Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


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Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Nov. 19, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 24)
Nov. 18, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (296 - 135)
Nov. 9, 1999 National S Amdt 2751 Two Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (50 - 48)
Nov. 9, 1999 National S Amdt 2547 Three Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
Nov. 5, 1999 National HR 3196 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 100)
Nov. 3, 1999 National HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Bill Passed - Senate (76 - 19)
Nov. 3, 1999 National HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (216 - 210)
Nov. 2, 1999 National HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (49 - 48)
Oct. 28, 1999 National HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 211)
Oct. 27, 1999 National HR 2260 Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (271 - 156)
Oct. 21, 1999 National S Amdt 2321 Expressing Support for Roe v. Wade Decision Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 47)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 200)
Oct. 21, 1999 National S 1692 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Bill Passed - Senate (63 - 34)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House (358 - 67)
Oct. 21, 1999 National HR 2300 Academic Achievement for All Act Bill Passed - House (213 - 208)
Oct. 20, 1999 National HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Conference Report Adopted - House (215 - 213)
Oct. 15, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
Oct. 14, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (406 - 18)
Oct. 14, 1999 National HR 3064 District of Columbia Appropriations Act, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (211 - 205)
Oct. 13, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 26)
Oct. 13, 1999 National Treaty Doc. 105-28 Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Treaty Ratification Passed - Senate (48 - 51)
Oct. 7, 1999 National H Amdt 514 Patient Protection Substitute Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 238)
Oct. 7, 1999 National HR 2723 Patient Protection bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 151)
Oct. 6, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 49)
Oct. 6, 1999 National HR 2990 Patients' Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - House (227 - 205)
Oct. 5, 1999 National PN 49 Ronnie L. White, United States District Judge in Missouri Nomination Rejected - Senate (45 - 54)
Oct. 5, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (214 - 211)
Oct. 4, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 3)
Oct. 1, 1999 National HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (240 - 175)
Oct. 1, 1999 National HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (304 - 91)
Sept. 30, 1999 National H Amdt 509 Substitute Amendment to Unborn Victims of Violence Act Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 224)
Sept. 30, 1999 National HR 2436 Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (254 - 172)
Sept. 28, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (96 - 3)
Sept. 27, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (327 - 87)
Sept. 23, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
Sept. 22, 1999 National S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
Sept. 21, 1999 National HR 2116 Veterans' Millennium Health Care Act Bill Passed - House (369 - 46)
Sept. 16, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (52 - 39)
Sept. 16, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 38)
Sept. 15, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - House (292 - 126)
Sept. 14, 1999 National S J Res 33 Puerto Rican Nationals resolution Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (95 - 2)
Sept. 14, 1999 National HR 417 Campaign Finance Reform bill Bill Passed - House (252 - 177)
Sept. 9, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (208 - 206)
Sept. 9, 1999 National H Con Res 180 Puerto Rican Nationals resolution Resolution Passed - House (311 - 41)
Sept. 9, 1999 National HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (235 - 187)
Sept. 8, 1999 National H Amdt 423 International Space Station Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (121 - 298)
Aug. 5, 1999 National PN 100 Richard Holbrooke, Representative to the United Nations Nomination Confirmed - Senate (81 - 16)
Aug. 5, 1999 National S Amdt 1569 NEA Funding Amendment Tabled - Senate (80 - 16)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (50 - 49)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (221 - 206)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (367 - 49)
Aug. 5, 1999 National HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
Aug. 4, 1999 National S Amdt 1499 Agricultural Aid Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (89 - 8)
Aug. 3, 1999 National H J Res 58 Economic Assistance to Vietnam Joint Resolution Failed - House (130 - 297)
Aug. 3, 1999 National HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (385 - 35)
July 30, 1999 National S 1429 Taxpayer Refund Act of 1999 Bill Passed - Senate (57 - 43)
July 29, 1999 National H Amdt 360 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (221 - 208)
July 29, 1999 National H Amdt 356 Adoption Restriction Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (213 - 215)
July 29, 1999 National HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (412 - 8)
July 29, 1999 National HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (333 - 92)
July 27, 1999 National HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (420 - 8)
July 27, 1999 National H J Res 57 China Trade resolution Joint Resolution Failed - House (170 - 260)
July 22, 1999 National HR 2561 Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000 Bill Passed - House (379 - 45)
July 22, 1999 National HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (223 - 208)
July 20, 1999 National HR 1995 Teacher Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
July 15, 1999 National S Amdt 1250 Patient Lawsuit Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (53 - 47)
July 15, 1999 National S 1344 Patient Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - Senate (53 - 47)
July 15, 1999 National HR 1691 Religious Liberty Protection Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (306 - 118)
July 15, 1999 National HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (377 - 47)
July 15, 1999 National HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Bill Passed - House (210 - 209)
July 14, 1999 National S Amdt 1241 Women's Health and Cancer Rights Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (55 - 45)
July 13, 1999 National HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (418 - 4)
July 1, 1999 National HR 10 Financial Modernization bill Bill Passed - House (343 - 86)
June 30, 1999 National S Amdt 1157 Cuba Travel Ban Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (55 - 43)
June 30, 1999 National HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act Bill Passed - House (270 - 159)
Date No. Title Outcome
11/19 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 24)
11/18 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (296 - 135)
11/09 S Amdt 2751 Two Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (50 - 48)
11/09 S Amdt 2547 Three Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (54 - 44)
11/05 HR 3196 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (316 - 100)
11/03 HR 434 Africa Free Trade bill Bill Passed - Senate (76 - 19)
11/03 HR 3194 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (216 - 210)
11/02 HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (49 - 48)
10/28 HR 3064 DC/Labor/HHS/Education FY 2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (218 - 211)
10/27 HR 2260 Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (271 - 156)
10/21 S Amdt 2321 Expressing Support for Roe v. Wade Decision Amendment Adopted - Senate (51 - 47)
10/21 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (225 - 200)
10/21 S 1692 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Bill Passed - Senate (63 - 34)
10/21 HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House (358 - 67)
10/21 HR 2300 Academic Achievement for All Act Bill Passed - House (213 - 208)
10/20 HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Conference Report Adopted - House (215 - 213)
10/15 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
10/14 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (406 - 18)
10/14 HR 3064 District of Columbia Appropriations Act, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (211 - 205)
10/13 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (74 - 26)
10/13 Treaty Doc. 105-28 Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Treaty Ratification Passed - Senate (48 - 51)
10/07 H Amdt 514 Patient Protection Substitute Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (193 - 238)
10/07 HR 2723 Patient Protection bill Bill Passed - House (275 - 151)
10/06 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (51 - 49)
10/06 HR 2990 Patients' Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - House (227 - 205)
10/05 PN 49 Ronnie L. White, United States District Judge in Missouri Nomination Rejected - Senate (45 - 54)
10/05 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (214 - 211)
10/04 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (88 - 3)
10/01 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (240 - 175)
10/01 HR 2084 Transportation Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (304 - 91)
9/30 H Amdt 509 Substitute Amendment to Unborn Victims of Violence Act Amendment Rejected - House (201 - 224)
9/30 HR 2436 Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (254 - 172)
9/28 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (96 - 3)
9/27 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (327 - 87)
9/23 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate (89 - 10)
9/22 S 1059 FY 2000 Defense Authorization Conference Report Adopted - Senate (93 - 5)
9/21 HR 2116 Veterans' Millennium Health Care Act Bill Passed - House (369 - 46)
9/16 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate (52 - 39)
9/16 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - Senate (54 - 38)
9/15 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Conference Report Adopted - House (292 - 126)
9/14 S J Res 33 Puerto Rican Nationals resolution Joint Resolution Passed - Senate (95 - 2)
9/14 HR 417 Campaign Finance Reform bill Bill Passed - House (252 - 177)
9/09 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (208 - 206)
9/09 H Con Res 180 Puerto Rican Nationals resolution Resolution Passed - House (311 - 41)
9/09 HR 2684 Veterans Affairs and HUD Appropriations bill, FY 2000 Bill Passed - House (235 - 187)
9/08 H Amdt 423 International Space Station Funding Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (121 - 298)
8/05 PN 100 Richard Holbrooke, Representative to the United Nations Nomination Confirmed - Senate (81 - 16)
8/05 S Amdt 1569 NEA Funding Amendment Tabled - Senate (80 - 16)
8/05 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - Senate (50 - 49)
8/05 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House (221 - 206)
8/05 HR 1905 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2000 Conference Report Adopted - House (367 - 49)
8/05 HR 2670 Appropriations bill FY2000, Commerce, Justice, State Bill Passed - House (217 - 210)
8/04 S Amdt 1499 Agricultural Aid Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (89 - 8)
8/03 H J Res 58 Economic Assistance to Vietnam Joint Resolution Failed - House (130 - 297)
8/03 HR 2606 Foreign Operations FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (385 - 35)
7/30 S 1429 Taxpayer Refund Act of 1999 Bill Passed - Senate (57 - 43)
7/29 H Amdt 360 Abortion Funding Amendment Amendment Adopted - House (221 - 208)
7/29 H Amdt 356 Adoption Restriction Amendment Amendment Rejected - House (213 - 215)
7/29 HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House (412 - 8)
7/29 HR 2587 District of Columbia FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (333 - 92)
7/27 HR 2605 Energy FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (420 - 8)
7/27 H J Res 57 China Trade resolution Joint Resolution Failed - House (170 - 260)
7/22 HR 2561 Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000 Bill Passed - House (379 - 45)
7/22 HR 2488 Financial Freedom Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (223 - 208)
7/20 HR 1995 Teacher Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House (239 - 185)
7/15 S Amdt 1250 Patient Lawsuit Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (53 - 47)
7/15 S 1344 Patient Bill of Rights bill Bill Passed - Senate (53 - 47)
7/15 HR 1691 Religious Liberty Protection Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House (306 - 118)
7/15 HR 2466 Interior Department FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (377 - 47)
7/15 HR 2490 Appropriations bill FY2000, Treasury, Postal Service Bill Passed - House (210 - 209)
7/14 S Amdt 1241 Women's Health and Cancer Rights Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate (55 - 45)
7/13 HR 2465 Military Construction FY2000 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House (418 - 4)
7/01 HR 10 Financial Modernization bill Bill Passed - House (343 - 86)
6/30 S Amdt 1157 Cuba Travel Ban Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate (55 - 43)
6/30 HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act Bill Passed - House (270 - 159)

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