond Measure Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
Nov. 4, 2009 CA SBx7 8 Water Diversion Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (23 - 3)
Nov. 4, 2009 CA SBx7 2 Water Investment Bond Measure Bill Passed - House (55 - 20)
Nov. 4, 2009 CA SBx7 8 Water Diversion Amendments Bill Passed - House (49 - 20)
Nov. 3, 2009 CA SBx5 1 Education Law Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
Nov. 2, 2009 CA SBx7 8 Water Management Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
Nov. 2, 2009 CA SBx7 2 Water Investment Bond Measure Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 8)
Oct. 23, 2009 NM HB 17 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 9)
Oct. 22, 2009 NM HB 17 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (37 - 31)
Oct. 21, 2009 OH HB 318 Tax Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (55 - 44)
Oct. 21, 2009 NM HB 3 Fund Transfers and 2007-2008 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (36 - 5)
Oct. 20, 2009 NM HB 3 Fund Transfers and 2007-2008 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (45 - 21)
Oct. 13, 2009 MI SB 884 Tax Amnesty Period Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 12)
Oct. 9, 2009 PA HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (42 - 7)
Oct. 9, 2009 PA HB 1614 Fiscal Code Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (35 - 14)
Oct. 9, 2009 PA HB 1614 Fiscal Code Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (106 - 92)
Oct. 8, 2009 MI HB 4447 2009-2010 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (20 - 13)
Oct. 8, 2009 MI HB 4447 2009-2010 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (66 - 42)
Oct. 7, 2009 PA HB 1531 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (102 - 96)
Oct. 7, 2009 PA HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - House (107 - 93)
Oct. 6, 2009 PA HB 1531 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (35 - 14)
Oct. 6, 2009 MI HB 5386 Physician Services Tax Bill Passed - House (56 - 52)
Oct. 2, 2009 PA HB 1531 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (103 - 98)
Oct. 1, 2009 MI SB 245 2009-2010 Executive and Legislative Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (56 - 52)
Sept. 30, 2009 MI HB 4437 2009-2010 Department of Corrections Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (23 - 14)
Sept. 29, 2009 MI HB 4437 2009-2010 Department of Corrections Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (85 - 23)
Sept. 29, 2009 MI SB 245 2009-2010 Executive and Legislative Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (21 - 16)
Sept. 24, 2009 CT HB 7002 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Financing Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 12)
Sept. 24, 2009 CT HB 7002 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Financing Bill Passed - House (106 - 34)
Sept. 17, 2009 MI SB 253 2009-2010 Department of State Police Budget Bill Passed - House (68 - 39)
Sept. 11, 2009 PA HB 1828 Municipal Pension System Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (113 - 76)
Sept. 11, 2009 CA SB 19 Eliminating Prohibition on Utilizing CALTIDES Data to Evaluate Teachers Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (31 - 7)
Sept. 11, 2009 CA SBx3 18 Correctional Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (21 - 16)
Sept. 11, 2009 CA SB 19 Eliminating Prohibition on Utilizing CALTIDES Data to Evaluate Teachers Bill Passed - House (53 - 20)
Sept. 2, 2009 CA AB 1422 Medi-Cal and Healthy Families Program Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
Aug. 31, 2009 CA SBx3 18 Correctional Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (41 - 37)
Aug. 31, 2009 CT HB 6802 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Bill Passed - House (103 - 45)
Aug. 31, 2009 CT HB 6802 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 13)
Aug. 26, 2009 PA HB 1828 Municipal Pension System Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 9)
Aug. 20, 2009 CA ABx3 14 Correctional Law Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
Aug. 18, 2009 AZ SB 1025 Tax Law Amendments (Budget Reconciliation) Bill Passed - House (32 - 15)
Aug. 14, 2009 AL HB 13 Authorizes an Occupational Tax for Jefferson County Bill Passed - Senate (12 - 9)
Aug. 12, 2009 AL HB 13 Authorizes an Occupational Tax for Jefferson County Bill Passed - House (17 - 15)
Aug. 12, 2009 AZ HB 2010 Budget Reconciliation (Criminal Justice) Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 8)
Aug. 12, 2009 AZ HB 2013 Budget Reconciliation (Health and Welfare) Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 8)
Aug. 10, 2009 AK HB 199 Federal Funds Appropriations Veto Override Passed - House (30 - 9)
Aug. 10, 2009 AK HB 199 Federal Funds Appropriations Veto Override Passed - Senate (15 - 5)
Aug. 10, 2009 NC HB 148 Local Transportation Reforms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (73 - 40)
Aug. 10, 2009 NC HB 836 Modifying Appropriations Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (84 - 30)
Aug. 7, 2009 NC SB 943 Expanding Production Company Tax Credit Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (25 - 18)
Aug. 7, 2009 NC HB 836 Modifying Appropriations Act Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 12)
Aug. 6, 2009 NC SB 943 Expanding Production Company Tax Credit Bill Passed - House (78 - 26)
Aug. 5, 2009 NC SB 202 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (65 - 52)
Aug. 5, 2009 NC SB 202 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (27 - 18)
Aug. 5, 2009 PA HB 1663 Appropriations from State Gaming Fund Bill Passed - House (110 - 87)
Aug. 5, 2009 PA HB 1828 Municipal Pension System Amendments Bill Passed - House (112 - 85)
July 31, 2009 AZ HB 2010 Budget Reconciliation (Criminal Justice) Bill Passed - House (31 - 15)
July 31, 2009 AZ HB 2013 Budget Reconciliation (Health and Welfare) Bill Passed - House (35 - 11)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 15 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Implementing Prop 1A Suspension Concurrence Vote Passed - House (59 - 14)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 19 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: In-Home Supportive Services Fraud Concurrence Vote Passed - House (42 - 33)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 26 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Shifting Redevelopment Funds Concurrence Vote Passed - House (41 - 31)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 2 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Education Revisions Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 18)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 14 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (54 - 25)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 2 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Education Revisions Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 6)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 15 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Implementing Prop 1A Suspension Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 9)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 26 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Shifting Redevelopment Funds Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 17)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 23 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Oil Drilling Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 18)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 19 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: In-Home Supportive Services Fraud Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 15)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 14 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 13)
July 24, 2009 CA ABX4 30 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Transfer of Local Government Revenue Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
July 23, 2009 CA ABX4 1 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (56 - 23)
July 23, 2009 CA ABX4 1 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 13)
July 21, 2009 National S Amdt 1469 Repealing Funding for F-22 Aircraft Procurement Amendment Adopted - Senate (58 - 40)
July 20, 2009 CT HB 6600 SustiNet Health Insurance Plan Veto Override Passed - Senate (24 - 12)
July 20, 2009 CT HB 6582 Healthcare Partnership Veto Override Failed - Senate (23 - 12)
July 20, 2009 CT HB 6582 Healthcare Partnership Veto Override Passed - House (105 - 37)
July 20, 2009 CT HB 6600 SustiNet Health Insurance Plan Veto Override Passed - House (102 - 40)
July 20, 2009 PA HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 19)
July 17, 2009 PA HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - House (104 - 95)
July 15, 2009 IL SB 1216 2009-2010 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (45 - 10)
July 15, 2009 IL SB 1292 Issuing of Bonds for Revenue Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (43 - 12)
July 15, 2009 IL SB 1216 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - House (90 - 22)
July 15, 2009 IL SB 1292 Issuing of Bonds for Revenue Bill Passed - House (88 - 24)
July 13, 2009 OH HB 1 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (17 - 15)
July 13, 2009 OH HB 1 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (54 - 44)
July 1, 2009 DE HB 290 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 4)
Date No. Title Outcome
12/21 HB 7101 Delaying the Estate and Gift Tax Reduction Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 12)
12/21 SB 2101 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 15)
12/21 SB 2101 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (101 - 38)
12/21 HB 7101 Delaying the Estate and Gift Tax Reduction Bill Passed - House (97 - 39)
12/17 HB 318 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (54 - 42)
12/17 HB 318 Tax Law Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 15)
12/16 SB 711 Legalizing Table Games Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (27 - 22)
12/15 SB 711 Legalizing Table Games Bill Passed - House (103 - 92)
12/10 ABx5 8 Education Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (48 - 25)
12/03 HR 4154 Estate Tax Law Amendments and Reinstatement of PAYGO Bill Passed - House (225 - 200)
12/02 A 40022 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (59 - 3)
12/02 A 40022 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (106 - 32)
11/20 SB 4004 Gasoline Tax Amendments Bill Passed - House (64 - 23)
11/18 SB 4004 Gasoline Tax Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 2)
11/04 SBx7 2 Water Investment Bond Measure Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
11/04 SBx7 8 Water Diversion Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (23 - 3)
11/04 SBx7 2 Water Investment Bond Measure Bill Passed - House (55 - 20)
11/04 SBx7 8 Water Diversion Amendments Bill Passed - House (49 - 20)
11/03 SBx5 1 Education Law Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
11/02 SBx7 8 Water Management Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
11/02 SBx7 2 Water Investment Bond Measure Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 8)
10/23 HB 17 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 9)
10/22 HB 17 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (37 - 31)
10/21 HB 318 Tax Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (55 - 44)
10/21 HB 3 Fund Transfers and 2007-2008 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (36 - 5)
10/20 HB 3 Fund Transfers and 2007-2008 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (45 - 21)
10/13 SB 884 Tax Amnesty Period Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 12)
10/09 HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (42 - 7)
10/09 HB 1614 Fiscal Code Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (35 - 14)
10/09 HB 1614 Fiscal Code Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (106 - 92)
10/08 HB 4447 2009-2010 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (20 - 13)
10/08 HB 4447 2009-2010 Education Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (66 - 42)
10/07 HB 1531 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (102 - 96)
10/07 HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - House (107 - 93)
10/06 HB 1531 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (35 - 14)
10/06 HB 5386 Physician Services Tax Bill Passed - House (56 - 52)
10/02 HB 1531 Tax Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (103 - 98)
10/01 SB 245 2009-2010 Executive and Legislative Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (56 - 52)
9/30 HB 4437 2009-2010 Department of Corrections Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (23 - 14)
9/29 HB 4437 2009-2010 Department of Corrections Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (85 - 23)
9/29 SB 245 2009-2010 Executive and Legislative Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (21 - 16)
9/24 HB 7002 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Financing Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 12)
9/24 HB 7002 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Financing Bill Passed - House (106 - 34)
9/17 SB 253 2009-2010 Department of State Police Budget Bill Passed - House (68 - 39)
9/11 HB 1828 Municipal Pension System Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (113 - 76)
9/11 SB 19 Eliminating Prohibition on Utilizing CALTIDES Data to Evaluate Teachers Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (31 - 7)
9/11 SBx3 18 Correctional Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (21 - 16)
9/11 SB 19 Eliminating Prohibition on Utilizing CALTIDES Data to Evaluate Teachers Bill Passed - House (53 - 20)
9/02 AB 1422 Medi-Cal and Healthy Families Program Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
8/31 SBx3 18 Correctional Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (41 - 37)
8/31 HB 6802 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Bill Passed - House (103 - 45)
8/31 HB 6802 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 13)
8/26 HB 1828 Municipal Pension System Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (38 - 9)
8/20 ABx3 14 Correctional Law Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
8/18 SB 1025 Tax Law Amendments (Budget Reconciliation) Bill Passed - House (32 - 15)
8/14 HB 13 Authorizes an Occupational Tax for Jefferson County Bill Passed - Senate (12 - 9)
8/12 HB 13 Authorizes an Occupational Tax for Jefferson County Bill Passed - House (17 - 15)
8/12 HB 2010 Budget Reconciliation (Criminal Justice) Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 8)
8/12 HB 2013 Budget Reconciliation (Health and Welfare) Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 8)
8/10 HB 199 Federal Funds Appropriations Veto Override Passed - House (30 - 9)
8/10 HB 199 Federal Funds Appropriations Veto Override Passed - Senate (15 - 5)
8/10 HB 148 Local Transportation Reforms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (73 - 40)
8/10 HB 836 Modifying Appropriations Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (84 - 30)
8/07 SB 943 Expanding Production Company Tax Credit Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (25 - 18)
8/07 HB 836 Modifying Appropriations Act Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 12)
8/06 SB 943 Expanding Production Company Tax Credit Bill Passed - House (78 - 26)
8/05 SB 202 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (65 - 52)
8/05 SB 202 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (27 - 18)
8/05 HB 1663 Appropriations from State Gaming Fund Bill Passed - House (110 - 87)
8/05 HB 1828 Municipal Pension System Amendments Bill Passed - House (112 - 85)
7/31 HB 2010 Budget Reconciliation (Criminal Justice) Bill Passed - House (31 - 15)
7/31 HB 2013 Budget Reconciliation (Health and Welfare) Bill Passed - House (35 - 11)
7/24 ABX4 15 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Implementing Prop 1A Suspension Concurrence Vote Passed - House (59 - 14)
7/24 ABX4 19 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: In-Home Supportive Services Fraud Concurrence Vote Passed - House (42 - 33)
7/24 ABX4 26 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Shifting Redevelopment Funds Concurrence Vote Passed - House (41 - 31)
7/24 ABX4 2 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Education Revisions Concurrence Vote Passed - House (55 - 18)
7/24 ABX4 14 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (54 - 25)
7/24 ABX4 2 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Education Revisions Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 6)
7/24 ABX4 15 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Implementing Prop 1A Suspension Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 9)
7/24 ABX4 26 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Shifting Redevelopment Funds Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 17)
7/24 ABX4 23 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Oil Drilling Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 18)
7/24 ABX4 19 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: In-Home Supportive Services Fraud Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 15)
7/24 ABX4 14 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 13)
7/24 ABX4 30 Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Revisions: Transfer of Local Government Revenue Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
7/23 ABX4 1 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (56 - 23)
7/23 ABX4 1 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 13)
7/21 S Amdt 1469 Repealing Funding for F-22 Aircraft Procurement Amendment Adopted - Senate (58 - 40)
7/20 HB 6600 SustiNet Health Insurance Plan Veto Override Passed - Senate (24 - 12)
7/20 HB 6582 Healthcare Partnership Veto Override Failed - Senate (23 - 12)
7/20 HB 6582 Healthcare Partnership Veto Override Passed - House (105 - 37)
7/20 HB 6600 SustiNet Health Insurance Plan Veto Override Passed - House (102 - 40)
7/20 HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 19)
7/17 HB 1416 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - House (104 - 95)
7/15 SB 1216 2009-2010 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (45 - 10)
7/15 SB 1292 Issuing of Bonds for Revenue Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (43 - 12)
7/15 SB 1216 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - House (90 - 22)
7/15 SB 1292 Issuing of Bonds for Revenue Bill Passed - House (88 - 24)
7/13 HB 1 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (17 - 15)
7/13 HB 1 2009-2011 Biennium Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (54 - 44)
7/01 HB 290 2009-2010 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 4)

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