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Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill. Summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to the project's strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Nov. 17, 2010 PA HB 101 Education Law Amendments Veto Override Passed - Senate (42 - 7)
Nov. 15, 2010 PA HB 101 Education Law Amendments Veto Override Passed - House (171 - 24)
Sept. 30, 2010 NJ A 1678 Establishing a New Jersey Homebuyer Tax Credit Program Veto Override Failed - House (42 - 32)
Sept. 29, 2010 PA SB 1155 Establishing a Natural Gas Severance Tax Bill Passed - House (104 - 94)
Sept. 23, 2010 MI SB 1226 State Retirement Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 14)
Sept. 23, 2010 MI SB 1226 State Retirement Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (60 - 45)
Sept. 22, 2010 MI SB 884 Tax Amnesty Period Concurrence Vote Passed - House (57 - 48)
Sept. 22, 2010 MI SB 884 Tax Amnesty Period Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (33 - 4)
Sept. 21, 2010 MI SB 1152 2010-2011 Department of Community Health Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (68 - 39)
Sept. 21, 2010 MI SB 1152 2010-2011 Department of Community Health Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (28 - 10)
Sept. 20, 2010 NJ S 2139 2010-2011 Supplemental Health Services Budget Veto Override Failed - Senate (23 - 17)
Sept. 15, 2010 MI SB 1151 Community College Appropriations Conference Report Adopted - Senate (32 - 5)
Sept. 15, 2010 MI SB 1151 Community College Appropriations Conference Report Adopted - House (56 - 49)
Sept. 8, 2010 MI HB 6086 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 14)
Aug. 25, 2010 MI HB 6086 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (57 - 47)
Aug. 3, 2010 NY A 9710D 2010-2011 Budget Financing Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 28)
July 14, 2010 MO HB 2 Manufacturing Jobs Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (101 - 40)
July 13, 2010 MO HB 2 Manufacturing Jobs Act Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 7)
July 12, 2010 NJ S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Concurrence Vote Passed - House (73 - 4)
July 10, 2010 NC HB 1973 Keep North Carolina Competitive Act Conference Report Adopted - House (72 - 31)
July 9, 2010 NC HB 1973 Keep North Carolina Competitive Act Conference Report Adopted - Senate (31 - 17)
July 8, 2010 NJ S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (36 - 3)
July 3, 2010 PA SB 1042 2010-2011 Budget Implementation and Fiscal Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (39 - 11)
July 3, 2010 PA SB 1042 2010-2011 Budget Implementation and Fiscal Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (109 - 86)
July 1, 2010 NY A 9710D 2010-2011 Budget Financing Bill Passed - House (88 - 57)
June 30, 2010 NC SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (28 - 15)
June 30, 2010 NC SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (66 - 50)
June 30, 2010 PA HB 2279 2010-2011 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - House (117 - 84)
June 30, 2010 PA HB 2279 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 13)
June 29, 2010 NJ S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Bill Passed - House (44 - 33)
June 29, 2010 NJ S 2139 2010-2011 Supplemental Health Services Budget Bill Passed - House (42 - 22)
June 29, 2010 PA SR 348 Audit of Methadone Treatment Programs & Medical Assistance Transportation Program Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 17)
June 29, 2010 MO HB 2 Manufacturing Jobs Act Bill Passed - House (125 - 19)
June 28, 2010 NY A 9703 2010-2011 Education, Labor, and Family Assistance Budget Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
June 28, 2010 NJ A 3009 Professional Sports Team Specialty License Plates Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 17)
June 28, 2010 NJ S 3000 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - House (41 - 37)
June 28, 2010 NJ A 3009 Professional Sports Team Specialty License Plates Bill Passed - House (41 - 37)
June 28, 2010 NJ S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 17)
June 28, 2010 NY A 9703 2010-2011 Education, Labor, and Family Assistance Budget Bill Passed - House (111 - 34)
June 28, 2010 NJ S 3000 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
June 28, 2010 NJ S 2139 2010-2011 Supplemental Health Services Budget Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 10)
June 23, 2010 PA HB 704 Special Education Funding Bill Passed - House (173 - 25)
June 21, 2010 NY A 9705 2010-2011 Transportation, Economic Development, and Environmental Conservation Budget Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
June 21, 2010 NY A 9709 Omnibus Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
June 21, 2010 NC HB 1973 Keep North Carolina Competitive Act Bill Passed - House (80 - 28)
June 20, 2010 LA HB 1171 Standards for Colleges and Universities Concurrence Vote Passed - House (74 - 23)
June 18, 2010 LA SB 584 Louisiana Statewide Education Facilities Authority Bill Passed - House (75 - 23)
June 18, 2010 LA HB 1171 Performance Agreements for Colleges and Universities Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 13)
June 18, 2010 NY A 9705 2010-2011 Transportation, Economic Development, and Environmental Conservation Budget Bill Passed - House (82 - 51)
June 18, 2010 NY A 9709 Omnibus Appropriations Bill Passed - House (79 - 52)
June 16, 2010 NY S 2165B Allows Mixed Martial Arts Performances and Ultimate Fighting Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
June 14, 2010 NY S 8167 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - House (93 - 51)
June 14, 2010 NY S 8167 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - Senate (34 - 27)
June 10, 2010 RI H 8094 Education Funding Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (46 - 10)
June 10, 2010 RI H 8094 Education Funding Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 9)
June 9, 2010 NH Amdt 2390 Eliminating Tobacco Tax Increase Amendment Rejected - House (152 - 194)
June 9, 2010 NH SSHB 1 Budget Financing Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 10)
June 9, 2010 LA HCR 62 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Congressional Taxation Requirements Resolution Passed - House (68 - 21)
June 9, 2010 LA HCR 65 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Debt Reduction Requirements Resolution Passed - House (74 - 19)
June 9, 2010 LA HCR 69 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Limiting Congressional Authority Resolution Passed - House (57 - 29)
June 9, 2010 LA HCR 57 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Presidential Line-Item Veto Resolution Passed - House (77 - 12)
June 9, 2010 LA HCR 68 Requesting Constitutional Convention for a Balanced Budget Amendment Resolution Passed - House (69 - 21)
June 9, 2010 LA HCR 66 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Federal Budget Restrictions Resolution Passed - House (74 - 21)
June 9, 2010 NH Amdt 2408 Insurance Premium Amendments Amendment Rejected - House (130 - 220)
June 9, 2010 NH SSHB 1 Budget Financing Bill Passed - House (177 - 167)
June 8, 2010 LA SB 432 Oil and Gas Processing Tax Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (6 - 31)
June 7, 2010 NY S 8089 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - House (90 - 44)
June 7, 2010 LA Amdt 5381 Prohibits the Closing of State Motor Vehicle Offices Amendment Adopted - House (51 - 46)
June 7, 2010 NY S 8089 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 26)
June 4, 2010 NC SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Bill Passed - House (63 - 49)
June 3, 2010 SC H 4657 2010-2011 Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (22 - 16)
June 3, 2010 SC H 4657 2010-2011 Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (64 - 54)
June 2, 2010 LA SB 1 Deposits and Transfers Regarding the Budget Stabilization Fund Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 7)
May 28, 2010 NY A 11308 Emergency State Parks Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 27)
May 28, 2010 NY A 11308 Emergency State Parks Appropriations Bill Passed - House (86 - 47)
May 27, 2010 IL SB 3658 Temporary Sales Tax Holiday Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (42 - 8)
May 27, 2010 IL SB 3660 Emergency Budget Act of Fiscal Year 2011 Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (32 - 23)
May 27, 2010 NC SB 704 School Change Models Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
May 26, 2010 NC SB 704 School Change Models Bill Passed - House (70 - 43)
May 25, 2010 IL HB 859 2010-2011 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - House (66 - 50)
May 25, 2010 IL SB 3514 Amending State Pension Laws and Limiting Pension Appropriations Bill Passed - House (71 - 44)
May 25, 2010 IL SB 3660 Emergency Budget Act of Fiscal Year 2011 Bill Passed - House (67 - 50)
May 25, 2010 LA SB 293 Establishes and Implements an Agency Attrition Analysis Process Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 13)
May 20, 2010 NJ A 10 Increasing Income Tax Rate on Income Exceeding $1 Million Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 17)
May 20, 2010 NJ A 1678 Establishing a New Jersey Homebuyer Tax Credit Program Bill Passed - House (67 - 8)
May 20, 2010 NJ A 10 Increasing Income Tax Rate on Income Exceeding $1 Million Bill Passed - House (46 - 32)
May 20, 2010 NC SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 16)
May 18, 2010 MI HB 5880 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 17)
May 17, 2010 NY S 7846 Emergency Appropriations Bill Passed - House (92 - 50)
May 17, 2010 MN HF 1 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (52 - 14)
May 17, 2010 MN HF 1 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - House (97 - 32)
May 17, 2010 NY S 7846 Emergency Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
May 17, 2010 LA HB 300 Authorization for the Louisiana Tax Commission to Levy and Collect Certain Fees Bill Passed - House (63 - 27)
May 17, 2010 LA HB 1478 Unpaid holidays for state employees Bill Failed - House (23 - 68)
May 13, 2010 SC H 3584 Cigarette Tax Increase Veto Override Passed - Senate (33 - 13)
May 12, 2010 SC H 3584 Cigarette Tax Increase Veto Override Passed - House (90 - 29)
May 12, 2010 VT H 485 Property Tax and Land Use Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 9)
May 12, 2010 CO HB 1409 State Employee Compensation Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (35 - 27)
May 12, 2010 CO HB 1409 State Employee Compensation Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 13)
May 12, 2010 NH SB 450 General Fund Reductions and Tax and Revenue Changes Bill Passed - House (182 - 173)
Date No. Title Outcome
11/17 HB 101 Education Law Amendments Veto Override Passed - Senate (42 - 7)
11/15 HB 101 Education Law Amendments Veto Override Passed - House (171 - 24)
9/30 A 1678 Establishing a New Jersey Homebuyer Tax Credit Program Veto Override Failed - House (42 - 32)
9/29 SB 1155 Establishing a Natural Gas Severance Tax Bill Passed - House (104 - 94)
9/23 SB 1226 State Retirement Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 14)
9/23 SB 1226 State Retirement Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (60 - 45)
9/22 SB 884 Tax Amnesty Period Concurrence Vote Passed - House (57 - 48)
9/22 SB 884 Tax Amnesty Period Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (33 - 4)
9/21 SB 1152 2010-2011 Department of Community Health Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (68 - 39)
9/21 SB 1152 2010-2011 Department of Community Health Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (28 - 10)
9/20 S 2139 2010-2011 Supplemental Health Services Budget Veto Override Failed - Senate (23 - 17)
9/15 SB 1151 Community College Appropriations Conference Report Adopted - Senate (32 - 5)
9/15 SB 1151 Community College Appropriations Conference Report Adopted - House (56 - 49)
9/08 HB 6086 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 14)
8/25 HB 6086 2009-2010 Budget Amendments Bill Passed - House (57 - 47)
8/03 A 9710D 2010-2011 Budget Financing Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 28)
7/14 HB 2 Manufacturing Jobs Act Concurrence Vote Passed - House (101 - 40)
7/13 HB 2 Manufacturing Jobs Act Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 7)
7/12 S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Concurrence Vote Passed - House (73 - 4)
7/10 HB 1973 Keep North Carolina Competitive Act Conference Report Adopted - House (72 - 31)
7/09 HB 1973 Keep North Carolina Competitive Act Conference Report Adopted - Senate (31 - 17)
7/08 S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (36 - 3)
7/03 SB 1042 2010-2011 Budget Implementation and Fiscal Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (39 - 11)
7/03 SB 1042 2010-2011 Budget Implementation and Fiscal Law Amendments Bill Passed - House (109 - 86)
7/01 A 9710D 2010-2011 Budget Financing Bill Passed - House (88 - 57)
6/30 SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (28 - 15)
6/30 SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (66 - 50)
6/30 HB 2279 2010-2011 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - House (117 - 84)
6/30 HB 2279 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (37 - 13)
6/29 S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Bill Passed - House (44 - 33)
6/29 S 2139 2010-2011 Supplemental Health Services Budget Bill Passed - House (42 - 22)
6/29 SR 348 Audit of Methadone Treatment Programs & Medical Assistance Transportation Program Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 17)
6/29 HB 2 Manufacturing Jobs Act Bill Passed - House (125 - 19)
6/28 A 9703 2010-2011 Education, Labor, and Family Assistance Budget Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
6/28 A 3009 Professional Sports Team Specialty License Plates Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 17)
6/28 S 3000 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - House (41 - 37)
6/28 A 3009 Professional Sports Team Specialty License Plates Bill Passed - House (41 - 37)
6/28 S 29 Reducing the property tax levy cap Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 17)
6/28 A 9703 2010-2011 Education, Labor, and Family Assistance Budget Bill Passed - House (111 - 34)
6/28 S 3000 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
6/28 S 2139 2010-2011 Supplemental Health Services Budget Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 10)
6/23 HB 704 Special Education Funding Bill Passed - House (173 - 25)
6/21 A 9705 2010-2011 Transportation, Economic Development, and Environmental Conservation Budget Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
6/21 A 9709 Omnibus Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
6/21 HB 1973 Keep North Carolina Competitive Act Bill Passed - House (80 - 28)
6/20 HB 1171 Standards for Colleges and Universities Concurrence Vote Passed - House (74 - 23)
6/18 SB 584 Louisiana Statewide Education Facilities Authority Bill Passed - House (75 - 23)
6/18 HB 1171 Performance Agreements for Colleges and Universities Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 13)
6/18 A 9705 2010-2011 Transportation, Economic Development, and Environmental Conservation Budget Bill Passed - House (82 - 51)
6/18 A 9709 Omnibus Appropriations Bill Passed - House (79 - 52)
6/16 S 2165B Allows Mixed Martial Arts Performances and Ultimate Fighting Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
6/14 S 8167 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - House (93 - 51)
6/14 S 8167 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - Senate (34 - 27)
6/10 H 8094 Education Funding Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (46 - 10)
6/10 H 8094 Education Funding Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 9)
6/09 Amdt 2390 Eliminating Tobacco Tax Increase Amendment Rejected - House (152 - 194)
6/09 SSHB 1 Budget Financing Bill Passed - Senate (14 - 10)
6/09 HCR 62 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Congressional Taxation Requirements Resolution Passed - House (68 - 21)
6/09 HCR 65 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Debt Reduction Requirements Resolution Passed - House (74 - 19)
6/09 HCR 69 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Limiting Congressional Authority Resolution Passed - House (57 - 29)
6/09 HCR 57 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Presidential Line-Item Veto Resolution Passed - House (77 - 12)
6/09 HCR 68 Requesting Constitutional Convention for a Balanced Budget Amendment Resolution Passed - House (69 - 21)
6/09 HCR 66 Requesting Constitutional Convention for Federal Budget Restrictions Resolution Passed - House (74 - 21)
6/09 Amdt 2408 Insurance Premium Amendments Amendment Rejected - House (130 - 220)
6/09 SSHB 1 Budget Financing Bill Passed - House (177 - 167)
6/08 SB 432 Oil and Gas Processing Tax Joint Resolution Failed - Senate (6 - 31)
6/07 S 8089 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - House (90 - 44)
6/07 Amdt 5381 Prohibits the Closing of State Motor Vehicle Offices Amendment Adopted - House (51 - 46)
6/07 S 8089 Emergency Appropriation Extension Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 26)
6/04 SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Bill Passed - House (63 - 49)
6/03 H 4657 2010-2011 Budget Conference Report Adopted - Senate (22 - 16)
6/03 H 4657 2010-2011 Budget Conference Report Adopted - House (64 - 54)
6/02 SB 1 Deposits and Transfers Regarding the Budget Stabilization Fund Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 7)
5/28 A 11308 Emergency State Parks Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 27)
5/28 A 11308 Emergency State Parks Appropriations Bill Passed - House (86 - 47)
5/27 SB 3658 Temporary Sales Tax Holiday Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (42 - 8)
5/27 SB 3660 Emergency Budget Act of Fiscal Year 2011 Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (32 - 23)
5/27 SB 704 School Change Models Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (21 - 19)
5/26 SB 704 School Change Models Bill Passed - House (70 - 43)
5/25 HB 859 2010-2011 Budget Concurrence Vote Passed - House (66 - 50)
5/25 SB 3514 Amending State Pension Laws and Limiting Pension Appropriations Bill Passed - House (71 - 44)
5/25 SB 3660 Emergency Budget Act of Fiscal Year 2011 Bill Passed - House (67 - 50)
5/25 SB 293 Establishes and Implements an Agency Attrition Analysis Process Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 13)
5/20 A 10 Increasing Income Tax Rate on Income Exceeding $1 Million Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 17)
5/20 A 1678 Establishing a New Jersey Homebuyer Tax Credit Program Bill Passed - House (67 - 8)
5/20 A 10 Increasing Income Tax Rate on Income Exceeding $1 Million Bill Passed - House (46 - 32)
5/20 SB 897 2010-2011Operations and Capital Improvement Budget Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 16)
5/18 HB 5880 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 17)
5/17 S 7846 Emergency Appropriations Bill Passed - House (92 - 50)
5/17 HF 1 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - Senate (52 - 14)
5/17 HF 1 2010-2011 Budget Bill Passed - House (97 - 32)
5/17 S 7846 Emergency Appropriations Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 29)
5/17 HB 300 Authorization for the Louisiana Tax Commission to Levy and Collect Certain Fees Bill Passed - House (63 - 27)
5/17 HB 1478 Unpaid holidays for state employees Bill Failed - House (23 - 68)
5/13 H 3584 Cigarette Tax Increase Veto Override Passed - Senate (33 - 13)
5/12 H 3584 Cigarette Tax Increase Veto Override Passed - House (90 - 29)
5/12 H 485 Property Tax and Land Use Law Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (20 - 9)
5/12 HB 1409 State Employee Compensation Amendments Concurrence Vote Passed - House (35 - 27)
5/12 HB 1409 State Employee Compensation Amendments Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 13)
5/12 SB 450 General Fund Reductions and Tax and Revenue Changes Bill Passed - House (182 - 173)

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