In addition to its critical role in providing oversight of the Department of Justice and the agencies under the Department's jurisdiction, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Department of Homeland Security, the Judiciary Committee plays an important role in the consideration of nominations and pending legislation.
Executive nominations for positions in the Department of Justice, Office of National Drug Control Policy, the United States Parole Commission, the United States Sentencing Commission, and the State Justice Institute, as well as select nominations for the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Commerce are referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.
The Judiciary Committee is also charged with the consideration of all Article III judicial nominations. These include Supreme Court nominations, appellate court nominations, and district court nominations. The Committee also considers nominations to the Court of International Trade.
In addition to its role in conducting oversight and consideration of nominations, the Senate Judiciary Committee also considers legislation, resolutions, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters, as provided for in the Standing Rules of the Senate. These areas include:
Apportionment of Representatives
Bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting
Federal courts and judges
Holidays and celebrations
Immigration and naturalization
Interstate compacts generally
Judicial proceedings, civil and criminal, generally
Local courts in territories and possessions
Measures relating to claims against the United States
Patents, copyrights, and trademarks
Protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies
Revision and codification of the statutes of the United States
State and territorial boundary lines