Key Votes

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Vote Smart provides easy access to congressional and state voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Vote Smart provides a summary of the version of the bill text associated with each selected key vote. Our summaries are written by Vote Smart's staff and interns, who adhere to our strict policies and procedures in order to guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. They do not necessarily reflect the content of the final version of the bill, but rather the version voted on in that stage. While many procedural votes take place before a full chamber vote, our voting stages reflect the final reading of each chamber vote. Each key vote selection is reviewed by the project's community of advisors, who are political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

For more information about the legislative process, see here.


results per page:
Date State Bill No. Title Outcome
Sept. 8, 2021 CA SJR 1 Establishes Resolution Urging Student Debt Cancellation Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
Sept. 2, 2021 CA AB 1550 Establishes New Rules Regarding Higher Education Labor Relations Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 11)
Aug. 30, 2021 CA SJR 1 Establishes Resolution Urging Student Debt Cancellation Bill Passed - House (55 - 13)
June 25, 2021 PA SB 381 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit Off Their Name, Image, and Likeness Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (40 - 10)
June 25, 2021 PA SB 381 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit Off Their Name, Image, and Likeness Bill Passed - House (154 - 47)
June 24, 2021 OH SB 187 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - House (58 - 36)
June 16, 2021 OH SB 126 Expands Criminal Penalties for Hazing and Implements Education and Prevention Procedures Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 0)
June 15, 2021 RI H 5082 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit from the Use of their Image Bill Passed - House (68 - 1)
June 3, 2021 OR SB 5 Requires Compensating College Athletes for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 6)
June 2, 2021 CA AB 1550 Establishes New Rules Regarding Higher Education Labor Relations Bill Passed - House (61 - 16)
June 1, 2021 CT HB 6402 Authorizes Student-Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (136 - 11)
June 1, 2021 CA SB 523 Requires University Health Plans to Include Coverage of Over-the-counter Birth Control and Contraceptives Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 5)
May 28, 2021 CO SB 21-029 Expands In-State Tuition to Native American Students Bill Passed - House (49 - 11)
May 20, 2021 OR HB 2542 Requires Oregon Public Colleges to Publicize Information on Student Fees Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 1)
May 19, 2021 MI HB 4400 Appropriations Funds for Fiscal Year 2022, Including Provisions for Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 16)
May 19, 2021 MI HB 4407 Appropriates Funding for K-12 School Aid and Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 16)
May 13, 2021 National HR 2547 Comprehensive Debt Collection Improvement Act Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
May 12, 2021 MO HB 297 Repeals the Cap on Tuition Increases for Universities and Colleges Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 9)
May 12, 2021 MI HB 4400 Appropriations Funds for Fiscal Year 2022, Including Provisions for Higher Education Bill Passed - House (57 - 50)
May 6, 2021 MO SB 330 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (141 - 6)
May 3, 2021 CA AB 1278 Requires Public Universities to Include Information About Public Service Programs Online Bill Passed - House (54 - 9)
April 28, 2021 NC SB 115 Authorizes Outdoor College Football Stadiums to Open to 100% Capacity Bill Passed - House (77 - 42)
April 27, 2021 DE SB 12 Expands the Student Excellence Equals Degree Scholarship Program Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 4)
April 26, 2021 ID H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
April 22, 2021 IN SB 414 Requires Universities to Survey Students About the Climate for Free Speech on Campus Conference Report Adopted - Senate (42 - 7)
April 22, 2021 ID H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - House (57 - 12)
April 22, 2021 TX SB 1385 Authorized College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
April 19, 2021 NC HB 243 Authorizes the University of North Carolina System to Cut Salaries and Layoff Employees Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 18)
April 8, 2021 NH HB 319 Requires College Students Pass the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services Naturalization Test "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (188 - 187)
April 8, 2021 FL SB 86 Establishes a Higher Education Scholarship for Students Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 18)
April 8, 2021 SC S 685 Authorizes College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 21)
April 7, 2021 ID S 1179 Appropriates Funds for the Higher Education Budget Bill Failed - House (13 - 57)
April 7, 2021 FL HB 233 Requires Florida's Public Universities to Conduct Assessments on Intellectual Freedom Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 15)
April 7, 2021 AR SB 494 Extends Qualified Immunity to Law Enforcement who Patrol Higher Education Institutions Bill Passed - House (76 - 10)
March 29, 2021 KY HB 563 Establishes a 25 Million Dollar Scholarship through Tax Credits for Private Schools Veto Override Failed - House (51 - 42)
March 18, 2021 FL HB 233 Requires Florida's Public Universities to Conduct Assessments on Intellectual Freedom Bill Passed - House (77 - 42)
March 17, 2021 AR HB 1371 Establishes Scholarships and Grants for Private School Students Bill Failed - House (44 - 52)
March 17, 2021 ID S 1179 Appropriates Funds for the Higher Education Budget Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 6)
March 16, 2021 KY HB 563 Establishes a 25 Million Dollar Scholarship through Tax Credits for Private Schools Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 15)
March 15, 2021 OR HB 2090 Establishes Parameters to Alter Boundaries of Community College Districts Bill Passed - House (49 - 7)
March 10, 2021 ID H 299 Prohibits Colleges and Universities from Providing Extra Credit for Voting Bill Passed - House (63 - 6)
March 8, 2021 WA SB 5194 Requires Community and Technical Colleges Establish a Faculty Diversity Program Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 19)
March 2, 2021 KS HB 2264 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (95 - 29)
Feb. 25, 2021 MO HB 349 Establishes the Missouri Empowerment Scholarship Program Bill Passed - House (82 - 71)
Feb. 25, 2021 CA AB 132 Rescinds the Eliminating Age and Time-Out-of-High-School Requirements for the California Comeback Plan Bill Passed - House (56 - 18)
Feb. 24, 2021 ND HB 1375 Appropriates 5 Million Dollars in Scholarships for High School Students Bill Passed - House (48 - 45)
Feb. 22, 2021 CA SB 132 Requires the University of California to Place all Construction Funds Into an Account With the State Controller Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 8)
Feb. 19, 2021 MT HB 218 Prohibits "Free Speech Zones" on College Campuses Bill Passed - House (96 - 3)
Feb. 16, 2021 ID S 1045 Expands the Advanced Opportunities Program to Nonpublic School Students Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 6)
Feb. 15, 2021 VA SB 1387 Expands Financial Aid for Undocumented Immigrants Bill Passed - House (58 - 42)
Feb. 15, 2021 AZ SB 1452 Expands Empowerment Scholarship Accounts for Public and Private Schools Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
Feb. 12, 2021 MD HB 1 Appropriates Funding for HBCUs Bill Passed - House (115 - 14)
Feb. 11, 2021 MS HB 1030 Requires Paying Student Athletes if Their Likeness is Used in Advertising Bill Passed - House (93 - 19)
Feb. 2, 2021 NY A 2574 Establishes the State University of New York as an Automatic Voter Registration Location Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
Feb. 1, 2021 VA SB 1387 Expands Financial Aid for Undocumented Immigrants Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 18)
Jan. 28, 2021 VA HB 1930 Prohibits Public Institutions of Higher Education from Asking About an Individual's Criminal Record During the Application Process and From Denying Admission Based on Criminal History. Bill Passed - House (58 - 42)
Jan. 26, 2021 NY A 2574 Establishes the State University of New York as an Automatic Voter Registration Location Bill Passed - House (99 - 51)
Date No. Title Outcome
9/08 SJR 1 Establishes Resolution Urging Student Debt Cancellation Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 9)
9/02 AB 1550 Establishes New Rules Regarding Higher Education Labor Relations Bill Passed - Senate (26 - 11)
8/30 SJR 1 Establishes Resolution Urging Student Debt Cancellation Bill Passed - House (55 - 13)
6/25 SB 381 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit Off Their Name, Image, and Likeness Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate (40 - 10)
6/25 SB 381 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit Off Their Name, Image, and Likeness Bill Passed - House (154 - 47)
6/24 SB 187 Prohibits Transgender Athletes from Participating on Sports Teams that do Not Match their Birth Gender Bill Passed - House (58 - 36)
6/16 SB 126 Expands Criminal Penalties for Hazing and Implements Education and Prevention Procedures Bill Passed - Senate (33 - 0)
6/15 H 5082 Authorizes College Athletes to Profit from the Use of their Image Bill Passed - House (68 - 1)
6/03 SB 5 Requires Compensating College Athletes for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 6)
6/02 AB 1550 Establishes New Rules Regarding Higher Education Labor Relations Bill Passed - House (61 - 16)
6/01 HB 6402 Authorizes Student-Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (136 - 11)
6/01 SB 523 Requires University Health Plans to Include Coverage of Over-the-counter Birth Control and Contraceptives Bill Passed - Senate (32 - 5)
5/28 SB 21-029 Expands In-State Tuition to Native American Students Bill Passed - House (49 - 11)
5/20 HB 2542 Requires Oregon Public Colleges to Publicize Information on Student Fees Bill Passed - Senate (24 - 1)
5/19 HB 4400 Appropriations Funds for Fiscal Year 2022, Including Provisions for Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 16)
5/19 HB 4407 Appropriates Funding for K-12 School Aid and Higher Education Bill Passed - Senate (20 - 16)
5/13 HR 2547 Comprehensive Debt Collection Improvement Act Bill Passed - House (215 - 207)
5/12 HB 297 Repeals the Cap on Tuition Increases for Universities and Colleges Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 9)
5/12 HB 4400 Appropriations Funds for Fiscal Year 2022, Including Provisions for Higher Education Bill Passed - House (57 - 50)
5/06 SB 330 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (141 - 6)
5/03 AB 1278 Requires Public Universities to Include Information About Public Service Programs Online Bill Passed - House (54 - 9)
4/28 SB 115 Authorizes Outdoor College Football Stadiums to Open to 100% Capacity Bill Passed - House (77 - 42)
4/27 SB 12 Expands the Student Excellence Equals Degree Scholarship Program Bill Passed - Senate (17 - 4)
4/26 H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 8)
4/22 SB 414 Requires Universities to Survey Students About the Climate for Free Speech on Campus Conference Report Adopted - Senate (42 - 7)
4/22 H 377 Prohibits Teaching the Topic Known as "Critical Race Theory" Bill Passed - House (57 - 12)
4/22 SB 1385 Authorized College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 2)
4/19 HB 243 Authorizes the University of North Carolina System to Cut Salaries and Layoff Employees Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 18)
4/08 HB 319 Requires College Students Pass the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services Naturalization Test "Ought to Pass" Report Adopted - House (188 - 187)
4/08 SB 86 Establishes a Higher Education Scholarship for Students Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 18)
4/08 S 685 Authorizes College Athletes to be Paid for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - Senate (22 - 21)
4/07 S 1179 Appropriates Funds for the Higher Education Budget Bill Failed - House (13 - 57)
4/07 HB 233 Requires Florida's Public Universities to Conduct Assessments on Intellectual Freedom Bill Passed - Senate (23 - 15)
4/07 SB 494 Extends Qualified Immunity to Law Enforcement who Patrol Higher Education Institutions Bill Passed - House (76 - 10)
3/29 HB 563 Establishes a 25 Million Dollar Scholarship through Tax Credits for Private Schools Veto Override Failed - House (51 - 42)
3/18 HB 233 Requires Florida's Public Universities to Conduct Assessments on Intellectual Freedom Bill Passed - House (77 - 42)
3/17 HB 1371 Establishes Scholarships and Grants for Private School Students Bill Failed - House (44 - 52)
3/17 S 1179 Appropriates Funds for the Higher Education Budget Bill Passed - Senate (27 - 6)
3/16 HB 563 Establishes a 25 Million Dollar Scholarship through Tax Credits for Private Schools Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 15)
3/15 HB 2090 Establishes Parameters to Alter Boundaries of Community College Districts Bill Passed - House (49 - 7)
3/10 H 299 Prohibits Colleges and Universities from Providing Extra Credit for Voting Bill Passed - House (63 - 6)
3/08 SB 5194 Requires Community and Technical Colleges Establish a Faculty Diversity Program Bill Passed - Senate (30 - 19)
3/02 HB 2264 Authorizes College Athletes to Receive Compensation for the Use of their Likeness Bill Passed - House (95 - 29)
2/25 HB 349 Establishes the Missouri Empowerment Scholarship Program Bill Passed - House (82 - 71)
2/25 AB 132 Rescinds the Eliminating Age and Time-Out-of-High-School Requirements for the California Comeback Plan Bill Passed - House (56 - 18)
2/24 HB 1375 Appropriates 5 Million Dollars in Scholarships for High School Students Bill Passed - House (48 - 45)
2/22 SB 132 Requires the University of California to Place all Construction Funds Into an Account With the State Controller Bill Passed - Senate (29 - 8)
2/19 HB 218 Prohibits "Free Speech Zones" on College Campuses Bill Passed - House (96 - 3)
2/16 S 1045 Expands the Advanced Opportunities Program to Nonpublic School Students Bill Passed - Senate (28 - 6)
2/15 SB 1387 Expands Financial Aid for Undocumented Immigrants Bill Passed - House (58 - 42)
2/15 SB 1452 Expands Empowerment Scholarship Accounts for Public and Private Schools Bill Passed - Senate (16 - 14)
2/12 HB 1 Appropriates Funding for HBCUs Bill Passed - House (115 - 14)
2/11 HB 1030 Requires Paying Student Athletes if Their Likeness is Used in Advertising Bill Passed - House (93 - 19)
2/02 A 2574 Establishes the State University of New York as an Automatic Voter Registration Location Bill Passed - Senate (43 - 20)
2/01 SB 1387 Expands Financial Aid for Undocumented Immigrants Bill Passed - Senate (21 - 18)
1/28 HB 1930 Prohibits Public Institutions of Higher Education from Asking About an Individual's Criminal Record During the Application Process and From Denying Admission Based on Criminal History. Bill Passed - House (58 - 42)
1/26 A 2574 Establishes the State University of New York as an Automatic Voter Registration Location Bill Passed - House (99 - 51)

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