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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
May 12, 2021 IL HB 1092 Establishes Restraining Orders for Firearms Bill Passed - House (69 - 43)
May 6, 2021 SC H 3094 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Open Carry Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 16)
May 3, 2021 TN SB 1335 Classifies Tennessee as a "Second Amendment Sanctuary State" Bill Passed - House (75 - 13)
April 26, 2021 AR SB 298 Classifies Federal Gun Restrictions as Invalid Veto Override Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
April 26, 2021 MT HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (70 - 28)
April 20, 2021 NV AB 286 Prohibits Production and Sale of Ghost Guns Bill Passed - House (26 - 16)
April 20, 2021 ID S 1205 Prohibits Cooperating with Enforcement of Federal Gun Laws Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 7)
April 15, 2021 MT HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 17)
April 15, 2021 AL SB 358 Prohibits State and Local Governments from Enforcing Any Federal Firearms Act Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 5)
April 14, 2021 TX SB 20 Requires Hotels to Permit Guests to Carry Firearms to Private Rooms Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 2)
April 8, 2021 KS HB 2089 Restructures Firearm Safety Education Training Programs for School Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (79 - 44)
April 8, 2021 ND HB 1498 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 10)
April 8, 2021 KS HB 2089 Restructures Firearm Safety Education Training Programs for School Districts Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 7)
April 7, 2021 NH CACR 8 Prohibits Restrictions on the Right to Own, Carry, or Use Firearms Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 174)
April 7, 2021 SC H 3096 Authorizes the Permitless Carry of Firearms Bill Passed - House (69 - 47)
April 7, 2021 NH HB 307 Establishes Pre-Emptive Measures Against Second Amendment Violations Bill Passed - House (191 - 162)
April 1, 2021 DE SB 6 Prohibits the Sale of Magazines that Hold More than 17 Rounds Bill Passed - Senate (13 - 8)
April 1, 2021 AL SB 308 Authorizes Residents to Purchase Lifetime Concealed Carry Permits Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 6)
April 1, 2021 DE SB 3 Establishes that People Must Complete Firearm Training and Acquire a Permit Before Purchasing Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (13 - 8)
March 29, 2021 GA HB 218 Requires the State to Recognize Gun Carry Permits from Other States Bill Passed - Senate (34 - 18)
March 29, 2021 TN SB 765 Authorizes Individuals 21 Years Old and Older to Either Openly Carry or Carry a Concealed Handgun Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (64 - 29)
March 26, 2021 FL HB 259 Authorizes Individuals to Carry Concealed Weapons on Church Property Bill Passed - House (76 - 37)
March 25, 2021 OR SB 554 Authorizes Local Governments and School Districts to Prohibit Guns on Capital and State Property Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 7)
March 22, 2021 IA HF 756 Specifies Guidelines for Acquisition and Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 17)
March 22, 2021 IA HF 621 Establishes Which Legal Actions can be Brought Against Firearm Manufacturers and Distributors Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 17)
March 19, 2021 VT S 30 Establishes A Ban On Firearms In Hospitals Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 10)
March 18, 2021 SC H 3094 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Open Carry Firearms Bill Passed - House (73 - 26)
March 18, 2021 TN SB 765 Authorizes Individuals 21 Years Old and Older to Either Openly Carry or Carry a Concealed Handgun Without a Permit Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 9)
March 17, 2021 National HR 1620 Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (244 - 172)
March 17, 2021 IA HF 621 Establishes Which Legal Actions can be Brought Against Firearm Manufacturers and Distributors Bill Passed - House (60 - 37)
March 17, 2021 IA HF 756 Specifies Guidelines for Acquisition and Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - House (60 - 37)
March 12, 2021 VT H 133 Establishes that a Judge Issuing an Emergency Protection Order has the Authority to Require the Firearm Bill Passed - House (102 - 44)
March 11, 2021 ID H 122 Authorizes School Employees to Have Guns in Schools Bill Passed - House (52 - 18)
March 11, 2021 NC HB 134 Authorizes Possession of Firearms on School Grounds Bill Passed - House (72 - 44)
March 11, 2021 MD SB 10 Prohibits Individuals from Possessing a Firearm Within 100 Feet of a Polling Site Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 13)
March 11, 2021 National HR 8 Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (227 - 203)
March 11, 2021 National HR 1446 Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (219 - 210)
March 10, 2021 CO SB 21-078 Requires Gun Owners Report Stolen or Lost Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
March 9, 2021 HI HB 891 Establishes Regulations for the Use and Sale of Electric Guns and Cartridges Bill Passed - House (45 - 6)
March 9, 2021 CO HB 21-1106 Requires Gun Owners to Securely Store their Firearms Bill Passed - House (40 - 25)
March 8, 2021 MS SB 2107 Prohibits Cities and Counties from Creating Rental Agreements that Restrict Firearm Access Bill Passed - House (82 - 34)
March 4, 2021 SD HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Failed - Senate (13 - 20)
March 3, 2021 AZ SB 1382 Classifies Gun Stores as Essential Businesses Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
March 3, 2021 AZ HB 2840 Authorizes Individuals to Bring Loaded Weapons on School Campuses Bill Passed - House (31 - 28)
March 2, 2021 SD HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Passed - House (62 - 7)
March 1, 2021 NC SB 43 Establishes Churches With Schools Have the Right to Bear Arms Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 18)
Feb. 25, 2021 NH HB 197 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (206 - 144)
Feb. 25, 2021 SD HB 1075 Repeals Any Federal or State Court Action Reducing Firearm or Ammunition Rights Bill Passed - House (59 - 7)
Feb. 25, 2021 WA SB 5038 Prohibits Open Carry Near the State Capitol or Public Demonstrations Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 20)
Feb. 25, 2021 GA HB 218 Requires the State to Recognize Gun Carry Permits from Other States Bill Passed - House (103 - 69)
Feb. 24, 2021 AR SB 24 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws Bill Passed - House (72 - 23)
Feb. 24, 2021 AZ HB 2551 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Enter Most Buildings with Firearms Bill Passed - House (31 - 29)
Feb. 22, 2021 IN HB 1369 Authorizes Carrying a Firearm Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (65 - 31)
Feb. 19, 2021 UT HB 258 Establishes High School Gun Safety Courses Bill Passed - House (47 - 21)
Feb. 18, 2021 MO HB 52 Establishes That Those With Concealed Carry Permits May Bring Their Guns On Public Transportation Bill Passed - House (124 - 32)
Feb. 17, 2021 ND HB 1272 Prohibits the Distribution of all Guns, Accessories, and Ammunition Made in North Dakota Outside the State Bill Passed - House (69 - 23)
Feb. 10, 2021 NY S 13 Increases Penalties and Regulations for Guns Without Serial Numbers Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
Feb. 9, 2021 MS SB 2107 Prohibits Cities and Counties from Creating Rental Agreements that Restrict Firearm Access Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 16)
Feb. 4, 2021 MO HB 85 Prohibits Enforcement of Federal Gun Laws Bill Passed - House (103 - 43)
Feb. 3, 2021 MT HB 102 Authorizes Carrying Concealed Firearms in Public Settings Without a Permit Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 21)
Jan. 27, 2021 VA HB 1909 Establishes Gun-Free Zones on School Board Property Bill Passed - House (55 - 44)
Jan. 27, 2021 VA HB 2128 Increases the Amount of Time for the State Department to Complete Firearm Background Checks Bill Passed - House (54 - 46)
Jan. 27, 2021 VA HB 2276 Classifies the Manufacture, Import, Sale, Transfer, and Possession of Certain Firearms as a Class 5 Felony Bill Passed - House (52 - 48)
Jan. 27, 2021 DE SCR 8 Classifies Gun Violence as a Public Health Crisis Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (13 - 8)
Jan. 26, 2021 UT HB 60 Authorizes Concealed Carry in Public Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (54 - 19)
Jan. 21, 2021 MT HB 124 Authorizes Shooting Big Game if it Collides with a Motor Vehicle Bill Passed - House (58 - 41)
Jan. 19, 2021 AR SB 24 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 7)
Jan. 18, 2021 ND SB 2144 Amends Hunting Laws Related to Trespassing Bill Passed - Senate (45 - 2)
Jan. 14, 2021 MT HB 102 Authorizes Carrying Concealed Firearms in Public Settings Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (66 - 31)
Date No. Title Outcome
5/12 HB 1092 Establishes Restraining Orders for Firearms Bill Passed - House (69 - 43)
5/06 H 3094 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Open Carry Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 16)
5/03 SB 1335 Classifies Tennessee as a "Second Amendment Sanctuary State" Bill Passed - House (75 - 13)
4/26 SB 298 Classifies Federal Gun Restrictions as Invalid Veto Override Passed - Senate (21 - 12)
4/26 HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Concurrence Vote Passed - House (70 - 28)
4/20 AB 286 Prohibits Production and Sale of Ghost Guns Bill Passed - House (26 - 16)
4/20 S 1205 Prohibits Cooperating with Enforcement of Federal Gun Laws Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 7)
4/15 HB 504 Prohibits Peace Officers from Curtailing the Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 17)
4/15 SB 358 Prohibits State and Local Governments from Enforcing Any Federal Firearms Act Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 5)
4/14 SB 20 Requires Hotels to Permit Guests to Carry Firearms to Private Rooms Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 2)
4/08 HB 2089 Restructures Firearm Safety Education Training Programs for School Districts Concurrence Vote Passed - House (79 - 44)
4/08 HB 1498 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 10)
4/08 HB 2089 Restructures Firearm Safety Education Training Programs for School Districts Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 7)
4/07 CACR 8 Prohibits Restrictions on the Right to Own, Carry, or Use Firearms Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 174)
4/07 H 3096 Authorizes the Permitless Carry of Firearms Bill Passed - House (69 - 47)
4/07 HB 307 Establishes Pre-Emptive Measures Against Second Amendment Violations Bill Passed - House (191 - 162)
4/01 SB 6 Prohibits the Sale of Magazines that Hold More than 17 Rounds Bill Passed - Senate (13 - 8)
4/01 SB 308 Authorizes Residents to Purchase Lifetime Concealed Carry Permits Bill Passed - Senate (25 - 6)
4/01 SB 3 Establishes that People Must Complete Firearm Training and Acquire a Permit Before Purchasing Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (13 - 8)
3/29 HB 218 Requires the State to Recognize Gun Carry Permits from Other States Bill Passed - Senate (34 - 18)
3/29 SB 765 Authorizes Individuals 21 Years Old and Older to Either Openly Carry or Carry a Concealed Handgun Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (64 - 29)
3/26 HB 259 Authorizes Individuals to Carry Concealed Weapons on Church Property Bill Passed - House (76 - 37)
3/25 SB 554 Authorizes Local Governments and School Districts to Prohibit Guns on Capital and State Property Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 7)
3/22 HF 756 Specifies Guidelines for Acquisition and Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 17)
3/22 HF 621 Establishes Which Legal Actions can be Brought Against Firearm Manufacturers and Distributors Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 17)
3/19 S 30 Establishes A Ban On Firearms In Hospitals Bill Passed - Senate (19 - 10)
3/18 H 3094 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Open Carry Firearms Bill Passed - House (73 - 26)
3/18 SB 765 Authorizes Individuals 21 Years Old and Older to Either Openly Carry or Carry a Concealed Handgun Without a Permit Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 9)
3/17 HR 1620 Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (244 - 172)
3/17 HF 621 Establishes Which Legal Actions can be Brought Against Firearm Manufacturers and Distributors Bill Passed - House (60 - 37)
3/17 HF 756 Specifies Guidelines for Acquisition and Possession of Firearms Bill Passed - House (60 - 37)
3/12 H 133 Establishes that a Judge Issuing an Emergency Protection Order has the Authority to Require the Firearm Bill Passed - House (102 - 44)
3/11 H 122 Authorizes School Employees to Have Guns in Schools Bill Passed - House (52 - 18)
3/11 HB 134 Authorizes Possession of Firearms on School Grounds Bill Passed - House (72 - 44)
3/11 SB 10 Prohibits Individuals from Possessing a Firearm Within 100 Feet of a Polling Site Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 13)
3/11 HR 8 Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (227 - 203)
3/11 HR 1446 Enhanced Background Checks Act of 2021 Bill Passed - House (219 - 210)
3/10 SB 21-078 Requires Gun Owners Report Stolen or Lost Firearms Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 15)
3/09 HB 891 Establishes Regulations for the Use and Sale of Electric Guns and Cartridges Bill Passed - House (45 - 6)
3/09 HB 21-1106 Requires Gun Owners to Securely Store their Firearms Bill Passed - House (40 - 25)
3/08 SB 2107 Prohibits Cities and Counties from Creating Rental Agreements that Restrict Firearm Access Bill Passed - House (82 - 34)
3/04 HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Failed - Senate (13 - 20)
3/03 SB 1382 Classifies Gun Stores as Essential Businesses Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
3/03 HB 2840 Authorizes Individuals to Bring Loaded Weapons on School Campuses Bill Passed - House (31 - 28)
3/02 HCR 6013 Specifies that the 2nd Amendment is Protected from Federal Overreach Bill Passed - House (62 - 7)
3/01 SB 43 Establishes Churches With Schools Have the Right to Bear Arms Bill Passed - Senate (31 - 18)
2/25 HB 197 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (206 - 144)
2/25 HB 1075 Repeals Any Federal or State Court Action Reducing Firearm or Ammunition Rights Bill Passed - House (59 - 7)
2/25 SB 5038 Prohibits Open Carry Near the State Capitol or Public Demonstrations Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 20)
2/25 HB 218 Requires the State to Recognize Gun Carry Permits from Other States Bill Passed - House (103 - 69)
2/24 SB 24 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws Bill Passed - House (72 - 23)
2/24 HB 2551 Authorizes Individuals with Concealed Carry Permits to Enter Most Buildings with Firearms Bill Passed - House (31 - 29)
2/22 HB 1369 Authorizes Carrying a Firearm Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (65 - 31)
2/19 HB 258 Establishes High School Gun Safety Courses Bill Passed - House (47 - 21)
2/18 HB 52 Establishes That Those With Concealed Carry Permits May Bring Their Guns On Public Transportation Bill Passed - House (124 - 32)
2/17 HB 1272 Prohibits the Distribution of all Guns, Accessories, and Ammunition Made in North Dakota Outside the State Bill Passed - House (69 - 23)
2/10 S 13 Increases Penalties and Regulations for Guns Without Serial Numbers Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
2/09 SB 2107 Prohibits Cities and Counties from Creating Rental Agreements that Restrict Firearm Access Bill Passed - Senate (35 - 16)
2/04 HB 85 Prohibits Enforcement of Federal Gun Laws Bill Passed - House (103 - 43)
2/03 HB 102 Authorizes Carrying Concealed Firearms in Public Settings Without a Permit Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 21)
1/27 HB 1909 Establishes Gun-Free Zones on School Board Property Bill Passed - House (55 - 44)
1/27 HB 2128 Increases the Amount of Time for the State Department to Complete Firearm Background Checks Bill Passed - House (54 - 46)
1/27 HB 2276 Classifies the Manufacture, Import, Sale, Transfer, and Possession of Certain Firearms as a Class 5 Felony Bill Passed - House (52 - 48)
1/27 SCR 8 Classifies Gun Violence as a Public Health Crisis Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (13 - 8)
1/26 HB 60 Authorizes Concealed Carry in Public Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (54 - 19)
1/21 HB 124 Authorizes Shooting Big Game if it Collides with a Motor Vehicle Bill Passed - House (58 - 41)
1/19 SB 24 Expands "Stand Your Ground" Laws Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 7)
1/18 SB 2144 Amends Hunting Laws Related to Trespassing Bill Passed - Senate (45 - 2)
1/14 HB 102 Authorizes Carrying Concealed Firearms in Public Settings Without a Permit Bill Passed - House (66 - 31)

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